sentence What's there to wait for? /What~s-there-to-wait-for*= 1

What's there to wait for? 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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What + be. + sth. + ... + ?

这是一个特殊疑问句。

  • Why are n't these girls in the kitchen instead of playing with toys?
  • why is he in such an all-fired hurry?
  • Why are you always in a mad rush?
  • what are our tasks for tomorrow?
  • Outside the restaurant there is a porch where is a boy in a cowboy and boy in baseball cap having drinks
  • When are the fruit trees in bloom in this part of the country?
  • how long is a day on Jupiter?
  • What is that black-and-blue mark on your leg?
  • What 's there to wait for?
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be. + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个动词短语。
v. 打算...(做某事); 必须...; 应该...; 如何...(用在疑问句中)

be to do. 用法归纳

do.表示动词或动词短语,在这里必须以原型形式出现。

所谓动词原型,即动词原先的型态,实际就是动词的现在式,且不进行第三人称单数形式变化。

是原型:doeat

不是原型:doesdiddonedoingeatsateeateneating

be. to do.常见的用法如下:

用来表示对未来的安排
  • Audrey and Jimmy are to be married in June.
  • Two men are to appear in court on charges of armed robbery.
  • The ceremony is to take place in the palace grounds.
被用来表述命令,或者指出一条规则、准则
  • You are to wait here in this room until I return.
  • All staff are to wear uniforms.
用来表示义务性的,应该做,必须做,应该发生
  • What am I to tell her?
  • He is not to be blamed.
  • What are we to do?
更多
  • You are to be congratulated on your wise decision.
用来表示可能的,询问某件事如何去做
  • How am I to know what has become of him?
  • How are we to get out of the present mess?
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be going to do.、be to do. 的区别

be going to do.侧重即将要做什么事, 表是主观打算或一般将来时
  • It is going to rain soon.
  • I’m going to tell Dad what you said.
be to do.侧重计划、安排好的事,或者约定的、职责内的事,表示必然的趋势
  • The boy is to go to school tomorrow.
  • Are we to go on with this work?

  • Our policy is to be very particular, but in practice we don't care that much.
  • The least you can do when you're eating someone's salt is to help them out around the house.
  • We built them up for the challenge they were to face.
  • Bob's mission in life is to make money.
  • All the preparations for the task have been completed, and we are really to start
  • Their job was to go to the hospital.
  • The best way to learn is to learn by doing.
  • The best way to learn to sail is to learn by sailing.
  • The first thing he did after he got married was to get his wife with child.
  • Our policy is to prohibit people from the beach area after dark.

to 的其它常用短语:

to do.,在句子中作主语成份to do., 不定式作主语
be. to be on the safe sidebe. to have a hollow leg
be. to say the leastto sth. (,) 主句,构成状语前置结构
分句 1 to 分句 2祈使成份 to 分句 1
分句 1 to 分句 2(祈使句)

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There + be. + sth.

这是一个陈述句。

there be、have 有何区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.

主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • What 's there to wait for?

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth.有...There be. sth. to do. (sth.)
There happens to be sth.be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化
for there to be.
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wait + for + sth.

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 等待...

  • When the police were waiting for them inside the bank vault, the would-be robbers knew that the game was up.
  • Several people wait for their luggage at the airport.
  • Bob got out on bail waiting for his trial.
  • Four people are waiting for the bus.
  • A man waiting for a date is wearing a black hat and jacket while he is sitting.
  • The people are standing in the rain waiting for a bus.
  • I think we should hang fire and wait for other information.
  • There are three girls and one boy waiting for the school bus.
  • two people are waiting for a train at a station.
  • I buzzed for my secretary and waited for a reply.

wait 的其它常用短语:

wait for a momentwait for a minute
wait for a while等一会儿wait for turn等候轮到某人
wait for the next wavewait sth., 其中 sth. 具有反身性
wait one's turn等着轮到自己wait tables伺候进餐
wait for sth. to do.wait for the other shoe to drop等待另一只鞋掉下来
wait sth.等候wait a while等一会儿
wait a moment等一下wait a second等一等
wait in a queuewait in line排队等候
wait at the table招待进餐wait out sth.等到...结束
wait up for sth.等候着不睡wait a minute等一下
wait upon sb.wait up(为...而)等候着不睡
wait around for sth.wait around在附近等候
wait at sth. for sth.wait at sth.在...(地方)[等待/等候]
wait up a minute等一等wait up until sth.
be. waiting in the wingswait on sth.等等
wait on a platformwait on tables侍候进餐
wait to do. (sth.)


What's there to wait for?

因为只含有一个主谓结构,并且句子各成分都只由单词或短语构成,所以它是一个简单句

句子类型是特殊疑问句,其时态为一般现在时

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