更新预告 (2022-06-17)
年中大版本更新: 功能篇

1.上线句子成份划分功能。

2.提升可分析句子长度上限。

(注: 更新补偿已发放)

新功能示例

I主语 should pay谓语动词(复合结构) Mary间接宾语 a visit,直接宾语
We主语 made谓语动词 it形式宾语 clear宾补(形容词) that he won真实宾语
It形式主语 isbe 动词 the peculiarity of knowledge表语(名词) that those who ••• it真实主语


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beard 的用法

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["Not", "all", "men", "have", "beards", "."][{"i": 7, "s": [4], "r": "名词短语", "e": [5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 6, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 4, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

beard主要指下巴和面颊下部的胡须,相当于汉语说的络腮胡子

比较: moustache指嘴上的胡须whiskers指腮上的胡须

beard通常用作可数名词,严格说来,应是可数的集合名词。

它与不定冠词连用,指的是一个人的全部胡须,而不是指一根胡须;用复数形式,指的是不同人的胡须,而不是指多根胡须。如:

  • He has wears/grows a long beard. 他留有长胡须。
  • Not all men have beards. 不是所有的男人都留有胡子。

有时用作不可数名词,尤其见于...of beard之类的表达。如:

  • a fringe of beard on the chin 长在下巴的一圈胡须。
  • Graham came back from holiday with a week's growth of beard on his chin. 格雷厄姆度假回来,下巴上留着长了一个星期的胡子。
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["The", "sound", "woke", "him", "up"][{"i": 4, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 4, 5], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 5, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

wake、awake、waken 及 awaken 有何区别


四个词都有醒; 弄醒的意思,但存在着细微区别。

注意! 区别本身来自语言使用现象,这几个词的区别边界比较模糊(甚至在母语专家中也存在着争议),死记硬背并无意义。
Enpuz
建议,对于初学者来说,应该从培养语感入手。此处所罗列的区别最佳用在困惑解答或原因查证。
词形变换

wake过去式和过去分词: wakedwakedwokewoken,在现代英语中通常只用其不规则变换形式

awake过去式和过去分词: awakedawakedawokeawoken,在现代英语中通常只用其不规则变换形式

waken过去式和过去分词: wakenedwakened

awaken过去式和过去分词: awakenedawakened

  • He [woke up/awoke/wakened/wakened up/awakened] when I entered. 当我进来时他醒了。
  • The sound [woke/wakened] him up. / The sound [awoke/awakened] him. 这声音把他吵醒了。
  • They haven't yet [woken up/awoken/awakened] to the seriousness of the situation. 他们还没意识到形势的严重性。
是否及物

这四个动词都可用作及物或不及物动词。

但从实际使用上看,wake(不包括短语动词wake up)、awake多用作不及物动词,而wakenawaken多用作及物动词。

搭配副词 up

wake通常可与up联用,而wakenawakeawaken则不与up联用。

比喻义

awakeawaken可以用于本义表示醒来, 弄醒,但更多是用于比喻义表示认识到, 意识到等。

wake (up)通常用于本义,也可用于比喻义。

waken则主要用于本义,一般无比喻义。

词性

awake除用作动词外,还可用作形容词(只用作表语,意为醒着的, 意识到),而其余三个词通常用作动词,不能用作形容词。

  • He is wide awake. 他还没有一点睡意。
  • They aren't awake to the difficulties. 他们没有意识到这些困难。
注: 形容词awake通常用widefully等修饰,一般不用very修饰
通俗性

在这四个动词中,wake (up)是最普通也是最不正式的一个词。

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["He", "almost", "never", "remarks", "on", "how", "she", "looks", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [4, 5, 9], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [5, 6], "r": "名词性从句", "e": [6, 9], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 21, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 9, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 9, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 5, "r": "宾语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

almost、nearly 的区别


almost/nearly都可用来修饰不定代词、形容词、副词、动词、介词短语等,此时两者常可换用。

  • My car [almost/nearly] stood still because of a traffic block. 我的车子因为交通阻塞而几乎动弹不得。
  • I lost my concentration and [almost/nearly] drove into a bridge. 我走神了,驾车时几乎撞上了一座桥。
  • It is [almost/nearly] late for you to catch the last bus. 天晚了,你快赶不上末班公共汽车了。
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  • With so much loud music, conversation was [almost/nearly] impossible. 音乐声那么大,几乎没法交谈。
  • We [almost/nearly] came to blows over what color our new carpet should be. 我们为了用什么颜色的新地毯险些打了起来。

