sentence There are many plants and animals that only live in New Zealand. /There-are-many-plants-and-animals-that-only-live-in-New-Zealand.= 1

There are many plants and animals that only live in New Zealand. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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There + be. + sth.

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be、have 有何区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.
主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • There were at least four people there that I knew.
  • There was a time when this village used to be very quiet.
  • There is a murderer at large in the city!
  • There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.
  • At most there were three people in line ahead of me.
  • There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.
  • There 's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology.
  • In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.
  • Where there is a will, there is a way.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
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sth. + 以 that 开头的定语从句,that 在从句中作主语

这是一个定语从句。

  • The best trick is one that makes everyone laugh.
  • The idea of my actually taking something that is not mine goes against the grain.
  • She blamed herself for everything that went wrong.
  • In another part of London, he found supporting evidence from two other deaths that were linked to the Broad Street outbreak.
  • I brushed off the lint that was on her collar.
  • All that happened before your time.
  • The flu is believed to be caused by viruses that like to reproduce in the cells inside the human nose and throat.
  • New Zealand is an island that lies off the eastern coast of Australia.
  • A fact is anything that can be proved.
  • The guests collected around the table that held the birthday cake.
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sth. + and + sth.,同为主语、表语、宾语

这是一个固定搭配。

and 的用法

and是常用的连词。

连词在句中并不单独作句子成分,只起连接作用,即连接词与词、短语与短语或句子与句子。

表示并列、对称的关系
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  • Animals and plants must have a habitat, or home, which is comfortable and clean, and where there is enough food and other resources.
  • It disappeared during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
  • The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.
  • Living in a country with plenty of space and a good climate, New Zealanders love all kinds of sport and outdoor activities.
  • The latest cellphones have features such as games, music and an electronic calendar that will remind you about appointments and important dates.
  • Many of the Chinese medals were won in diving and gymnastics and also in events such as shooting.
  • It was born in when people created a new festival so that African Americans would be able to celebrate their history and culture.
  • She says that her cellphone helps her do whatever she wants to do and still stay in touch with her parents and friends.
  • In China, you sometimes get a hot, damp cloth to clean your face and hands, which, however, is not the custom in Western countries.
  • There are many plants and animals that only live in New Zealand.
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live + in + sp.

这是一个动词短语。
v. 住在...

alive、live、living 有何区别

aliveliveliving意思都含活的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
living
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  • Three people are shown living in poverty.
  • We'll live in love and peace from this day on.
  • that is, they have learnt how to live successfully in their habitat.
  • I was deeply moved by the young boy, because I know Lei Feng is still living in our hearts.
  • Living in a country with plenty of space and a good climate, New Zealanders love all kinds of sport and outdoor activities.
  • I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city.
  • We live in Carbondale, and that's just a stone's throw away from the Mississippi River.
  • These people live in the area that they are hiking in.
  • The Franklins live in a small and, as it were, exquisite house.
  • We researched into the period in which she lived .

live 的其它常用短语:

live prep. sth.活...live 副词性介词活...
live 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间活...live to sth.活到
live sth. to sth.live in hope满怀希望
live in plentylive apart分居
live through sth.通过...live with sth.与...住一块
live on sth.靠...生活/过活live out活过(某一段时间)
living and working conditionslive off sth.以...为食料
live by sth.靠...过活live for sth.为...而生活
live from hand to mouth现挣现吃live under sth. with sth.
live above sth.居住在...上live among sb.
live and learn活到老学到老live apart from sb.
live around sth.live beyond one's means不量入为出
live by one's wits靠小聪明过日子live for the moment得过且过
live from day to day得过且过live high off the hog过奢侈的生活
live in住进live in a world of one's own
live in an ivory tower生活在象牙塔中live in hope(s) of sth.一直抱有...的期望
live in sin姘居live in the best of both worlds
live in the fast lanelive in the past迷恋过去
live in the present活在当下live in with sb.
live large畅享生活live like a marked man
live next door to sb.住在...隔壁live next door
live off campuslive off of sth.
live off the fat of the land养尊处优live off the land靠土地生活
live on继续生活live on after sth.
live on borrowed time活得比人们预计的时间要长live on one's own

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名词(身份/职位) + 姓名,构成名词同位语结构

这是一个名词短语。

暂无例子

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many + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 许多的...

many、much、a lot of 的区别

三者同样表示很多

manymuch可作代词或限定词使用。

many作代词时指代可数名词复数,作限定词时修饰可数名词复数。

much作代词时指代不可数名词,作限定词时修饰不可数名词。

a lot of既可与可数名词连用,也可与不可数名词连用。

它们在句中可作主语、宾语和定语等:

  • I don't have many friends here. 在这里我没有很多的朋友。
  • Many died in the bus accident. 许多人在公交车祸中丧失。
  • There was a lot of mud on the ground. 地上有许多泥。
many 和 much 的区别
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many of 与 much of 的用法

后接名词通常须搭配特定修饰语

many of, much of后接名词时,该名词通常需要特指修饰词修饰,比如: thethesethosemyourTom's

  • Many of the farmers grow rice. 很多农民种稻子。
  • Many of his ideas were amusing to her. 他的许多想法使她感到有趣。
  • He spends much of his time outdoors. 他很多时间都在户外度过。
更多
  • Much of the land was flooded. 大片土地被水淹没。
存在特例! 后接人名或地名时,much of之后可以不跟限定词。
  • Not much of Denmark is hilly. 丹麦山地不多。
  • I've seen too much of Howard recently. 最近我见霍华德见得太多了。

much of可用于被不定冠词修饰的名词前。

  • You can't see much of a country in a week. 一周之内看一个国家看不了多少地方。
  • How much of a job would it be to rebuild the garage? 重建这个车库工作量会是多少?

not much of a用于名词前时表示对某物或某人评价不高。

  • Then he's not much of a partner. 那时他不是什么了不起的合伙人。
  • That might not seem like much of an accomplishment. 那似乎算不上什么成就。
带 of 或不带 of
如果名词前没有表特指的限定词,通常就不用of

她没有吃多少早餐。

误: She didn't eat much of breakfast.

正: She didn't eat much breakfast.

大玻璃杯剩下的不多了。

误: There aren't many of large glasses left.

正: There aren't many large glasses left.
在人称代词前总是用many ofmuch of

其中的of不能省略。

  • I didn't eat much of it. 这个我没吃多少。
  • Many of us were too tired to go further. 我们很多人都累得不能再往前走了。

暂无例子

many 的其它常用短语:

many of sth.许多...
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plant

这是一个名词短语。
n. 植物; 工厂; 设备

当前plant不可数。


暂无例子
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animal

这是一个名词短语。
n. 动物

当前animal可数。


暂无例子
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only + do.

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子

only 的其它常用短语:

only 句子only 缺省主语的句子
only 补足语only 名词性副词
only adv.only adv. sth.
only adj. 基数only adj.
only adj. sth.only ... sth.
以 only sth. 引导的句子,存在主谓倒装结构以 only 状语引导的句子,存在主谓倒装结构
以 only when sent. 引导的句子,存在主谓倒装结构以 only if sent. 引导的句子,存在主谓倒装结构

翻译:有许多植物和动物只生活在新西兰。
There are many plants and animals that only live in New Zealand.

这是一个复合句

主句

There are many plants and animals that only live in New Zealand.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
There形式主语或倒装引导词 arebe 动词 many plants and ••• Zealand.真实主语

从句

that only live in New Zealand.

这是一个定语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
that主语 live {介宾短语}谓语动词短语 in New Zealand.介宾短语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
only

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