sentence If you had followed my advice just now, you would be better now. /If-you-had-followed-my-advice-just-now+-you-would-be-better-now.= 1

If you had followed my advice just now, you would be better now. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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前置状语 + 主句, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
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if 引导的状语从句

这是一个固定搭配。

if 引导的条件状语从句

if含义为如果、假如,它引导的从句表示某件事发生所需要的条件,即在…条件下, 某事才能发生,在主句中充当状语,因此称之为条件状语从句

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四大条件句详解

条件句用于表示仅当一个特定条件(在if + 从句中)满足时,主句(不包含if的句子)中的动作才会发生。

通常有如下两种结构:

If + 从句+ , + 主句 + .
主句 + if + 从句 + .
  • If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park.
  • We'll go to the park if it doesn't rain.
关于逗号
1. 如果if + 从句出现在整句开头,不要忘了在其后添加逗号( , )
2. 如果主句部分出现在整句开头,则无须使用逗号。
(添加逗号是为了避免在书面语中主从句划分异常引起歧义。而if + 从句后置时,if引导词本身就潜在划分功能,所以前面的逗号可以省略)
次序引起的强调
在书面语中,次序引起的强调效果不是特别明显。但在口语中,配合语气强弱,很容易起到强调作用
1. if + 从句在前,强调if + 从句,即强调条件
2. 主句在前,强调主句,即强调结果

英语中一共有四大类条件句,在接下来的小节中,让 Enpuz 为您逐个做详细介绍。

第一条件句
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  • If you keep spending money like that, you'll be broke before you know it.
  • If we know more about what causes the result, we may be able to take measures before it is too late.
  • If we keep spending so much, before long we'll be without any money.
  • If you do that again, I'll beat the pants off of you.
  • If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them.
  • If anybody calls, tell them I am out, and ask them to leave their names and addresses.
  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • If a little rain can ruin the best-laid plans of mice and men, think what an earthquake might do!
  • So as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned it can be very serious.
  • If it should snow tomorrow, they couldn't go out.

if 的其它常用短语:

if not要不if I were ..., 虚拟条件如果我是...
if anything should happen如果有什么会发生be. if you please
if 表语(介词)be. if 表语(介词)
if 表语(副词性介词)be. if 表语(副词性介词)
if 表语(形容词)be. if 表语(形容词)
if 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. if 表语(-ed 过去分词)
if 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. if 表语(-ing 现在分词)
if 表语(名词性副词)be. if 表语(名词性副词)
be. if ...if sth. (,) 主句,构成状语前置结构
分句 1 if 分句 2祈使成份 if 分句 1
分句 1 if 分句 2(祈使句)

[[3, 4], [4, 6]] [[3, 4], [5, 6]]
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follow + advice

这是一个动词短语。
follow sth.
vt. 跟随, 沿行, 遵循, 追求
advice
n. 忠告, 劝告, 意见, 报道, 通知

advice 详解

advice意为劝告, 忠告,是不可数名词,不能在其后加s。

表示一条建议a piece of advice

表示一些建议some advice

常见的搭配有:

[give/offer] sb. a piece of advice.给(提供)某人一条建议

take one's advice接受某人的建议(同follow one's advice)

refuse one's advice拒绝某人的建议

some advice [on/about]...关于...的建议

  • The teacher gave them some advice [on/about] English learning. 老师给了他们一些学习英语的建议。
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advice 与 suggestion 的区别

advicesuggestion均可表示建议

advice

advice表示一种具有较强实用性和可操作性建议,通常译为劝告, 忠告

它是针对某人的某一具体情况(或特定情况)所给出的最佳行动方案。

《牛津高阶英语词典》(第6版) 对它的解释是: an opinion or a suggestion about what sb should do in a particular situation.

《迈克米伦高阶英语词典》对它的解释是: an opinion that someone gives you about the best thing to do in a particular situation.

  • The lawyer gave me some helpful advice. 律师给我提供了一些有用的建议。
  • Ask for advice at your local family planning clinic. 到当地的计划生育门诊部去咨询一下。
  • He refused to sign the contract on the advice of his lawyer. 根据律师的忠告,他拒绝在合同上签字。
更多
  • We don't know what to do, so we will seek our father's advice. 我们不知道该怎么办,因此我们要征求父亲的建议。
  • He is financially independent of his parents but still asks for their advice. 在经济上他已经自立,可他仍然征求父母的意见。
  • Invariably, her advice is excellent; we always do what she says. 她的建议总是很好,我们总是照她说的去做。
  • Local firefighters will help colleagues in Eastern Europe by providing advice and equipment. 当地的消防队员将会提供建议和设备来帮助东欧的同行们。
suggestion

suggestion表示提出一个供人参考的想法或计算。

《牛津高阶英语词典》(第6版)对它的解释是:an idea or a plan that you mention for sb else to think about.

《迈克米伦高阶英语词典》对它的解释是:an idea or plan that you offer for someone to consider.

