英语中的 108 个 “动词 + to do.” 结构的固定搭配

实际上,大部分的非及物行为动词都可以直接跟to do.,但多数只是表示动作的前后转接,而其中有一类则是固定搭配。本文主要就是罗列所有动词后跟to do.的固定搭配。

claim to do.

Mary always tries to impress people by dropping the name of some big-time executives she claims to know.

The mayor claims to stand for honesty in government and jobs for everyone.

She claims to never dream

contrive to do.

They contrived to murder their boss

want to do.

v. 想要...(做某事)

How they went to America is what I want to know.

I want to know whether the thief was caught on the spot.

What is it that you want to say

My sister wants to work in the power plant which is still being built.

What I really want to know is whether he will go abroad next month

bother to do.

Ted skipped through the report, not bothering to read it.

Nobody cares about the runner and no one bothers to take notice.

the affluent society did not bother to add to the inherited system of canals and reservoirs

she had not bothered to improve her English enough to get a job

officials bothered to take a look at the tests from four years ago

pretend to do.

v. 假装...; 假装去...

He pretends to have great plans, but they're all my eye and Betty Martin.

I could see that the remark had hurt her feelings, but she just pretended to slough it off.

I pretended to agree because I really didn't want to take him on.

She turned away from me as I walked past, pretending not to see me.

Jane speaks like that because she pretends to be from the upper crust, but her father was a miner.

dare to do.

v. 敢于(做)...

they did not dare to condemn what he had done

the gang bucked the trend and didn't dare to restore the crystals

the 31-year-old dared to say three nice things about Amber Rose

Early scholars dared to point out how unlikely it was that certain sections were actually written by Moses.

the 31-year-old did not dare to say three nice things about Amber Rose

assay to do.

expect to do.

vt. 盼望..., 期待...; 预计..., 预料...

When do they expect to break ground at the new site?

At what time do we expect to disembark from the plane?

I never expected to find you in at this time of night.

Did you really expect to find me in on a Friday night?

You have to get your hands dirty if you expect to get the gutters cleaned out.

strive to do.

v. 努力...; 设法...

Please strive to do it as best you can.

The women are striving to read a note.

A hockey player attempts to score a goal close to the net while a goalie strives to protect the net.

These brothers strive to keep their family's traditions alive

advertising that strives continually to be different

labor to do.

Workers labor to build transportation.

wish to do.

v. 希望做...

I do not wish to board with relatives.

Our company caters to larger firms that do not wish to maintain a service department.

We commended your organization to Martha, who may wish to become a member.

When I reach the end of the road, I wish to be buried in a quiet place, near some trees.

I don't wish to figure in your future.

demand to do.

There was a tough cookie in here this morning who demanded to see the manager.

She demanded to see the manager

apply to do.

care to do.

v. 喜欢, 想要, 愿意

Would you care to dance, if I may make so bold as to ask?

I really don't care to see that movie.

Would you care to go out for dinner?

Would you care to chip in on a gift for the teacher?

Would you care to elaborate on that?

ask to do.

v. 要求...(做某事), 请求...(做某事)

What all these people have in common is that they ask to be treated with respect.

Things were getting a little hot and heavy so Ellen asked to be taken home.

You will have to select from the people we have asked to interview with you today.

A boy asks to trade his toy with one of his friends.

A man has asked for his watch to be repaired.

neglect to do.

v. [网络] 遗漏

I hope you do not neglect to lock the door.

He neglected to water the plants.

We didn't neglect to celebrate.

The policyholder has neglected to give details.

You did not neglect to recognize employees appropriately.

fix to do.

v. 修复

The soccer player is fixing to score a goal.

I was fixing to leave town after I paid the hotel bill

vote to do.

The city council voted to plant new trees along all the highways and byways of the town.

The committee voted to prohibit people from leaving before the meeting was over.

The board of directors turned thumbs up on my proposal and voted to fund the project.

yearn to do.

Shelly yearned to see him live.

look to do.

I'm looking for someone to babysit for my cousin.

The wizard looked in his magic book to find out how to break the spell.

He was looking for someone to deliver him of his burdensome responsibility.

The management is lean and mean and looks to turn a profit next year.

I looked out of the door to see what the weather was like.

resolve to do.

v. 下决心...

forget to do.

v. 忘记...(做某事)

Don't forget to buy me some ketchup on your way back.

Please don't accuse me of forgetting to lock the door.

