sentence The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone was able to get out. /The-fire-spread-through-the-hotel-very-quickly-but-everyone-was-able-to-get-out.= 1

The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone was able to get out. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["The", "fire", "spread", "through", "the", "hotel", "very", "quickly", "but", "everyone", "was", "able", "to", "get", "out", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 8, 9], "r": "陈述句", "e": [8, 9, 16], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 4, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 17, "s": [11, 12, 13], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [12, 13, 16], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 18, "s": [13, 14], "r": "动词短语", "e": [14, 16], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 2, "r": 20, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 13, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 5, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": {"r": "转折", "m": "but"}, "e": 9, "t": 5}, {"s": 10, "r": 9, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 4, "e": 16, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 4, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 13, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 10, "e": 16, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 9, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 13, "e": 16, "t": 2}]{"coos": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "分句 1"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 16, "subs": [], "s": 9, "r": "分句 2"}], "s": 0, "e": 16, "subs": []}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 8], [8, 9], [9, 16]]
[]

分句 1 + but + 分句 2

这是一个陈述句。

but 常见用法

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
更多
  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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but、except、besides 有何区别

介词butexceptbesides都可表示除...之外

besides表示一种累加关系,意指除了什么之外, 还有...,侧重于另外还有...

exceptbut则表示一种排除关系,意指除了什么之外, 不再有...,侧重于除了...之外

  • Besides his wife, his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
  • Nobody went to see him [except/but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注意! 在否定句中,besides也表示除...之外不再有... ,与butexcept同义
  • No one passed the exam [besides/except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。
but 与 except 的区别

两者都可表示除...外不再有...

侧重不同

but侧重表达“几乎完整”。

except侧重强调“后面除去的部分”。

  • I love all fruits but orange. 我喜欢所有水果但不包括桔子。
  • I love all fruits except orange. 除了桔子我喜欢所有水果。

but、however 及 while 的区别

buthoweverwhile都可表示但是, 可是, 然而

but
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  • The committee agitated for a change, but nothing was done.
  • We thought he could handle the new account, but he is simply not able to cut it.
  • I should pay Mary a visit, but I'm not sure whether I will have time this Sunday.
  • His father sent him to study law, but instead he developed his love for the theater.
  • He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation before it got worse.
  • She was mad at first, but after a while, she was all sweetness and light.
  • John may have been wrong, but he did what he did according to his own lights.
  • I know I laugh at him but, joking aside, he's a very clever scientist.
  • They had been asked back a number of times, but they never came.
  • People have been playing the music for many years, but the music has kept many of its characteristics.

but 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 but 分句 2分句 1 but 分句 2(祈使句)
but 补足成份but adj.
but 表语(介词)be. but 表语(介词)
but 表语(副词性介词)be. but 表语(副词性介词)
but 表语(形容词)be. but 表语(形容词)
but 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. but 表语(-ed 过去分词)
but 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. but 表语(-ing 现在分词)
but 表语(名词性副词)be. but 表语(名词性副词)
be. but ...but also 表语(-ing 现在分词)

[[2, 3], [3, 4], [4, 6]]
[]

spread + through + sth.

这是一个动词短语。

across、along、through 有何区别

acrossthrough都可表示横过, 穿过

across主要表示从某物的表面横过

through表示从某个立体空间内穿过

  • He walked across the road carefully. 他小心地走过马路。
  • He walked through the forest alone. 他独自一人走过森林。

有时across表示横过时也可在立体空间内进行,但此时它仍与through有差别:

前者表示从某个立体空间的一端到另一端,而后者表示穿过两端。

  • He walked across the hall. 他从大厅的一端走到另一端。
  • He walked through the hall. 他穿过大厅。

along表示沿着,通常用于狭长的物体。

  • I saw him running along the road. 我看见他沿着这条路跑。
  • We walked along the river. 我们沿河散步。
习惯用法

与抽象名词连用,表示通过,一般只用through

  • He became richer through hard work. 他勤奋致富。

在美式口语中,可用from...through表示从...到(此时不用alongacross)。

  • We work from Monday through Saturday. 我们从星期一到星期六工作。

  • The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone was able to get out.
  • the news spread rapidly through the medical profession
  • A ripple of excitement spread through the crowd.

spread 的其它常用短语:

spread sth.展开spread all over sp.
spread all over遍及spread it on thick夸大
spread over sth.分散spread sth. around
spread around sth.分散spread sth. on
spread sth. on thickspread sth. over sth.传播...
spread sth. under sth.spread sth. with sth.
spread the word传出消息spread to sth.蔓延到
spread one's wings充分发挥自己的才能spread manure施肥
spread the gospel人传福音spread out伸展
spread out sth.伸展spread sth. out伸展
spread sth. prep. sth.spread sth. 副词性介词
spread sth. onto sth.

[[11, 12], [12, 13], [13, 16]]
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be. + able + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个固定搭配。
v. 能够..., 有能力..., 胜任...

be able to、can 的区别

be able tocan都有能够, 可以的意思。多数情况下,两者可以互换的,而存在的细微差别如下。

区别
be able to强调通过努力而获得的能力

can则强调自身已具有的能力。

  • She can sing the song in English. 她能用英语唱这首歌。
  • He will be able to sing this song in English in a few minutes, too. 几小时之后,他也能用英语唱这首歌。
be able to强调一种结果

can只强调一种可能。

  • Luckily, he was able to escape from the big fire in the end. 幸运的是,他终于逃出了大火。
  • If he got here a few hours earlier, I could save him. 要是他早几小时来,我还能救他。
be able to可以有各种时态

can只有一般现在和一般过去两种时态。

  • I could help you last night, but you didn't come. 昨天晚上我能帮你,而你又没来。
  • Can you see it there? 你能看见它在那儿吗?
  • He [is/was/will be] able to help you. 他能帮你的忙。
can可用于表示可能性,推测,允许等情况

be able to没有这些内在含意。

able 用法归纳

表示有能力的, 能干的,可用作表语或定语。

  • He is an able manager. 他是位有能力的经理。
  • He is old but still able. 他虽年老,但仍有很能干。
be able to do. sth.

