sentence They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins. /They-may-look-beautiful+-but-inside-there-is-usually-more-water-than-vitamins.= 1

They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["They", "may", "look", "beautiful", ",", "but", "inside", "there", "is", "usually", "more", "water", "than", "vitamins", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 5, 6], "r": "陈述句", "e": [5, 6, 15], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [2, 3], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [3, 5], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [6, 7], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [7, 15], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 13, "s": [7, 8, 10], "r": "陈述句", "e": [8, 9, 15], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 17, "s": [10, 11, 12, 13], "r": "名词短语", "e": [11, 12, 13, 15], "d": {"poses": [1, 3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}, {"i": 21, "s": [13], "r": "名词短语", "e": [14], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": {"r": "转折", "m": "but"}, "e": 6, "t": 5}, {"s": 6, "r": 5, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 21, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 9, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 7, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 3, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 4, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 3, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 13, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 3, "e": 15, "t": 2}]{"coos": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 5, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "分句 1"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 15, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 15, "subs": [], "s": 7, "r": "主句"}], "s": 6, "r": "分句 2"}], "s": 0, "e": 15, "subs": []}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 5], [5, 6], [6, 15]]
[]

分句 1 + but + 分句 2

这是一个陈述句。

but 用法归纳

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
更多
  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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but、except、besides 的区别

介词butexceptbesides都可表示除...之外

besides表示一种累加关系,意指除了什么之外, 还有...,侧重于另外还有...

exceptbut则表示一种排除关系,意指除了什么之外, 不再有...,侧重于除了...之外

  • Besides his wife, his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
  • Nobody went to see him [except/but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注意! 在否定句中,besides也表示除...之外不再有... ,与butexcept同义
  • No one passed the exam [besides/except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。
but 与 except 的区别

两者都可表示除...外不再有...

侧重不同

but侧重表达“几乎完整”。

except侧重强调“后面除去的部分”。

  • I love all fruits but orange. 我喜欢所有水果但不包括桔子。
  • I love all fruits except orange. 除了桔子我喜欢所有水果。

but、however 及 while 的区别

buthoweverwhile都可表示但是, 可是, 然而

but
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • Tom could have passed the exam, but he wasn't careful enough.
  • Edward seems like a very nice boy, but appearances can be deceiving.
  • Unfortunately, the doctors don't know how to make me better, but I am very outgoing and have learned to adapt to my disability.
  • The price has gone down, but I doubt whether it will remain so
  • It's all well and good that you're passing English, but what about math and science?
  • There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming.
  • I thought Jim would say something about his school report, but he didn't mention it.
  • The committee agitated for a change, but nothing was done.
  • I found the bathroom, but I didn't find what I was looking for.
  • We've had a lovely visit, but all good things must come to an end.

but 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 but 分句 2祈使成份 but 分句 1
分句 1 but 分句 2(祈使句)but 补足成份
but adj.分句 1 but then 分句 2...不过...
but 表语(介词)be. but 表语(介词)
but 表语(副词性介词)be. but 表语(副词性介词)
but 表语(形容词)be. but 表语(形容词)
but 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. but 表语(-ed 过去分词)
but 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. but 表语(-ing 现在分词)
but 表语(名词性副词)be. but 表语(名词性副词)
be. but ...but also 表语(-ing 现在分词)

[[2, 3], [3, 5]]
[]

look + adj.

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 看上去[似乎]..., 看起来[好像]...

look、seem、appear 作系动词时的常见用法及区别

lookseemappear三者均可用于表示状态,即用作连系动词,都有好像; 似乎的意思。

seem侧重指事实上似乎是那样的

look侧重视觉印象,指看起来似乎如此

appear从表面上看似乎如此

  • They seemed tired and unhappy when they got home. 他们回到家时看来很累,不高兴。
  • Be careful! The newly waxed floor looks very slippery. 小心点! 这新打蜡的地板看起来很滑。
  • She appears quite old. 她显得很老。
后接不定式
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感官系动词的常见用法

常见的感官系动词有looksoundsmelltastefeel

它们在句中皆可作为连系动词,与后续成分构成系表结构。

look看起来

sound听起来

smell闻起来

taste尝起来

feel摸起来, 感觉起来

Enpuz 拓展! 除上述动词外,还存在如下用法类似的特殊系动词:

act (看起来)显得

grow (看起来)变得

wax [说话/描写](听起来/看起来)变得...起来, 长得, 变得

后接形容词短语

通常以物作主语(或人拟物),表示人的知觉状态或感觉能力。

注意! 此处的感官动词不能使用被动语态

这种石头摸上去很光滑。

误: The stone is felt smooth.

