sentence It has often been said that life is difficult as it is. /It-has-often-been-said-that-life-is-difficult-as-it-is.= 1

It has often been said that life is difficult as it is. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["It", "has", "often", "been", "said", "that", "life", "is", "difficult", "as", "it", "is", "."][{"i": 2, "s": [0, 3, 4, 5, 6], "r": "陈述句", "e": [1, 4, 5, 6, 13], "d": {"poses": [2, 4], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3, 4]}}, {"i": 3, "s": [4, 5, 6], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [5, 6, 13], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 13, "s": [9, 10], "r": "状语结构", "e": [10, 13], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 3, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 12, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 20, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 13, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 8, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 20, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 9, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 4, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 5, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 8, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 9, "e": 12, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 13, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 13, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 13, "subs": [], "s": 10, "r": "状语从句"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 6, "r": "主句"}], "s": 6, "r": "主语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 1], [3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 6], [6, 13]]
[]

It + be. + done. + (that) + 主语从句

这是一个陈述句。

  • public opinion turned when it was revealed that the president had an affair with a White House intern
  • it is said that opposite characters make a union happiest
  • It was thought by him that he could replace her
  • It is said that she consorts with thieves.
  • insofar as it can be ascertained, the horse lung is comparable to that of man
  • It has often been said that life is difficult as it is.
  • electromagnetism was discovered when it was observed that a copper wire carrying an electric current can magnetize pieces of iron or steel near it
  • It is believed that practice makes perfect.
  • it has been said that a language is a dialect with an army and navy
  • before it was known that they were the same object the evening star was called Venus and the morning star was called Lucifer
[[4, 5], [5, 6], [6, 13]]
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say + (that) 引导的宾语从句

这是一个动词固定搭配。
vt. 说..., 讲..., 念..., 说明..., 指明...

  • The police came and clapped a sign onto the car saying it was abandoned.
  • The reporter said that the UFO was traveling east to west when he saw it
  • Jim said he was burning for Sally.
  • At the wedding, Tom said as an aside, "The bride doesn't look well."
  • Jane says she loves me, but she's not ready to commit to any one person.
  • He said that it is good to grow different plants next to each other in the same field.
  • John said "excuse me" when he interrupted our conversation.
  • She says she gets a frog in her throat when she is nervous.
  • Who said life would be a bed of roses?
  • They say that some Bengal tigers feed upon people.

say 的其它常用短语:

say to sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份say to sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份
say wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份说...say whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份说...
say prep. sth., 其中 prep.+sth. 类型强制转换成名词say to sb.
say with a smile微笑着说say sorry to sth.向...说对不起
say for sth. to do.say sth.说...
say thanks to sth.向...表示感谢say goodbye to sth.与...说再见
say hello to sb.say the word发命令
say sth. with a laughsay sth. in sth.
say sth. to sth. for sth.say sth. right to sth.
say a mouthful说得妙say grace做饭前祈祷
say hello to sb. for mesay one's piece公开说出自己的意见
say sth. against sth.say sth. for sth.
say sth. in a roundabout waysay sth. in plain english
say sth. in plain languagesay sth. out loud
say sth. over and over againsay sth. over and over
say sth. to one's facesay sth. to sth.
say sth. under one's breath小声地说某事say hello打照面
say something说些什么say goodbye说再见
say cheese(摄影者鼓励被拍者笑时说的)笑一笑say nothing不做声
say a few words说几句say Mass做弥撒
say sth. about sth.say about sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法
say sth. of sth.say of sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法

[[9, 10], [10, 13]]
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as 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

as 引导的 5 种状语从句

引导时间状语从句

表示当……的时候

多强调主句和从句中的动作或状态同时发生,从句可放在主句前,也可放在主句后。

  • As I waited at the stop, I heard a big noise. 当我在车站等车的时候,我听到一个很大的声响。
  • She rose up as he entered. 当他进来时,她站了起来。
引导原因状语从句

表示因为、由于

其语气不如because强,通常为附加说明的理由,且是已知晓的原因,主句与从句没有逻辑上的因果关系。

  • As she was not well, I went there alone. 因为她身体不好,所以我独自到那里去了。
  • As he is a tailor, he knows what to do with this material. 由于他是个裁缝,他知道怎样利用这块布料。
引导让步状语从句

表示虽然……但是……

从句通常用倒装语序,把从句的表语、状语或动词原形放在as前面,可以用though替代。

  • Child as he is, he knows a lot. 虽然他是个孩子,但他知道的东西很多。
  • Hard as it was raining, they went on working in the field. 虽然天下大雨,但他们继续在田地里干活。
引导方式状语从句

表示按照、依照、像

从句置于主句之后。

  • You should do as the teacher tells you. 你应当依照老师所说的去做。
  • The absence of air also explains why the stars do not seem to twinkle in space as they do from the earth. 空气的不存在,也说明了为什么在空中星星看来并不闪烁,而不像 从地球上看的那样。
引导比较状语从句

表示像……一样

对主句和从句的动作或状态加以比较,说明它们之间有相似之处,在从句中常省略与主句相同的部分。

  • He doesn't work as hard as I (do). 他不像我工作那样努力。
  • I hope the necklace was as good as the one you lent me. 我希望我挂项链同你借给我的一样好。

because、since、as 及 for 的区别

because可用来回答why提出的问题;可以引导表语从句;可用于强调句等,而其余三者则不行。

because表示的是必然的因果关系,语气最强,通常放在主句之后,若需强调则放在主句之前。

sinceas所表示的原因是人们已知的,是对已知事实提供理由,而不表示直接原因。它们引导的从句通常放在主句之前,有时也放在主句之后。

  • As he wasn't ready in time, we went without him. 因他未及时准备好,我们没等他就先走了。
  • Since we have no money, it's no good thinking about a holiday. 既然我们没有钱,考虑度假有什么用。

