sentence Tom ought not to have told me your secret, but he meant no harm. /Tom-ought-not-to-have-told-me-your-secret+-but-he-meant-no-harm.= 1

Tom ought not to have told me your secret, but he meant no harm. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 10], [10, 11], [11, 16]]
[]

分句 1 + but + 分句 2

这是一个陈述句。

but 详解

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
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  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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but、except 及 besides 有何区别

介词butexceptbesides都可表示除...之外

besides表示一种累加关系,意指除了什么之外, 还有...,侧重于另外还有...

exceptbut则表示一种排除关系,意指除了什么之外, 不再有...,侧重于除了...之外

  • Besides his wife, his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
  • Nobody went to see him [except/but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注意! 在否定句中,besides也表示除...之外不再有... ,与butexcept同义
  • No one passed the exam [besides/except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。
but 与 except 的区别

两者都可表示除...外不再有...

侧重不同

but侧重表达“几乎完整”。

except侧重强调“后面除去的部分”。

  • I love all fruits but orange. 我喜欢所有水果但不包括桔子。
  • I love all fruits except orange. 除了桔子我喜欢所有水果。

but、however、while 有何区别

buthoweverwhile都可表示但是, 可是, 然而

but
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  • The plan didn't work, but I'll give you an A for effort for trying.
  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn't forget safety.
  • He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation before it got worse.
  • He's mighty handsome, but I hear he's all show and no go.
  • I cheated on the entrance exam, but I really want to get into that school, and all's fair in love and war.
  • Bill keeps saying he'll get a job soon, but he's all talk and no action.
  • People have been playing the music for many years, but the music has kept many of its characteristics.
  • I know I laugh at him but, joking aside, he's a very clever scientist.
  • His own remarks argue against his qualifications for the office, but he probably will be elected anyway.

but 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 but 分句 2祈使成份 but 分句 1
分句 1 but 分句 2(祈使句)but 补足成份
but adj.分句 1 but then 分句 2...不过...
but 表语(介词)be. but 表语(介词)
but 表语(副词性介词)be. but 表语(副词性介词)
but 表语(形容词)be. but 表语(形容词)
but 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. but 表语(-ed 过去分词)
but 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. but 表语(-ing 现在分词)
but 表语(名词性副词)be. but 表语(名词性副词)
be. but ...but also 表语(-ing 现在分词)

[[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 10]]
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ought + not + to + have + done.

这是一个动词短语。
v. 不应该做(却做了)

  • Tom ought not to have told me your secret, but he meant no harm.

ought 的其它常用短语:

ought to do. (sth.)ought to, 省略 do.
ought to have done.应该做(却没做)
[[5, 6], [6, 7], [7, 10]]
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tell + sth. + sth.

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. [告诉/吩咐]...(某人)...(某事/某物); 给...(某人)[讲/讲述]...

  • My parents told me the facts of life when I was nine years old.
  • When Tom told Ann good-bye, he said he wanted to play the field.
  • Please tally everything up and tell me the total.
  • I swear on a stack of Bibles that I am telling the truth.
  • What you have just told me throws a lot of light on George and his motivation.
  • They are not paying heed to what I told them.
  • They'll eat up almost anything you tell them.
  • Everything he told you is open to question and you should look into it.
  • The teacher felt that everything she told her students was in one ear and out the other.
  • I gave an ear to Mary so she could tell me her problems.

tell 的其它常用短语:

