sentence When he woke up, he found himself lost in the forest. /When-he-woke-up+-he-found-himself-lost-in-the-forest.= 1

When he woke up, he found himself lost in the forest. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 5], [5, 13]]
[]

前置状语 + 主句, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
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when 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

when、while 及 as 有何区别

三者都可表示当...时候

若主句表示的是一个短暂性动作,从句表示的是一个持续性动作,三者皆可用:

  • He fell asleep when/while/as he was reading. 他看书时睡着了。

在其它情况下,它们之间存在着些许差异:

注意! 所有差别实际是将语感文字化,以解释现象的原因。对于初学者来说,培养语感更加重要,无需刻意记忆。
as语义非常丰富,此处只对比类似语义下的差异。
若主、从句表示两个同时进行的持续性动作,且强调主句表示的动作延续到从句所指的整个时间
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  • When I grow up I hope to be just as successful as you are.
  • When Jim's dog was lost, he was all tore up about it.
  • The children are taught at an early age what to do when they come to the city.
  • Mary is all thumbs when it comes to gardening.
  • We were moving along at a good clip when a state trooper stopped us.
  • When you arrive you are rewarded not only with the sight of its clear waters.
  • The singer was at her best when she performed ballads.
  • When you plough the soil, plough deep the first and less deep the second time.
  • I am always at peace when I sit in my rocking chair.
  • We went through trying times when Perry was out of work, but we all bounced back.

when 的其它常用短语:

when one's ship comes in当发财的时候when the fat hit the fire
when the shit hits the fan当事情出岔子时when 表语(介词)
be. when 表语(介词)when 表语(副词性介词)
be. when 表语(副词性介词)when 表语(形容词)
be. when 表语(形容词)when 表语(-ed 过去分词)
be. when 表语(-ed 过去分词)when 表语(-ing 现在分词)
be. when 表语(-ing 现在分词)when 表语(名词性副词)
be. when 表语(名词性副词)be. when ...
when to do.

[[2, 3], [3, 5]]
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wake + up

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 醒来

wake、awake、waken、awaken 有何区别

四个词都有醒; 弄醒的意思,但存在着细微区别。

注意! 区别本身来自语言使用现象,这几个词的区别边界比较模糊(甚至在母语专家中也存在着争议),死记硬背并无意义。
Enpuz
建议,对于初学者来说,应该从培养语感入手。此处所罗列的区别最佳用在困惑解答或原因查证。
词形变换

wake过去式和过去分词: wakedwakedwokewoken,在现代英语中通常只用其不规则变换形式

awake过去式和过去分词: awakedawakedawokeawoken,在现代英语中通常只用其不规则变换形式

waken过去式和过去分词: wakenedwakened

awaken过去式和过去分词: awakenedawakened

  • He [woke up/awoke/wakened/wakened up/awakened] when I entered. 当我进来时他醒了。
  • The sound [woke/wakened] him up. / The sound [awoke/awakened] him. 这声音把他吵醒了。
  • They haven't yet [woken up/awoken/awakened] to the seriousness of the situation. 他们还没意识到形势的严重性。
是否及物

这四个动词都可用作及物或不及物动词。

但从实际使用上看,wake(不包括短语动词wake up)、awake多用作不及物动词,而wakenawaken多用作及物动词。

搭配副词 up

wake通常可与up联用,而wakenawakeawaken则不与up联用。

比喻义

awakeawaken可以用于本义表示醒来, 弄醒,但更多是用于比喻义表示认识到, 意识到等。

wake (up)通常用于本义,也可用于比喻义。

waken则主要用于本义,一般无比喻义。

词性

awake除用作动词外,还可用作形容词(只用作表语,意为醒着的, 意识到),而其余三个词通常用作动词,不能用作形容词。

  • He is wide awake. 他还没有一点睡意。
  • They aren't awake to the difficulties. 他们没有意识到这些困难。
注: 形容词awake通常用widefully等修饰,一般不用very修饰
通俗性

在这四个动词中,wake (up)是最普通也是最不正式的一个词。


  • A woman is trying to wake up.
  • The boy just woke up.
  • People are waking up in the cabin.
  • That woman just woke up
  • This man is about to wake up in the city.
  • people just woke up
  • A toddler in her stroller rubs her eyes after just waking up.
  • A mom waits for her child to wake up.
  • A little girl just woke up.
  • she woke up and had to make her own breakfast

wake 的其它常用短语:

wake up to sth.意识到wake up and smell the coffee起床闻闻咖啡香
wake up from sth.wake up sth.把...叫醒
wake sth. up把...叫醒wake sb. up from sth.
wake sb. up to sth.wake sth.叫醒
wake up sb.唤醒某人wake up sb. from sth.
wake sb. from sth.wake up sb. to sth.
wake the deadwake from sth.从...中醒来
wake to sth.认识到

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find + sth. + adj.

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 发现...(某事物)...(怎么样); 发现...(某事物)...(处于某种状态)

其中形容词在短语中作为直接名词的补足语成分。

拓展学习很多动词存在类似的使用方式,常见的有 proclaim sth. adj.find sth. adj.call sth. adj.thrust sth. adj.take sth. adj.,Enpuz 已收录 54 个此类短语,点击详细了解全部。

find 的动词搭配

表示 "找到"
接宾语
  • I find the answer finally. 我最后终于找到答案。
接双宾语

若双宾语交换位置,用介词for引出间接宾语。

find sb. sth.

find sth. for sb.

