sentence What surprised me was not what he said but the way he said it. /What-surprised-me-was-not-what-he-said-but-the-way-he-said-it.= 1

What surprised me was not what he said but the way he said it. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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以特殊疑问词开头的从句,疑问词在从句中做主语

这是一个从句。

短语中的特殊疑问词具体为名词性特殊疑问词,常见的有:whatwhowhich

整个从句构成名词属性,可以在主句中充当主语、宾语或表语等成分,分别作为主语从句、宾语从句、表语从句。


  • I wonder what is being done to help you.
  • Let me bang this melody out and see if you can guess who wrote it.
  • If you know what 's good for you, you'll call and apologize.
  • You'd better be on time if you know what 's good for you.
  • She finally began to get hip to what was going on.
  • Our opinions are divided on what is going to happen.
  • I don't know what became of my other plaid sock.
  • It's hard to tell what 's in the offing if you don't keep track of things.
  • Now that the cat is out of the bag, there is no sense in pretending we don't know what 's really happening.
  • The merchant sells writing paper, pens, string, and what have you.
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not + sth. + but + sth.,同为主语、表语、宾语

这是一个名词短语。
n. 不是...而是...

but 详解

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
更多
  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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  • a visual pattern must include not only objects but the spaces between them
  • Women seated at a picnic table not eating, but enjoying music.
  • it was not the typing but the earphones that she disliked
  • not ideology but pragmatic politics
  • stunned scientists found not one but at least three viruses
  • What surprised me was not what he said but the way he said it.
  • it is not work but worry that kills

not 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 not 分句 2祈使成份 not 分句 1
分句 1 not 分句 2(祈使句)not do. but do.不是...而是...
not advb. but advb.不是...而是...not sth., 表示排除、否定
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以 what 开头的名词性从句

这是一个名词性从句。

整个从句是一个名词性从句。

what在从句中充当谓语的宾语成分。


  • You must believe in what you do and who you want to succeed in the world.
  • I found the bathroom, but I didn't find what I was looking for.
  • An opinion is what someone believes is true but has not been proved.
  • John may have been wrong, but he did what he did according to his own lights.
  • Experts tell us that we need to think about what we can do to keep animals and plants from becoming endangered.
  • I cannot attest to what you have reported.
  • What surprised me was not what he said but the way he said it.
  • He conducted a number of experiments in which he showed what electricity is.
  • Her story bears out exactly what you said.
  • Because we have so much to choose from, many companies and stores offer advice about what we should eat.

what 的其它常用短语:

what's up怎么了
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the + way + 定语从句

这是一个名词短语。
n. ...的方式; ...的方法

way 的常用短语

make one's way
  • The team slowly made their way through the jungle. 这一队人艰难地行走在丛林中。
push one's way
  • He pushed his way through the crowd. 他推开人群挤出去了。
lose one's way
  • He lost his way in the big city. 在这个大城市里,他迷失了方向。
pick one's way
  • He had to pick his way along the muddy path. 在泥泞的小路上,他只得择路而行。
fight one's way
  • The surrounded soldiers fought their way out. 这些被包围的士兵杀出了一条生路。
feel one's way
  • We couldn't see anything in the cave, so we had to feel our way out. 我们在洞里什么也看不到,只得摸着出去。
inch one's way
  • On seeing the snake, he inched his way backwards. 一看到那条蛇,他就缓慢地退走了。
laugh one's way
  • He laughs his way through life. 他一辈子笑待人生
wind one's way
  • The path winds its way to the top of the mountain. 这条小路蜿蜒通向山顶。
elbow one's way
  • He elbowed his way to the front of the queue. 他(用肘)挤到队前面。
grope one's way
  • He drank too much and then groped his way back to the bedroom. 他喝得太多了,踉踉跄跄得摸进卧室。
limp one's way
  • He was hurt in the left leg so that he had to limp his way home. 他的左腿受伤,只得一瘸一拐地走回家。
dig one's way
  • Mark Twain began digging his way to regional fame as a newspaper reporter. 作为一名记者,马克吐温开始在当地崭露头角。
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  • They learned from the way the bones were joined together.
  • My father always threatened to toss me back where I came from, the way a fish is returned to the water.
  • I can tell that she's lying from the way she holds her eyebrows.
  • Some poems tell a story or describe something in a way that will give the reader a strong impression.
  • Sweep up my hair the way it looks in this picture.
  • The way John was looking at Mary will surely cause some tongues to wag.
  • You resemble my Uncle Herman in the way you walk.
  • You can tell by the way that Jane is acting toward Ann that there is no love lost.
  • Tough luck, but that's the way the cookie crumbles.
  • No one was surprised by the way it happened.

