sentence When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken. /When-a-pencil-is-partly-in-a-glass-of-water+-it-looks-as-if-it-were-broken.= 1

When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["When", "a", "pencil", "is", "partly", "in", "a", "glass", "of", "water", ",", "it", "looks", "as", "if", "it", "were", "broken", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 11], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [11, 19], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 1, "s": [0, 1], "r": "状语结构", "e": [1, 11], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [4, 5], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [5, 11], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 10, "s": [7, 8, 9], "r": "名词短语", "e": [8, 9, 11], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 15, "s": [12, 13], "r": "祈使句", "e": [13, 19], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 16, "s": [12, 13, 15], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [13, 15, 19], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 5, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 8, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 3, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 6, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 13, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 9, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 5, "e": 19, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 13, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 16, "r": 9, "e": 17, "t": 2}, {"s": 17, "r": 12, "e": 19, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 19, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 11, "subs": [], "s": 1, "r": "状语从句"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 19, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 19, "subs": [], "s": 15, "r": "表语从句"}], "s": 11, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 11], [11, 19]]
[]

前置状语 + 主句, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
[[0, 1], [1, 11]]
[]

when 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

when、while、as 有何区别

三者都可表示当...时候

若主句表示的是一个短暂性动作,从句表示的是一个持续性动作,三者皆可用:

  • He fell asleep when/while/as he was reading. 他看书时睡着了。

在其它情况下,它们之间存在着些许差异:

注意! 所有差别实际是将语感文字化,以解释现象的原因。对于初学者来说,培养语感更加重要,无需刻意记忆。
as语义非常丰富,此处只对比类似语义下的差异。
若主、从句表示两个同时进行的持续性动作,且强调主句表示的动作延续到从句所指的整个时间
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  • We were moving along at a good clip when a state trooper stopped us.
  • When the first thunderstorm came, I took my condenser to a shed in the fields where I could do my experiment.
  • He became inspired when he thought about helping ordinary people.
  • That guy is a real ball of fire when it comes to sales.
  • The children are taught at an early age what to do when they come to the city.
  • It was four o'clock in the afternoon when he and his grandpa reached the museum in Guanghan.
  • I'll be glad when this day is over, and that's a fact.
  • The reporter said that the UFO was traveling east to west when he saw it
  • When they were served the ice cream, Yong Hui began to look ill.
  • When the warm breeze is blowing, I am at peace.

when 的其它常用短语:

when one's ship comes in当发财的时候when the fat hit the fire
when the shit hits the fan当事情出岔子时when 表语(介词)
be. when 表语(介词)when 表语(副词性介词)
be. when 表语(副词性介词)when 表语(形容词)
be. when 表语(形容词)when 表语(-ed 过去分词)
be. when 表语(-ed 过去分词)when 表语(-ing 现在分词)
be. when 表语(-ing 现在分词)when 表语(名词性副词)
be. when 表语(名词性副词)be. when ...
when to do.

[[4, 5], [5, 11]]
[]

partly + 补足语

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子

partly 的其它常用短语:

partly 名词性副词partly adv.
partly adv. sth.partly adj. 基数
partly adj.partly adj. sth.
partly ... sth.partly ...

[[7, 8], [8, 9], [9, 11]]
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a + glass + of + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 一杯...

  • Only two glasses of booze and he was up a tree for sure.
  • Two glasses of that stuff and I'm in really bad shape.
  • A man is pouring a glass of tea.
  • Two women are sitting at a table with empty glasses in front of them.
  • A man in a red shirt sits at a table with a glass of water.
  • A man in a red sweater sitting at a table with plates, bowls and glasses of water on it.
  • A brown-haired man wearing a gold band on his right hand sips a glass of iced tea while looking at a menu.
  • Larry poured the extra glass of orange juice back into the pitcher.
  • The person is drinking a glass of wine.
  • I'm thirsty for a glass of cold water.
[[12, 13], [13, 19]]
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动词短语 + 状语,构成状语后置结构

这是一个祈使句。

暂无例子
[[12, 13], [13, 15], [15, 19]]
[]

look + as + if + 表语从句

这是一个动词固定搭配。

感官系动词的常见用法

常见的感官系动词有looksoundsmelltastefeel

它们在句中皆可作为连系动词,与后续成分构成系表结构。

look看起来

sound听起来

smell闻起来

taste尝起来

feel摸起来, 感觉起来

Enpuz 拓展! 除上述动词外,还存在如下用法类似的特殊系动词:

act (看起来)显得

grow (看起来)变得

wax [说话/描写](听起来/看起来)变得...起来, 长得, 变得

后接形容词短语

通常以物作主语(或人拟物),表示人的知觉状态或感觉能力。

注意! 此处的感官动词不能使用被动语态

这种石头摸上去很光滑。

误: The stone is felt smooth.