tell sb. a story向...讲述一个故事tell sth. the truth向...(某人)说出[真相/事实]
tell sb. the timetell me another one别瞎扯了
tell me another别瞎扯了tell sb. bearings
tell sb. a thing or two about sth.tell sb. a thing or two
tell wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份告诉...tell whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份告诉...
tell sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份tell sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份
tell sth. parttell off sth.分派出
tell sth. off分派出tell sb. to do. (sth.)
tell sb. to (do.)tell sb. not to do. (sth.)
tell sth.告诉...tell about sth.告诉(某人)有关...的情况
tell sth. to sb.将...告诉...tell jokes讲笑话
tell sth. from sth.区别...与...tell sth. apart分辨...
tell sth. out of sth.tell from sth.辨别
tell the difference between区别tell a story讲故事
tell the whole truth全盘托出tell on sb.告发某人
tell the truth说实话tell a lie说谎话
tell it to the marines我不会相信的tell its own story很明显
tell its own tale不言而喻tell sb. to one's face
tell off sb.tell sb. on sb.
tell sth. by sth.tell tales out of school搬弄是非
tell the difference between sb. and sth.tell the whole world
tell the world当众说tell time报时
tell one's own story很明显tell fortunes算命
tell sth. of sth.tell of sth.讲述
tell sth. about sth.告诉...关于...tell about sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法

[[12, 13], [13, 16]] [[12, 13], [13, 14], [14, 15]]
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mean + no + harm

这是一个动词短语。
v. 无意伤害
mean sth.
vt. 意思是..., 表示...的意思, 含义为..., 意指...; 本意是...; 意味着..., 产生...结果; 使...有可能, 预示...
harm
n. 伤害, 害处

mean 的用法

mean sth.
表示[内容/字面]意思是..., 表示...的意思, 含义为..., 意指...
  • A dictionary tells you what words mean. 词典告诉你词语的含义。
  • This word means nothing. 这个词没有意义。
表示意思是..., 本意是...
  • Do you know what I mean? 你懂我的意思了吗?
表示意味着...; 引起...; 导致...; 产生...(结果)
  • That means, of course, he could not work without that machine. 当然,没有了那台机器,也就是意味着他没去工作。
  • To raise wages means increasing purchasing power. 提高工资就意味着提高购买力。
  • Friction means heat. 摩擦生热。
表示使...有可能, 预示...
  • This snow means no sport this afternoon. 这场雪使今天下午的体育活动搞不成了。
表示有...的重要性; 有...的价值
  • She meant so much to me. 她对我很重要。
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intend、mean、propose 的区别

intendmeanpropose都含想做某事的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
intend
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mean、imply、indicate、represent、denote、signify 及 suggest 的区别

这些动词均可表示表示...的意思

mean指文字或符号等所表示的各种明确的或含蓄的意义。

imply侧重用文字或符号表示的联想,即暗示

indicate指明显的表示。

represent指体现或代表。

denote指某一词字面或狭义的意思,或指某些符号或迹象的特定含义。

signify指用文字、说话或表情等表示单纯的意思。

suggest通常指暗含地、隐晦地表达意思。

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  • Tom ought not to have told me your secret, but he meant no harm .
  • I mean no harm

mean 的其它常用短语:

mean sth.意思是...mean sth. by sth.
mean for sth.预定作某种用途mean business是当真的
mean by sth.通过...表达mean lean times ahead
mean lean timesmean no offense
mean nothing to sb.mean nothing没有任何意义
mean sth. as sth.mean sth. for sth.将...[指定/预定]给...
mean sth. to sb.对...有...的重要性mean well对...怀有善意
mean something意味着什么mean adj.
mean 被动语态作表语mean done. by sth.
mean adj. to sth.mean prep. sth., 其中 prep.+sth. 类型强制转换成名词
mean to sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份mean to sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份
mean wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份mean whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份
mean sth. to do.[注定/预定]...(某人/某物)...(做某事)mean to do. (sth.)打算...
mean for sb. to do.mean to对...来说很重要


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secret

这是一个名词短语。
n. 秘密

当前secret可数。


暂无例子
翻译:汤姆不应该把你的秘密告诉我,但他并没有恶意。
Tom ought not to have told me your secret, but he meant no harm.

这是一个并列句,其使用并列连词 but 连接前后两个分句,使得两个分句之间存在转折关系。

分句 1

Tom ought not to have told me your secret,

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
Tom主语 told谓语动词 me间接宾语 your secret,直接宾语

分句 2

he meant no harm.

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

它与分句 1 之间存在转折关系。

成份划分
new!
he主语 meant谓语动词 no harm.宾语

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