正: The stone feels smooth.

这汤味道不错。

误: The soup is tasted delicious.

正: The soup tastes delicious.
  • His idea sounds good. 他的主意听起来不错。
  • These flowers smell very sweet. 这些花闻起来很香。
  • The tomatoes feel soft. 这些西红柿摸起来很软。
更多
  • It feels cold here. 这儿让人觉得冷。
后接 like 短语
  • That photograph doesn't look like her at all. 那张照片看起来一点都不像她。
  • This tastes like an orange. 这东西吃起来像桔子。
  • When I realized what stupid mistake I had made, I felt like a fool. 当我发现我犯了个愚蠢的错误是,我觉得仿佛是个傻子。
后接 of 短语(部分支持)

tastesmell常与of连用,意为有...的味道

  • The room smelt of cigarettes. 房间里有烟味。
  • This soup tastes of chicken. 这汤有鸡的味道。
后接 as if + 从句(部分支持)

looksoundfeel还可后接as if + 从句结构。

look as if ...看起来好像...

sound as if ...听起来好像...

feel as if ...感觉好像...

  • It looks as if our class is going to win. 看起来我们班好像要赢了。
  • It feels as if a great weight had been lifted from us. 我们如释重负。
容易混淆的地方

feel表示感觉时,可用于进行时态。

此时,feel实际为实义动词,而不是感官系动词。

  • How are you feeling today? 你今天感觉如何?
  • I'm feeling terrible. 我感到难受极了。

  • Sam looks a little scruffy, but he's a diamond in the rough.
  • The orange neon light flashed on John's face, making him look quite strange.
  • This looks good on paper, but my gut tells me that it is all wrong.
  • Broaden out the river in your painting so it looks very wide.
  • Would you take it amiss if I told you I thought you look lovely?
  • You look all bright and breezy this morning.
  • The best way to make sure that we will feel and look fine is to develop healthy eating habits.
  • John is always trying to show someone up to make himself look better.
  • The sunglasses are being worn because the woman thinks they look good, or that they protect her from the sun.
  • Wally bleached his jeans out so they looked more stylish.

look 的其它常用短语:

look adj. to sth.look the same看起来很象
look tired看起劳累look ill看上去有病
look forward doing. (sth.)look young看起来年轻
look fine看起来很好look well看上去健康
look worried看上去很担心look green
look black面带怒容look adj. at sth.
look lively行动敏捷look alive快点
look left and right左右看看look high and low四处寻找
look alike看起来一样look fresh at sth.
look round环顾look good看起来不错
look fit and healthylook lovely
look adj. for sth.look adj. on sth.
look adj. to do.look becoming on sb.
look good on paperlook wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份看...
look whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份看...look what the cat dragged in瞧这副窝囊相(对不整洁的人打的招呼)
look around四下观望look around at sth.
look around in sp.look on观看
look on as sth.把...看作...look on with sb.
look out面朝look out onto sth.
look out on sth.面临look up向上看
look up at sth.抬头看look up from sth.
look over sth.从...上面看过去look sth. over从...上面看过去
look over the shoulderbe. looking over one's shoulder
look up sth.向上看look sth. up向上看
look sth.看...look back sth.回顾

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副词 + 句子, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
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There + be. + sth.

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be、have 有何区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.

一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • There were at least four people there that I knew.
  • There was a time when this village used to be very quiet.
  • There is a murderer at large in the city!
  • There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.
  • At most there were three people in line ahead of me.
  • There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.
  • There 's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology.
  • In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.
  • Where there is a will, there is a way.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
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more + sth. + than + sth.