able通常用于be able to do. sth.结构,其意为能做某事, 会做某事

  • He is able to speak English. 他会说英语。
  • Everyone here is able to type. 这儿的每一个人都会打字。
  • He will be able to get about in a week or two. 再过一两个星期左右他就能走动了。
更多
  • He studied hard and was able to pass his examinations. 他学习很努力,所以考试及了格。
  • Since his accident he hasn't been able to leave the house. 自出事之后,他一直未能离开家。
  • You might be able to persuade him. 你也许能够说服他。
  • I hope to be able to do the work. 我希望能干得了这项工作。
  • I regret not being able to help her. 我很遗憾未能帮助她。

able 与 capable 的区别

ablecapable这两个词都可表示有能力的

区别

able侧重于做事的能力,指超过一般水平的能力。

capable侧重于适应性的能力,指满足于一般要求的能力。

  • He is an able man who you can fall back on. 他是个能千的人,你可以依靠他。
  • What they want to know is whether he is capable of holding that important post. 他们想知道的是他是否有能力保住那一重要职位。

able只用于褒义。

capable既可用于褒义,也可用于贬义。

  • He is the most able man I know. 他是我所认识的最有才干的人。
  • Let me introduce a capable doctor to your parents. 让我来把这位能干的医生介绍给你的父母。

able只用于有生命的入或动物。

capable既可用于有生命的人或动物,也可用于无生命的事物。

  • There are many able students in our institute. 我们学校有许多有才能的学生。
  • Glass, which breaks at a blow, is, nevertheless, capable of with-standing great pressure. 玻璃尽管一击就碎,但却能承受很大的压力。

able后常接动词不定式。

capable后常接of + 动名词

  • Owls are able to see in the dark. 猫头鹰能在黑暗中看见东西。
  • The company was not capable of handling such a large order. 公司没有能力处理这样一大宗订货。

able、capable、competent 及 qualified 有何区别

ablecapablecompetentqualified等词的意思都包含有能力的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
able
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  • She was not able to divorce herself from long-held prejudice.
  • If we could boil this problem down to its essentials, we might be able to solve it.
  • After designing more experiments, they were able to clarify the procedure by which bees communicate information.
  • Finally, the water on the track dried up, and the race was able to continue.
  • When they broke the code, they were able to decipher messages.
  • After this crisis is over, I'll be able to breathe easy again.
  • She was able to cover her tracks up so that they couldn't pin the charges on her.
  • Are you able to carry those bags by yourself ?
  • He was never able to apologize to himself for his past errors.
  • We were able to draw out the information we wanted.

able 的其它常用短语:

be. able for sb. to do. (sth.)有能力做某事able sth.能干的...
[[13, 14], [14, 16]]
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get + out

这是一个动词短语。
v. 出去, 离开, 逃脱, 摆脱, 泄露, 说出, 出版, 弄出来

  • A woman is getting out or putting in food from her top cupboard in the kitchen.
  • I would like to get out and mingle with people more.
  • They started to slim her down in the hospital, but she gained the weight back as soon as she got out.
  • The mail carrier needs to get out and deliver a package but is worried that dogs may be in the yard.
  • how it got out is a mystery
  • The dog is trying to get out
  • I told her she should get out while the goin's good.
  • I couldn't get out from under these responsibilities
  • I need to get out from the town.
  • As soon as I feel better, I'll be able to get out and about.

[[1, 2]]
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fire

这是一个名词短语。
n. 火, 炉火, 电炉, 火灾, 闪光体, 炮火, 热情

当前fire(不限本句)既可以用作可数名词,也可以用作不可数名词


暂无例子
[[5, 6]]
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hotel

这是一个名词短语。
n. 酒店, 饭店, 宾馆, 大旅馆

当前hotel可数。


暂无例子

hotel 的其它常用短语:

hotel 名称
[[6, 7], [7, 8]]
[]

very + adv.

这是一个副词短语。

暂无例子

very 的其它常用短语:

very do.+ed sth.very adj. sth.
very adj.非常地...very well do.非常好地...(做某事)
be. very excitedvery soon不久
very much非常very well那好吧
be. very exciting

[[7, 8]]
[]

quickly

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 很快地

暂无例子

quickly 的其它常用短语:

quickly ...
[[9, 10]]
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everyone

这是一个名词短语。
n. 每个人

everyone 与 everybody 的用法

两者意思相同,均表示人人, 每人等,但everybodyeveryone更常用、更口语化。

用作主语时,谓语用单数。

  • [Everyone/Everybody] burst out laughing. 每个人都大笑起来。(burst为过去式)
数量
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暂无例子

everyone 的其它常用短语:

everyone adj.每个...(的)人
The fire spread through the hotel very quickly but everyone was able to get out.

这是一个并列句,其使用并列连词 but 连接前后两个分句,使得两个分句之间存在转折关系。

分句 1

The fire spread through the hotel very quickly

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!beta
The fire主语 spread谓语动词
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
through the hotelvery quickly

分句 2

everyone was able to get out.

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

它与分句 1 之间存在转折关系。

成份划分
new!beta
everyone主语 wasbe 动词 able to get out.表语(形容词)

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