Roger bowled up, but forgot to light his pipe.

She forgot to clock in today.

Don't forget to examine yourself for ticks after you return from the hike.

manage to do.

v. 设法做到..., 设法完成...

Against all odds, she managed to win the trophy.

I managed to get ahead of everyone else in line and get tickets for everyone.

Two people who stand back-to-back can manage to see in all directions.

Unfortunately, my business just managed to break even last year.

They had to break down many social prejudices to manage to succeed.

plot to do.

The convicts plotted to break out of prison.

A man is standing behind a black woman plotting to kill her.

They are plotting to take over the field of beer.

Four men plot to kill the president.

A man is plotting to destroy the White House.

serve to do.

the drapery served organically to cover the Madonna

The garage served to shelter his horses

The scandal served to increase his popularity

pledge to do.

The governor pledged to bring taxes down.

The candidate pledged to legislate for tax relief.

He pledged not to touch a drop all weekend, but he broke his pledge on Friday night.

a dark and dingy dungeon was the site where they pledged to become a company of nations

desire to do.

The students desire to complete a project.

the tourist's desire to visit less-traveled countries

a limp gesture as if waving away all desire to know

determine to do.

v. 决定...; 决心...

Determined to capture the essence of this landscape before sunset.

afford to do.

v. 负担得起...

He wants to go to town, but she can't afford to buy a bus ticket.

We couldn't afford to borrow money for a house as a result of the rise in interest rates.

I can't afford to buy a car until I get a job and get back on my feet.

I couldn't afford to pay cash for the car, so I floated a loan.

I hate for you to go away empty-handed, but I cannot afford to contribute any money.

aim to do.

v. 旨在...; 意欲...; 力图...

I didn't aim to hurt your feelings, sugar, you know I didn't.

A man in a hat is aiming to hit a golf ball.

The players are on the height of their energies both aiming to win on a beach volleyball game.

One man is aiming to score during a basketball game.

The man is aiming to shoot something while his dog watches.

endeavor to do.

Whenever I endeavor to console her, she breaks down again.

Maria endeavored to comfort Henry.

One girl endeavors to let people know they can get vehicles washed for a small fee.

The Secretary of State had not ignored her duty to endeavor to trace.

The Secretary of State ignored her duty to endeavor to trace.

remember to do.

v. 记得要做某事

It's hard to be kind to people sometimes, but I try to remember to do as I'd be done by.

Did you remember to sign in this time?

Did you remember to take care of the waiter?

Did you remember to time in this morning?

Did you remember to time out when you left work?

train to do.

The dog is training to be a cat.

Two men are training to be firemen.

A puppy is training to do tricks.

A woman is training to run in the Bostom Marathon.

A young boy is at the beach training to become a lifeguard.

call to do.

Someone is calling to collect for the newspaper delivery.

A man calls over his two female co-workers to join him.

The girl is calling her date to let him know she is late.

Street Performer is calling to order a pizza.

A woman in an orange shirt stands next to a man in a brown sweater who was calling over a friend to join them.

aspire to do.

A Norwegian child who aspires to be a cross-country skier is practicing their technique on an icy field.

A little boy is playing with a dump truck and he aspires to someday work as a garbage man.

grow to do.

I grew to hate Bob over a period of years.

As I grew to know Bob, I began to like him.

volunteer to do.

v. 自愿做某事

If Anne had a heart, she'd volunteer to help us on the charity drive.

The singer volunteered to crowd surf

Workers are volunteering to clean up the subway.

Some people are volunteering to improve a house.

Teenagers volunteering to pick up trash on the side of the road.

trouble to do.

v. [网络] 特意做某事; 费心做; 麻烦某人做某事

He did not trouble to call his mother on her birthday

attempt to do.

v. 尝试去做

Bob attempted to absolve himself of the crime.

We will attempt to avert attention from the problems.

I will attempt to get there by all means.

Do not attempt to father that stupid idea on me!

We will attempt to inhibit Karen from doing it, but we have no control over her.

hesitate to do.

A female with a snorkeling mask is hesitating to jump into the ocean.

Macbeth hesitated to kill the king

the administration hesitated to collaborate with the Central Asian authoritarian regimes

Tom never hesitated to bring up the subject

she hesitated to take the job

agree to do.

v. 同意...(做某事)

The students obey the rules and agree not to use their phones in the classroom.

