sentence Rather than go there by air, I'd take the slowest train. /Rather-than-go-there-by-air+-I~d-take-the-slowest-train.= 1

Rather than go there by air, I'd take the slowest train. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["Rather", "than", "go", "there", "by", "air", ",", "I", "'d", "take", "the", "slowest", "train", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 7], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [7, 14], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 1, "s": [0, 2], "r": "状语结构", "e": [2, 7], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [2, 4, 5], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 5, 7], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 16, "s": [9, 12], "r": "动词短语", "e": [10, 13], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 5, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 13, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 20, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 7, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 5, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 22, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 10, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 9, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 3, "e": 14, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 14, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 14, "subs": [], "s": 7, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 7], [7, 14]]
[]

前置状语 + 主句, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
[[0, 2], [2, 7]]
[]

rather + than + do.

这是一个状语结构。

rather than 详解

作连词

rather than用作连词,连接两个平行结构。

既可以表示主观愿望上的决择,与其...宁可...

也可以表示客观程度上的差异,与其说是...不如说是...

连接代词
  • I, rather than you, should do the work. 该做这工作的是我,而不是你。
连接名词
  • John ought to go rather than Jean. 约翰比琴更应该去。
  • I think I'll have a cold drink rather than coffee. 我想我该要一杯冷饮,而不要咖啡。
  • I think you, rather than Mary, is to be punished. 我认为该受惩罚的是你,而不是玛丽。
更多
  • Rather than fish, we have fried eggs and meat for lunch. 今天午餐吃煎蛋和肉,而没有鱼。

试比较: We sometimes eat rice instead of potatoes. 有时候我们不吃土豆,而吃米饭。

连接形容词
  • These shoes are comfortable rather than good-looking. 这鞋不好看可是舒服。
  • The color seems green rather than blue. 这颜色看上去是绿的,而不是蓝的。
连接介词短语
  • You are doing this for yourself rather than for your friend. 你不是为你朋友,而是为你自己做这种事。
  • I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July. 我愿 8 月去不愿 7 月去。
连接动名词
  • I always prefer starting early, rather than leaving everything to the last minute. 我总是愿意早开始而不愿意把所有事情都留到最后才做。
  • He was engaged in writing a letter rather than reading the newspaper. 他那时是在写信而不是看报纸。
连接过去分词
  • She insisted on having the room papered rather than painted. 她坚持要用纸裱糊房间,而不是把房间粉刷一下。
连接不定式

一般省略to

  • I decided to write rather than telephone. 我决定写信而不是打电话。
  • They prefer to die fighting rather than live in enslavement. 他们宁可战死,也不肯活着受奴役。
  • I prefer to work rather than remain idle. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。
连接谓语动词

rather than后接动词原形表示主观抉择,接一个动词的过去式则表示客观差异。

  • He told a lie rather than get his friend into trouble. 他宁愿说谎也不愿连累朋友。
  • Shall we go for a walk rather than watch television? 咱们不看电视,出去散步,好不好?
  • He ran rather than walked. 他跑步而不是步行。
更多
  • Rather than go there by air, I'd take the slowest train. 我宁愿乘最慢的火车,也不愿乘飞机去那儿。
连接从句
  • It was what he meant rather than what he said. 那是指他话中的意思,而不是他所说的话。
  • It was what he had eaten rather than what he had drunk that made him ill. 使他得病的不是他喝的东西,而是他吃的东西。
作介词

as well asinstead of一样,rather than后面跟一个和主句中的动词形式并不匹配的ing分词分句时,它是介词,而不是准并列连词。

  • Their actions precipitated the war rather than averting it. 他们的行为促使战争爆发而不是避免战争。
  • Rather than a new car, he bought a color television. 他买了一台彩电,而不是一辆新车。
  • Let's finish the job today, rather than leaving it till tomorrow. 让咱们今天干完工作,而不是留到明天。
与 would 搭配

rather than可以和would联用,如would rather...than...would...rather than...

