sentence There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming. /There-are-many-kinds-of-sports+-but-my-favorite-is-swimming.= 1

There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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分句 1 + but + 分句 2

这是一个陈述句。

but 详解

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
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  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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but、except 及 besides 有何区别

介词butexceptbesides都可表示除...之外

besides表示一种累加关系,意指除了什么之外, 还有...,侧重于另外还有...

exceptbut则表示一种排除关系,意指除了什么之外, 不再有...,侧重于除了...之外

  • Besides his wife, his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
  • Nobody went to see him [except/but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注意! 在否定句中,besides也表示除...之外不再有... ,与butexcept同义
  • No one passed the exam [besides/except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。
but 与 except 的区别

两者都可表示除...外不再有...

侧重不同

but侧重表达“几乎完整”。

except侧重强调“后面除去的部分”。

  • I love all fruits but orange. 我喜欢所有水果但不包括桔子。
  • I love all fruits except orange. 除了桔子我喜欢所有水果。

but、however、while 有何区别

buthoweverwhile都可表示但是, 可是, 然而

but
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  • The plan didn't work, but I'll give you an A for effort for trying.
  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn't forget safety.
  • He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation before it got worse.
  • He's mighty handsome, but I hear he's all show and no go.
  • I cheated on the entrance exam, but I really want to get into that school, and all's fair in love and war.
  • Bill keeps saying he'll get a job soon, but he's all talk and no action.
  • People have been playing the music for many years, but the music has kept many of its characteristics.
  • I know I laugh at him but, joking aside, he's a very clever scientist.
  • His own remarks argue against his qualifications for the office, but he probably will be elected anyway.

but 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 but 分句 2祈使成份 but 分句 1
分句 1 but 分句 2(祈使句)but 补足成份
but adj.分句 1 but then 分句 2...不过...
but 表语(介词)be. but 表语(介词)
but 表语(副词性介词)be. but 表语(副词性介词)
but 表语(形容词)be. but 表语(形容词)
but 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. but 表语(-ed 过去分词)
but 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. but 表语(-ing 现在分词)
but 表语(名词性副词)be. but 表语(名词性副词)
be. but ...but also 表语(-ing 现在分词)

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There + be. + sth.

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be 与 have 的区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.
主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • There is not much point in working on my PhD.
  • There was a big blow-off in the office today.
  • There are ants all over the cake!
  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins.
  • So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.
  • There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming.
  • There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China.
  • There are more than 5 countries where the majority of the people speak English.
  • There are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
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favorite

这是一个名词短语。
n. 喜欢的事物, 幸运儿

当前favorite可数。


暂无例子
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be. + 动名词,系表结构,其中动名词做表语

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子

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many + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 许多的...

many、much、a lot of 有何区别

三者同样表示很多

manymuch可作代词或限定词使用。

many作代词时指代可数名词复数,作限定词时修饰可数名词复数。

much作代词时指代不可数名词,作限定词时修饰不可数名词。

a lot of既可与可数名词连用,也可与不可数名词连用。

它们在句中可作主语、宾语和定语等:

  • I don't have many friends here. 在这里我没有很多的朋友。
  • Many died in the bus accident. 许多人在公交车祸中丧失。
  • There was a lot of mud on the ground. 地上有许多泥。
many 和 much 的区别
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many of 与 much of 的用法

后接名词通常须搭配特定修饰语

many of, much of后接名词时,该名词通常需要特指修饰词修饰,比如: thethesethosemyourTom's

  • Many of the farmers grow rice. 很多农民种稻子。
  • Many of his ideas were amusing to her. 他的许多想法使她感到有趣。
  • He spends much of his time outdoors. 他很多时间都在户外度过。
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  • Much of the land was flooded. 大片土地被水淹没。
存在特例! 后接人名或地名时,much of之后可以不跟限定词。
  • Not much of Denmark is hilly. 丹麦山地不多。
  • I've seen too much of Howard recently. 最近我见霍华德见得太多了。

much of可用于被不定冠词修饰的名词前。

  • You can't see much of a country in a week. 一周之内看一个国家看不了多少地方。
  • How much of a job would it be to rebuild the garage? 重建这个车库工作量会是多少?

not much of a用于名词前时表示对某物或某人评价不高。

  • Then he's not much of a partner. 那时他不是什么了不起的合伙人。
  • That might not seem like much of an accomplishment. 那似乎算不上什么成就。
带 of 或不带 of
如果名词前没有表特指的限定词,通常就不用of

她没有吃多少早餐。

误: She didn't eat much of breakfast.

