sentence I want to know whether the thief was caught on the spot. /I-want-to-know-whether-the-thief-was-caught-on-the-spot.= 1

I want to know whether the thief was caught on the spot. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 13]]
[]

want + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 想要...(做某事)

want to do.可以理解为是一种固定搭配,其中 to do. 叫动词的不定式。

to 可以翻译成,它被用来衔接其前后的两个动词,表示动作相互关联或先后发生,由第一个动作转移到第二动作上。

拓展学习:很多动词存在类似的使用方式,常见的有 undertake to do.check to do.neglect to do.ache to do.labor to do.,Enpuz 已收录 110 个此类短语,点击详细了解全部。

desire、want 及 wish 有何区别

desirewantwish都含需要或希望得到的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
desire
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  • I don't want to burden the school with a troublesome child.
  • I want to bring over my husband sometime.
  • I wanted to associate myself with a prestigious law firm.
  • This new sports car sells at a premium because so many people want to buy it.
  • I don't want to ask out everyone in the whole family again.
  • Many people travel because they want to see other countries and visit places that are famous, interesting or beautiful.
  • Dave does not go out at night because he does not want to be a victim of assault and battery.
  • My sister wants to work in the power plant which is still being built.
  • How they went to America is what I want to know.
  • I want to get back on my feet as soon as possible.

want 的其它常用短语:

want to know somethingwant to make something of it
want in想要进来want out想要出去
want back sth.想要回...want sth. back想要回...
want into sth.want sth.要...
want a go要试一试want a knuckle sandwich
want a piece of me一部份want off sth.想要走掉
want sth. for sth.want sth. in sth.
want sth. out of sth.想从...中得到...want for sth. to do.
want sth. to do. (sth.)[希望/想要]...(某人/物)...(做某事)want sth. done.要某人把某事做好
want sth. adj.want adj. sth.
want sth. prep. sth.

[[3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 13]]
[]

know + whether 引导的宾语从句

这是一个动词固定搭配。
vt. 知道..., 了解..., 对...有了解; 认识...; 熟悉..., 精通..., 对...有研究; 知悉..., 懂得...; 确信...; 确认...; [认识/意识]到...; 记得..., 牢记...; 能[认出/区分]...; [见/听]到过...; 经历..., 经受..., 体验...; 受...[支配/影响]

comprehend、know、understand 的区别

comprehendknowunderstand都含知道; 明白; 理解的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
understand
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if、whether 有何区别

ifwhether都含有是否的意思。

两者各自的用法都极其丰富,也导致很多初学者大受困惑,即在哪些情况下可以用或不可以用其中之一。

在详细罗列具体区别之前,为避免进一步困惑大家,我们先化繁为简,直接给出如下记忆量最小的结论。

规则一
if仅在引导部分名词性从句时,才有是否的含义,其中包括引导后置主语从句及引导部分宾语从句。
规则二
whether可以引导几乎全部名词性从句(除否定宾语从句外),即在满足规则一后可用if的情况下,大多也可用whether。只是whether更正式,而if更口语化、更常见。
引导状语从句

两者皆可引导状语从句,但无任何相似之处。

if引导条件状语从句,表示如果...; 即使...; 每当

whether引导让步状语从句,表示不管...; 无论...,从句中通常用一般现代时代替将来时。

引导宾语从句时
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • I want to know whether the thief was caught on the spot.
  • You look as if you don't know whether you're coming or going.
  • I don't know whether I can make it in science!
  • I don't know whether I can take her story at face value, but I will assume that she is not lying.

know 的其它常用短语:

know wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份知道...know whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份知道...
know where sth. stands知道某物的位置know sth. as adj.
know sth. as done.know sth.知道...
know no bounds无限be. known to sb.被...所熟悉
know sth. by nameknow sth. apart
know better than to do.不至于蠢到...know sth. from sth.
know sb. by sight跟某人面熟be. known for sth.因...而众所周知
know sth. aroundknow sth. about
know for sure确知know better很懂得
know by heart记在心中know what知道吗
know a thing or two明白事理know a trick or two机灵
know all the angles懂行know from sth.辨别
know sb. for what sb. isknow one's abcs
know one's onions精明know one's place知趣
know one's stuff精通自己的业务know one's way about有阅历
know one's way around熟谙业务know sth. by sth.
know sth. like the back of one's handknow sth. like the palm of one's hand
know sth. backwards and forwardsknow sth. by heart记住
know sth. forwards and backwardsknow sth. from memory
know sth. in one's bonesknow sth. inside out彻底了解某事
know sth. through and throughknow the big picture
know the ropes知道内情know the score知道真相
know the tricks of the tradeknow something知道些什么
know the truth知道真相know nothing
know the feeling了解这种感觉know sth. about sth.