正: The stone feels smooth.

这汤味道不错。

误: The soup is tasted delicious.

正: The soup tastes delicious.
  • His idea sounds good. 他的主意听起来不错。
  • These flowers smell very sweet. 这些花闻起来很香。
  • The tomatoes feel soft. 这些西红柿摸起来很软。
更多
  • It feels cold here. 这儿让人觉得冷。
后接 like 短语
  • That photograph doesn't look like her at all. 那张照片看起来一点都不像她。
  • This tastes like an orange. 这东西吃起来像桔子。
  • When I realized what stupid mistake I had made, I felt like a fool. 当我发现我犯了个愚蠢的错误是,我觉得仿佛是个傻子。
后接 of 短语(部分支持)

tastesmell常与of连用,意为有...的味道

  • The room smelt of cigarettes. 房间里有烟味。
  • This soup tastes of chicken. 这汤有鸡的味道。
后接 as if + 从句(部分支持)

looksoundfeel还可后接as if + 从句结构。

look as if ...看起来好像...

sound as if ...听起来好像...

feel as if ...感觉好像...

  • It looks as if our class is going to win. 看起来我们班好像要赢了。
  • It feels as if a great weight had been lifted from us. 我们如释重负。
容易混淆的地方

feel表示感觉时,可用于进行时态。

此时,feel实际为实义动词,而不是感官系动词。

  • How are you feeling today? 你今天感觉如何?
  • I'm feeling terrible. 我感到难受极了。

gaze、glare、look、peek、peer 及 stare 有何区别

gazeglarelookpeekpeerstare都含的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
look
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  • You look as if you don't know whether you're coming or going.
  • She looks as if she poured herself into those jeans.
  • The lady looks as if she is enjoying looking at the sidewalk art.
  • Sharon glanced at Todd to see if he looked as if he was ready to go.
  • When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken.
  • It looked as if the team were going to lose, but near the end of the game, our star player turned the tide.
  • The woman in the red jacket looks as if she was buying something from the open air vendor.
  • The goldfish looked as if it was either done for or sunning its tummy.
  • A toddler has her eyes shut, looking as if she is thinking about something.
  • She sat there looking for all the world as if she was going to cry.

look 的其它常用短语:

look prep. sth.看...look 副词性介词看...
look 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间看...look down sth.向下看
look down sth. at sth.look on sth. as sth.
look as thoughlook back on sth.回头看
look out sth.面朝look out of sth.从...向外看
look over从...上面看look through看穿
look ahead向前看look over sth.从...上面看过去
look back upon sth.回溯look on sth.观看
look forward(高兴地)盼望look in sth.往...里看
look down向下看look as sth.
look by sth.look around sth.四下观望
look away不再看(某人或某物)look about for sth.寻找(某人或某物)
look towards sth.面朝look up and down上下打量
look down one's nose at sth.看不起look on sth. with sth.
look down upon sb.look here喂!注意!
look forwards to sth.look a gift horse in the mouth对礼物吹毛求疵
look about四处寻找look ahead to sth.向前看
look away from sth.视线避开...look before you leap三思而后行
look beyond sth.往超过...的位置处看look aside
look down at sth.向下看look in看望
look on the bright side对事物抱乐观态度look onto sth.
look toward sth.看向...look up and down for sth.
look up and down sth.上下打量look under the hood
look back回顾look outside往外看
look inside往里看look left看左边


[[2, 3]]
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pencil

这是一个名词短语。
n. 铅笔, 色笔, 眉笔, 画笔, 光线束

当前pencil(不限本句)既可以用作可数名词,也可以用作不可数名词


暂无例子
[[3, 4], [5, 6], [6, 11]]
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be. + in + sth.

