sentence There was a lot of fun at yesterday's party. /There-was-a-lot-of-fun-at-yesterday~s-party.= 1

There was a lot of fun at yesterday's party. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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There + be. + sth.

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be 与 have 的区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.

主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • There is not much point in working on my PhD.
  • There was a big blow-off in the office today.
  • There are ants all over the cake!
  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins.
  • So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.
  • There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming.
  • There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China.
  • There are more than 5 countries where the majority of the people speak English.
  • There are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.

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a + lot + of + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 许多的...

a great deal of、a lot of 及 plenty of 有何区别

a great deal ofa lot ofplenty of这三个短语都有大量的, 许多的意思。

后接不可数名词,谓语动词用单数。

  • A great deal of money was spent. 花了大笔的钱。
  • A great deal of water is needed. 需要大量的水。

通常用于口语,后面接复数名词或不可数名词,谓语动词用单数还是复数由a lot of后面接的名词形式决定。

  • A lot of students are leaving soon. 很多学生即将离去。
  • She seems to run into a lot of trouble at her job. 她在工作上似乎遇到了许多麻烦。

后面接复数名词或不可数名词,谓语动词用单数还是复数视plenty of后接的名词形式而定。必须注意的是,plenty of前面不加aplenty本身也不用复数形式。

  • There are plenty of girls dancing in the hall. 许多姑娘在大厅里跳舞。
  • There is plenty of sugar in the coffee. 咖啡里放了不少糖。

many、much、a lot of 有何区别

三者同样表示很多

manymuch可作代词或限定词使用。

many作代词时指代可数名词复数,作限定词时修饰可数名词复数。

much作代词时指代不可数名词,作限定词时修饰不可数名词。

a lot of既可与可数名词连用,也可与不可数名词连用。

它们在句中可作主语、宾语和定语等:

  • I don't have many friends here. 在这里我没有很多的朋友。
  • Many died in the bus accident. 许多人在公交车祸中丧失。
  • There was a lot of mud on the ground. 地上有许多泥。
many 和 much 的区别
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  • It will take a lot of courage to tell the truth.
  • A lot of money went down the drain in that Wilson deal.
  • She claimed a lot of money for the amount of harm she experienced.
  • The new scheme was brought into being by a lot of hard work.
  • I got a lot of mileage out of my TV before it broke down.
  • A lot of money went down the chute on that deal, and all for nothing.
  • Ann comes to this position with a lot of experience.
  • The burglars got away with a lot of cash and some diamonds.
  • Your argument does not carry a lot of weight with me.
  • We have to credit Jeff with saving us a lot of money.

lot 的其它常用短语:

a lot of sth.许多的...
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at + the + party

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在聚会上
party
n. 聚会; 宴会; 派对

band、company、faction、gang、group 及 party 有何区别

bandcompanyfactionganggroupparty都含集合在一起的人或动物的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
group
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  • Do worries about the morning after keep you from having a good time at parties ?
  • Jack's fun at parties , but his brother's a wet blanket.
  • The boy is at a birthday party and giving a hug.
  • I dropped off the kids at the party .
  • Some folks pick out the food they want at a party .
  • A man is enjoying a cigar at a party .
  • At the party , John was really living it up.
  • A group of friends are playing a board game at their friend's birthday party .
  • I figured on arriving at the party around eight o'clock.
  • Tom is usually too funny for words at parties .

at 的其它常用短语:

be. at sth.从事于...at the corner在角落里
at the risk of sth.冒...的危险at the meeting在会议上
at high speed急速at the expense of sth.以损失(坏)某事物为代价
at the foot of the mountainat eye level[体]与眼平
at the conclusion of sth.在...终了时at the head of the queue
at the start of sth.在...开始的时候at all levels在各个层次
at sea在大海上at the store
at stake危如累卵at the end of sth.在...末尾
at first blush<正> 猛一看at some level在某种程度上
at the airport在机场at the bottom of sth.在...的底部
at completion varianceat the back of sth.在...后方〔背后〕
at any price无论如何at the opening of sth.
at odds不一致at the drop of sth.一看到...(就...)
at that rate那样的话at one push一口气
at one's disposal自由处置at a high price以高价
at one's convenience最方便地at a loss困惑地
at the back在后面at peace处于和平状态
at the point在点上at the rate
at war在交战状态中at the eye望一眼
at the crossingat lunch在吃午饭
at college在大学里at the lowest至少
at the beginning of sth.在...刚开始的时候at a good pace相当快地
at hand在手边at school在上课
at the longest至多at any case
at the cost of sth.以...为代价at the concert

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fun

这是一个名词短语。
n. 乐趣, 玩笑, 娱乐

当前fun不可数。

fun 的用法

可搭配的修饰词

fun作名词时,可用greatmucha lot of等形容词修饰,而不用very等副词修饰。

  • She's great fun to be with. 同她在一起很有意思。
  • Why don't you come with us? It'll be great fun. 干吗不同我们一起去呢?很有趣的。

fun作形容词时,可用muchso muchvery much等副词修饰,但也不能用very

  • It is more fun to go with someone than to go alone. 偕伴同去比自己独自去好玩。
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暂无例子
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yesterday

这是一个名词短语。
n. 昨天, 昨日; 新近的日子(或时间); 近来, 最近

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There was a lot of fun at yesterday's party.

这是一个简单句,可以扩展成分让它变得复杂。

句子类型是陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
There形式主语或倒装引导词 wasbe 动词 a lot of ••• party.真实主语
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