正: She didn't eat much breakfast.

大玻璃杯剩下的不多了。

误: There aren't many of large glasses left.

正: There aren't many large glasses left.
在人称代词前总是用many ofmuch of

其中的of不能省略。

  • I didn't eat much of it. 这个我没吃多少。
  • Many of us were too tired to go further. 我们很多人都累得不能再往前走了。

暂无例子

many 的其它常用短语:

many of sth.许多...
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a + kind + of + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 一种..., 一类..., 某种...

kind of、sort of、a kind of 及 a sort of 的区别

kind of、sort of

kind ofsort of为副词短语,可修饰名词、动词、形容词、副词等。

两者几乎无任何区别,且可互换使用。

kind of被更多地用于美式英语

sort of被更多地用于英式英语

● 用在名词前时,表示有点像..., 有几分...(的样子)

● 用在动词、形容词、副词前时,表示稍微... 有点..., 有一些..., 有几分...

kind ofsort of都是非正式用法,而在正式环境中,多用somewhat

  • I'm kind of hungry. 我有些饿了。
  • I sort of thought you might say that. 我多少料到你也许会那么说。
  • That's sort of a sports car. 那辆车有点像跑车。

尽管我们通常互换着使用两者,但有部分人可能还是对此有所争论:

kind of被更多地用于描述术语或者类型的变种、变体。

sort of被更多地用于描述某种程度。

I feel kind of sleepy.

我感觉(有点类似/就像)想睡觉。(更多地描述了一种特定类型的困倦,如疲劳等)

I feel sort of sleepy.

我感觉(有点)想睡觉。(更多地描述了有多困倦)

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  • Two guys are doing back flips using some kind of equipment on their feet.
  • I can't lay that kind of money out every day!
  • I won't sit still for that kind of treatment.
  • I tried every kind of communication, but I couldn't get through.
  • You shouldn't bring up your children on that kind of entertainment!
  • She had learned to harden herself to the kinds of poverty she had to work in.
  • I define that kind of behavior as just plain
  • We have to hold the line at this kind of expenditure.
  • Perseverance is a kind of quality and that's what it takes to do anything well.
  • A group of various kinds of people wear black hats and skirts that appear to be based off of casino games.

kind 的其它常用短语:

kind of sth.一种...a kind of sth.一种...
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sports

这是一个名词短语。
n. 运动; 朋友, 老兄

当前sports不可数。


暂无例子
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swim

这是一个动词短语。
vi. 游泳, 游, 漂浮, 浸, 覆盖, 充溢, 大量拥有, 旋转, 眩晕

暂无例子

swim 的其它常用短语:

swim sth.游过swimming lanes泳道
swim prep. sth.游泳...swim 副词性介词游泳...
swim 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间游泳...swim to sp.游向
swim on backswim against the current逆流而行
swim against the tide反潮流swim around
swim before one's eyesswim for it
swim for sth.swim in sth.在...游泳
swim into sth.进入swim like stink
swim toward sth.swim with sth.充溢
be. swimming in sth.浸泡在某物体里be. swimming with sth.

翻译:有很多种运动,但我最喜欢的是游泳。
There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming.

这是一个并列句,其使用并列连词 but 连接前后两个分句,使得两个分句之间存在转折关系。

分句 1

There are many kinds of sports,

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
There形式主语或倒装引导词 arebe 动词 many kinds of sports,真实主语

分句 2

my favorite is swimming.

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

它与分句 1 之间存在转折关系。

成份划分
new!
my favorite主语 isbe 动词 swimming.表语(现在分词)

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