sentence Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn't forget safety. /Hiking-is-fun-and-exciting+-but-you-shouldn~t-forget-safety.= 1

Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn't forget safety. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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分句 1 + but + 分句 2

这是一个陈述句。

but 详解

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
更多
  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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but、except 及 besides 有何区别

介词butexceptbesides都可表示除...之外

besides表示一种累加关系,意指除了什么之外, 还有...,侧重于另外还有...

exceptbut则表示一种排除关系,意指除了什么之外, 不再有...,侧重于除了...之外

  • Besides his wife, his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
  • Nobody went to see him [except/but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注意! 在否定句中,besides也表示除...之外不再有... ,与butexcept同义
  • No one passed the exam [besides/except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。
but 与 except 的区别

两者都可表示除...外不再有...

侧重不同

but侧重表达“几乎完整”。

except侧重强调“后面除去的部分”。

  • I love all fruits but orange. 我喜欢所有水果但不包括桔子。
  • I love all fruits except orange. 除了桔子我喜欢所有水果。

but、however、while 有何区别

buthoweverwhile都可表示但是, 可是, 然而

but
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  • The plan didn't work, but I'll give you an A for effort for trying.
  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn't forget safety.
  • He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation before it got worse.
  • He's mighty handsome, but I hear he's all show and no go.
  • I cheated on the entrance exam, but I really want to get into that school, and all's fair in love and war.
  • Bill keeps saying he'll get a job soon, but he's all talk and no action.
  • People have been playing the music for many years, but the music has kept many of its characteristics.
  • I know I laugh at him but, joking aside, he's a very clever scientist.
  • His own remarks argue against his qualifications for the office, but he probably will be elected anyway.

but 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 but 分句 2祈使成份 but 分句 1
分句 1 but 分句 2(祈使句)but 补足成份
but adj.分句 1 but then 分句 2...不过...
but 表语(介词)be. but 表语(介词)
but 表语(副词性介词)be. but 表语(副词性介词)
but 表语(形容词)be. but 表语(形容词)
but 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. but 表语(-ed 过去分词)
but 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. but 表语(-ing 现在分词)
but 表语(名词性副词)be. but 表语(名词性副词)
be. but ...but also 表语(-ing 现在分词)

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hike

这是一个动词短语。
vi. 步行, 徒步旅行, 上升

暂无例子

hike 的其它常用短语:

hike sth.使高涨hike up sth.飘起
hike sth. up飘起hike prep. sth.步行...
hike 副词性介词步行...hike 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间步行...
hike to sth.

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adj. + and + adj.,构成并列形容词

这是一个固定搭配。

and 用法归纳

and是常用的连词。

连词在句中并不单独作句子成分,只起连接作用,即连接词与词、短语与短语或句子与句子。

表示并列、对称的关系
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  • What is that black - and - blue mark on your leg?
  • We should make full use of our time to do useful and productive things.
  • Animals and plants must have a habitat, or home, which is comfortable and clean, and where there is enough food and other resources.
  • The reason why people choose to live in the city is that the life is more convenient and colorful.
  • To be honest, a lot of people attach great importance to becoming rich and famous.
  • People who spend more time with their families are usually healthier and happier.
  • Despite the early hour, Dennis was bright-eyed and bushy-tailed.
  • I'm feeling tired, and dizzy as well.
  • I think my long and active life must be due to the healthy life I live.
  • Contrary to what you might think, I am neat and tidy.

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fun

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. 供娱乐用的

fun 的用法

可搭配的修饰词

fun作名词时,可用greatmucha lot of等形容词修饰,而不用very等副词修饰。

  • She's great fun to be with. 同她在一起很有意思。
  • Why don't you come with us? It'll be great fun. 干吗不同我们一起去呢?很有趣的。

fun作形容词时,可用muchso muchvery much等副词修饰,但也不能用very

  • It is more fun to go with someone than to go alone. 偕伴同去比自己独自去好玩。
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fun 与 funny 的区别

fun

fun意为有趣的; 令人愉快的,不仅可以作名词,还可以作形容词。作形容词时仅用于名词前作定语,不能作表语,相当于enjoyable

  • Diving is a fun thing to do. 潜水是很有趣的事。

a fun day at a theme park.在主题公园度过的愉快的一天

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暂无例子

fun 的其它常用短语:

be. fun for sth.fun sth.供娱乐用的...
be. fun for sb. to do. (sth.)be. fun (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
It is fun for sb. to do. (sth.)It is fun (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
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exciting

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. 令人兴奋的, 刺激的

暂无例子

exciting 的其它常用短语:

be. exciting for sb. to do. (sth.)be. exciting (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
It is exciting for sb. to do. (sth.)It is exciting (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
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mod. + do.