She also worked hard to make as many countries as possible agree not to use them.

We have accomplished nothing except that we agree to disagree.

The coach tried to bully them into agreeing to stay late and practice.

Tom did not agree to debate about it.

strain to do.

As the race car thundered across the track, people strained to get a better view.

A baseball player strains to throw a ball.

A woman in a white shirt straining to lift some weights.

A woman straining to lift a weight bar.

A group straining to read a book together in the dimly lit room.

choose to do.

v. 选择去做某事

The reason why people choose to live in the city is that the life is more convenient and colorful.

We have chosen to dissent from the decision the rest of you made.

Given the choice between falling from grace and starving, few people choose to starve.

Alice chose to frame the painting in a simple, unmatted frame.

I chose not to go into the service.

decide to do.

v. 决定...(做某事)

Attracted by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to spend another two days on the farm.

Not having received a reply, he decided to write again.

Instead, the students have decided to come up with a peaceful solution.

Having realized that I could use a kite to attract lightning, I decided to do an experiment.

I was pleased that the manager had decided to be angry with me for having been so rude.

deign to do.

v. 降低身份(做...); 屈首或俯就(做...)

She will never deign to join in with us.

I expect that he will not deign to have dinner with us.

the employer deigned to make reasonable adjustments

he deigned to do childcare or housework

her husband deigned to evacuate

refuse to do.

v. 拒绝...(做某事)

The police refused to act upon his complaint because he was an ex-convict.

They refused to admit us into the theater.

I refuse to go with you and that's that!

The actor refused to appear as a villain in the play.

She refuses to arbitrate in this dispute.

deserve to do.

v. 值得...; 值得去...

Ann deserves to be promoted, but the manager is sitting on her because of a disagreement.

Two men standing on a podium, during an awards ceremony, are arguing about who deserves to accept the award being given.

The other Ghanaians deserve to be honored as well.

He deserves to be called on that

struggle to do.

v. 挣扎[着]...(做某事), 费力...(做某事); [尽力/竭力]...(做某事)

She struggled to get back on her feet after she fell.

He struggled to get in the key.

The teacher had to struggle to keep the class in line.

We have to struggle to live within our means, but we manage.

We struggled to bring about a meeting of the minds on the issues.

elect to do.

v. [网络] 决定做

elected to fill the senator's unexpired term

I elected to have my funds deposited automatically

stand to do.

v. [网络] 这个结构是错误的; 很有可能做某事; 是无法忍受做某事的意思

It stands to reason that most people will not buy a new car if they don't think they can pay for it.

I can't stand to sit through that class one more time!

I stand to lose hundreds of dollars if I am not there on time.

It stands to reason that it'll be colder in January than it is in November.

It stands to reason that Bill left in a hurry, although no one saw him go.

undertake to do.

v. 承诺

The carpenter undertook to repair the door frame.

I will undertake to fix it.

manouver to do.

write to do.

I'm writing to request more information about the day tour to London.

A man writes on a board to teach his class.

A man writes on his arm to make a statement

figure to do.

develop to do.

hope to do.

v. [希望/期望]...(做某事)

When I grow up I hope to be just as successful as you are.

We hope to benefit by the collapse of our competition.

I blew into the box, hoping to get some of the little bits of paper out.

He reread the report, hoping to charge himself up enough to make some positive comments.

Walter practiced every day, hoping to come back from his injury.

hurry to do.

They were afraid they would be late and hurried in order to beat the clock.

A business man is hurrying to work.

People hurrying to get to work in a busy city.

A team of construction workers are hurrying to get back on schedule.

A fat man hurries home to eat dinner.

opt to do.

v. 选择做某事

These two men have both opted to dress in green

prove to do.

Sentencing the old man on a charge of murder proved to be a miscarriage of justice.

Susan proved to be a good friend when she lent me some money.

The food proved to be spoiled when I smelled it.

The maid proved to be so incompetent that I had to send her packing.

A police barricade proves to be no obstacle for a determined child.

profess to do.

he professes to be a Communist

beg to do.

He missed Jane a lot and was just begging for her to return to him.

I beg of you to help me.

I beg to differ with you, but you have stated everything exactly backwards.

If I may beg to differ, you have not expressed my position as well as you seem to think.

Man begging to buy stuff he has.

long to do.

v. 渴望做...

A child is longing to go outside and play.

Young students in a rural school long to be released from the classroom.