这时要注意前后对称,即必须用相同的语法成份。如:

  • I'd rather have the red one than(have) the green one. 我宁愿要红的,不愿要绿的。
  • I'd take the slowest train rather than go there by air. 我宁可乘坐最慢的火车也不愿坐飞机去那儿。
  • He would rather walk than drive. 他宁愿步行不愿开车。
更多
  • I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July. 我愿八月去,不愿七月去。
  • I'd call her hair chestnut rather than brown. 我宁愿说她的头发是栗色,而不是棕色。
注意

I'd rather+ 动词原形,通常意为我宁愿...,相当于I'd prefer to...,具有选择意义,即宁愿做...不愿做

但是,当后接动词like, enjoy, appreciate时,rather是一个程度副词,象quitefairly一样无选择意义。

所以I'd rather like不是我宁愿喜欢,而是我相当(很)喜欢。试比较下列句子:

  • I'd rather like a cup of coffee. 我很想来杯咖啡。
  • We would rather appreciate your help. 我们非常感谢你的帮助。
  • Which would you rather have, tea or coffee? 你更愿意喝什么,茶还是咖啡?
更多
  • He would rather enjoy seeing a film on Sundays. 他很喜欢在星期天看场电影。

  • Rather than take it all the way, they decided to take the train from west to east across Canada.
  • rather than disappoint the children, he did two quick tricks before he left

rather|than 的其它常用短语:

rather than sth.与其...不如...be. rather than sth.
rather than prep. sth.
[[2, 3], [4, 5], [5, 7]]
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go + by + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
v. 依照...做, 遵守..., 遵循..., 按照...判断

depart、go、leave 的区别

departgoleave都含离开的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
go
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  • A motorcycle goes by a crowd with its rear wheel in the air.
  • Go by this rule and you'll be safe
  • A person goes by a car.
  • Two women riding a tandem bicycle go by a wall painting.
  • A taxi going by some people.
  • a driver goes by some people
  • A woman goes by a car.
  • A parade goes by a marathon.
  • A person goes by a car next to a street.
  • David goes by Dave for short.

go 的其它常用短语:

go prep. sth.去...go 副词性介词去...
go 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间去...go prep. sth. with sth.适合于
go at sth. tooth and nailgo off sth.离开...
go on sth.进行...go to sth. to do.
go into sth.进入...go 并列介词(或副词)短语
go sth. to sth.go round sth.
go to the hospital去医院go to the school(因事)去学校
go to the bed到床边去go straight down
go to sleep入睡go to the expense of sth.为...花钱
go up to sth.向上进入...go to prison入狱
go along sth.沿着...[前进/继续]go to school上学
go to the movie去看电影go to the cinema去电影院
go this way这边走go on strike举行罢工
go to the heart of sth.抓住要点go on a trip on sp.
go to hospital去看病go somewhere出去一下
go down to sth.延续至go to war当兵
go to court起诉go over to sth.朝...走去
go hard with sb.go down on one's knees跪下
go off duty离开岗位go to the party参加聚会
go to field去田野go over转变
go around绕着走go to work上班
go down下去go on board上船
go down the street沿着这条街走go against sth.反对
go beyond the limit超过限度go in for sth.从事于...
go on for sth.接近go out of way

[[9, 10], [10, 14]] [[9, 10], [12, 13]]
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take + the + train

这是一个动词短语。
v. [搭乘/乘/坐]火车
take sth.
vt. 拿..., 取..., 抓(住/紧)...
vt. 取得..., 获得...; 接受..., 接纳...; 攻克...; 击败...; 夺得..., 占领...
vt. 带领...; 带走...; 护送..., 陪同...; 就...(座); 捕...; 吃...; 吸入...; 迷住...; 吸引...; 采取...; 履行...; 乘...; 运输...; 需要..., 花费...; 娶...; 收养...; 使...死亡; 领会..., 领悟...; 承受...; 选择...
train
n. 火车, 列车, 行列, 长队, 一连串的后果, 顺序

bring、carry、fetch、get、take 有何区别

bringcarryfetchgettake都含拿; 带; 取的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
bring
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clutch、grab、grasp、seize、snatch 及 take 的区别

clutchgrabgraspseizesnatchtake都含抓; 握; 取的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
take
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cost、take 及 spend 有何区别

costtakespend均可表示花费

注意! 如下仅对比在该语意下的区别

cost

cost的主语通常是事或物,也可以是形式主语it,但不能是人。

cost的宾语通常是钱。在表示花费时,cost不能用于被动语态。

误:Thirty dollars was cost by the coat.

注意!cost不是表示花费,而是表示客观上地或被动地耗费,则也可用人作主语。

Smokers cost the government a lot of money every year.

抽烟的人每年要耗费政府不少钱。

cost有时也用于时间,但通常只用于笼统时间,一般不用于具体明确的时间。

Making experiments like this costs much time and labour.

