sentence It is true that many of the world's greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river. /It-is-true-that-many-of-the-world~s-greatest-cities-have-been-built-on-the-banks-of-a-river.= 1

It is true that many of the world's greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["It", "is", "true", "that", "many", "of", "the", "world", "'s", "greatest", "cities", "have", "been", "built", "on", "the", "banks", "of", "a", "river", "."][{"i": 2, "s": [0, 1, 2, 3, 4], "r": "陈述句", "e": [1, 2, 3, 4, 21], "d": {"poses": [4], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3, 4]}}, {"i": 17, "s": [13, 14, 15], "r": "动词短语", "e": [14, 15, 21], "d": {"poses": [-1, 2], "piece_poses": [0, -1, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 19, "s": [14, 16], "r": "介词短语", "e": [15, 17], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 23, "s": [16, 17, 19], "r": "名词短语", "e": [17, 18, 20], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 20, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 8, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 22, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 9, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 12, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 9, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 5, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 13, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 15, "r": 3, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 16, "r": 3, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 18, "r": 3, "e": 21, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 21, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 21, "subs": [], "s": 4, "r": "主语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 1], [1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 4], [4, 21]]
[]

It + is + true + that + 主语从句

这是一个陈述句。

暂无例子
[[13, 14], [4, 11], [14, 15], [15, 21]]
[]

build + sth. + on + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
v. 建造...于..., 将...建造在...

on 与 onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • Men building sand castles on the beach.
  • Children building a sandcastle on the beach.
  • Yet Copernicus' theory is now the basis on which all our ideas of the universe are built .
  • A young girl gets ready to build a sand castle on the beach.
  • A small group build a fire on the concrete.
  • I built my hopes on John's presidency.
  • Three men build a room on top of a building.
  • Workers are building something on stage in an auditorium.
  • The homeless group built a fire on the concrete.
  • A child building a sand castle on the beach.

build 的其它常用短语:

build sth.建...build sth. under sth.
build confidence树立信心build a bridge建一座桥
build upon sth.指望build into sth.使成为...的一部分
build sth. in sth.将...建造于...build sth. against sth.
build a better mousetrap捕鼠陷阱build a case against sb.
build a casebuild a fire under sb.
build castles in spain抱幻想build castles in the air做白日梦
build down降低build one's hopes on sth.把希望寄托在...
build out onto sth.build in sth.[建造/安装/创建][在/于]...
build up sb. for sth.build up sb.
build sth. onbuild sth. onto sth.
build sth. out of sth.build out sth. over sth.
build out over sth.build sth. over sth.
build over sth.在(某个地方)盖满建筑物build sth. upon sth.
built like a brick outhousebuild a fire
build on在原有的建筑物上增建build up树立
build up from nothing白手起家build up to sth.加大
build sth. in嵌入build up sth.树立
build sth. up树立build up your confidence建立你的自信心
build up confidencebuild sth. up from sth.
build sth. up into sth.build sb. up for sth.因某事而赞扬某人
build sth. adj.build sth. prep.
build sth. doing. (sth.)build sth. done.
build sth. prep. sth.build sth. prep. over sth.
build sth. out over sth.build sth. to order

[[14, 15], [15, 21]] [[14, 15], [16, 17]]
[]

on + the + bank

这是一个介词短语。
bank
n. 银行; 岸; 堤; 库存, 库; 积云; 堆, 排, 系列; 暗礁, 浅滩; 沙洲; 埂, 层; 倾斜飞行; 向上斜坡; 倾斜度; 工作台

on 与 onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • A tan dog splashing in water on the bank of a pond or river.
  • A young boy in a red jacket and a child in a blue jacket sitting on the bank next to water.
  • Construction is being done on the watery banks of a town.
  • A group of men are doing construction on a bank being built.
  • Men sitting on the bank of a lake with an ice chest.
  • The man is sifting through the debris on the bank of the muddy stream.
  • A horse is working on the bank .
  • A swan lands on a river bank .
  • Little boy standing on the bank of a river.
  • A backpacker stands on a rocky bank .
[[16, 17], [17, 18], [18, 21]] [[16, 17], [17, 18], [19, 20]]
[]

