更新公告 (2022-07-28)
年中大版本更新(三): 内容篇

  1. 上新 200 大类高品质语法内容。
  2. 调优 2500 余处单词、短语翻译。

●  近期更新

  1. 引擎篇 –– 重构核心 AI 引擎,大幅度提升分析结果精确度。里程碑
  2. 功能篇 –– 上线句子成分划分功能,句子结构一目了然。
●  8 月更新预告

随机抽检百万例句,全方位梳理句子分析结果,调优内容细节。

●  新功能"成份划分"示例

I主语 should pay谓语动词(复合结构) Mary间接宾语 a visit,直接宾语
We主语 made谓语动词 it形式宾语 clear宾补(形容词) that he won真实宾语
It形式主语 isbe 动词 the peculiarity of knowledge表语(名词) that those who ••• it真实主语


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apology 用法归纳

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["There", "'s", "no", "need", "for", "apologies", "."][{"i": 2, "s": [0, 1, 2], "r": "陈述句", "e": [1, 2, 4], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [5], "r": "名词短语", "e": [6], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 21, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 5, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

apology表示道歉,通常是可数名词,可以联用不定冠词,也可用复数形式。

  • There's no need for apologies. 不必道歉。
  • I have to begin with an apology. 我得首先表示歉意。

要表示向某人道歉,用介词to

要表示因为某原因而道歉或替某人道歉,用介词for

  • I make no apology to him for what I said. 我没有因说了些什么而向他道歉。
  • I must offer her an apology for not going to her party. 我必须为未参加她的晚会表示歉意。
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["Children", "acquire", "language", "at", "an", "amazing", "rate", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [1, 2], "r": "动词短语", "e": [2, 3], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [3, 6], "r": "介词短语", "e": [4, 7], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 5, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 13, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

attain 与 acquire 的区别


acquire多指经过努力逐步获得才能、知识、习惯等,也可用于对财物等的获得,强调一经获得就会长期持有的含义。

attain指达到某一目标,也可指经过不懈的努力获得未曾预料到的结果。

acquire

acquire a new lease of life获得新生

acquire an education受教育

acquire an understanding取得谅解

acquire a target捕捉到目标

acquire a taste for sth开始喜欢某事物

acquire a title of得到...的头衔

acquire bad habits养成坏习惯

acquire experience获得经验

attain

attain better economic results取得较好的经济效益

attain long-term prosperity实现长期的繁荣

attain one's aim达到目的

attain the opposite shore到达对岸

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["Mind", "not", "to", "be", "late", "."][{"i": 1, "s": [0, 1], "r": "祈使句", "e": [1, 6], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 9, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 5, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 6, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 4, "e": 5, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "祈使句"}

mind 详解


用作动词
表示介意, 在乎

其后接动词时要用动名词。

  • Would you mind opening the window? 请打开窗户好吗?
  • She did not mind working late in the least. 她对工作到很晚一点也不在意。
表示注意, 当心

其后接动词时要用不定式。

  • There will be a meeting tonight. Mind not to be late. 今晚有会议,注意别迟到。
用作名词
表示头脑, 大脑; 心思, 注意力; 想法, 意见; 意愿; 精神; 情绪, 心情; 心理; 思想; 智慧; 智力; 记忆, 回忆; 记忆力; 思维方式; 思考能力; 理解力; 理智; 纪念; 聪明人, 富有才智的人; 上帝, 神

通常用作可数名词。

  • I've a good mind to go home. 我很想回家。
  • He has a mind for science. 他有学科学的头脑。
  • We are all of one mind on this subject. 在这个问题上我们大家意见一致。

在某些谚语或固定短语中,可能是不可数的。

  • Out of sight, out of mind. 眼不见,心不烦。
  • You must keep this in mind. 你必须记住这一点。
[Would/Do] you mind...?

表示请你...好不好, 倘若...你见怪吗

would比用do更客气委婉,但不用will

其后可接动名词(但不接不定式)或if引导的宾语从句。

接动名词时,根据情况可以带逻辑主语,即sb. + doing.结构。

if从句时,若句首用的是would,从句谓语通常要用过去式。

我在这儿抽烟你介意吗?

正: Would [Do] you mind [my/me] smoking here?

正: Do you mind if I smoke here?