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子
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shall/should + do.

这是一个动词短语。

shall、should 的区别

shall

shall是情态助动词,即为主动词提供更多信息。

shall往往涉及必然性(Certainty)必要性(Necessities)主动提议,在时态上指向未来。

  • I shall be there on time. 我会准时到那。
  • You shall pass the exam. 你会通过考试。
  • Shall I close the door? 我需要把门关上吗?
起源

有必要提下shall的起源,以方便区分很多"古怪"的结论。

shall最早起源于 17 世纪(英式英语)

当时它被用来替换will,当主语是第一人称(I, We)时。

这一直接对应转化在现代英语中已经很少见,可以认为已经过时。

反而,在现代英语中,特别是美式英语中,多用will代替shall,如涉及不那么正式、语气不特别强烈的必然性时。

  • I [shall/will] be there on time. 我会准时到那。

当然,shall依然有它的独自的使用场景:

1. 涉及语气强硬必然性、必要性,如带保证、下决心、命令、警告、允诺、威胁。

2. 涉及内容正式必然性、必要性,如规章、法令。

3. 由第一人称发起的带主动提议的疑问句。

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暂无例子
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forget + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 忘..., 忘记..., 记不起来...; 忘[做/带/拿]...; 不再想...; 不再把...放在心上; 忽略...; 忽视...; 漠视...; 不再考虑...的可能; 没注意...; 未想到...

forget 与 forget about 有何区别

forget通常指忘记具体的东西(如名字、号码、地址等)

forget about后者通常指忘记一件事情(如开会、学习、吃饭、锁门等)

  • I forget her name. 我把她的名字给忘了。
  • Don't forget about your study. 别忘了学习。
  • They were so busy that they even forgot about their own meals. 他们忙得连饭都忘记吃。

有时两者可换用,尤其是表示不要把...放在心上时。

  • He forgot (about) her birthday. 他把她的生日忘了。
  • Let's forget (about) our differences. 咱们不要把彼此的分歧放在心上。
表示忘记做某事

除可用forget to do. sth.外,有时也可用forget about doing. sth.

  • She had forgotten all about posting the letter. 她把寄信的事忘得一干二净。

另外,一般现在时的forget后可直接跟动名词表示忘记做过某事。但用在一般过去时(forgot)时,则通常会先接介词about(只是更加常见,并不作区分)

  • I forgot about doing it. 我忘记已做此事了。
forget (about) it
用于回答感谢,意为不客气

Thank you very much for your help. 多谢你的帮助。

Forget about it. 不用谢。
用于回答道歉,意为没关系

I'm sorry for what I said. 我为我所说的话道歉。

Forget it! I don't remember anyway. 没关系,反正我也没有记住。
用于表示否定或拒绝,意为不行

A: I'll take the small truck. 我要开那辆小卡车。

B: And leave me to drive the other one? Forget it. 让我开另外那辆? 不行不行。
用于表示不想提及某情况或指某情况无关紧要等

A: How much do I owe you? 我欠你多少钱?

B: Forget it! 算了吧!

  • A woman is going to forget that the dogs are up there like some people forget their coffee mug.
  • The man forgot his umbrella on his trip to the river.
  • The woman forgot her brown bag at home.
  • Imprint the numbers into your brain and never forget them!
  • Please forget your problems and have fun.
  • Wish I was in the land forgotten.
  • A child is rock climbing and wearing his helmet, but he forgot his normal climbing clothes.
  • The motorcycle rider forgot his helmet.
  • The boy forgot his coat and is cold in the snow.
  • There are members of a band looking at sheet music because they forgot a few parts of it.

forget 的其它常用短语:

forget one's mannersforget wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份忘...
forget whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份忘...forget about sth.忘记...
forget about it算了forget to do. (sth.)忘记(做)...
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safety

这是一个名词短语。
n. 安全, 保险, 平安, 保安设备

当前safety不可数。


暂无例子
翻译:徒步旅行既有趣又刺激,但你不应该忘记安全。
Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn't forget safety.

这是一个并列句,其使用并列连词 but 连接前后两个分句,使得两个分句之间存在转折关系。

分句 1

Hiking is fun and exciting,

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
Hiking主语 isbe 动词 fun and exciting,表语(形容词)

分句 2

you shouldn't forget safety.

这是一个陈述句,其时态可以是一般过去时一般过去将来时一般现在时一般将来时

它与分句 1 之间存在转折关系。

成份划分
new!
you主语 shouldn't forget谓语动词(复合结构) safety.宾语

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