更新公告 (2022-05-09)
内容精校第 18、19 期

1. 新增收录 200 余个常用短语。

2. 精校 1000 余处单词或短语翻译。

3. 清空本轮采集的所有 bad case。

(另附 5 月 8 号服务异常致歉公告)


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familiar 常见用法

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["His", "voice", "on", "the", "phone", "sounded", "familiar", "to", "me", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [2, 4], "r": "介词短语", "e": [3, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [5, 6, 7, 8], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [6, 7, 8, 10], "d": {"poses": [1, 3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 15, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 9, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 4, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 13, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 10, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

familiar表示熟悉的, 亲近的; 随便的(含不满)之意。

表示 “熟悉的”

可与withto连用。

be familiar with sth.某人对某事物熟悉

sth. be familiar to sb.指某事物为某人所熟悉

  • Most people are familiar with this figure from Wagner's opera. 多数人对瓦格纳歌剧中的这个人物是熟悉的。
  • His voice on the phone sounded familiar to me. 他在电话上的声音我听起来很熟悉。
表示 “友好的”

通常与介词with连用。

  • He's familiar with us. (=He's on familiar terms with us). 他与我们关系很友好。
  • She greeted them by their first names in a familiar way. 她与他们打招呼时亲切地直呼其名。
表示 “过分亲密的, 随便的”

通常与介词with连用。

  • The man [makes himself/is] too familiar with my wife. 这个人对我妻子太随便(太放肆)。
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["John", "should", "go", "rather", "than", "Jean", "."][{"i": 4, "s": [2, 3, 5], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 5, 7], "d": {"poses": [1, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 5, "s": [3, 5], "r": "状语结构", "e": [5, 7], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

rather than 常见用法


作连词

rather than用作连词,连接两个平行结构。

既可以表示主观愿望上的决择,与其...宁可...

也可以表示客观程度上的差异,与其说是...不如说是...

连接代词
  • I, rather than you, should do the work. 该做这工作的是我,而不是你。
连接名词
  • John ought to go rather than Jean. 约翰比琴更应该去。
  • I think I'll have a cold drink rather than coffee. 我想我该要一杯冷饮,而不要咖啡。
  • I think you, rather than Mary, is to be punished. 我认为该受惩罚的是你,而不是玛丽。
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  • Rather than fish, we have fried eggs and meat for lunch. 今天午餐吃煎蛋和肉,而没有鱼。

试比较: We sometimes eat rice instead of potatoes. 有时候我们不吃土豆,而吃米饭。

连接形容词
  • These shoes are comfortable rather than good-looking. 这鞋不好看可是舒服。
  • The color seems green rather than blue. 这颜色看上去是绿的,而不是蓝的。
连接介词短语
  • You are doing this for yourself rather than for your friend. 你不是为你朋友,而是为你自己做这种事。
  • I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July. 我愿 8 月去不愿 7 月去。
连接动名词
  • I always prefer starting early, rather than leaving everything to the last minute. 我总是愿意早开始而不愿意把所有事情都留到最后才做。
  • He was engaged in writing a letter rather than reading the newspaper. 他那时是在写信而不是看报纸。
连接过去分词
  • She insisted on having the room papered rather than painted. 她坚持要用纸裱糊房间,而不是把房间粉刷一下。
连接不定式

一般省略to

  • I decided to write rather than telephone. 我决定写信而不是打电话。
  • They prefer to die fighting rather than live in enslavement. 他们宁可战死,也不肯活着受奴役。
  • I prefer to work rather than remain idle. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。
连接谓语动词

rather than后接动词原形表示主观抉择,接一个动词的过去式则表示客观差异。

  • He told a lie rather than get his friend into trouble. 他宁愿说谎也不愿连累朋友。
  • Shall we go for a walk rather than watch television? 咱们不看电视,出去散步,好不好?
  • He ran rather than walked. 他跑步而不是步行。
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  • Rather than go there by air, I'd take the slowest train. 我宁愿乘最慢的火车,也不愿乘飞机去那儿。
连接从句
  • It was what he meant rather than what he said. 那是指他话中的意思,而不是他所说的话。
  • It was what he had eaten rather than what he had drunk that made him ill. 使他得病的不是他喝的东西,而是他吃的东西。
作介词