要注意它们与被修饰词的位置关系。

  • Everything was almost double the normal price. 样样东西几乎都是平时价格的两倍。
  • Almost everything was double the normal price. 几乎样样东西都是平时价格的两倍。
区别

almost可用于any以及nononenobodynothingnever等否定词之前,但nearly一般不这样用。

  • He almost never remarks on how she looks. 他几乎从来不说她长相如何。
  • He can make or mend almost anything. 他几乎会制造或修理任何东西。
  • The plots in her books are very strong but there's almost no characterization. 她写的书情节性很强,可是几乎没有对人物的塑造。
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  • How am I expected to conjure up a meal for six of his friends with almost nothing in the fridge? 冰箱里几乎甚么都没有,我怎么可能给他的六个朋友变出一顿饭来?
  • Tolerant of human frailty in whatever form, she almost never judged people. 她对人性的各种弱点都能够包容,几乎从不评价他人。
  • His father found him a cushy job in the office, with almost nothing to do and a whacking great salary. 他父亲给他在事务所找到了一份轻松舒适的工作,几乎什么都不用做,工资还极高。

但是,两者都可用在否定助动词之前。

  • He [almost/nearly] didn't catch the bus. 他差点没赶上公共汽车。

nearly前可用veryprettynot等词修饰,但almost之前不能用这些词。

  • There are not nearly enough members present to hold a meeting. 出席的会员远没有达到可以开会的人数。
  • The shock of Pat's death pretty nearly killed Roy. 帕特的死几乎毁了罗伊。
  • They very nearly succeeded in blowing up the parliament building. 他们只差一点儿炸毁议会大厦。

有时almost可表示十分相似(但又不完全相同),此时不用nearly

  • I almost wish I'd stayed at home. 我真有点后悔没在家里呆着。
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possible 与 impossible 的用法及区别

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["Snow", "is", "possible", ",", "though", "not", "probable", "."][{"i": 6, "s": [4, 6], "r": "状语结构", "e": [5, 8], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [6], "r": "形容词短语", "e": [7], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 5, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 8, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 6, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 4, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
be. + [possible/impossible]

单一的possible/impossible作表语时,主语必须是普通实义名词(如指人或指物的名词或代词等)

  • Snow is possible, though not probable. 下雪是可能的,虽然不是很可能。
  • What he says is impossible. 他所说的是不可能的。
It + be. + [possible/impossible] + (for + sb.) + to + do. + (sth.)

possible/impossible后接不定式时,且不定式中的do.成份完整,此时句子主语只能是形式主语it,而不能是普通实义名词。

形式主语it指代to + do.成份。

所谓的do.成份完整是指:

1. 如果do.是及物动词,则必须包含宾语。

2. 如果do.是不及物动词,则必然已经完整。

我们[可能/不可能]会赢得这场比赛。

正: It is [possible/impossible] for us to win the match.

误: We are [possible/impossible] to win the match.

impossible特例

仅对impossible,普通实义名词可以在带不定式成分的句子中作主语。

但只限不定式中的do.与该名词有动宾关系。此时不定式中的do.的成份是不完整的。

可以简单归纳为: impossible后接的不定式中,do.的宾语可以抽离出来作主语。

注意!possible无此用法

正: The match is impossible for us to win. (win的直接宾语the match被抽离出来作主语)

误: The match is possible for us to win.

It + be. + [possible/impossible] + that + 主语从句

possible/impossible后接that + 主语从句时,主句主语只能是形式主语it,而不能是普通实义名词。

形式主语it指代主语从句成份。

It's impossible that后接的从句中,从句通常要用虚拟语气,即从句谓语要用should + 动词原形,其中should可以省略。

It's possible that后接的从句中,从句谓语要用陈述语气。

  • It's possible that he hasn't received the letter. 可能他还没收到那封信。
  • It is impossible that he [should] forget our meeting. 他不可能忘记我们的会议。
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小贴士:合理使用标点符号: 连词前通常需要添加逗号,让句子错顿优雅,避免超长单句。

be going to do.、be to do. 的区别

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["It", "'s", "going", "to", "rain", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [1, 2, 3, 4], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [2, 3, 4, 6], "d": {"poses": [3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 11, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 13, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 10, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 9, "e": 5, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
be going to do.侧重即将要做什么事, 表是主观打算或一般将来时
  • It is going to rain soon.
  • I’m going to tell Dad what you said.
be to do.侧重计划、安排好的事,或者约定的、职责内的事,表示必然的趋势
  • The boy is to go to school tomorrow.
  • Are we to go on with this work?
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["I", "don't", "regret", "telling", "her", "what", "I", "thought", "."][{"i": 4, "s": [2, 3], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 9], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 7, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [4, 5, 9], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 10, "s": [5, 6], "r": "名词性从句", "e": [6, 9], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 18, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 21, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 9, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 9, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 5, "r": "宾语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

regret doing. 与 regret to do. 有何区别

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regret to do.对要做的事遗憾。(未做)

regret doing.对做过的事遗憾、后悔。(已做)

