sentence With so much work on hand, you shouldn't have gone to see the game last night. /With-so-much-work-on-hand+-you-shouldn~t-have-gone-to-see-the-game-last-night.= 1

With so much work on hand, you shouldn't have gone to see the game last night. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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[[0, 7], [7, 18]]

前置状语 + 主句, 构成状语前置结构


[[0, 1], [1, 4], [4, 5], [5, 7]]

with + sth. + prep. + sth.

prep. 在...(某物)...(某种状态)[的情况下]; 伴随着...(某物)...(某种状态)

  • A young woman in a white shirt, argues about a play during a football game, with a person in a black hat.
  • One baseball player slides past a base as another touches the ball to the ground, with other baseball players on the field.
  • The men are sitting at the subway station, with their umbrellas over them.
  • An older woman dressed in pink with a black fanny pack is outside with some trees and an interesting architectural design next to her.
  • A woman with a hat sits on a red stool on the side of the street with fruit baskets around her.
  • A group is posing for the camera, with the mountains and the blue sky in the background.
  • The picture is of a dog, with a woman next to it.
  • A young boy and a young girl ride a bicycle down a street, with dirt and small trees around them.
  • A man on a bicycle rides past a park, with a group of people in the background.
  • These two dogs are outside, with one on the ground and one jumping in the air to get a ball.

with 的其它常用短语:

with sth. doing.with sth. done.
with sth. adj.with sth. 副词性介词
with sth. on
[[4, 5], [5, 7]] [[4, 5], [5, 6]]

on + hand

prep. 在手头; 即将发生; 待处理; 在场
n. 掌声, 鼓掌; 一把手

on 与 onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • A child wearing a yellow shirt leaning on hand against a wall.
  • Asian women spin balls of thread, on hand operated spinning wheels in primitive conditions.
  • Piles of fruits and vegetables are displayed with their prices on hand made signs.
  • Piles of fruits and vegetables are displayed with their weights on hand made signs.
  • emergency police were on hand in case of trouble
  • Black and white bird standing on hand of someone holding sunflower seeds
  • With so much work on hand , you shouldn't have gone to see the game last night.
  • Firefighters stare at the task on hand .

on 的其它常用短语:

be. on sth.在...上面on doing. (sth.)
on the outskirtson the scene当场
on the run跑着on sth. with sth.
on one's own独自地on condition接通条件
on deck riskon the first lap
on target击中要害的on file存档
on trust不加深究地on a plane在飞机上
on request被请求时on everyone's tongue被众人议论
on the island在岛上on land
on one's watch在one's的时间内on one's person随身带着
on the phone在电话上on a small scale小规模地[的]
on the left在左边on purpose故意
on an even keel平稳地on the sly诡秘地
on the increase正在增长on the team是球队的队员
on the way在路上on TV在电视上
on impulse of sth.on a diet按规定进食
on sth. for sth.on the radio从收音机中
on a shipon holiday在度假[中]
on schedule按时on business因事
on the decline没落on balance总而言之
on honour为了荣誉on guard在岗
on a national scaleon the map重要的
on the take[美俚]敲诈on second thought进一步考虑后
on view展览着on the internet在网络上
on safer groundon display陈列着

[[8, 9], [9, 10], [10, 18]]

mod. + have + done.

v. (将来完成时)

mod. have done. 详解

mod. have done.表示将来完成时(The Future Perfect Tense),其中mod.可以为wouldshouldcan/couldmustmay/might等。

如果mod.在句中的时态为过去时,那么时态全称为过去将来完成时(The Past Future Perfect Tense)

注意! wouldcouldshoud既可以表示过去时,又可以表示现在时(如虚拟语气),需要依据具体句子甚至章节上下文才可以做出判断。




would have done.

  • It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London.
  • David realized, in hindsight, that he should have finished school.
  • If Jane hadn't carried the torch, no one would have followed, and the whole thing would have failed.
  • He will have learned English for eight years by the time he graduates from the university next year
  • After I fell, I must have blacked out.
  • The hall was narrow, and I could hardly have slipped by.
  • If I hadn't been asleep at the switch, I 'd have noticed the car being stolen.
  • The father must have said something encouraging because the boy finally got up and made a good speech.
  • If you were on the ball, this wouldn't have happened.
  • Mary should have known better than to accept a lift from a stranger.