way 的其它常用短语:

way of sth....的方式the way to sth.通向...的路
a way for sth. to do.the way to do....的一种方式

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surprise + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 使...惊奇, 使...惊讶, 使...感到意外; 使...震惊; 无意中发现...; 出其不意获得...; 撞见..., 当场捉住...; 出其不意地攻击..., 突然袭击..., 奇袭...; 使...措手不及

surprise 的用法

做名词

表示惊奇, 惊讶时,是不可数名词。

表示令人吃惊的事物时,是可数名词。

in surprise

in surprise表示惊讶地

常位于动词之后作状语,表示方式。

  • John turned around and looked at me in surprise. 约翰转过身来,惊奇地望着我。
  • He looked at me in surprise. 他吃惊地看着我。
to one's surprise

to one's surprise表示让...惊讶的是, 使...吃惊的是

它对全句进行解释或说明,表示说话人对上文的看法或态度,一般放在句首。

  • To our surprise, the boy won the prize. 使我们惊奇的是这个男孩获奖了。
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amaze、astonish、surprise 有何区别

amazeastonishsurprise都含有使...惊异的意思,而且它们都是一般以事物或他人作主语,以本人作宾语;以本人作主语时用被动形式。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
amaze
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amaze、astonish、astound、surprise 有何区别

amazeastonishastoundsurprise都含使人感到惊奇的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
surprise
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  • A group of people hide in an alley to surprise the birthday boy.
  • A young girl with other people in the forest, wearing a yellow shirt, surprised about something small.
  • he had been unpleasantly surprised
  • She surprised the couple
  • The man is holding red and pink balloons while waiting to surprise his wife on Valentine's Day.
  • Tom surprised his parents when he came out of the closet.
  • Two girls are hiding by some bushes to surprise their friend.
  • A man surprising a girl on her birthday.
  • Something happened that just surprised a woman.
  • A man with a beard surprised when his picture is taken.

surprise 的其它常用短语:

surprise sb. into sth.surprise sb. by sth.
surprise sb. with sth.It surprises sb. to do. (sth.)
be. surprised to do. (sth.)因...(发生某事)而感到惊讶
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say + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 说..., 讲...; 念...; 说明..., 表明...; 显示..., 指明...; 表达..., 表述...; 报道...; 写道...; 比方说...

  • I'll catch a plane and be there quicker than you can say Jack Robinson.
  • He wouldn't lower his voice, so everyone heard what he said .
  • After I heard what she had to say , I just laughed in her face.
  • I wanted to go to Florida for the holidays, but my father said , "No sale."
  • I can't give any currency to anything Ralph Jones says .
  • What she said yesterday does not correlate with what she is saying today.
  • The radio audience won't hear what you say when you're off the air.
  • I can't make sense out of what you just said .
  • What you say carries no weight with me.
  • John came in late and said, "Excuse me, please."

say 的其它常用短语:

say thanks to sth.向...表示感谢say goodbye to sth.与...说再见
say hello to sb.say the word发命令
say sth. with a laughsay sth. in sth.
say sth. to sth. for sth.say sth. right to sth.
say a mouthful说得妙say grace做饭前祈祷
say hello to sb. for mesay one's piece公开说出自己的意见
say sth. against sth.say sth. for sth.
say sth. in a roundabout waysay sth. in plain english
say sth. in plain languagesay sth. out loud
say sth. over and over againsay sth. over and over
say sth. to one's facesay sth. to sth.
say sth. under one's breath小声地说某事say hello打照面
say something说些什么say goodbye说再见
say cheese(摄影者鼓励被拍者笑时说的)笑一笑say nothing不做声
say a few words说几句say Mass做弥撒
say wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份说...say whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份说...
say prep. sth., 其中 prep.+sth. 类型强制转换成名词say to sb.
say with a smile微笑着说say sorry to sth.向...说对不起
say for sth. to do.say sth. about sth.
say about sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法say sth. of sth.
say of sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法say to sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份
say to sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份