  • I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice. 我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。
  • I don't regret telling her what I thought. 我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。
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friend 的常用搭配

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["You", "can", "make", "friends", "with", "a", "cat", "."][{"i": 6, "s": [2, 3, 4, 5], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 4, 5, 8], "d": {"poses": [3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 15, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
be friends with sb.

表示与...友好, 跟...做朋友

  • Paul is friends with Bill. 保罗与比尔有交情。
  • Alice found several girls to be friends with on the first day of school. 爱丽丝上学第一天就和几个女孩交上了朋友。
keep friends (with sb.)

表示(与某人)保持友好关系

  • I think we should keep friends (with her). 我想我们应该(与她)保持友好关系。
make friends (with sb.)

表示(与某人)交朋友

  • He has a pleasant manner, and finds it easy to make friends. 他态度随和,因此交友很容易。
  • You can make friends with an elephant by giving him peanuts. 把花生给象吃就能使它对你友好。
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teach sb. to do. sth. 的不同用法

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["You", "can", "teach", "some", "parrots", "to", "talk", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [2, 3, 5, 6], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [3, 5, 6, 8], "d": {"poses": [1, 3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}, {"i": 7, "s": [4], "r": "名词短语", "e": [5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 13, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 10, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 9, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

teach sb. to do. sth.常规含义为教某人做某事

  • He promised to teach her to water-ski. 他答应教她滑水。
  • You can teach some parrots to talk. 可以教某些鹦鹉说话。
  • We should teach the children to know good from bad. 我们应教育儿童分辨是非。
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  • Parents ought to teach their children to behave themselves. 父母应教导子女举止得体。
  • He taught me to obey all commands without asking questions. 他教我毫无疑义地服从命令。
I'll teach sb. (not) to do. sth.

可译为如果...我要让你有得瞧; 你若...我就要教训你; 如果你...我就要对你不客气

  • I'll teach you to call me a liar! 你说我说谎,我就要教训你!
  • I'll teach you to call him names! 如果你辱骂他,我就要对你不客气了。
  • I'll teach you to get smart with me. 你胆敢对我出口不逊,我要好好教训你。
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  • Where's Jimmy? I'll teach him to disobey me. 吉米在哪?他胆敢不听我的话,我要好好教训教训他。
That'll teach sb. (not) to do. sth.

可译为这就是给...做...的教训; 看...还敢不敢做...

  • That'll teach you to be late! 这就是迟到给你的教训!
  • So Roger spent the night in a freezing garage, did he? That'll teach him to go out without his house keys! 罗杰在冷冰冰的车库里过了一晚是吗?那就是他不带房门钥匙出去的教训。
  • So you lost all your money? That'll teach you to gamble. 这么说,你把钱都输光了? 这就是赌博给你的教训。
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  • He's left her, has he? Ha! That'll teach her to go chasing other women's husbands! 他把她给甩了,是吗?哈哈!这看她今后还追不追别人的丈夫!
  • There. That'll teach you to get smart with me. 怎么样,你胆敢对我出口不逊,现在尝到什么滋味了吧。
This'll teach sb. (not) to do. sth.

可译为要让...尝尝做某事的后果; 好好教训...使其不敢做某事

  • This will teach you not to shit on me. 我要让你尝尝告发我的后果。
  • This'll teach him to put a frog in my bed. 他胆敢把青蛙放在我床上,我就要让叫他尝尝这样干的后果。

说明:This'll teach sb. (not) to do. sth.That'll teach you (not) to do. sth. 的区别是:

前者主通常在进行惩罚之前用,后者则通常在进行惩罚之后用。

另外,有时若语境明确,可省略其后的不定式,其翻译也可采用以上类似的表达。

  • So you were ill after eating those green apples, were you? That'll teach you. 这么说你是吃了那些生苹果才得病的,是吗?这就是给你的教训。
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["She", "did", "not", "mind", "working", "late", "in", "the", "least", "."][{"i": 3, "s": [1, 2, 3], "r": "动词短语", "e": [2, 3, 10], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [3, 4], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [4, 10], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 10, "s": [6, 8], "r": "介词短语", "e": [7, 9], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 7, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 11, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 9, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 7, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 5, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 13, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 10, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

mind 常见用法

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用作动词
表示介意, 在乎

其后接动词时要用动名词。

  • Would you mind opening the window? 请打开窗户好吗?
  • She did not mind working late in the least. 她对工作到很晚一点也不在意。
表示注意, 当心