做这样的实验要花很多时间和劳力。

固定搭配:

sth. costs (sb.) money某物花某人多少钱

it costs (sb.) money to do. sth.做某事花某人多少钱

  • The computer cost (me) $2000. 这台电脑花了(我) 2000 美元。
  • It costs $1000 a year to run a car. 使用一辆车每年要花1000美元。
  • How much did it cost to build the bridge? 建这座桥花了多少钱?
take

take的主语可以是人、事或物,也可以是形式主语it

take的宾语通常是时间,也可以是钱。在表示花费时,take通常不用于被动语态。

误:Two hours was taken to do the work.

按传统语法,take的宾语通常是时间,但在现代英语中,用钱作其宾语的现象已很普遍

It takes a lot of money to buy a house.

买一座房子要花一大笔钱。

固定搭配:

it takes sb. [time/money] to do. sth.做某事花某人...

it takes [time/money] for sb. to do. sth.做某事花某人...

sth. takes sb. [time/money] to do.某事花了某人...去做

sb. takes [time/money] to do.某人花...去做某事

  • It took me an hour to write the letter. 写这封信花了我一个小时。
  • The letter took me an hour (to write). 写这封信花了我一个小时。
  • I took an hour to write the letter. 写这封信花了一个小时。
更多
  • It took her two hours to walk to the station. 走路去车站花了她两小时。
spend

spend的主语只能是人,不能是事或物。

spend的宾语则可以是时间或钱。在表示花费时,spend可以用于被动语态。

  • Two hours was spent on the work.

固定搭配:

sb. spends [time/money] on sth.某人在...上花了...

sb. spends [time/money] in doing. sth.某人在做某事方面花了...

  • I have spent all day looking for you. 我花了一整天找你。
  • He spends much [time/money] on books. 他花了很多时间读(钱买)书。
在引申意上的区别

三者均可用于比喻用法中,但含义不同。

cost

cost可以表示付出代价(劳力、麻烦、精力、生命等)

  • Careless driving will cost you your life. 粗心开车会要你的命。
  • Just ring him up. It'll cost you nothing. 给他打个电话,这不费什么事。
spend

spend可以表示消耗, 用完

  • I'll spend no more breath on him. 我不会再和他费唇舌。
  • He spent great efforts to help me. 他费了很大的劲儿来帮我。
take

take可以表示需要人力(精力、劳力等)

  • It takes patience. 做这工作需要耐心。
  • It takes two to make a quarrel. 一个巴掌拍不响。
  • It took three men to lift the box. 抬这个箱子要 3 个人。

  • The girls are taking the train to school.
  • The mom and son are taking the train cross country.
  • A group of people are taking a train through the forest.
  • Two men are taking the train downtown.
  • Rather than take it all the way, they decided to take the train from west to east across Canada.
  • Two families are waiting to take a train .
  • A group is taking trains
  • A group of men are about to take a train to Chicago.
  • A man is taking the train .
  • This family must take the train to see the play at the state park.

take 的其它常用短语:

take sth.拿...take a fault in sth.
take sth. under sth.take sth. like sth.
take sth. against sth.take it out of sb.
take a newspapertake air传开
take notes作笔记take the credit居功
take the role of sth.take a taxi乘出租车
take office就职take sth. on trust不加深究地相信
take first place居首位take a glance at sth.朝...看了一眼
take sth. seriously认真对待take a stand for sth.表示赞成某事
take attentiontake a cottage course
take an interest in sth.对...感兴趣take thought for sth.担心
take a stand against sth.表示反对某事take the online plunge
take sth. to hospitaltake the first step走第一步
take exercise做体操take shape成形
take this streettake effect见效
take mercy on sth.对...表示怜悯take photos照像
take sth. to heart对(某事)耿耿于怀take a lesson from sth.从...[中/上/身上]吸取教训
take power取得政权take back送还
take an exam参加考试take it or leave it要就要
take a chair入座take sides站在...一边
take one's temperature量体温take a look at sth.看一看...
take sth. from sth.从...拿到...take a shower洗淋浴
take too much喝过多(酒)take advice征求意见
take sth. out of sth.把...从...拿走take sth. out sth.拿出
take sth. wrongtake sth. for example


[[2, 3], [3, 4]] [[2, 3], [3, 4]]
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go + there