the + bank + of + a + river

这是一个名词短语。
n. 河岸
a bank of sth.
n. 一堆, 一层...
river
n. 河, 河流

  • Some men are at the bank of a river .
  • We countermined the banks of the river
  • A young woman in jogging suit running along the bank of a river .
  • he sat on the bank of the river and watched the currents
  • The boy is sitting on the bank of a river and fishing.
  • An Indian man standing on the bank of a river .
  • It is true that many of the world's greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river .
  • Little boy standing on the bank of a river .
  • A boy catches a fish from the bank of the river
  • A young dark-haired woman crouches on the banks of a river while washing dishes.

bank 的其它常用短语:

a bank of sth.一堆

[[4, 5], [5, 6], [6, 11]]
[]

many + of + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 许多...

many、much、a lot of 的区别

三者同样表示很多

manymuch可作代词或限定词使用。

many作代词时指代可数名词复数,作限定词时修饰可数名词复数。

much作代词时指代不可数名词,作限定词时修饰不可数名词。

a lot of既可与可数名词连用,也可与不可数名词连用。

它们在句中可作主语、宾语和定语等:

  • I don't have many friends here. 在这里我没有很多的朋友。
  • Many died in the bus accident. 许多人在公交车祸中丧失。
  • There was a lot of mud on the ground. 地上有许多泥。
many 和 much 的区别
当前内容仅限会员查看

many of 与 much of 的用法

后接名词通常须搭配特定修饰语

many of, much of后接名词时,该名词通常需要特指修饰词修饰,比如: thethesethosemyourTom's

  • Many of the farmers grow rice. 很多农民种稻子。
  • Many of his ideas were amusing to her. 他的许多想法使她感到有趣。
  • He spends much of his time outdoors. 他很多时间都在户外度过。
更多
  • Much of the land was flooded. 大片土地被水淹没。
存在特例! 后接人名或地名时,much of之后可以不跟限定词。
  • Not much of Denmark is hilly. 丹麦山地不多。
  • I've seen too much of Howard recently. 最近我见霍华德见得太多了。

much of可用于被不定冠词修饰的名词前。

  • You can't see much of a country in a week. 一周之内看一个国家看不了多少地方。
  • How much of a job would it be to rebuild the garage? 重建这个车库工作量会是多少?

not much of a用于名词前时表示对某物或某人评价不高。

  • Then he's not much of a partner. 那时他不是什么了不起的合伙人。
  • That might not seem like much of an accomplishment. 那似乎算不上什么成就。
带 of 或不带 of
如果名词前没有表特指的限定词,通常就不用of

她没有吃多少早餐。

误: She didn't eat much of breakfast.

正: She didn't eat much breakfast.

大玻璃杯剩下的不多了。

误: There aren't many of large glasses left.

正: There aren't many large glasses left.
在人称代词前总是用many ofmuch of

其中的of不能省略。

  • I didn't eat much of it. 这个我没吃多少。
  • Many of us were too tired to go further. 我们很多人都累得不能再往前走了。

  • Many of New Zealand's cities lie on a bay and have a natural deep harbor.
  • A basketball game where many of them are gathered around the hoop and two have fallen to the ground on the right.
  • Unfortunately, Ted slurred over many of the important parts of his speech.
  • The company called back many of the workers it had laid off during the recession
  • Lots of people, many of them in orange, are walking between buildings forming a large crowd.
  • Many of the earth's plants and animals have already died out, and several other species are endangered.
  • Cathy had broken many of her promises during her time in office
  • The face of a clown scared many of the children on the ride.
  • Many of them immigrated into Minnesota from northern Europe.
  • Many of the kayaks are green.

many 的其它常用短语:

many sth.许多的...many of sth.
[[6, 8], [8, 9], [9, 11]] [[7, 8], [8, 9], [9, 11]]
[]

the + world's + ...