其后接动词时要用不定式。

  • There will be a meeting tonight. Mind not to be late. 今晚有会议,注意别迟到。
用作名词
表示头脑, 大脑; 心思, 注意力; 想法, 意见; 意愿; 精神; 情绪, 心情; 心理; 思想; 智慧; 智力; 记忆, 回忆; 记忆力; 思维方式; 思考能力; 理解力; 理智; 纪念; 聪明人, 富有才智的人; 上帝, 神

通常用作可数名词。

  • I've a good mind to go home. 我很想回家。
  • He has a mind for science. 他有学科学的头脑。
  • We are all of one mind on this subject. 在这个问题上我们大家意见一致。

在某些谚语或固定短语中,可能是不可数的。

  • Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见,心不烦。
  • You must keep this in mind. 你必须记住这一点。
[Would/Do] you mind...?

表示请你...好不好, 倘若...你见怪吗

would比用do更客气委婉,但不用will

其后可接动名词(但不接不定式)或if引导的宾语从句。

接动名词时,根据情况可以带逻辑主语,即sb. + doing.结构。

if从句时,若句首用的是would,从句谓语通常要用过去式。

我在这儿抽烟你介意吗?

正: Would [Do] you mind [my/me] smoking here?

正: Do you mind if I smoke here?

正: Would you mind if I smoked here?
回答方式

对该句型的回答与汉语的习惯不同,注意回答是针对mind而言的,即:

表示不同意,可用: Yes, I do mind. / Please don't... / Better not, please. / I'd rather you didn't. / I'm sorry, but... 等。

表示同意,可用: Oh, no, please. / No, not at all. / Not at all. / Certainly not. / Of course not. / No, go ahead. 等。

以上回答大部分语气都比较客气,但有的语气较生硬(如Yes, I do mind),要注意具体语境适当选用。

make up one's mind
表示做出决定, 下定决心, 下决心, 决定
  • She refuses to make up her mind. 她拒绝做出决定。
  • I think it's high time that she made up her mind. 我想她该拿定主意了。

若表示决定...(做某事),其后可接不定式。

  • I've made up my mind to be a doctor. 我决心当医生。
  • In the end he made up his mind to go by train. 最后他决定坐火车去。

若其中的one's表复数意义时,则mind通常也用复数。

  • As we can't afford a bigger house we must make up our minds to stay here. 既然我们住不起大房子,我们就得安心住在这儿。
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feel like 的用法

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["It", "feels", "like", "silk", "."][{"i": 3, "s": [1, 2, 3], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [2, 3, 5], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 5, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
摸起来像...
  • It feels like silk. 这东西摸起来像丝绸。
  • This feels like an orange. 这东西摸起来像个桔子。
感觉像(是)...
  • My legs feel like cotton wool. 我感觉两条腿像棉花一样。
  • They made me feel like one of the family. 他们让我觉得就是这个家中的一员。
  • I feel like catching a cold. 我像是感冒了。
有...的感觉
  • I'm surprised that he feels like that. 我奇怪他会有这种感觉。
  • I don't feel like myself today. 我今天感到不太舒服。
  • I feel like I want to cry. 我觉得我想哭。
给人的感觉像(是)...
  • It feels like rain. 像是要下雨的样子。
  • I was only there two days, but it felt like a week. 我只在那里呆了两天,但好像过了一个星期似的。
  • It's been a year since her daughter died, but to her, it still feels like yesterday. 她丈夫已过世一年了,但在她看来,这还仿佛像是在昨天。
想..., 想做...
  • Do you feel like a rest? 你想休息一下吗?
  • We'll go for a walk if you feel like it. 你愿意的话,咱们就去散散步。
  • I don't feel like cooking. Let's eat out. 我不想做饭,我们出去吃吧。
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  • I don't feel like waiting around for him to make up his mind. 我不能干等着他拿主意。
想吃或喝...
  • Do you feel like a drink? 你想喝点什么吗?
后接句子时,其中的like相当于as ifas though
  • I felt [like/as if/as though] I was swimming. 我觉得好像在游泳似的。
  • Alice felt [like/as if/as though] she was in a very nice dream. 艾丽斯觉得她好像在做一个美梦。
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["She", "kept", "her", "sister", "for", "a", "week", "while", "her", "sister", "was", "ill", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 7], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [7, 13], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 10, "s": [4, 6], "r": "介词短语", "e": [5, 7], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 12, "s": [7, 8], "r": "状语结构", "e": [8, 13], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 5, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 8, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 9, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 4, "e": 13, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 13, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 13, "subs": [], "s": 8, "r": "状语从句"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}