这是一个动词短语。
v. 去那里
go 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间
vi. 去..., 走...; 达到...; 运转...; 查阅...; 消失...; 结束...; 放弃...; 花费..., 流传...; 趋于...; 打算...; 剩下...

depart、go、leave 的区别

departgoleave都含离开的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
go
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • I wasted the time to go there
  • I went there often
  • I had not wasted the time to go there
  • go there around noon!
  • There is a sale going on at Target and all are going there .
  • We don't have time to discuss your health problems, so let's not go there .
  • I just told you not to put that junk on the table, and there you go .
  • I went there personally
  • I was stupid to have ever gone there
  • Her parents live nearby, so she can't help but go there on holidays.

go 的其它常用短语:

go prep. sth.去...go 副词性介词去...
go 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间去...go prep. sth. with sth.适合于
go at sth. tooth and nailgo off sth.离开...
go on sth.进行...go to sth. to do.
go into sth.进入...go 并列介词(或副词)短语
go sth. to sth.go round sth.
go to the hospital去医院go to the school(因事)去学校
go to the bed到床边去go straight down
go to sleep入睡go to the expense of sth.为...花钱
go up to sth.向上进入...go to prison入狱
go along sth.沿着...[前进/继续]go to school上学
go to the movie去看电影go to the cinema去电影院
go this way这边走go on strike举行罢工
go to the heart of sth.抓住要点go on a trip on sp.
go to hospital去看病go somewhere出去一下
go down to sth.延续至go to war当兵
go to court起诉go over to sth.朝...走去
go hard with sb.go down on one's knees跪下
go off duty离开岗位go to the party参加聚会
go to field去田野go over转变
go around绕着走go to work上班
go by sth.依照...做go down下去
go on board上船go down the street沿着这条街走
go against sth.反对go beyond the limit超过限度
go in for sth.从事于...go on for sth.接近

[[4, 5], [5, 7]] [[4, 5], [5, 6]]
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by + air

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 乘飞机
air
n. 空气, 大气, 气流; 空中, 空间; 航空, 空军; 外观, 态度, 风度, 风格; 微风; 架子; 装腔作势; 传播, 公开; 曲调, 旋律

  • if you've time to spare go by air
  • he feared the dangers of traveling by air

by 的其它常用短语:

by half相差一半by separate arrangement
be. by returnby birth在血统上
by reason of sth.由于by air mail通过航空邮寄
be. by separate mailby turns轮流
by a table在桌子旁be. by separate arrangement
by degrees逐渐地be. by lack of sth.
by any means无论如何be. by weight
by the name of sth.名叫...be. by air mail
by the end of sth.在...前by a large margin
by nature天生地be. by the window
by lack of sth.因缺少...by courtesy of sth.蒙...好意
by the side of sth.在...附近by little and little一点一点地
be. by airbe. by a large margin
be. by instinctbe. by occasion of sth.
by all means尽一切办法be. by volume
by no means决不be. by reason of sth.
be. by turnsbe. by courtesy of sth.
be. by the tonbe. by chance
be. by the end of sth.be. by birth
by the tonby the use of sth.通过利用
be. by the use of sth.be. by the name of sth.
be. by this meansby virtue of sth.依靠
by comparison比较起来be. by land
by leaps and bounds非常迅速地be. by all nerves
by heart凭记忆be. by degrees

[[8, 9], [9, 14]]
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mod. + do.

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子
[[8, 9], [9, 14]] [[8, 9], [9, 14]]
[]

will/would + do.

这是一个动词短语。

will、would 有何区别

willwould都是情态动词,用于为主动词提供更多信息。

两者皆可描述未来发生的事,表明意图、可能性等。

  • I will join the expedition.
  • We will meet again in another life.
  • I would like to meet them again.
表示意愿或预测
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暂无例子
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the + slowest + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. (其中 slowest 为 slow 的最高级) slow(adj.): 慢的, 缓慢的, 迟缓的, 迟钝的, 冷漠的, 落后的

暂无例子
Rather than go there by air, I'd take the slowest train.

这是一个只含有单一主谓结构简单句,句子各成分都只由单词或短语构成。

句子类型是陈述句,其时态可以是一般过去时一般过去将来时一般现在时一般将来时

注意!情态动词'd可以表示多种时态,需要根据上下文进一步分析,当前仅罗列所有可能的情况。
成份划分
new!
I主语 'd take谓语动词(复合结构) the slowest train.宾语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
Rather than go ••• air,
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