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the + way

这是一个名词短语。
n. 用这样的方法, 从...样子看来

way 的常用短语

make one's way
  • The team slowly made their way through the jungle. 这一队人艰难地行走在丛林中。
push one's way
  • He pushed his way through the crowd. 他推开人群挤出去了。
lose one's way
  • He lost his way in the big city. 在这个大城市里,他迷失了方向。
pick one's way
  • He had to pick his way along the muddy path. 在泥泞的小路上,他只得择路而行。
fight one's way
  • The surrounded soldiers fought their way out. 这些被包围的士兵杀出了一条生路。
feel one's way
  • We couldn't see anything in the cave, so we had to feel our way out. 我们在洞里什么也看不到,只得摸着出去。
inch one's way
  • On seeing the snake, he inched his way backwards. 一看到那条蛇,他就缓慢地退走了。
laugh one's way
  • He laughs his way through life. 他一辈子笑待人生
wind one's way
  • The path winds its way to the top of the mountain. 这条小路蜿蜒通向山顶。
elbow one's way
  • He elbowed his way to the front of the queue. 他(用肘)挤到队前面。
grope one's way
  • He drank too much and then groped his way back to the bedroom. 他喝得太多了,踉踉跄跄得摸进卧室。
limp one's way
  • He was hurt in the left leg so that he had to limp his way home. 他的左腿受伤,只得一瘸一拐地走回家。
dig one's way
  • Mark Twain began digging his way to regional fame as a newspaper reporter. 作为一名记者,马克吐温开始在当地崭露头角。
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暂无例子
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say + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 说..., 讲...; 念...; 说明..., 表明...; 显示..., 指明...; 表达..., 表述...; 报道...; 写道...; 比方说...

  • I'll catch a plane and be there quicker than you can say Jack Robinson.
  • He wouldn't lower his voice, so everyone heard what he said .
  • After I heard what she had to say , I just laughed in her face.
  • I wanted to go to Florida for the holidays, but my father said , "No sale."
  • I can't give any currency to anything Ralph Jones says .
  • What she said yesterday does not correlate with what she is saying today.
  • The radio audience won't hear what you say when you're off the air.
  • I can't make sense out of what you just said .
  • What you say carries no weight with me.
  • John came in late and said, "Excuse me, please."

say 的其它常用短语:

say thanks to sth.向...表示感谢say goodbye to sth.与...说再见
say hello to sb.say the word发命令
say sth. with a laughsay sth. in sth.
say sth. to sth. for sth.say sth. right to sth.
say a mouthful说得妙say grace做饭前祈祷
say hello to sb. for mesay one's piece公开说出自己的意见
say sth. against sth.say sth. for sth.
say sth. in a roundabout waysay sth. in plain english
say sth. in plain languagesay sth. out loud
say sth. over and over againsay sth. over and over
say sth. to one's facesay sth. to sth.
say sth. under one's breath小声地说某事say hello打照面
say something说些什么say goodbye说再见
say cheese(摄影者鼓励被拍者笑时说的)笑一笑say nothing不做声
say a few words说几句say Mass做弥撒
say wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份说...say whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份说...
say prep. sth., 其中 prep.+sth. 类型强制转换成名词say to sb.
say with a smile微笑着说say sorry to sth.向...说对不起
say for sth. to do.say sth. about sth.
say about sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法say sth. of sth.
say of sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法say to sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份
say to sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份

翻译:使我吃惊的不是他说什么而是他说话的方式。
What surprised me was not what he said but the way he said it.

这是一个复合句

主句

What surprised me was not what he said but the way he said it.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
What surprised me主语 wasbe 动词 not what he ••• it.表语(名词)

从句

What surprised me

这是一个主语从句,其时态为一般过去时

其满足特殊句型: 。详情请参考下文具体介绍。

what he said

这是一个名词性从句,其时态为一般过去时

其满足特殊句型: 。详情请参考下文具体介绍。

he said it.

这是一个定语从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
he主语 said谓语动词 it.宾语

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