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 在..., 在...中; 从事, 做; 到达; 执政

  • We were all in a twitter over the upcoming event.
  • While my father was in the hospital after his heart attack, we hoped for the best and prepared for the worst.
  • The accounts of the bankrupt company were in arrears.
  • Jane always seems to be in a fog.
  • I interviewed Max Brown, the director who is in the forefront of the movie industry.
  • Our dog is in the family way.
  • The proposed law was in trouble, but Senator Todd bailed out the bill at the last minute.
  • When you 're in a crowd, you must watch your child at all times.
  • All the apple trees are in blossom now.
  • In the city many children are born out of wedlock.

in 的其它常用短语:

be. in sth.be. in sth. with sth.
be. in sth. for sth.in the way在...方式上
in opposition to sth.反对in poor health身体好[坏]
in explanation of sth.对...进行解释in the wall在墙上
in the manner以这种态度in sight of sth.在见得到...的地方
in the same way同样地in the wake of sth.在...之后
in our favour我方收益in the same breath同时
in one's favour对...有利in the science museum
in good taste得体in that既然
in large numbers满谷满坑in total总共
in person在人称上(语法)in taste在口味上
in the extentin high spirits情绪高涨
in the great need of sth.in show表面上
in haste匆忙in the habit of sth.有...的习惯
in one's face迎面in care of sb.
in the heart of sth.在...中心in ... condition在...条件下
in good condition处于良好的情况中in use在使用着
in a way在某种程度上in bulk散装
in confidence在自信心[上/方面]in a family way象一家人一样
in safety平安地in the blossom正在开花
in commemoration of sth.纪念in a flash一刹那间
in the concert hallin pain痛苦
in the extreme非常in the issue结果
in other ways在其他方面in search of sth.寻找
in favour of sth.[经] 同意in the negative否定地

[[9, 10]]
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water

这是一个名词短语。
n. 水

当前water(不限本句)既可以用作可数名词,也可以用作不可数名词


暂无例子
[[17, 19], [15, 16]]
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break + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 打破, 弄破, 弄坏, 破坏, 违反, 打断, 削弱, 放弃

break 的用法

打破、打碎、打断
  • Who broke the window into pieces?
  • He fell and broke his leg.
  • Try not to break the silence.
违反
  • He often breaks [his promise/his word/the law/the rule].
常见搭配

break away突然离开

break away from sb.脱离、离开、背弃

break down中断、粉碎、发生故障、(身体)跨了、(机器)坏了

break forth迸发、爆发、发泄

break in闯进、打断

break in on sb.打断某人的谈话

break into...闯入、侵占

break...into pieces打碎

break off折断、突然中断

break...open撬开

break out爆发

break through...突破

break...up开垦、破碎、解散、分解

break with sb.与某人断交

break sb's heart使某人心碎

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break、burst、crack、crush、fracture 及 smash 的区别

breakburstcrackcrushfracturesmash都含破环; 破裂的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
break
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • The wizard looked in his magic book to find out how to break the spell.
  • A nice smile does a lot to break the ice.
  • Sally broke John's heart when she refused to marry him.
  • It's hard to break the ice at formal events.
  • The fragile contents were just jammed together in one box and everything was broken.
  • The league record was broken after thirty years.
  • If you break your word, she won't trust you again.
  • When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken.
  • I hope that the doctor broke the news gently.
  • Wally jammed up the window and nearly broke it.

break 的其它常用短语:

break a bill兑开钞票break the law犯法
break one's word食言break the ice打破沉默
break the rules[破坏/违反/违犯][规则/规章]break a record打破记录
break one's promise食言break the window打破窗户
break forth喷发break faith背弃信仰
break sth. to do.break sth. with sth.
break a code破解密码break a habit改掉习惯
break a storybreak bread with sb.
break camp打好背包break ground破土
break new ground开创新局面break one's back辛勤工作
break one's neck折断脖子break one's stride
break the silence打破沉默break sth. of sth.
break one's balls努力工作break one's fall阻止摔倒
break one's heart(使某人)伤心break one's stones打破一个人的石头
break sth. away from sth.使某物脱离某物break sth. away
break sth. free from sth.break sth. free
break sth. loose from sth.break sth. off of sth.
break sth. off sth.折断break sth. on sth.
break sth. out of sth.break sth. to pieces
break sth. to sb.break the back of sth.完成工作最艰巨的部分
break the bank耗尽资源break the news to sb.
break the news披露新闻break the spell破除魔咒
break wind放屁break sth. for sth.
break bread共餐break dance跳霹雳舞
break one's fast开戒break a leg弄断腿

When a pencil is partly in a glass of water, it looks as if it were broken.

这是一个复合句

主句

it looks as if it were broken.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!beta
it主语 looks感官系动词 as if it ••• broken.表语(从句)

从句

it were broken.

这是一个表语从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!beta
it主语 were broken.谓语动词(复合结构)(被动语态)

从句

a pencil is partly in a glass of water,

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!beta
a pencil主语 isbe 动词 in a glass ••• water,表语(介宾短语)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
partly

更多推荐语法