sentence There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands. /There-were-dirty-marks-on-her-trousers-where-she-had-wiped-her-hands.= 1

There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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There + be. + sth. + ...

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be、have 有何区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.

主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • There were at least four people there that I knew.
  • There was a time when this village used to be very quiet.
  • There is a murderer at large in the city!
  • There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.
  • At most there were three people in line ahead of me.
  • There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.
  • There 's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology.
  • In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.
  • Where there is a will, there is a way.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
[[2, 3], [3, 4]] [[2, 3], [3, 4]]
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a + dirty + mark

这是一个名词短语。
n. 污迹, 污迹, 污点
dirty sth.
n. 脏的...; 肮脏的...; 泥泞的...; 污染的...; 污秽的...; 下流的...; 淫秽的...; 色情的...; 偷情的...; 不鲜明的..., 暗淡的...; 混杂的...; 灰褐的...; 朦胧不清的...; 不道德的...; 卑鄙的...; 卑劣的...; 令人生厌的..., 讨厌的...; 费力不讨好的...; 不公正的...; 不诚实的...; 恶意的..., 恶毒的.....; 凶狠的...; 刻薄的...; 愤怒的...; 暴风雨的...; 有雾的...; 令人难过的...
mark
n. 污点; 斑点; 疤痕; 目标, 靶子; 标记, 符号, 记号; 迹象, 标志; 成绩, 分数; 等级; 阴影; 指标, 水平; 型号; 温度刻度

dirty、filthy、foul、grimy 有何区别

dirtyfilthyfoulgrimy意思都含脏的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
dirty
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mark、sign、token 有何区别

marksigntoken都含标记; 征兆的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
sign
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  • There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.

dirty 的其它常用短语:

dirty sth.脏的...
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sth. + 以 where 开头的定语从句

这是一个定语从句。

  • Once, the earth was a beautiful blue planet where people lived happily among trees and animals.
  • Alice put the birthday present under the couch, where she could get to it in a hurry.
  • Jim slouched behind a chair where no one could see him.
  • Things had progressed to a serious stage where nothing more could be done for him.
  • I placed Sally above everyone else in a place where she could see everything.
  • The E-reading room, where we can send e-mails to all parts of the world, is open to both teachers and students.
  • This place puts me in mind of the village where I was brought up.
  • She led us down to a little room in the cellar, where the old trunk had been kept for all these years.
  • I'll have to pick up my work where I left off.
  • She's got some kind of condition where it hurts when she makes water.

where 的其它常用短语:

where to do.
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trousers

这是一个名词短语。
n. 裤子; 长裤; 西裤

当前trousers可数。


暂无例子
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wipe + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 擦, 揩, 消灭, 涂上, 拭去

  • An athlete wipes his face.
  • A boy is wiping food of his face.
  • The man wiped his brow as he sat in the desert.
  • A man wiping snow of a car in front of a church.
  • a woman wipes the face of an infant
  • A child is wiping ketchup all over a statue.
  • An asian man pauses in his shopping to wipe raindrops from his head.
  • A man wipes a counter.
  • Two people wiping a window.
  • A construction working wearing a hard hat wiping the sweat from his face.

wipe 的其它常用短语:

wipe sth. with sth.wipe down sth.从上到下擦干净
wipe sth. on sth.wipe one's nose擦鼻子
wipe one's eyes擦干眼泪wipe off擦去
wipe out擦洗...的内部wipe up擦干净
wipe off sth.擦去wipe sth. off擦去
wipe off the dustwipe it off
wipe off sth. with sth.wipe sth. off on sth.
wipe out sth.擦洗...的内部wipe sth. out擦洗...的内部
wipe up sth.揩去wipe sth. up揩去
wipe up sth. with sth.wipe sth. up with sb.
wipe the floor up with sb.wipe sth. adj.
wipe sth. prep.wipe sth. doing. (sth.)
wipe sth. done.擦完wipe sth. prep. sth.
wipe sth. off sth.擦拭...关闭wipe sth. off the face of the earth
wipe one's slate cleanwipe sth. away
wipe sth. down擦下来wipe sth. off one's face


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have + done.

这是一个动词短语。
v. (一般完成时); 已经..., 已...

have done. 详解

have done.表示已经做某事、已经做了什么、结束、做完,构成完成时结构。

have在句中是一般现在式(have、has)的时候,全称现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)

have在句中是一般过去式(had)的时候,全称过去完成时(The Past Perfect Tense, 也称 pluperfect)

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)
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  • My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared.
  • Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home.
  • I have lost one of my gloves.
  • People in our country have taught us the importance of giving everybody a chance to receive education.
  • As is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.
  • Now that you 've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it
  • Her brilliant parents have had a great effect on her, so she has made many achievements in the field of science.
  • The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.
  • Now, the leader has asked a group of students to do what they can to save the earth.
  • It seems that your children have entered without permission.
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hand

这是一个名词短语。
n. 掌声, 鼓掌; 一把手

当前hand可数。


暂无例子
翻译:她裤子上擦过手的地方有脏印子。
There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.

这是一个复合句

主句

There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
There形式主语或倒装引导词 werebe 动词 dirty marks真实主语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
on her trousers ••• hands.

从句

where she had wiped her hands.

这是一个定语从句,其时态为过去完成时

成份划分
new!
she主语 had wiped谓语动词(复合结构) her hands.宾语

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