[[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 4]] [[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 4]]

so + much + sth.

n. 如此多的...; 这么多的...
adj. 多的, 很多的

many of 与 much of 的用法


many of, much of后接名词时,该名词通常需要特指修饰词修饰,比如: thethesethosemyourTom's

  • Many of the farmers grow rice. 很多农民种稻子。
  • Many of his ideas were amusing to her. 他的许多想法使她感到有趣。
  • He spends much of his time outdoors. 他很多时间都在户外度过。
  • Much of the land was flooded. 大片土地被水淹没。
存在特例! 后接人名或地名时,much of之后可以不跟限定词。
  • Not much of Denmark is hilly. 丹麦山地不多。
  • I've seen too much of Howard recently. 最近我见霍华德见得太多了。

much of可用于被不定冠词修饰的名词前。

  • You can't see much of a country in a week. 一周之内看一个国家看不了多少地方。
  • How much of a job would it be to rebuild the garage? 重建这个车库工作量会是多少?

not much of a用于名词前时表示对某物或某人评价不高。

  • Then he's not much of a partner. 那时他不是什么了不起的合伙人。
  • That might not seem like much of an accomplishment. 那似乎算不上什么成就。
带 of 或不带 of


误: She didn't eat much of breakfast.

正: She didn't eat much breakfast.


误: There aren't many of large glasses left.

正: There aren't many large glasses left.
在人称代词前总是用many ofmuch of


  • I didn't eat much of it. 这个我没吃多少。
  • Many of us were too tired to go further. 我们很多人都累得不能再往前走了。

  • Please don't heap so much trouble upon me!
  • Had I known that air conditioners cause so much pollution, I would never have bought one.
  • Don't squeeze so much mustard from the bottle.
  • The man is feeling tired from so much effort.
  • he engages in so much tall talk, one never really realizes what he is saying
  • This girl is having so much fun on the swing!
  • Musicians destroy their classical instruments because they have so much rage pent up inside them.
  • I hate to go behind her back, but she makes so much trouble about things like this.
  • I wish you didn't spend so much time fooling around.
  • I cannot retain so much information

so 的其它常用短语:

so adj.
so adj. so adv.
be. so adv. 副词性介词so adj. of sth.
so much of many of sth.
so adv. adv. as adj.
so adv. from adj. as sth.
so far迄今为止so soon这么快
so far as possibleso 句子所以...
so 缺省主语的句子So what ?
so adj. as to do.

[[3, 4]]


n. 工作; 职责


job 与 work 的区别

job表示工作, 职业; 任务; 事情; 职责, 责任,为可数名词,强调具体的“为换取报酬而进行的工作”。

work表示工作, 劳动, 作业时,是不可数名词,既有"体力或脑力劳动; 为实现目标而进行的努力或活动"的意思,又有作为职业概念的"工作"的意思。


  • He got a new job. 他找到了一份新工作。
  • He got some work to do. 他有一些工作要做。
  • She has got a good job as a secretary. 她已得到了一份当秘书的工作。
  • Once I'm in America I can get a job. 我一到美国就能找到工作。
  • Save major painting jobs for the spring or summer. 把主要的油漆活儿留到春天或夏天干。
  • Their main job is to preserve health rather than treat illness. 他们的主要职责是保健而不是治病。
  • I was out of work at the time. 那时我失业了。
  • I used to take work home, but I don't do it any more. 我过去常把活儿带回家干,不过我如今再也不这么做了。
注意! work表示著作, 作品时,是可数名词

labor、toil、work 有何区别

labortoilwork都含工作; 劳动的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别


work 的其它常用短语:

the work to do.
[[10, 11]]


vi. 去, 走; 达到; 运转; 查阅; 消失; 结束; 放弃; 花费, 流传; 趋于; 打算; 剩下

depart、go 及 leave 的区别


注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别


go 的其它常用短语:

