sentence It will take a lot of courage to tell the truth. /It-will-take-a-lot-of-courage-to-tell-the-truth.= 1

It will take a lot of courage to tell the truth. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 1], [2, 3], [3, 7], [7, 8], [8, 12]]
[]

It + takes + sth. + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个陈述句。

bring、carry、fetch、get、take 有何区别

bringcarryfetchgettake都含拿; 带; 取的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
bring
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cost、take 及 spend 有何区别

costtakespend均可表示花费

注意! 如下仅对比在该语意下的区别
cost

cost的主语通常是事或物,也可以是形式主语it,但不能是人。

cost的宾语通常是钱。在表示花费时,cost不能用于被动语态。

误:Thirty dollars was cost by the coat.

注意!cost不是表示花费,而是表示客观上地或被动地耗费,则也可用人作主语。

Smokers cost the government a lot of money every year.

抽烟的人每年要耗费政府不少钱。

cost有时也用于时间,但通常只用于笼统时间,一般不用于具体明确的时间。

Making experiments like this costs much time and labour.

做这样的实验要花很多时间和劳力。

固定搭配:

sth. costs (sb.) money某物花某人多少钱

it costs (sb.) money to do. sth.做某事花某人多少钱

  • The computer cost (me) $2000. 这台电脑花了(我) 2000 美元。
  • It costs $1000 a year to run a car. 使用一辆车每年要花1000美元。
  • How much did it cost to build the bridge? 建这座桥花了多少钱?
take

take的主语可以是人、事或物,也可以是形式主语it

take的宾语通常是时间,也可以是钱。在表示花费时,take通常不用于被动语态。

误:Two hours was taken to do the work.

按传统语法,take的宾语通常是时间,但在现代英语中,用钱作其宾语的现象已很普遍

It takes a lot of money to buy a house.

买一座房子要花一大笔钱。

固定搭配:

it takes sb. [time/money] to do. sth.做某事花某人...

it takes [time/money] for sb. to do. sth.做某事花某人...

sth. takes sb. [time/money] to do.某事花了某人...去做

sb. takes [time/money] to do.某人花...去做某事

  • It took me an hour to write the letter. 写这封信花了我一个小时。
  • The letter took me an hour (to write). 写这封信花了我一个小时。
  • I took an hour to write the letter. 写这封信花了一个小时。
更多
  • It took her two hours to walk to the station. 走路去车站花了她两小时。
spend

spend的主语只能是人,不能是事或物。

spend的宾语则可以是时间或钱。在表示花费时,spend可以用于被动语态。

  • Two hours was spent on the work.

固定搭配:

sb. spends [time/money] on sth.某人在...上花了...

sb. spends [time/money] in doing. sth.某人在做某事方面花了...

  • I have spent all day looking for you. 我花了一整天找你。
  • He spends much [time/money] on books. 他花了很多时间读(钱买)书。
在引申意上的区别

三者均可用于比喻用法中,但含义不同。

cost

cost可以表示付出代价(劳力、麻烦、精力、生命等)

  • Careless driving will cost you your life. 粗心开车会要你的命。
  • Just ring him up. It'll cost you nothing. 给他打个电话,这不费什么事。
spend

spend可以表示消耗, 用完

  • I'll spend no more breath on him. 我不会再和他费唇舌。
  • He spent great efforts to help me. 他费了很大的劲儿来帮我。
take

take可以表示需要人力(精力、劳力等)

  • It takes patience. 做这工作需要耐心。
  • It takes two to make a quarrel. 一个巴掌拍不响。
  • It took three men to lift the box. 抬这个箱子要 3 个人。

暂无例子

take 的其它常用短语:

It takes sb. sth. to do. (sth.)It takes sth. for sb. to do. (sth.)
take sth. to do.take order to do. (sth.)采取适当手段去做...
take a train to worktake sb. to court
take pains to do. (sth.)尽力去做take turns to do. (sth.)
take measures to do. (sth.)采取措施...take care to do. (sth.)
take great trouble to do. (sth.)take steps to do. (sth.)采取行动以达到某目的
take the precaution to do. (sth.)take the initiative to do.
take the trouble to do.尽心尽力地...take out sth. to sth.
take sth. out to sth.take off拿掉
take off after sth.追捕take off for sp.
take off from sth.take off from work
take off on sth.take over接收
take over from sb.take aback sth.使吃惊
take sth. aback使吃惊take along sth.随身携带
take sth. along随身携带take apart sth.拆开
take sth. apart拆开take away sth.取走
take sth. away取走take one's breath away令人咋舌
take sth. away from sth.take it away把它拿走
take back sth.拿回take sth. back拿回
take sth. back from sb.take sth. back to sth.
take down sth.拿下take sth. down拿下
be. taken down with sth.take sb. down to size
take home sth.带...回家take sth. home带...回家
take sth. home with sth.take in sth.接纳
take sth. in接纳take in charge逮捕

[[6, 7]]
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courage

这是一个名词短语。
n. 勇气, 胆量

当前courage不可数。


暂无例子

courage 的其它常用短语:

the courage to do. (sth.)
[[8, 9], [9, 12]] [[8, 9], [10, 11]]
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tell + the + truth