as well asinstead of一样,rather than后面跟一个和主句中的动词形式并不匹配的ing分词分句时,它是介词,而不是准并列连词。

  • Their actions precipitated the war rather than averting it. 他们的行为促使战争爆发而不是避免战争。
  • Rather than a new car, he bought a color television. 他买了一台彩电,而不是一辆新车。
  • Let's finish the job today, rather than leaving it till tomorrow. 让咱们今天干完工作,而不是留到明天。
与 would 搭配

rather than可以和would联用,如would rather...than...would...rather than...

这时要注意前后对称,即必须用相同的语法成份。如:

  • I'd rather have the red one than(have) the green one. 我宁愿要红的,不愿要绿的。
  • I'd take the slowest train rather than go there by air. 我宁可乘坐最慢的火车也不愿坐飞机去那儿。
  • He would rather walk than drive. 他宁愿步行不愿开车。
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  • I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July. 我愿八月去,不愿七月去。
  • I'd call her hair chestnut rather than brown. 我宁愿说她的头发是栗色,而不是棕色。
注意

I'd rather+ 动词原形,通常意为我宁愿...,相当于I'd prefer to...,具有选择意义,即宁愿做...不愿做

但是,当后接动词like, enjoy, appreciate时,rather是一个程度副词,象quitefairly一样无选择意义。

所以I'd rather like不是我宁愿喜欢,而是我相当(很)喜欢。试比较下列句子:

  • I'd rather like a cup of coffee. 我很想来杯咖啡。
  • We would rather appreciate your help. 我们非常感谢你的帮助。
  • Which would you rather have, tea or coffee? 你更愿意喝什么,茶还是咖啡?
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  • He would rather enjoy seeing a film on Sundays. 他很喜欢在星期天看场电影。
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["I", "'m", "in", "good", "conditions", "."][{"i": 4, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "介词短语", "e": [3, 4, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

condition 可数与不可数


强调内在的情况; 状态时,是不可数名词。

强调外在的情况; 条件时,是可数名词。

under this condition在这种情况下

in these conditions在这些条件下

  • These are the conditions you have to attain. 这些是你要达到的所有条件.
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burst 的常用搭配

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["She", "burst", "into", "tears", "."][{"i": 3, "s": [1, 2, 3], "r": "动词短语", "e": [2, 3, 4], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 5, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
be bursting to do. sth.

表示急于要做某事

  • He was bursting to tell her the news. 他急于要告诉她这条消息。
burst forth

表示突然出现, 突然爆发出, 突然喊出

  • A broad smile burst forth on his face. 他顿时笑容满面。
  • A cry of horror burst forth from the crowd. 人群中突然发出恐惧的叫喊声。
  • "Why don't you behave? " he burst forth. “你为什么不放规矩一点呢? ”他大声喊。
burst into

表示突然闯入

  • Don't burst into my bedroom without knocking. 请不要不敲而贸然闯入我的卧室。

表示突然...起来

  • She burst into [tears/laughter/song]. 她突然哭(笑/唱)起来。
  • The entire hall burst into thunderous cheers. 全场发出了雷鸣般的欢呼。
注: 这样用的burst into后通常接具有动作意义的名词。
burst out

表示大声叫喊

  • "I don't believe it", he burst out. “我不相信”,他大声说道。
注: 这样用的burst outburst forth同义。

表示突然...起来

  • She burst out [crying/laughing/singing]. 她突然哭(笑/唱)起来。
注: 这样用的burst out后通常接动名词。
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["According", "to", "John", "there", "will", "be", "a", "meeting", "next", "week", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 3], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [3, 11], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 1, "s": [0, 2], "r": "状语结构", "e": [2, 3], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 3, "s": [3, 5, 6], "r": "陈述句", "e": [4, 6, 8], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 5, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 13, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 21, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 9, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 22, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 7, "e": 11, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 11, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 11, "subs": [], "s": 3, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}

according to 的用法

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表示根据...(某学说、某书刊、某文件、某人所说等)

表示按照...(某法律、某规定、某惯例、某情况等)

表示合乎..., 符合...

