sentence There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work. /There-was-a-woman-who-was-the-boss-of-the-office-in-which-I-wanted-to-work.= 1

There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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[[0, 1], [1, 2], [2, 18]]

There + be. + sth.

sent. 有..., 存在...

there be、have 有何区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。



There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。


There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.


如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are


如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be


  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)


1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。

  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • There were at least four people there that I knew.
  • There was a time when this village used to be very quiet.
  • There is a murderer at large in the city!
  • There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.
  • At most there were three people in line ahead of me.
  • There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.
  • There 's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology.
  • In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.
  • Where there is a will, there is a way.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
[[3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 18]]

sth. + 以 who 开头的定语从句,who 在从句中作主语


  • It is about a big white shark that attacks swimmers who are spending their holidays in a small village by the sea.
  • The earl refuses to allow anyone who is not of blue blood to marry his son.
  • Please start over again for those who came in late.
  • This is because in the early days of radio, those who reported the news were expected to speak excellent English.
  • Jennifer is always biting on Anne, who is a careful dresser.
  • She begged the amount of a telephone call from someone who walked by.
  • Chuck is a businessman who is always so busy that he has little time for his friends.
  • The people who worked behind the scenes are the real heroes of this project.
  • I think highly of those who are searching for the Amber Room.
  • She bears a grudge against the judge who sentenced her.
[[11, 12], [12, 13], [13, 18]]

prep. + which 开头的定语从句


  • A young girl holds a running water hose, from which a brown dog next to her is drinking.
  • The English play in which my students acted at the New Year's party was a great success
  • A parade in which there is a woman dressed in white on stilts.
  • A green water play table in which a game can be played.
  • A bus on which everyone is happy.
  • You should not uproot people from the land in which they were born.
  • Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash.
  • A crowd in which some masked men are holding an apparent protest.
  • This was the third building this year for which this company has broken ground.
  • Yet Copernicus' theory is now the basis on which all our ideas of the universe are built.
[[14, 15], [15, 16], [16, 18]]

want + to + do. + (sth.)

v. 想要...(做某事)

want to do.可以理解为是一种固定搭配,其中 to do. 叫动词的不定式。

to 可以翻译成,它被用来衔接其前后的两个动词,表示动作相互关联或先后发生,由第一个动作转移到第二动作上。

拓展学习:很多动词存在类似的使用方式,常见的有 serve to do.hurry to do.hate to do.manage to do.opt to do.,Enpuz 已收录 110 个此类短语,点击详细了解全部。

desire、want 及 wish 的区别


注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

  • I want to browse through this magazine quickly.
  • Worried about the time available, she had made a list of the sites she wanted to see in London.
  • I want to get back on my feet as soon as possible.
  • I want to get back in circulation and have some fun.
  • I want to bring over my husband sometime.
  • I don't want to back the wrong horse, but it seems to me that Jed is the better candidate.
  • Sue's grandmother was ahead of her time in wanting to study medicine.
  • She says that her cellphone helps her do whatever she wants to do and still stay in touch with her parents and friends.
  • I could see that the traders were bidding down the price, but I didn't want to take the risk.
  • I want to know whether the thief was caught on the spot.

want 的其它常用短语:

want to know somethingwant to make something of it
want in想要进来want out想要出去
want back sth.想要回...want sth. back想要回...
want into sth.want sth.要...
want a go要试一试want a knuckle sandwich
want a piece of me一部份want off sth.想要走掉
want sth. for sth.want sth. in sth.
want sth. out of sth.想从...中得到...want for sth. to do.
want sth. to do. (sth.)[希望/想要]...(某人/物)...(做某事)want sth. done.要某人把某事做好
want sth. adj.want adj. sth.
want sth. prep. sth.

[[3, 4]]


n. 女人; 成年女子; 妇女; 女仆, 女佣人; 妻子; 爱人(指女子); 女朋友; 情妇; 女子的气质; 女人的感情; 女子气的男人

female、lady 及 woman 的区别

femaleladywoman都含女子; 妇女的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

[[7, 8]]


n. 老板; 领导; 雇主; 主管, 上司; 首领, 领袖


[[10, 11]]


n. 办公室, 办公处; 事务所


job、office、position、post、situation 的区别

jobofficepositionpostsituation都含工作; 职位的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别


office 的其它常用短语:

an office of sth.
[[16, 17]]


vi. 工作, 劳动, 做, 运转, 起作用

work、do 有何区别


work表示行得通, 奏效等。

  • The plan worked well. 这个计划很起作用。
  • The drug will not work. 这药不会起作用。
  • It worked like a charm. 这产生了奇效。
  • Your idea won't work in practice. 你的想法实际上行不通。
  • Will these new methods work? 这些新方法会奏效吗?
  • I think your suggestion will work. 我想你的建议会奏效的。
  • The medicine worked and the pain went away soon. 这药效很好,疼痛很快就消失了。

do表示行, 适合, 凑合

  • Will that do? 那行吗?
  • Any dictionary will do. 什么词典都行。
  • This won't do. I'll take that. 这个不行,我要那个。
  • I'm terribly hungry. Get me something to eat, please. Anything will do. 我饿极了,请给我弄点吃的东西来,什么都行。
  • When shall we meet again? 我们什么时候再见面?
  • Any time will do. It's all the same to me. 什么时候都行,我无所谓。


work 的其它常用短语:

work sth.使工作work as an unpaid hand
workwork like sth.
work hard努力工作work over sb.
work extra timework hard at sth.努力学习
work overtime[经] 超过规定时间的工作work as sth.担任...
work at the computerwork with sth.与...共事
work the precious metalswork at sth.在...工作
working attitude工作态度work on the computer
work away不停地连续工作work up逐步建立
work on sth.工作在 off消除
work against sth.对...不利work through sth.通过...
working folkswork together在同一处工作
work hard doing. (sth.)work well做得好
work sth. sth. prep. sth.
work down sth. to among sth.在(某社会团体中)做社会工作
work around sth.绕过work around to sth.逐渐接近(一话题、问题等)
work away at down the line to sth.
work down the linework down to sth.
work down逐步减少work in an ivory tower在象牙塔里工作
work like a beaver兢兢业业干活work one's ass off拼命干
work one's fingers to the bone拼命地做work one's tail off竭尽全力干活
work one's way along one's way into sth.兢兢业业地达成
work into sth.插进work one's way through sth.从头到尾做
work oneself. into a latherwork some fat off
work some off fatwork some weight off

There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.



There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.


There形式主语或倒装引导词 wasbe 动词 a woman who ••• work.真实主语


who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.


who主语 wasbe 动词 the boss of ••• work.表语(名词)


in which I wanted to work.


其满足特殊句型: 。详情请参考下文具体介绍。



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