sentence There are two buildings, the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high. /There-are-two-buildings+-the-larger-of-which-stands-nearly-a-hundred-feet-high.= 1

There are two buildings, the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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There + be. + sth.

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be、have 有何区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.
主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • There were at least four people there that I knew.
  • There was a time when this village used to be very quiet.
  • There is a murderer at large in the city!
  • There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.
  • At most there were three people in line ahead of me.
  • There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.
  • There 's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology.
  • In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.
  • Where there is a will, there is a way.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
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形容词(比较级) + of + which + 谓语,构成定语从句

这是一个定语从句。

  • There are two buildings, the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high.
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the + adj. + of + sth., adj. 为比较级或最高级

这是一个名词短语。

  • this cat didn't take the opportunity to make the best of winter
  • this cat really did enjoy making the best of winter
  • The worst basketball ever plays in front of a crowd
  • The musicians perform a song they wrote to the best of their ability on stage
  • The captain went below to escape the worst of the storm.
  • Rest assured that you'll receive the best of care.
  • I swabbed out the last of the mud on the floor.
  • You are just going to have to bite the bullet and make the best of it.
  • Freddie used his straw to suck the last of the cola from the can.
  • With the daintiest of feet, the slightest little oriental girls float across the stage perched upon square ballet toes.

the 的其它常用短语:

the other sth. round
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stand + adj.

这是一个动词固定搭配。

  • The man is standing upright.
  • A girl waves at her peers while standing still.
  • A kid standing tall on a swing outdoors.
  • The man is standing still
  • A woman stands tall in front of a glass display while another woman takes a picture of something.
  • A tennis player is standing still.
  • The waves have torn down a sand castle that the man is standing near.
  • The people are standing still
  • There are two buildings, the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high.
  • There is a woman standing still

stand 的其它常用短语:

stand clear of sth.站开stand firm屹立不动
stand still站着不动stand adj. in sth.
stand adj. to sth.stand close to sth.紧挨着...站着
stand knee-deep in sth.stand tall身体站直
stand adj. of sth.stand by支持
stand in代演员站位stand in with sth.与...分担
stand out突出stand out against sth.在...的衬託下显得很突出
stand out from sth.脱颖而出stand up站起来
stand up to sth.对抗stand up against sth.抵抗
stand up before sb.stand up in court
stand up with sb.stand up sth.站起来
stand sth. up站起来stand sth.忍受
stand a good chance很有可能stand the test经受住考验
stand guard站岗stand out sth.突出
stand a chance有可能stand a chance of doing.
stand head and shoulders above sth.远高于...stand one's ground坚持立场
stand pat坚持stand sb. in good stead对...有利
stand sb. to a treatstand the test of time经得起时间的考验
stand trial在受审stand watch站岗
stand in a line排队stand in a queue
stand in a row站成一排stand in sth.代演员站位
stand by sth.信守stand on one's toes
stand on one's head倒立stand on sth.站立在...上
stand against sth.反对stand at sth.站在...
stand behind sth.支持stand back退后

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adv. + 度量名词 + adj.

这是一个固定搭配。

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nearly + 度量名词 + adj.

这是一个形容词短语。

almost 与 nearly 有何区别

almost/nearly都可用来修饰不定代词、形容词、副词、动词、介词短语等,此时两者常可换用。

  • My car [almost/nearly] stood still because of a traffic block. 我的车子因为交通阻塞而几乎动弹不得。
  • I lost my concentration and [almost/nearly] drove into a bridge. 我走神了,驾车时几乎撞上了一座桥。
  • It is [almost/nearly] late for you to catch the last bus. 天晚了,你快赶不上末班公共汽车了。
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  • With so much loud music, conversation was [almost/nearly] impossible. 音乐声那么大,几乎没法交谈。
  • We [almost/nearly] came to blows over what color our new carpet should be. 我们为了用什么颜色的新地毯险些打了起来。

要注意它们与被修饰词的位置关系。

  • Everything was almost double the normal price. 样样东西几乎都是平时价格的两倍。
  • Almost everything was double the normal price. 几乎样样东西都是平时价格的两倍。
区别

almost可用于any以及nononenobodynothingnever等否定词之前,但nearly一般不这样用。

  • He almost never remarks on how she looks. 他几乎从来不说她长相如何。
  • He can make or mend almost anything. 他几乎会制造或修理任何东西。
  • The plots in her books are very strong but there's almost no characterization. 她写的书情节性很强,可是几乎没有对人物的塑造。
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  • How am I expected to conjure up a meal for six of his friends with almost nothing in the fridge? 冰箱里几乎甚么都没有,我怎么可能给他的六个朋友变出一顿饭来?
  • Tolerant of human frailty in whatever form, she almost never judged people. 她对人性的各种弱点都能够包容,几乎从不评价他人。
  • His father found him a cushy job in the office, with almost nothing to do and a whacking great salary. 他父亲给他在事务所找到了一份轻松舒适的工作,几乎什么都不用做,工资还极高。

但是,两者都可用在否定助动词之前。

  • He [almost/nearly] didn't catch the bus. 他差点没赶上公共汽车。

nearly前可用veryprettynot等词修饰,但almost之前不能用这些词。

  • There are not nearly enough members present to hold a meeting. 出席的会员远没有达到可以开会的人数。
  • The shock of Pat's death pretty nearly killed Roy. 帕特的死几乎毁了罗伊。
  • They very nearly succeeded in blowing up the parliament building. 他们只差一点儿炸毁议会大厦。

有时almost可表示十分相似(但又不完全相同),此时不用nearly

  • I almost wish I'd stayed at home. 我真有点后悔没在家里呆着。

  • The ball is nearly 10 years old
  • Our dog is nearly twelve years old and not long for this world.
  • The steps are nearly 500 feet long
  • The man is nearly thirty feet tall.
  • John mentioned in passing that he was nearly eighty years old.
  • There are two buildings, the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high.

nearly 的其它常用短语:

nearly adv.nearly adj.
nearly 度量名词, 整体构成形容词或副词nearly adj. sth.
nearly ...

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building

这是一个名词短语。
n. 建筑物, 建筑

当前building可数。


暂无例子
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larger

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. (large 的比较级) large: 大的, 大量的, 宽大的, 广博的

暂无例子

larger 的其它常用短语:

larger sth.大的
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foot

这是一个名词短语。
n. 脚, 足; 英尺

当前foot可数。

foot 的名词用法

表示 “脚”

foot表示时,其复数为feet

  • I wear shoes on my feet. 我脚上穿着鞋子。
  • He is on his feet for sixteen hours a day. 他每天站 16 个小时。
  • He suffers terribly with his feet. 他的脚痛得不得了。
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  • I walked into a pool of water and got my feet wet. 我走近一个水坑,把脚弄湿了。
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暂无例子
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high

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. 高的, 高级的, 主要的, 高尚的, 高原的, 高音的, 昂贵的, 傲慢的

high、lofty 及 tall 有何区别

highloftytall意思都含高的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
high
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暂无例子

high 的其它常用短语:

high sth.高的...be. high on the agenda
high jump跳高high flier有潜力的人
high-street商业街道a high degree of concentration
high profile鲜明的姿态

翻译:有两栋大楼,较大的那一栋近100英尺高。
There are two buildings, the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high.

这是一个复合句

主句

There are two buildings, the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
There形式主语或倒装引导词 arebe 动词 two buildings, the ••• high.真实主语

从句

the larger of which stands nearly a hundred feet high.

这是一个定语从句,其时态为一般现在时

其满足特殊句型: 。详情请参考下文具体介绍。

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