  • According to the timetable, the train gets in at 8:27. 根据时刻表,火车 8:27 进站。
  • According to the weather forecast, we shall have rain tomorrow. 根据天气预报,明天会下雨。
  • According to John there will be a meeting next week. 据约翰说,下星期有个会议。
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  • Each man will be paid according to his ability. 每个人将根据他的能力获得报酬。

表示根据, 按照时,主要用来引出状语,一般不用来引出表语:

这本书是根据一个真实故事写的。

正: The book is based on a true story.

误: The book is according to a true story.

当它表示合乎, 符合时,可用来引出表语:

  • It is not according to his nature to give praise. 他本性不喜欢颂扬。

其后一般不接view(看法)opinion(意见)这类词,也不接表示第一人称的代词(meus):

正: In my opinion, the film is wonderful. 依我看,这部电 影很不错。

误: According to my opinion, the film is wonderful.

误: According to me, the film is wonderful.
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sometime、some time、sometimes 及 some times 的区别

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["We", "'ll", "take", "our", "holiday", "sometime", "in", "August", "."][{"i": 8, "s": [2, 4], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 5, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 20, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 7, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 13, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 9, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
sometime
副词

表示某个时候。可指过去或将来的某个时候。

  • Would you come to the cinema with me, sometime? 赏脸找个时间和我看场电影吗?(将来)
  • We'll take our holiday sometime in August. 我们会在八月找个时间度假。(将来)
  • I bought this sometime last summer. 这是我在上个夏天买的。(过去)
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  • This mansion was built sometime around. 这栋大厦是1980年左右建的。(过去)
形容词

表示前, 过去的。意思类似former

  • This is our sometime general manager. 这是我们的前任总经理。
  • Our sometime classmate, Rose, is now a pop star. 我们以前的同学罗斯,现在是明星了。
sometimes
副词

表示有时候。扩展: at times也是有时的意思。

  • Every man is a fool sometimes, and none at all times. 每个人有时都会犯傻,但没有谁会一直都傻。
  • I sometimes have letters from him. 有时我会收到他的来信。
some time

表示某段时间。常与for连用。

  • We plan to stay in Hainan for some time. 我们打算在海南呆上一段时间。
  • I will keep the computer for some time, so you can use it. 这部电脑我会留着一段时间,你可以用。
some times

表示几次

several times也可以表示几次,但比some times较确定。

time作可数名词时表示次数; 表示时间时是不可数名词。

  • I am sure that we have met some times before. 我肯定我们之前见过几次了。
  • The newly bought microwave oven failed to work some times. 新买的微波炉坏了几次了。
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regret doing. 与 regret to do. 有何区别

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["I", "regret", "to", "do", "this", "."][{"i": 2, "s": [1, 2, 3], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [2, 3, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

regret to do.对要做的事遗憾。(未做)

regret doing.对做过的事遗憾、后悔。(已做)

  • I regret to have to do this, but I have no choice. 我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没有办法。
  • I don't regret telling her what I thought. 我不为告诉她我的想法而后悔。
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["He", "is", "not", "a", "little", "like", "his", "father", "."][{"i": 6, "s": [3, 5], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [5, 9], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 13, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 7, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 6, "e": 5, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

a bit、a little 的区别

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a bita little在意思上非常相似,都表示一点点, 有点儿

它们用作副词,表达程度时,修饰动词、形容词、副词、介词短语或比较级,意思相同,可以互换。

  • He is a bit like his father. 他有点像他的父亲。
  • He is a little like his father. 他有点像他的父亲。
  • The speaker spoke a bit louder in order to make himself heard more clearly. 讲话人把嗓门提高了一点儿,以便让别人听得更清楚。
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  • The speaker spoke a little louder in order to make himself heard more clearly. 讲话人把嗓门提高了一点儿,以便让别人听得更清楚。