A young boy longs to be a Country music sensation

A glass sided house showing the man on the bottom, longing to be on his bike, and the wife up top, cleaning house.

A cat longing to go outside.

fight to do.

A group of men fighting at what looks to be a ranch.

A brown dog holds something in its mouth as another dog tries to fight to get it.

A crying child fights to get his way.

Two girls are fighting for the ball to win a hockey match.

The man fights to get to the top of the cliff to save his loved ones.

presume to do.

The murderer is at large, presumed to be armed and dangerous.

know to do.

A scuba diver never knows to dive.

Fido knows not to go near the electric fence.

The boy knows not to eat the sand.

Potential victims knew not to invest stocks in a fake London company or Bitcoin

cowboys know not to squat with their spurs on

intend to do.

v. 打算...(做某事)

According to the local regulations, anyone who intends to get a driver's license must get an eye test.

I intend to have that car at all costs.

I don't intend to bust a gut to get there on time.

We intend to carry this celebration on as long as the family can gather for the holidays.

I intend to communicate your request to the front office this morning.

like to do.

v. 喜欢(去)...; 愿意...; 想要..., 希望...

The flu is believed to be caused by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat.

I would have liked to give you a valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money.

I like to stay out till all hours.

I don't particularly like to cook, but it's all in a day's work.

I like to associate with interesting people.

bear to do.

Judy Conway couldn't bear to watch videos of the abuse of her 7-year-old grandson.

He could not bear to respond.

he couldn't bear to give away the garment.

fear to do.

For fools rush in where angels fear to tread

request to do.

Bob requested to leave the room to go to the lavatory.

John did not request to have his house painted green

These individuals requested to get help.

venture to do.

She never ventured to ask

He ventured to question the correctness of the accepted beliefs

She didn't venture to hope he did not always read only poetry

He never ventured to make his first film

He never ventured to try out for a school play

broaden to do.

mean to do.

v. 打算..., 想要..., 意欲...

I did not mean to allude to someone you disliked so much.

I apprenticed myself to a printer and learned what it means to get really dirty.

I didn't mean to blow your cover by calling out to you.

I didn't mean to break in on your discussion.

He didn't mean to break off anything.

hate to do.

There was a time when I hated to go to school.

I really hate to get all dressed up just to go somewhere to eat.

I hate to break out like that.

I hate to be the one to break this to you, but there is trouble at home.

I hate to be the one to bring you down to earth, but things aren't as good as you think.

bid to do.

rush to do.

v. 急着...; 抢着...; 立刻...

People rushing to get to work.

People rushing to get to work in a busy city cause they are late.

The man is rushing to put out a fire.

A group of people rushing to catch their bus

Four men rush to get to the baseball game.

love to do.

The ladies just love to air their lungs whenever they get together.

I love to awaken to music.

I love to camp out in the winter.

Since John loves to shop, he can't help spending money.

We would love for you to drop over.

purport to do.

The letter purports to express people's opinion

itch to do.

v. 渴望做某事, 跃跃欲试

She is itching to start the project

propose to do.

v. [网络] 打算; 打算做某事; 建议做

The legislature proposed to censure one of its members.

His company proposed to send him to England, and John jumped at the chance.

Under certain circumstances, what you propose to do is all right.

the senator proposed to abolish the sales tax

swear to do.

v. [网络] 发誓做某事

prepare to do.

v. [网络] 准备做某事; 准备要做; 准备干某事

I want to prepare to go into law enforcement.

The citizens were gathering arms, preparing to revolt against the government.

The high priest prepared to sacrifice the prisoner to the gods.

People dressed up in costumes preparing to rob a house.

two older men prepare to enter a store

vow to do.

The teacher's comment struck home and the student vowed to work harder.

The city council vowed to take action against the mayor.

The soccer game was canceled and all the players stayed home and vowed not to play soccer.

they joyfully vowed to only eat tomatoes

Kyle Crosby vowed to love and honor Ravi Bangala

try to do.

v. 试着...; 尽力...

The idea puzzled me so much that I stopped for a few seconds to try to make it out.

Watch him and then try to copy what he does.

She tries to keep the students in the classroom by locking them up in the classroom and running after those who escape.

Steve Jones is an environmental expert who tries to keep animals and plants from becoming endangered.

Theme parks try to make sure that visitors leave knowing more about their theme.

hasten to do.

v. [网络] 赶紧做

prefer to do.

v. 更喜欢做某事; 宁愿做某事; 宁可做某事

I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city.

