sentence There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, of which five are mine. /There-are-altogether-eleven-books-on-the-shelf+-of-which-five-are-mine.= 1

There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, of which five are mine. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 1], [1, 2], [3, 9]]
[]

There + be. + sth. + ...

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be 与 have 的区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.
主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • There is not much point in working on my PhD.
  • There was a big blow-off in the office today.
  • There are ants all over the cake!
  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins.
  • So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.
  • There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming.
  • There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China.
  • There are more than 5 countries where the majority of the people speak English.
  • There are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
[[1, 9], [9, 10], [10, 11], [11, 15]]
[]

do. + 以 of which 开头的定语从句, of which 在从句中作状语, which 指向 do. 中的直接宾语

这是一个定语从句。

  • There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, of which five are mine.
  • There is a world that exists in which animals are present.
  • There is a soccer game happening in which one team is about to score.
[[4, 5], [5, 6], [6, 9]] [[4, 5], [5, 6], [6, 9]]
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a + book + on + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 在...上的书; 有关...的书
book
n. 书, 书本; 规定, 办法, 法规

on、onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

暂无例子

book 的其它常用短语:

a book of sth.the book of sth.
[[5, 6], [6, 9]] [[5, 6], [7, 8]]
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on + the + shelf

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在架子上; 被搁置的, 束之高阁; 被废弃的; 推迟执行; 被辞退的; 无结婚希望; 死了的
shelf
n. 架子, 搁板

on、onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • A woman is putting groceries on a shelf .
  • arrange the books on the shelves in chronological order
  • A woman dressed in a black jacket resting on a shelf in the beverage department in a store.
  • A man holds an orange juice carton on a grocery store shelf while a woman looks further down on the shelf.
  • There are plants on a shelf .
  • There are bears on the shelf .
  • The lady is putting candy on the shelf .
  • The boy is putting candy on the shelf .
  • books on that shelf are unrenewable
  • replace the book on the shelf after you have finished reading it

on 的其它常用短语:

be. on sth.在...上面on doing. (sth.)
on the outskirtson the scene当场
on the run跑着on sth. with sth.
on one's own独自地on condition接通条件
on deck riskon the first lap
on target击中要害的on file存档
on trust不加深究地on a plane在飞机上
on request被请求时on everyone's tongue被众人议论
on the island在岛上on land
on one's watch在one's的时间内on one's person随身带着
on the phone在电话上on a small scale小规模地[的]
on the left在左边on purpose故意
on an even keel平稳地on the sly诡秘地
on the increase正在增长on the team是球队的队员
on the way在路上on TV在电视上
on impulse of sth.on a diet按规定进食
on sth. for sth.on the radio从收音机中
on a shipon hand在手头
on holiday在度假[中]on schedule按时
on business因事on the decline没落
on balance总而言之on honour为了荣誉
on guard在岗on a national scale
on the map重要的on the take[美俚]敲诈
on second thought进一步考虑后on view展览着
on the internet在网络上on safer ground


[[2, 3]]
[]

altogether

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 完全地; 全部; 总共; 总之, 总而言之

暂无例子

altogether 的其它常用短语:

altogether adv.altogether adj.
altogether 度量名词, 整体构成形容词或副词altogether 度量名词 adj.
altogether adj. sth.
[[3, 4]]
[]

eleven

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. num. 十一, 十一个

暂无例子
翻译:书架上总共有十一本书,其中五本是我的。
There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, of which five are mine.

这是一个复合句

主句

There are altogether eleven books on the shelf, of which five are mine.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
There形式主语或倒装引导词 arebe 动词 eleven books on ••• shelf,真实主语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
altogetherof which five ••• mine.

从句

of which five are mine.

这是一个定语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
five主语 arebe 动词 mine.表语(名词)

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