keep 常见用法

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keep sth.
保存, 保留, 保持, 保守
  • Could you keep these letters for me, please? 你能替我保存这些信吗?
  • I'll keep a seat for you. 我给你留个座位。
  • It can help to keep vegetables, fruit and meat for a long time in hot summer. 在炎热的夏天,它有助于蔬菜、水果和肉类长时间保鲜。
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  • Can you keep a secret? 你能保守秘密吗?
照顾, 养活
  • She kept her sister for a week while her sister was ill. 她妹妹有病时,她照看她了一个星期。
  • I have a family to keep. 我得养活一家人。
留下, 不必还
  • You can keep the pen if you like it. 你要是喜欢就把钢笔留下吧。
  • Keep the change. 不用找零钱了。
遵守, 维护
  • Everyone must keep the rules. 人人必须遵守规章制度。
  • The teacher is keeping order in class. 老师正在课堂上维持秩序。
售, 卖
  • The shop keeps everything you need. 那家商店里出售的东西应有尽有。
  • He keeps everything you will drink. 他出售你想喝的各种饮料。
记(日记、帐等)
  • She keeps a diary every day. 她坚持每天记日记。
  • He keeps exact accounts of the money he spends and a diary of the events of his holidays. 他详细地记载他所花的钱数和假期中所发生的事情。
keep sth + 宾语补足语

表示使...保持某种状态(或位置、动作等)

其中宾语补足语通常由形容词、副词、介词短语、现在分词和过去分词等充当。

  • We should keep our classroom clean and tidy. 我们应保持教室整洁干净。
  • You'd better keep the child away from the fire. 你最好让孩子离火远一点。
  • The bad weather keeps us inside the house. 坏天气使我们不能出门。
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  • Don't keep me waiting for long. 别让我等太久。
  • The other students in the class keep their eyes closed. 班上其他同学都闭着眼睛。
keep + 表语

keep用作连系动词,后接表语构成系表结构,意为保持, 继续(处于某种状态)。其中表语可用形容词、副词、介词短语等充当。

  • You must look after yourself and keep healthy. 你必须照顾好自己,保持身体健康。
  • Keep off the grass. 请勿践踏草地。
  • Traffic in Britain keeps to the left. 英国的交通是靠左边行驶的。
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  • She knew she must keep calm. 她知道她必须保持镇静。
  • Please keep silent in class. 课堂上请保持安静。
含 keep 的短语动词
keep doing sth.

意为继续干某事,表示不间断地持续干某事,keep后不能接不定式,也不能接瞬时动词的ing形式,而必须接延续性动词。

  • He kept working all day, because he wanted to finish the work on time. 他整天都在不停地工作,因为他想准时完成工作。
  • Keep passing the ball to each other, and you'll be ok. 坚持互相传球,你们就行。
keep on doing sth.

意为持续做某事

  • The pupil kept on asking me the same question. 这个学生不断地问我同一个问题。
  • I kept on thinking about the match in the afternoon. 我总是想起下午的那场比赛。
keep...from doing sth.

意为阻止/防止...做某事

  • The heavy snow kept us from going out. 大雪使我们不能出去。
keep away

意为(使)离开, (使)不接近,其后常接介词from

  • Would you keep your dog away from my boy, please? 请把狗拉得离我孩子远点好吗?
  • Keep everybody away from the accident. 人人远离事故!
keep back

意为阻止, 留在后面

  • She sat down quietly, but she couldn't keep back her tears. 她静静地坐下来,却忍不住流下了眼泪。
keep together

意为在一起, 动作协调

  • Keep together, please. 请聚在一起。
  • The eight men kept together during the boat race as though they were one. 赛船时,这8个人动作协调,好像一个人似的。
keep up

意为持续, 使不低落

  • The noise kept up all night. 噪音整夜持续着。
  • To keep your strength up, eat well and get enough sleep. 为了保持力气,要吃好、睡足。
keep up with

意为跟上, 和...来往

  • I'm trying my best to keep up with the others in class. 我正在设法赶上班里的其他人。
  • Do you still keep up with tom? 你和汤姆还有联系吗?
keep...in mind

意为把...记在心里

  • The teacher asked us to keep these sentences in mind. 老师要我们把这些句子记在心里。
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