这是一个名词短语。
n. 这个世界的..., 世界的..., 世界上的...
world
n. 世界; 地球; 天体

's 与 of 有何区别

‘s 所有格
表示动植物、人/由人组成的集体

the boy's mother男孩的母亲

the government's policy政府的政策

the cat's neck猫的脖子

表示时间

a day's journey一天的旅程

today's newspaper今天的报纸

表示自然现象

the moon's rays月光

the earth's atmosphere地球的大气层

表示国家、城市等实体

the country's tax system国家的税制

the city's park城市的公园

表示工作群体:

the ship's crew船上的工作人员

the newspaper's editorial policy这家报纸的编辑方针

表示度量衡及价值

a mile's distance一英里的距离

twenty-five pounds' weight25磅的重量

thirty dollars' value30美元的价值

表示拟人化

Nature's works大自然的作品

sorrow's tear悲哀的泪水

Fortune's favorite幸运的宠儿

固定词组

a bird's eye view鸟瞰

a stone's throw一箭之遥

at one's wit's end不知所措

in one's mind's eye在某人的心目中

at arm's length疏远

of 结构
用于无生命的物体

the rocket of the space shuttle航天飞机的火箭

the subject of the sentence句子的主语

用于名词化的词

如: the + 形容词,即表示一类人。

the livelihood of the poor穷人的生计

修饰语较多时

the tail of the old black cat老黑猫的尾巴

the direction of a man with a whistle一个吹哨子的男子的指示

the advice of the man I met on the train我在火车上遇见的那个男子的建议

为避免出现所有格+所有格+名词的结构

the father of my father's father我祖父的父亲

the car of my father's lawyer我父亲的律师的小车

用于代词宾格之前

three of them他们当中的三人

特殊区别

the Queen's English标准英语

the English of the Queen女王所说的英语

today's newspaper今天的报纸

newspapers of today现代的报纸

an old worker's story一个老工人讲述的故事

the story of an old worker关于一个老工人的故事

earth、universe、world 的区别

earthuniverseworld都含地球, 世界的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
earth
当前内容仅限会员查看

暂无例子

world 的其它常用短语:

a world of sth.很多
[[9, 10], [10, 11]]
[]

the + greatest + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. (其中 greatest 为 great 的最高级) great(adj.): [巨]大的; 众多的; 非常的; 主要的; 重大的; 重要的; 极好的; 美妙的; 崇高的, 伟大的; 非凡的; 知名的; 大受欢迎的; 精通的; 灵巧的; 长久的; 强烈的; 十足的; 高水平的; 总的; 地位高的; 身心健康的; 适合的

  • The tour guide is telling the people all about Times Square and the greatest moments in Yankees history.
  • The new material withstands even the greatest wear and tear
  • he owed his greatest debt to his mother's uncommon character and ability
  • He could never have imagined that his greatest gift to the Russian people would have such an amazing history.
  • It is true that many of the world's greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river.
  • In the greatest storm of the century, the ship broke up on the reef.
  • This guy is the world's greatest food critic.
  • The black cup said worlds greatest dad on it
  • the rock band is in the studio recording their greatest hits
  • the greatest uncontrolled health problem is AIDS
[[11, 12], [12, 13]]
[]

have + been. + ...

这是一个短语。
(完成时)

  • I think my father would like to know what I 've been up to so far
  • What made the school proud was that more than thousands of the students had been admitted to key universities.
  • Harry thought he could build a better mousetrap, but everything he "invented" had already been thought of.
  • He talks as if he had been to the moon.
  • Jane has been at loose ends ever since she lost her job.
  • Her son came home from school all in one piece, even though he had been in a fight.
  • They had been asked back a number of times, but they never came.
  • It has been announced that candidates shall remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.
  • When she said she had been had, I didn't know it happened on her honeymoon.
  • The copper has been alloyed with nickel.
翻译:的确,许多世界上最伟大的城市都是建在河岸上的。
It is true that many of the world's greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river.

这是一个复合句

主句

It is true that many of the world's greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
It形式主语 isbe 动词 true表语(形容词) that many of ••• river.真实主语

从句

many of the world's greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river.

这是一个主语从句,其时态为现在完成时

成份划分
new!
many of the ••• cities主语 have been built谓语动词(复合结构)(被动语态)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
on the banks ••• river.

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