The new president of the college preferred to invest in new faculty members rather than bricks and mortar.

Many people prefer to talk face-to-face.

I prefer to have a face- to-face meeting.

I prefer to fight out this matter once and for all.

threaten to do.

v. 威胁...; 扬言要...; 预示着..., 有...的危险

My boss threatens to fire me at least once a week, but a barking dog never bites.

Max threatened to batter Lefty up within an inch of his life.

Max threatened to beat Lefty into helping him rob the candy store.

She threatened to beat my brains out.

The crooks threatened to bump off the witness to the crime.

scrounge to do.

come to do.

v. 来...(做某事); 开始..., 逐渐...; 终于...

The story of how I got my new job, and come to be on such good terms with my boss is funny one.

Something terrible must have happened if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant as he always did.

Only after her mother came to help her for the first few months was she allowed to begin her project.

The ball bounced along and finally came to rest.

The president of the company came to break ground for the new building.

decline to do.

v. 婉言拒绝做某事

China declined in the end to raise interest rates, even in the short term

declined even to consider the idea

he declined to join the group on a hike

dread to do.

wait to do.

Fans showed their devotion by waiting for hours to get tickets for their concerts.

He stood quietly as usual, waiting for the bus to come.

I can't wait to dive into the next project.

He dropped a quarter into the slot and waited for something to happen.

We recognized the problem early on, but we waited too long to do something about it.

omit to do.

v. [网络] 经常用法

plan to do.

v. 计划...; 打算...

I plan to audition for the lead role in the school play.

I planned to write a book about using the new software program, but someone else beat me to the draw.

Do you plan to build onto this house?

I don't plan to buy the big one for at least another thirty years.

Do you plan to carry this bag onto the plane?

offer to do.

v. 主动提出...; 主动...

I just happened upon a strange little man in the street who offered to sell me a watch.

She offered to help him up from the chair.

Some reporter got hold of the actress's maid who offered to tell all for a fee.

A woman dressed in black looking perplexed and a woman in a red jacket offering to help her.

Instructors are offering to keep children out of wars

condescend to do.

I will not condescend to respond to that remark.

conspire to do.

They conspired to overthrow the government

The two men coconspired to cover up the Federal investigation

The two companies conspired to cause the value of the stock to fall

they are accused of conspiring to constrain trade

essay to do.

v. 试图做(某事)

move to do.

A person moves to get a good picture.

A woman moves to hit a ball during a game of tennis.

The man and woman were moving to fast for the picture to take.

A soccer player in a white shirt moves to run past a player from the opposite team.

The workers move to finish their building.

rare to do.

When walking down the street it is rare to encounter a pay phone.

regret to do.

v. 很遗憾要做某事

I regret to say that you did not gain admission to Harvard

seek to do.

v. [网络] 试图做; 企图做某事; 试图做某事

She sought to align herself with the older members.

She sought to ally herself to the older members.

We sought to assimilate Arnold into the community.

We seek to associate with persons like ourselves.

Ted sought to bring Sally on, but she was uninterested.

check to do.

Tim checked in the order from the supplier to make sure that everything was there.

Two people ride their bikes next to the train tracks while checking to make sure it is safe to cross

The man is checking to see if he has enough tiles to fix the roof.

Two young ladies check to see if their digital camera is working inside their home.

A man is checking to see what the weather is like outside.

ache to do.

A child is reaching to touch the propeller of a plane.

A child is reaching to touch the propeller out of curiosity.

A dog reaches to catch a ball with its mouth.

A person is reaching up to touch the middle light fixture hanging from a ceiling.

A woman holding a purse reaches up to grab the hands of a performer dressed as the statue of liberty wearing sunglasses.

contract to do.

help to do.

v. 帮忙...; 有助于...

Three men are helping to repair the road.

The construction worker is helping to build a new office building.

A father helps to ready the line for fishing.

A father is helping to fish.

Workers, adorning hard hats, are helping to complete a project.

learn to do.

v. 学会...; 学习...

If we want to keep up with the high pace of modern life, we had better learn to make the right choices.

Unfortunately, the doctors don't know how to make me better, but I am very outgoing and have learned to adapt to my disability.

Mary is a card, and she has to learn to take things seriously sometimes.

You had better learn to get home on time, or I will clip your wings.

I learned not to confide anything secret in Bob.