正: Would you mind if I smoked here?
回答方式

对该句型的回答与汉语的习惯不同,注意回答是针对mind而言的,即:

表示不同意,可用: Yes, I do mind. / Please don't... / Better not, please. / I'd rather you didn't. / I'm sorry, but... 等。

表示同意,可用: Oh, no, please. / No, not at all. / Not at all. / Certainly not. / Of course not. / No, go ahead. 等。

以上回答大部分语气都比较客气,但有的语气较生硬(如Yes, I do mind),要注意具体语境适当选用。

make up one's mind
表示做出决定, 下定决心, 下决心, 决定
  • She refuses to make up her mind. 她拒绝做出决定。
  • I think it's high time that she made up her mind. 我想她该拿定主意了。

若表示决定...(做某事),其后可接不定式。

  • I've made up my mind to be a doctor. 我决心当医生。
  • In the end he made up his mind to go by train. 最后他决定坐火车去。

若其中的one's表复数意义时,则mind通常也用复数。

  • As we can't afford a bigger house we must make up our minds to stay here. 既然我们住不起大房子,我们就得安心住在这儿。
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more...than... 详解

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["It", "was", "more", "expensive", "than", "I", "thought", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [2, 3, 4, 5], "r": "形容词作表语", "e": [3, 4, 5, 8], "d": {"poses": [1, 3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 8, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 20, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 9, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 5, "r": "状语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
表示 "比...多, 比...更"
more + 形容词

与形容词一同构成该形容词的比较级。

  • It was more expensive than I thought. 这比我预料的昂贵多了。
  • Tim violin is more difficult than the piano. 拉小提琴比弹钢琴更为困难。
  • John drove much more carefully than Tim did. 约翰开车比吉姆小心得多。
more + 名词

此时more本身就是比较级,其后可以接可数或不可数名词。

  • His car cost much more money than mine. 他的小汽车所花的钱比我的多得多。
  • There are much more people than we expected. 比我们想象的人要多得多。
表示 "与其...不如"
  • He is more lucky than clever. 与其说他聪明,不如说他幸运。
  • It is even more a poem than a picture. 与其说它是一幅画,倒不如说它是一首诗。
注: 该句型主要用于同一个人或物在两个不同性质或特征等方面的比较(比较级必须是more + adj.的形式,不能用加词尾-er的形式)
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小贴士:句子存在歧义时,Enpuz 尽可能返回最常用的结果。

between...and... 的用法

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["I", "'ll", "phone", "you", "between", "lunch", "and", "three", "o'clock", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [2, 3, 5], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [3, 5, 10], "d": {"poses": [1, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 9, "s": [5, 6, 7], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [6, 7, 10], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 15, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 14, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 10, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
在...与...之间
  • I'll phone you between lunch and three o'clock. 我将在午餐后三点钟以前给你打电话。
  • He felt something between laughter and anger. 他既觉得好笑,又感到气愤。

between...and...不仅可连接两者,也可连接三者。

  • Luxemburg lies between France, Germany and Belgium. 卢森堡位于法国、德国和比利时之间。
  • Between cooking, writing and running the farm he was kept very busy. 他又是做饭,又是写作,还要打理农场,忙得不可开交。
由于...和...(表示原因)
  • Between the noise outside and lack of sleep, he couldn't concentrate. 由于外面的噪音加上睡眠不足,他无法专心。
习语

between [ourselves/you and me]仅你我知道的秘密。如:

  • Between ourselves, I don't think he will live much longer. 咱们私下说说,他活不久了。
  • Between you and me, he's not very reliable. 这是只有你我之间才说,他不是很可靠。
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["He", "bought", "a", "couple", "of", "tires", "for", "his", "bicycle", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [1, 2, 6, 7], "r": "动词短语", "e": [2, 6, 7, 10], "d": {"poses": [1, 3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [2, 4, 5], "r": "名词短语", "e": [4, 5, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 10, "s": [8], "r": "名词短语", "e": [9], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 5, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 13, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 10, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

a couple、a pair 的区别

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a couplea pair这两个短语都可以表示一双, 一对。其区别是:

a couple指在一起或互有关系的两个人或物,但并不意味是同样的,也并不一定适合在一起的。

a pair指由两个一样的东西组成的一对, 一副,缺一不可。

  • He bought a couple of tires for his bicycle. 他买了两个自行车轮胎。
  • On the end of his nose was a pair of thick spectacles. 他的鼻尖上架着一副厚厚的眼镜。

a couplea pair都可指一对夫妻a pair更强调般配

  • They will make a pair. 他两能结成一对。
  • Not every couple is a pair. 天下夫妇多,珠联壁合少。
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hardly、hardly ever 的区别

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["He", "can", "hardly", "be", "right", "."][][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 4, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
hardly

hardly只是一般的否定副词,其意为almost notbarelyscarcely

  • He hardly looked at it 他几乎没看它。
  • He can hardly be right. 他不大可能是对的。
  • I was so tired that I could hardly walk. 我累得几乎走不动了。
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  • He's so stupid; I hardly think I'll want to talk with him! 他那么笨,我简直不想跟他说话!
hardly ever

hardly ever其实是表示一种否定的频度,相当于rarelyseldomalmost never等。

  • It hardly ever snows here. 这儿几乎从不下雪。
  • I hardly ever see Brian these days. 这几天我难得见到布赖恩。
  • I've got so little time, I hardly ever read newspapers. 我时间很紧,不怎么看报。
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  • My mother lives so far away that we hardly ever see her. 我母亲住得那么远,我们很少见到她。
hardly...when/before...