go prep. sth.去...go 副词性介词去...
go 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间去...go prep. sth. with sth.适合于
go at sth. tooth and nailgo off sth.离开...
go on sth.进行...go to sth. to do.
go into sth.进入...go 并列介词(或副词)短语
go sth. to sth.go round sth.
go to the hospital去医院go to the school(因事)去学校
go to the bed到床边去go straight down
go to sleep入睡go to the expense of sth.为...花钱
go up to sth.向上进入...go to prison入狱
go along sth.沿着...[前进/继续]go to school上学
go to the movie去看电影go to the cinema去电影院
go this way这边走go on strike举行罢工
go to the heart of sth.抓住要点go on a trip on sp.
go to hospital去看病go somewhere出去一下
go down to sth.延续至go to war当兵
go to court起诉go over to sth.朝...走去
go hard with sb.go down on one's knees跪下
go off duty离开岗位go to the party参加聚会
go to field去田野go over转变
go around绕着走go to work上班
go by sth.依照...做go down下去
go on board上船go down the street沿着这条街走
go against sth.反对go beyond the limit超过限度
go in for sth.从事于...go on for sth.接近

[[12, 13], [13, 15]]

see + sth.

vt. 看见..., 看到...; 查看...; 参观..., 游览...; 理解..., 知道...; 同意...

  • If you see something you want in the refrigerator, please feel free.
  • I flipped over her the first time I ever saw her.
  • I heard someone call out, but I could see no one.
  • He kept looking at her, wondering whether he had seen her somewhere.
  • First of all you gotta case the joint to see where things are.
  • The master of ceremonies built the act up so much that everyone was disappointed when they saw it.
  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • He began drifting away from me a few months ago, and I haven't seen him at all in the last three weeks.
  • The reporter said that the UFO was traveling east to west when he saw it
  • On seeing his father, the overjoyed little boy cried out.

see 的其它常用短语:

see sth. sth.看见see wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份看见...
see whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份看见...see how the cat jumps观望形势然后行动
see if i care看我会不会在乎see: sth.
see: sth. sth.see sth.看见...
see the doctor去看医生see sb. out sth.
see you tomorrow明天见see sth. in sth.
see a lot of sth.经常见到see sth. through使(某事)顺利通过...
see the attached documentsee you soon回头见
see a movie看电影see sb. soon很快看到...
see sth. on sth.see sth. to do.
see sb. tomorrowsee sb. then
see sb. next yearsee things看到东西
see you见到你see you in a little while
see you next yearsee you then再见
saw down sth.锯倒saw sth. off of sth.从...上看到...
see a man about a dog有点事(通常用来作为离开或缺席的借口)see fit认为合适
see neither hide nor hairsee hide nor hair
see no objection to sth.see no objection
see one's way to do.有可能做某事see one's way看出自己怎样才行得通
see red火冒三丈see sb. about sth.
see sb. across sth.使某人看到某事see sb. back to sth.
see sb. backsee sb. down to sth.
see sb. homesee sb. into sth.
see sth. off sth.see sb. on the dot
see sth. around sth.see sth. in a new light

[[14, 15]]


n. 游戏, 比赛


game、play、sport 有何区别

gameplaysport都含心灵或身体的休闲话动, 即运动、游戏的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

[[15, 16], [16, 18]] [[15, 16], [16, 17]]

last + night

adv. 昨天晚上; 在昨天晚上, 昨晚
n. 夜, 夜晚, 晚上, 黑暗

  • Last night , kids were playing at a concert in the park.
  • I really crocked up my car last night .
  • Jack was out sowing his wild oats last night , and he's in jail this morning.
  • I think someone carried off the lawn chairs last night .
  • she had not gotten much sleep last night
  • How did you like the President's speech last night ?
  • I'll punch your face for not picking me up last night
  • From the sound of things, Bill and his father had words last night .
  • John gave a good account of himself when he gave his speech last night .
  • The terrorists smuggled one of their number across the border last night .
With so much work on hand, you shouldn't have gone to see the game last night.



you主语 shouldn't have gone谓语动词(复合结构)
With so much ••• hand,to see the ••• night.