[[8, 9], [5, 7], [9, 10], [10, 13]]
[]

catch + sth. + on + sth.

这是一个动词短语。

capture、catch 有何区别

capturecatch都含抓住; 捕捉的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
catch
当前内容仅限会员查看

on、onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • A man catches air on a skateboard above a staircase.
  • I caught the pocket of my trousers on the drawer pull and almost ripped it off.
  • The school principal is caught on camera practicing his dance steps
  • A man catches a Frisbee on a college campus.
  • The hawk caught the sparrow on the wing.
  • Dogs jumping to catch a ball on a beach.
  • A man is holding a bunch of things caught on a rope.
  • He is waiting catching some sun on his lunch break
  • Kelly plucked at Ed, picking off the burrs that had caught on his clothing.
  • Skiers get caught on the dusty slopes and almost fall down and break their legs.

catch 的其它常用短语:

catch sth.捕捉be. caught in a trap落入陷阱
catch a chancecatch one's word
catch cold感冒catch at sth.试图抓住
catch one's breath喘息catch in sth.绊倒...
catch a bus赶公共汽车catch a ball接球
catch fire着火着火catch one's eye引起...的注意
catch one's attention引起...的注意catch size
catch a glimpse of sth.瞥见catch all打捞工具
catch fishcatch you later待会儿见
catch a train赶上火车be. caught up in sth.被卷入
catch sb. latercatch sb. some other time
catch sth. about sth.catch a whiff of sth.闻到...的气息
catch forty winks打盹catch hell受惩罚
catch hell about sth.catch me later过会儿再来找我
catch me some other timecatch sb. off one's guard
catch one's death(因受冷)得致命的感冒catch onto sth.
catch some rays晒太阳catch some Zs睡觉
catch sb. at a bad timecatch sb. at sth.
catch sb. by surprisecatch sb. in the act of doing.发现某人正在做某事
catch sb. in the act当场抓住某人catch sb. napping
catch sth. in sth.catch out sth.<非正>揭露
catch sb. up shortcatch sb. with sth.
catch sth. from sb.catch the devil受到严责
catch the next wavecatch wind of sth.得知
caught in the act当场被抓caught short缺钱

[[9, 10], [10, 13]] [[9, 10], [11, 12]]
[]

on + the + spot

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 当场, 立即, 在危险中, 处境尴尬
spot
n. 点, 斑点; 污点; 缺点; 疤; 阴影; 目标; 地点, 场所, 现场; 职位, 地位; 处境(尤指困境); 简短通知(或广告); 少量, 少许; 现货; 小面额的钞票; 酒吧; 短期徒刑; 聚光灯

on、onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • I expect you to be on the spot when and where trouble arises.
  • we hired her on the spot
  • on this very spot
  • A man is waiting for someone to come dance on the spot .
  • press your thumb on this spot
  • thought they were going to shoot us down on the spot
  • The manager knocked Bob for a loop by firing him on the spot .
  • I want to know whether the thief was caught on the spot .
  • A group of young people gather for conversation on a grassy spot .

on 的其它常用短语:

be. on sth.在...上面on doing. (sth.)
on the outskirtson the scene当场
on the run跑着on sth. with sth.
on one's own独自地on condition接通条件
on deck riskon the first lap
on target击中要害的on file存档
on trust不加深究地on a plane在飞机上
on request被请求时on everyone's tongue被众人议论
on the island在岛上on land
on one's watch在one's的时间内on one's person随身带着
on the phone在电话上on a small scale小规模地[的]
on the left在左边on purpose故意
on an even keel平稳地on the sly诡秘地
on the increase正在增长on the team是球队的队员
on the way在路上on TV在电视上
on impulse of sth.on a diet按规定进食
on sth. for sth.on the radio从收音机中
on a shipon hand在手头
on holiday在度假[中]on schedule按时
on business因事on the decline没落
on balance总而言之on honour为了荣誉
on guard在岗on a national scale
on the map重要的on the take[美俚]敲诈
on second thought进一步考虑后on view展览着
on the internet在网络上on safer ground


[[6, 7]]
[]

thief

这是一个名词短语。
n. 小偷, 贼

当前thief可数。


暂无例子
翻译:我想知道小偷是否被当场抓住。
I want to know whether the thief was caught on the spot.

这是一个复合句

主句

I want to know whether the thief was caught on the spot.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
I主语 want {to do.}谓语动词短语 to know whether ••• spot.to do.

从句

the thief was caught on the spot.

这是一个宾语从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
the thief主语 was caught谓语动词(复合结构)(被动语态)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
on the spot.
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