hardly...when/before...(一...就...)句式中,通常不能用hardly ever,因为这里的hardly并不表示频率。

  • I had hardly closed my eyes when the telephone rang. 我刚合上眼,电话铃就响了。
  • We had hardly started when it began to rain. 我们刚出发就下起雨来。
  • We had hardly started when it began to rain. 我们刚出发,天就开始下雨了。
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  • We had hardly entered into the matter when he came in. 我们刚开始讨论此事,他就来了。
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China's 与 Chinese 的区别

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["China", "'s", "population", "is", "large", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [2], "r": "名词短语", "e": [3], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 3, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 4, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
China‘s

China's为名词所有格,强调所属关系。

  • China's population is large. 中国人口众多。
  • Hainan is China's second largest island. 海南是中国第二大岛。
  • The Yellow River is China's second longest river. 黄河是中国第二大河。
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  • China's countryside looks its best in May and June. 中国的农村在五六月时景色最美。
Chinese

Chinese为形容词,表示属性,视所修饰的名词不同,意思稍有不同:

  • Maotai is a Chinese wine. 茅台是一种中国酒。
  • Are you into Chinese food? 你对中国菜有兴趣吗?
  • This book is about Chinese traditkmal medicine. 这本书是讲中医的。
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  • This was a record set by a Chinese girl. 这是一个中国姑娘创造的记录。
  • My strongest memory is when I attended a Chinese wedding. 我印象最深的是我参加的一次中国婚礼的情景。
  • Gone are the days when they could do what they liked to the Chinese people. 他们能够对中国人民为所欲为的日子一去不复返了。
  • Thinking that traditional Chinese medicine might help, they sent for an old Chinese doctor. 他们请了一位老中医,因为他们考虑到也许中医会有效。
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["Doing", "morning", "exercises", "is", "very", "healthful", "."][{"i": 6, "s": [0, 1, 2], "r": "动词短语", "e": [1, 2, 3], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 18, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 9, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 3, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 4, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 6, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 4, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

healthy、healthful 的区别

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healthy有两个意思,一是指人本身健康的,二是指有益于健康的

  • Good food keeps you healthy. 好的饮食使你健康。
  • Cycling is certainly healthier than driving. 骑车肯定比开车有利于健康。

有时用于比喻义。

  • That book is a not healthy reading for children. 那本书供小孩读不健康。

healthful通常只表示有益于健康的

  • Doing morning exercises is very healthful. 做早操对健康很有益。
  • Why don't you eat such healthy [healthful] foods? 你为什么不吃那些有益于健康的食物?
此词在现代英语中用得不多(已属过时用法),一般用healthy代替。
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exercise 在用作名词时是否可数

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["He", "is", "doing", "morning", "exercises", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 4, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 11, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

表示锻炼,运动时,用作不可数名词。如: do/take exercise(做运动/锻炼身体)。

表示练习,体操时,用作可数名词,且用复数形式。如: do morning exercises(做早操), do eye exercises(做眼保健操)等。

  • Walking is good exercise. 散步是很好的运动。(用作不可数名词)
  • We do morning exercises every morning. 我们每天上午做早操。(用作可数名词)
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["He", "spoke", "for", "a", "long", "time", "but", "his", "meaning", "did", "not", "really", "come", "across", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 6, 7], "r": "陈述句", "e": [6, 7, 15], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 7, "s": [2, 4, 5], "r": "介词短语", "e": [3, 5, 6], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 20, "s": [12, 13], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [13, 15], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 5, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": {"r": "转折", "m": "but"}, "e": 7, "t": 5}, {"s": 9, "r": 22, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 9, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 7, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 6, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 10, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 9, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 13, "e": 15, "t": 2}]{"coos": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "分句 1"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 15, "subs": [], "s": 7, "r": "分句 2"}], "s": 0, "e": 15, "subs": []}

come across 用法归纳

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偶然遇见, 碰见(=run across)
  • Where did you [come/run] across her? 你在那儿碰到她的?
  • I've just come across a beautiful poem in this book. 我在这本书里偶然发现一首优美的诗。
被理解,被传达(=come over)
  • He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not really come across. 他讲了很长时间,但他的意思没有人真正理解。
使人产生某种印象(=come over)
  • Your speech came across very well. 你的演说相当受欢迎。
  • He came across as [sympathetic/a sympathetic person]. 他给人以有同情心的印象。

注意以下用法,它不是习语,其中的across为副词,表示在另一边:

  • Come across to my office this afternoon. 你今天下午到我办公室来一趟。
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