这是一个名词短语。

more...than... 常见用法

表示 "比...多, 比...更"
more + 形容词

与形容词一同构成该形容词的比较级。

  • It was more expensive than I thought. 这比我预料的昂贵多了。
  • Tim violin is more difficult than the piano. 拉小提琴比弹钢琴更为困难。
  • John drove much more carefully than Tim did. 约翰开车比吉姆小心得多。
more + 名词

此时more本身就是比较级,其后可以接可数或不可数名词。

  • His car cost much more money than mine. 他的小汽车所花的钱比我的多得多。
  • There are much more people than we expected. 比我们想象的人要多得多。
表示 "与其...不如"
  • He is more lucky than clever. 与其说他聪明,不如说他幸运。
  • It is even more a poem than a picture. 与其说它是一幅画,倒不如说它是一首诗。
注: 该句型主要用于同一个人或物在两个不同性质或特征等方面的比较(比较级必须是more + adj.的形式,不能用加词尾-er的形式)

much more...than、many more...than 有何区别

much more...than后接形容词或不可数名词,例: much more watermuch more beautiful

many more...than后接可数名词,例: many more people


  • There are more women than men.
  • puppy need more food than two bowls
  • found himself saddled with more responsibility than power
  • this pitcher throws more strikes than balls
  • The Orioles have scored more points than the other team.
  • There are more kids than adults.
  • They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins.
  • Baby has more bottles than mouths.
  • One softball team has more points than the other team.
  • There are more females than males.

more 的其它常用短语:

more than sth.比...更多far more
far more sth.多得多的...far more sth. than sth.
far more than sth.much more更多的...
much more sth.much more sth. than sth.
much more than sth.no more没有更多
no more sth.no more sth. than sth.
no more than sth.至多many more
many more sth.

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vitamin

这是一个名词短语。
n. 维生素

当前vitamin可数。


暂无例子

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mod. + do.

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子
[[1, 2], [2, 5]] [[1, 2], [2, 5]]
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may/might + do.

这是一个动词短语。

may、might、maybe 的区别

may

may为情态助动词。

1. 用于询问或说明一件事可不可以做,或用于建议。

2. 表示一件事或许会发生,或某种情况可能会存在。

注意! 表示可能性时:
can't语气强,表示不可能
may not语气弱,表示可能不
  • May I help you? 我可以帮忙吗?
  • A fool may throw a stone into a well which a hundred wise men cannot pull out. 一愚所失, 百智难回。
  • Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash. 接下来,他们可能会在酒吧或俱乐部演出,并获得现金报酬。
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暂无例子
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beautiful

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. 美丽的

beautiful、good-looking、handsome、lovely、pretty 有何区别

beautifulgood-lookinghandsomelovelypretty意思都含漂亮的; 好看的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
beautiful
当前内容仅限会员查看

暂无例子

beautiful 的其它常用短语:

beautiful sth.美丽的...
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inside

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 在里面

暂无例子
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usually

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 通常, 大抵

暂无例子

usually 的其它常用短语:

usually adj.usually prep. sth.
usually adj. sth.usually 句子
usually 缺省主语的句子usually do.
[[11, 12]]
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water

这是一个名词短语。
n. 水

当前water(不限本句)既可以用作可数名词,也可以用作不可数名词


暂无例子
翻译:它们看起来很漂亮,但是里面的水通常比维生素多。
They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins.

这是一个并列句,其使用并列连词 but 连接前后两个分句,使得两个分句之间存在转折关系。

分句 1

They may look beautiful,

这是一个陈述句,其时态可以是一般现在时一般将来时

成份划分
new!
They主语 may look感官系动词(复合结构) beautiful,表语(形容词)

分句 2

inside there is usually more water than vitamins.

这是一个固定搭配,其时态为一般现在时

它与分句 1 之间存在转折关系。

其满足特殊句型: 。详情请参考下文具体介绍。

成份划分
new!
there形式主语或倒装引导词 isbe 动词 more water than vitamins.真实主语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
inside

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