至于for, 它是并列连词(其余三者为从属连词),它有时可表示因果关系 (通常要放在主句之后,且可与because换用);有时不表示因果关系,而是对前面分句内容的解释或推断 (也要放在主句之后,但不能与because换用)。试比较:

  • The ground is wet, [for/because] it rained last night. 地面是湿的,因为昨晚下过雨。
  • It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet this morning. 昨晚一定下过雨,你看今天早上地面是湿的。

like、as 有何区别

两者都含有像, 就像, 如同的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

在谈到人、事物或动作彼此有相同点或共同点时,两者均可使用。

like是介词,用于名词、代词、动名词之前。

as是连词,用于分句之前。

  • Like me, she enjoys all kinds of music. 她和我一样,各种音乐都喜爱。
  • She enjoys all kinds of music, as I do. 她各种音乐都喜爱,和我一样。

但在口语中,like往往也可用作连词,可与as互换:

  • Nobody understands him [like/as] I do. 没有人能像我这样理解他。

在表示职业、身份、作用等时,两者的区别是:

as表示比较的双方具有同一性(即同属一类或完全相似)。

like只表示在某些方面相似。

  • He worked as a slave. 他是奴隶。(即: 他实际上就是奴隶。)
  • He worked like a slave. 他像奴隶一样工作。(即: 他工作很辛苦,但仍是自由人,不是奴隶。)
  • She worked as a teacher for many years. 她当了许多年的教师。(即: 她实际上就是教师。)
更多
  • Our doctor always talks to me like a teacher talking to a child. 给我们看病的医生对我说话总是像教师对小学生说话一样。(即: 他不是教师,但以教师的方式。)
表示动作方式

另外,表示动作方式时,通常用like,如下面各句中的like就不宜改为as

  • He ate like a beast. 他吃起东西来像只野兽。
  • She can eat like a horse and never put on weight. 她吃得很多,但从不发胖。
表示用途

当表示用途时,用as而不用like,此时翻译成作为; 当作则更为恰当。

  • He used his umbrella as a weapon. 他把伞当作武器。
  • Please don't use that knife as a screwdriver. 请不要把那把刀当锥子来用。

when、while 及 as 的区别

三者都可表示当...时候

若主句表示的是一个短暂性动作,从句表示的是一个持续性动作,三者皆可用:

  • He fell asleep when/while/as he was reading. 他看书时睡着了。

在其它情况下,它们之间存在着些许差异:

注意! 所有差别实际是将语感文字化,以解释现象的原因。对于初学者来说,培养语感更加重要,无需刻意记忆。
as语义非常丰富,此处只对比类似语义下的差异。
若主、从句表示两个同时进行的持续性动作,且强调主句表示的动作延续到从句所指的整个时间
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • Harry came out on top as I knew he would.
  • The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming.
  • As she left, the clerk called her back.
  • After all is said and done, it will turn out just as I said.
  • See if you can catch hold of the rope as it swings back and forth.
  • As she drifted in the sea, she clung to a floating log.
  • The servant departed, bowing out as he left.
  • He did not want to be attacked by the Christian Church, so he only published it as he lay dying in 1543.
  • Lily blanched with anger as Max walked out.
  • We came together in the park, just as we had agreed.

as 的其它常用短语:

as the saying goes俗话说as a duck takes to water
as i was saying我刚才说了as luck would have it碰巧
as we speak就在我们说话的时候as i expected
以 as 引导的句子,存在主谓倒装结构


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have + been. + ...

这是一个短语。
(完成时)

  • The act has been abbreviated to just a few minutes.
  • What made the school proud was that more than thousands of the students had been admitted to key universities.
  • It has been announced that candidates shall remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.
  • Harry thought he could build a better mousetrap, but everything he "invented" had already been thought of.
  • John was late for the business meeting because his flight had been delayed by a heavy storm.
  • It is true that many of the world's greatest cities have been built on the banks of a river.
  • He is the only one of the students who has been a winner of scholarship for three years.
  • Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.
  • Having been attacked by terrorists, the tall building collapsed.
  • My algebra class has been hard for me, but I'm beginning to see the light.
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often + ...

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子

often 的其它常用短语:

often adj.often prep. sth.
often 补足语often 名词性副词
often adv.often adv. sth.
often adj. 基数often adj. sth.
often ... sth.

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life

这是一个名词短语。
n. 生活; 生命; 人生

当前life(不限本句)既可以用作可数名词,也可以用作不可数名词


暂无例子

life 的其它常用短语:

a life of sth....(某人)的一生
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difficult

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. 困难的

arduous、difficult 及 hard 的区别

ardousdifficulthard意思都含困难的; 需费力的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
hard
当前内容仅限会员查看

暂无例子

difficult 的其它常用短语:

be. difficult for sth.对...来说很[困难/艰难]difficult sth.困难的...
be. difficult for sb. to do. (sth.)be. difficult (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
It is difficult for sb. to do. (sth.)It is difficult (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
翻译:人们常说生活本来就很艰难。
It has often been said that life is difficult as it is.

这是一个复合句

主句

It has often been said that life is difficult as it is.

是一个陈述句,其时态为现在完成时

成份划分
new!
It形式主语 has been谓语动词(复合结构)(被动语态) that life is ••• is.真实主语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
often

从句

life is difficult as it is.

这是一个主语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
life主语 isbe 动词 difficult表语(形容词)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
as it is.

从句

it is.

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
it主语 is谓语动词
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