这是一个动词短语。
v. 说实话
tell sth.
vt. 告诉...; 说..., 讲...; 讲述...; 吩咐...; 提供...; 说明...; 表明..., 显示...; 表达...; 知道...; 识别...; 断定...; 命令...
truth
n. 事实, 真相, 实情

  • When I was a witness in court, I had to take an oath that I would tell the truth .
  • We are bound to tell the truth .
  • You must tell the truth because you are under oath.
  • He wouldn't tell the truth until we forced him to the wall.
  • It will take a lot of courage to tell the truth .
  • he told the truth
  • Let us say that he did not tell the truth
  • The witness swore he was telling the gospel truth .
  • He always told the truth
  • a constitutional inability to tell the truth

tell 的其它常用短语:

tell sth.告诉...tell about sth.告诉(某人)有关...的情况
tell sth. to sb.将...告诉...tell jokes讲笑话
tell sth. from sth.区别...与...tell sth. apart分辨...
tell sth. out of sth.tell from sth.辨别
tell the difference between区别tell a story讲故事
tell the whole truth全盘托出tell on sb.告发某人
tell a lie说谎话tell it to the marines我不会相信的
tell its own story很明显tell its own tale不言而喻
tell sb. to one's facetell off sb.
tell sb. on sb.tell sth. by sth.
tell tales out of school搬弄是非tell the difference between sb. and sth.
tell the whole worldtell the world当众说
tell time报时tell one's own story很明显
tell fortunes算命tell wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份告诉...
tell whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份告诉...tell sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份
tell sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份tell sth. part
tell off sth.分派出tell sth. off分派出
tell sb. to do. (sth.)tell sb. to (do.)
tell sb. not to do. (sth.)tell sth. of sth.
tell of sth.讲述tell sth. about sth.告诉...关于...
tell about sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法tell one from the other分清
tell all提供全部情况tell sth. sth.[告诉/吩咐]...(某人)...(某事/某物)
tell sb. a story向...讲述一个故事tell sth. the truth向...(某人)说出[真相/事实]
tell sb. the timetell me another one别瞎扯了
tell me another别瞎扯了tell sb. bearings


[[1, 2], [2, 12]]
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mod. + do.

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子
[[1, 2], [2, 12]] [[1, 2], [2, 12]]
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will/would + do.

这是一个动词短语。

will 与 would 有何区别

willwould都是情态动词,用于为主动词提供更多信息。

两者皆可描述未来发生的事,表明意图、可能性等。

  • I will join the expedition.
  • We will meet again in another life.
  • I would like to meet them again.
表示意愿或预测
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暂无例子
[[3, 4], [4, 7]] [[3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 6], [6, 7]]
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a + lot + of + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 许多的...

a great deal of、a lot of、plenty of 的区别

a great deal ofa lot ofplenty of这三个短语都有大量的, 许多的意思。


a great deal of...

后接不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。

  • A great deal of money was spent. 花了大笔的钱。
  • A great deal of water is needed. 需要大量的水。
a lot of...

通常用于口语,后面接复数名词或不可数名词,谓语动词用单数还是复数由a lot of后面接的名词形式决定。

  • A lot of students are leaving soon. 很多学生即将离去。
  • She seems to run into a lot of trouble at her job. 她在工作上似乎遇到了许多麻烦。
plenty of...

后面接复数名词或不可数名词,谓语动词用单数还是复数视plenty of后接的名词形式而定。必须注意的是,plenty of前面不加aplenty本身也不用复数形式。

  • There are plenty of girls dancing in the hall. 许多姑娘在大厅里跳舞。
  • There is plenty of sugar in the coffee. 咖啡里放了不少糖。

many、much、a lot of 的区别

三者同样表示很多

manymuch可作代词或限定词使用。

many作代词时指代可数名词复数,作限定词时修饰可数名词复数。

much作代词时指代不可数名词,作限定词时修饰不可数名词。

a lot of既可与可数名词连用,也可与不可数名词连用。

它们在句中可作主语、宾语和定语等:

  • I don't have many friends here. 在这里我没有很多的朋友。
  • Many died in the bus accident. 许多人在公交车祸中丧失。
  • There was a lot of mud on the ground. 地上有许多泥。
many 和 much 的区别
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  • The fire burned with a lot of crackling and popping.
  • Even though we did not have a lot of money, we managed to carry on somehow.
  • The last debate brought around a lot of voters to our candidate.
  • I got a lot of mileage out of my TV before it broke down.
  • Mary should get a lot of credit for the team's success.
  • That carries a lot of weight
  • Ask a lot of questions and get all of your facts straight.
  • There was a lot of fun at yesterday's party.
  • Joe put a lot of elbow grease into cleaning the kitchen.
  • The workers burst through the wall after a lot of hard work.

lot 的其它常用短语:

a lot of sth.许多的...
翻译:说出真相需要很大的勇气。
It will take a lot of courage to tell the truth.

因为只含有一个主谓结构,并且句子各成分都只由单词或短语构成,所以它是一个简单句

句子类型是陈述句,其时态为一般将来时

成份划分
new!
It形式主语 will take谓语动词(复合结构) a lot of courage宾语 to tell the truth.真实主语
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