修饰形容词时,通常都与那些表示负面意义的形容词(如: tiredcoldsicksadserious等)联用。

  • The man was [a bit/a little] tired. 这个人有点儿累了。
  • I think these boxes are [a bit/a little] heavy. 我想这些箱子有点儿重吧。

而通常不用于修饰表示正面意义的形容词(如: goodwellhappygladsatisfied等)。

误:He is [a bit/a little] well.

误:It is [a bit/a little] cheap.

但是,若修饰比较级,则没有以上限制。

  • He's feeling [a bit/a little] better. 他感觉好些了。
  • It is [a bit/a little] cheaper. 它要便宜些。
区别
用作定语,表达数量

a bit后要加ofa little则不用。

  • She ate a bit of bread for lunch. 她午饭就吃了一点点面包。
  • She ate a little bread for lunch. 她午饭就吃了一点点面包。
  • He may need [a bit of/a little] help. 他也许需要点帮助。
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  • He knows [a bit of/a little] French. 他懂一点点法语。
: 但是若名词前有mythisthe等限定词修饰,则不能直接用a little,而要用a little of
  • I taste a little of this wine. 我尝了一点儿这种酒。
: a bit of后有时接单数可数名词表示有点(像)
  • He is a bit of a poet. 他有点像诗人。
  • She was in a bit of a hurry. 她有点儿匆匆忙忙。
否定

否定修饰后,not a bitnot a little的含义相差很大。

not a bit表示一点也不,相当于not at allnot in the least之意。

  • He is not a bit like his father. 他一点也不像他父亲。
  • Are you hungry? No, not a bit. 你饿了吗? 不,一点也不饿。
  • She is not a bit happy. 她很不开心。

not a little表示非常, 很,相当于very(much)、a lot之意。

  • He is not a little like his father. 他很像他的父亲。
  • I am not a little surprised at the news. 我对这个消息深感惊讶。
  • The boy was not a little worried because he hadn't heard from her parents for a long time. 那个男孩很担心,因为好久没收到父母的来信了。
扩展: 有时bit之前,还可以加little,进一步修饰程度之低
  • I'm a little bit tired. Let's take a short rest. 我稍有点累了。让我们休息一会儿。
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possible 与 impossible 的用法及区别

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["Snow", "is", "possible", ",", "though", "not", "probable", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [4, 6], "r": "状语结构", "e": [5, 8], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 7, "s": [6], "r": "形容词短语", "e": [7], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 5, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 8, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 4, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 6, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
be. + [possible/impossible]

单一的possible/impossible作表语时,主语必须是普通实义名词(如指人或指物的名词或代词等)

  • Snow is possible, though not probable. 下雪是可能的,虽然不是很可能。
  • What he says is impossible. 他所说的是不可能的。
It + be. + [possible/impossible] + (for + sb.) + to + do. + (sth.)

possible/impossible后接不定式时,且不定式中的do.成份完整,此时句子主语只能是形式主语it,而不能是普通实义名词。

形式主语it指代to + do.成份。

所谓的do.成份完整是指:

1. 如果do.是及物动词,则必须包含宾语。

2. 如果do.是不及物动词,则必然已经完整。

我们[可能/不可能]会赢得这场比赛。

正: It is [possible/impossible] for us to win the match.

误: We are [possible/impossible] to win the match.

impossible特例

仅对impossible,普通实义名词可以在带不定式成分的句子中作主语。

但只限不定式中的do.与该名词有动宾关系。此时不定式中的do.的成份是不完整的。

可以简单归纳为: impossible后接的不定式中,do.的宾语可以抽离出来作主语。

注意!possible无此用法

正: The match is impossible for us to win. (win的直接宾语the match被抽离出来作主语)

误: The match is possible for us to win.