  • Your suggestion merits serious consideration. 你的建议值得认真考虑。
  • Neither suggestion was taken up by the assembly. 两个建议未得到会议的采纳。
  • I integrated your suggestion with my plan. 我把你的建议和我的计划融合在一起了。
更多
  • They rejected my suggestion because it was too expensive. 他们拒绝了我的建议,因为费用过高。
  • I'll agree to your suggestion if you lower the price. 如果你们降低价钱,我就同意你们的建议。
  • The suggestion that shops should open on Sundays led to a heated discussion. 关于商店星期日也应该营业的提议,引起了激烈的争论。
  • I suggested that she should look for a lob but this suggestion did not go down at all well. 我建议她去找个工作,可是这个主意她根本听不进。
  • The older members of the committee are inclined to veto any suggestions put forward by the younger ones. 委员会的老成员们趋向于否决年轻成员们提出的任何建议。
语法上的区别
从可数性上看

adivce表示建议时是一个不可数名词。

suggestion表示提出建议的行为时是不可数的,但它表示所提议或建议的内容时则是可数的。

从搭配上看

advice通常与动词give (sb), offer (sb), pass on, provide (sb with)等搭配,表示(给某人)提出忠告, (给某人)提出建议等。

suggestion则通常与动词come up with, give sb., make, offer, put forward等搭配。

我们可以说make a suggestion,但通常就不说make an advice

ensue、follow、result、succeed 的区别

ensuefollowresultsucceed都含跟随; 接踵而至的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
follow
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  • If you had followed my advice just now, you would be better now.

follow 的其它常用短语:

follow the rules遵循[规则/规章/条例]follow the directions
follow one's nose笔直走follow a plan遵循计划
followed by sth.然后follow the example of sth.学习...的榜样
follow the instructions按照技术指导follow after the style of sth.
follow in one's tracksfollow on after sth.
follow on继续下去follow one's heart做自己想做的事情
follow ordersfollow sth. about跟着...
follow the lead照样行事follow up sb.
follow sth. through完成某事follow suit跟着做
follow the crowd随大流follow through坚持到底
follow through on sth.follow through with sth.彻底完成(计划、任务等)
follow up穷追follow around sth.=follow about
follow sth. around=follow aboutfollow out sth.把...查到底
follow sth. out把...查到底follow up sth.继续下去
follow sth. up继续下去follow up sth. with sth.
follow sth.跟随follow a course学习一门课程
follow the trail跟着嗅迹follow the scent循着气味
follow up on sth.追踪follow sth. prep. sth.
follow sth. 副词性介词follow sth. 名词性副词
follow the advice on sth.

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just + now

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 刚才, 此刻, 眼下, 目前

  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • Did you gallop the horse just now?
  • told me just now
  • If you had followed my advice just now, you would be better now.
  • We were just now musing over Sarah and the way she has changed.
  • I should not have eaten so much fried chicken just now.
  • I'm a little pressed for money just now.
  • My finances are on the rocks just now.
  • Jean is hot on modern ballet just now.
  • I can't pin down the exact date just now.

just 的其它常用短语:

just 补足语只是...just adj.正好...
just adv.just ...
just think只想想看(表示惊异)just fell off the turnip truck
just 名词性副词just adv. sth.
just adj. 基数just adj. sth.
just ... sth.仅仅(是)...just 限定词
just a second仅一秒just for once只这一次


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have + done.

这是一个动词短语。
v. (一般完成时); 已经..., 已...

have done. 详解

have done.表示已经做某事、已经做了什么、结束、做完,构成完成时结构。

have在句中是一般现在式(have、has)的时候,全称现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)

have在句中是一般过去式(had)的时候,全称过去完成时(The Past Perfect Tense, 也称 pluperfect)

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)
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  • My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared.
  • Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home.
  • I have lost one of my gloves.
  • People in our country have taught us the importance of giving everybody a chance to receive education.
  • As is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.
  • Now that you 've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it
  • Her brilliant parents have had a great effect on her, so she has made many achievements in the field of science.
  • The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.
  • Now, the leader has asked a group of students to do what they can to save the earth.
  • It seems that your children have entered without permission.
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now, 名词性副词

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 现在, 目前; 立刻, 马上; 其时, 当时

暂无例子
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mod. + be. + ...

这是一个动词短语。

  • Organic vegetables are those that are grown without chemicals that can be harmful to human beings or the environment.
  • If we know more about what causes the result, we may be able to take measures before it is too late.
  • Your early reply will be highly appreciated.
  • Hundreds of jobs will be lost if the factory closes
  • Only athletes who have reached the agreed standard for their event will be admitted as competitors.
  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • It is certain that if there are fewer people driving, there will be less air pollution.
  • It was born in when people created a new festival so that African Americans would be able to celebrate their history and culture.
  • In view of the seriousness of this problem, effective measures should be taken before things get worse.
  • He can be found in his office as a general rule.
[[10, 11], [11, 12]] [[10, 11], [11, 12]]
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will/would + be.

这是一个动词短语。

will 与 would 有何区别

willwould都是情态动词,用于为主动词提供更多信息。

两者皆可描述未来发生的事,表明意图、可能性等。

  • I will join the expedition.
  • We will meet again in another life.
  • I would like to meet them again.
表示意愿或预测
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暂无例子
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better

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. (good 的比较级) good: 好的, 优良的, 上等的, 愉快的, 有益的, 好心的, 慈善的, 虔诚的

hale、healthy、robust、sound、well、wholesome 有何区别

halehealthyrobustsoundwellwholesome意思都含身体健康的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
healthy
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暂无例子

better 的其它常用短语:

(It is) better for sth. to do. (sth.)It is better (for sth.) to do. (sth.)做某事(对某人来说)更好
(It is) better for sth. to do. than to do.It is better (for sth.) to do. than to do....(对某人来说)比...更好
better sth.好的
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now, 名词性副词

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 现在, 目前; 立刻, 马上; 其时, 当时

暂无例子
翻译:如果你刚才听了我的劝告,你现在就会好一些。
If you had followed my advice just now, you would be better now.

这是一个复合句

主句

you would be better now.

是一个陈述句,其时态可以是一般过去时一般过去将来时一般现在时一般将来时

注意!很多时候,含情态动词would的句子的时态并不能完全确定,需在语义、前后句子中进一步获得信息。
成份划分
new!
you主语 would bebe 动词(复合结构) better now.表语(形容词)

从句

you had followed my advice just now,

这是一个状语从句,其时态为过去完成时

成份划分
new!
you主语 had followed谓语动词(复合结构) my advice宾语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
just now,

更多推荐语法