  • Can you find me a hotel? (=Can you find a hotel for me?) 你能给我找一家旅馆吗?
  • We found him a good job. (=We found a good job for him.) 我们为他找了份好工作。
注意! find sb. sth.可能存在歧义
其可同时翻译为为...找到...发现...是...
如果直接宾语与间接宾语相差较大,则只可能翻译为为...找到...
如果直接宾语与间接宾语相差不大,则两种翻译皆有可能,需要根据句子上下文进一步确定。

We found him a good teacher.

翻译一: 我们发现他是位好老师。

翻译二: 我们给他找了位好老师。
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  • While I don't like biology, I find it interesting.
  • When he woke up, he found himself lost in the forest.
  • Bob reached into the cookie jar and found it empty.
  • He was trying to come on to me, but I found him unappealing.
  • the children were found safe and sound
  • He finds the women very attractive.
  • Tuck this away where you can find it later.
  • Two men are carrying prey that they found dead in the forest.
  • He'll find it easier when he sinks in his teeth.
  • A woman, possibly a student, laughs at something that her male companion does not find funny .

find 的其它常用短语:

find sb. guiltyfind sb. innocent
find sb. not guiltyfind sth. adj.发现...(某事物)...(怎么样)
find sth. done.find sth. doing.
find sth. adj. to sth.find sth. adj. as sth.
find wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份发现...find whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份发现...
find it adj. to do. (sth.)发现...(做某事)(很)...find out找出
find out from sth.find out sth.找出
find sth. out找出find out a thing or two
find sth. out about sth. from sth.find sth. out about sth.
find sth. out from sth.find out the hard way经历一番艰苦才学到、理解...
find sth.发现...find sth. for sb.
find expression in sth.在...中表现出find an idea
find sth. with sth.find fault with sth.挑剔...
find sth. around找到某物find truth
find the fault挑毛病find a way around sth.
find favor with sb.find it in one's heart打算
find neither hide nor hairfind hide nor hair
find one's feet开始能走路find one's own level找到相称的位置
find one's tongue(吓得说不出话以后)能开口了find one's way around
find one's way找到路find oneself.
find oneself. in a bindfind oneself. in a jam
find oneself. in the doghousefind oneself. in the market
find oneself. in the public eyefind oneself. with sth.
find oneself. without sth.发现自己没有某物find sb. a bit off
find sth. in mint conditionfind the root of the problem

[[8, 9], [9, 10], [10, 13]] [[8, 9], [9, 10], [10, 13]]
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be. + lost + in + sth.

这是一个固定搭配。
v. 全神贯注于, 沉浸于
lost
adj. 失去的; 丢失的; 遗失的; 损耗的, 损失的; 错过的; 浪费掉的; 徒劳的; 迷路的; 输掉的, 失败的; 不知所措的; 被忘却的; 失传的; 遭难的, 死了的; 无感觉的; 迷惑的

  • There are people lost in Central Park
  • A group of backpackers is lost in the mountains.
  • A girl has become lost in the crowd.
  • A man is lost in a foreign city.
  • The man and his sled dogs are lost in the snowy forest.
  • Dogs get lost in a large snow bank.
  • A puppy is lost in the forest, but has a name tag on.
  • The group of people is lost in the forest without a guide.
  • The women are lost in the city
  • Kids are lost in the forest.

lost 的其它常用短语:

lost sth.失去的...a lost life in a desert
lost property拾得物

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in + forests

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在森林中
forest
n. 森林, 林区

  • A person walks alone in the forest .
  • A smiling boy kneeling in a forest .
  • The students had their books and pencils ready as they sat outside in the forest .
  • A man in a gray coat is walking on a fallen tree trunk in a forest .
  • A tent and a campsite in a sunlit forest .
  • Several women dressed in gypsy-like clothing dance about in a forest .
  • Young people and a kid are walking in the forest in a sunny day.
  • A father and daughter are lost in the forest .
  • Three kids in a forest standing on a tree log.
  • A woman is jogging in the forest .

in 的其它常用短语:

be. in sth.在...be. in sth. with sth.
be. in sth. for sth.in the way在...方式上
in opposition to sth.反对in poor health身体好[坏]
in explanation of sth.对...进行解释in the wall在墙上
in the manner以这种态度in sight of sth.在见得到...的地方
in the same way同样地in the wake of sth.在...之后
in our favour我方收益in the same breath同时
in one's favour对...有利in the science museum
in good taste得体in that既然
in large numbers满谷满坑in total总共
in person在人称上(语法)in taste在口味上
in the extentin high spirits情绪高涨
in the great need of sth.in show表面上
in haste匆忙in the habit of sth.有...的习惯
in one's face迎面in care of sb.
in the heart of sth.在...中心in ... condition在...条件下
in good condition处于良好的情况中in use在使用着
in a way在某种程度上in bulk散装
in confidence在自信心[上/方面]in a family way象一家人一样
in safety平安地in the blossom正在开花
in commemoration of sth.纪念in a flash一刹那间
in the concert hallin pain痛苦
in the extreme非常in the issue结果
in other ways在其他方面in search of sth.寻找
in favour of sth.[经] 同意in the negative否定地

翻译:当他醒来时,他发现自己迷失在森林里了。
When he woke up, he found himself lost in the forest.

这是一个复合句

主句

he found himself lost in the forest.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
he主语 found谓语动词 himself宾语 lost in the forest.宾补(形容词)

从句

he woke up,

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
he主语 woke up,谓语动词短语
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