It + be. + [possible/impossible] + that + 主语从句

possible/impossible后接that + 主语从句时,主句主语只能是形式主语it,而不能是普通实义名词。

形式主语it指代主语从句成份。

It's impossible that后接的从句中,从句通常要用虚拟语气,即从句谓语要用should + 动词原形,其中should可以省略。

It's possible that后接的从句中,从句谓语要用陈述语气。

  • It's possible that he hasn't received the letter. 可能他还没收到那封信。
  • It is impossible that he [should] forget our meeting. 他不可能忘记我们的会议。
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["Some", "students", "were", "absent", "from", "class", "."][{"i": 6, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [4, 5, 7], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

absent 常见用法


作形容词

意为缺席的。要表示做某事缺席,其后常接介词from

  • Some students were absent from class. 有些学生上课缺席。
  • They were absent from work that day. 他们那天都没有上班。

be absent from还可表示缺少, 没有, 无

  • Love was totally absent from his childhood. 他童年时代没受到丝毫的疼爱。

有时根据不同的语境,也可能使用不同的介词。比较:

  • He's absent from Beijing. 他外出了,不在北京。
  • He's absent in Beijing. 他外出了,现在北京。

另外,有时be absent in还可表示不在...里(尤其对于那些不会动的东西)

  • The word is absent in the dictionary. 这本字典里没有这个词。

absent用作形容词有时还表示心不在焉, 茫然的等,通常只用作定语。

  • He had an absent look on his face. 他脸上露出茫然的神色。

而复合形容词absent-minded,可用作表语或定语,其意为心不在焉的, 健忘的

  • He is always absent-minded. 他老是心不在焉。
作动词

只用作及物动词,意为缺席,只接反身代词作宾语。表示做某事缺席,其后也接介词 from。

  • He absented himself from the meeting. 他没有出席会议。
  • Why did you absent yourself from class yesterday? 你昨天为什么没来上课?
注意! absent用作形容词和动词时,重音位置不同。
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["She", "is", "much", "more", "beautiful", "."][{"i": 3, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "形容词短语", "e": [3, 4, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 4, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

much more...than 与 many more...than 有何区别


much more...than后接形容词或不可数名词,例: much more watermuch more beautiful

many more...than后接可数名词,例: many more people

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across 详解

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["There", "'s", "a", "way", "across", "the", "fields", "."][{"i": 1, "s": [0, 1, 2], "r": "陈述句", "e": [1, 2, 8], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 21, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 15, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
作状语

表示动态意义,意为横过, 到...的另一边

  • Can you swim across? 你能游过去吗? (副词用法)
  • I cam swim across the river in 10 minutes. 我可以在 10 分钟之内游过河去。(介词用法)
作表语,或修饰作表语的介词

表示静态意义,意为在...的另一边

  • My house is just across the street. 我家就在街道对面。(介词作表语)
  • We leave Dover at ten and we should be across in France by midnight. 我们 10 点钟离开多佛,午夜时应能抵达法国那边。(副词用法,修饰介词表语)
across from 与 from across
across from

表静态意义,意为在对面,与opposite同义,此时也可省略from只说across。如:

  • Just across from our house there's a school. 就在我们房子的对面有一所学校。
  • I'm staying at a little hotel just across from the Libyan Embassy. 我住在利比亚大使馆正对面的一所小旅馆里。
from across

则表动态意义,意为从...的对面

  • He shouted to me from across the room. 他从房间的另一边向我喊。
  • They waved at us from across the room. 他们从房间那一头向我们招手。
注意不要与动词 cross 弄混
表示穿过时的用法比较
  • It's dangerous for an old man to cross such a crowded street. 老人穿过这样拥挤的街道很危险。
  • It's dangerous for an old man to walk across such a crowded street. 老人穿过这样拥挤的街道很危险。
表示交叉时的用法比较
  • The roads cross just outside the village. 那两条路就在村外交叉。
  • He sat there with his arms across his chest. 他坐在那儿,两臂交叉放在胸前。
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