sentence The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming. /The-capsule-began-swinging-gently-sideways-as-we-lay-relaxed-and-dreaming.= 1

The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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capsule

这是一个名词短语。
n. 胶囊, 蒴果, 瓶帽, 航天舱

当前capsule可数。


暂无例子
[[2, 3], [3, 13]]
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begin + doing. + (sth.)

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 开始...(做某事)

  • A group of workmen are getting ready to begin repainting a building.
  • The two people run as quickly as they can for shelter as the storm picks up and begins swirling all around them.
  • An orchestra is assembled and waiting to begin playing.
  • Just then people began showing up by the dozens.
  • She began making advances to me, and I left the room.
  • The manager saw to it that everyone began working on time.
  • The donkey is about to begin running with the cart.
  • We began working at dawn
  • He began drifting away from me a few months ago, and I haven't seen him at all in the last three weeks.
  • A boy in blue shorts and a white shirt begins repelling down a rock.

begin 的其它常用短语:

begin to do. (sth.)开始...(做某事)begin to see daylight开始明白
begin to see the lightbegin sth.开始
begin with sth.以...开始begin sth. with sth.
begin an all-out effortbegin by doing.
begin construction动工

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swing

这是一个动词短语。
vi. 摇摆, 悬挂, 旋转, 大摇大摆地走, 转向

sway 与 swing 的区别

swayswing都含摆动的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
swing
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暂无例子

swing 的其它常用短语:

swing sth.挥舞swing back背后倾斜
swing high摆到高处swing out
swing around sth.使转过swing sth. around使转过
swing down sth.swing sth. down
swing in sth.向舷内转swing sth. in向舷内转
swing up sth.摆动上swing sth. up摆动上
swing prep. sth.swing around to sth.
swing around使转过swing at sth.向...猛打〔猛击〕
swing for sth.被吊死swing from sth.悬挂
swing into action积极行动起来swing into high gear
swing into sth.swing to sth.自行关上
swing with sth.

[[4, 5]]
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gently

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 温和地, 温柔地, 轻轻地, 逐渐地

暂无例子

gently 的其它常用短语:

gently ...
[[5, 6]]
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sideways

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 向旁边, 向侧面地

暂无例子
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as 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

as 引导的 5 种状语从句

引导时间状语从句

表示当……的时候

多强调主句和从句中的动作或状态同时发生,从句可放在主句前,也可放在主句后。

  • As I waited at the stop, I heard a big noise. 当我在车站等车的时候,我听到一个很大的声响。
  • She rose up as he entered. 当他进来时,她站了起来。
引导原因状语从句

表示因为、由于

其语气不如because强,通常为附加说明的理由,且是已知晓的原因,主句与从句没有逻辑上的因果关系。

  • As she was not well, I went there alone. 因为她身体不好,所以我独自到那里去了。
  • As he is a tailor, he knows what to do with this material. 由于他是个裁缝,他知道怎样利用这块布料。
引导让步状语从句

表示虽然……但是……

从句通常用倒装语序,把从句的表语、状语或动词原形放在as前面,可以用though替代。

  • Child as he is, he knows a lot. 虽然他是个孩子,但他知道的东西很多。
  • Hard as it was raining, they went on working in the field. 虽然天下大雨,但他们继续在田地里干活。
引导方式状语从句

表示按照、依照、像

从句置于主句之后。

  • You should do as the teacher tells you. 你应当依照老师所说的去做。
  • The absence of air also explains why the stars do not seem to twinkle in space as they do from the earth. 空气的不存在,也说明了为什么在空中星星看来并不闪烁,而不像 从地球上看的那样。
引导比较状语从句

表示像……一样

对主句和从句的动作或状态加以比较,说明它们之间有相似之处,在从句中常省略与主句相同的部分。

  • He doesn't work as hard as I (do). 他不像我工作那样努力。
  • I hope the necklace was as good as the one you lent me. 我希望我挂项链同你借给我的一样好。

because、since、as 及 for 的区别

because可用来回答why提出的问题;可以引导表语从句;可用于强调句等,而其余三者则不行。

because表示的是必然的因果关系,语气最强,通常放在主句之后,若需强调则放在主句之前。

sinceas所表示的原因是人们已知的,是对已知事实提供理由,而不表示直接原因。它们引导的从句通常放在主句之前,有时也放在主句之后。

  • As he wasn't ready in time, we went without him. 因他未及时准备好,我们没等他就先走了。
  • Since we have no money, it's no good thinking about a holiday. 既然我们没有钱,考虑度假有什么用。

至于for, 它是并列连词(其余三者为从属连词),它有时可表示因果关系 (通常要放在主句之后,且可与because换用);有时不表示因果关系,而是对前面分句内容的解释或推断 (也要放在主句之后,但不能与because换用)。试比较:

  • The ground is wet, [for/because] it rained last night. 地面是湿的,因为昨晚下过雨。
  • It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet this morning. 昨晚一定下过雨,你看今天早上地面是湿的。

like、as 有何区别

两者都含有像, 就像, 如同的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

相同点

在谈到人、事物或动作彼此有相同点或共同点时,两者均可使用。

like是介词,用于名词、代词、动名词之前。

as是连词,用于分句之前。

  • Like me, she enjoys all kinds of music. 她和我一样,各种音乐都喜爱。
  • She enjoys all kinds of music, as I do. 她各种音乐都喜爱,和我一样。

但在口语中,like往往也可用作连词,可与as互换:

  • Nobody understands him [like/as] I do. 没有人能像我这样理解他。
不同点

在表示职业、身份、作用等时,两者的区别是:

as表示比较的双方具有同一性(即同属一类或完全相似)。

like只表示在某些方面相似。

  • He worked as a slave. 他是奴隶。(即: 他实际上就是奴隶。)
  • He worked like a slave. 他像奴隶一样工作。(即: 他工作很辛苦,但仍是自由人,不是奴隶。)
  • She worked as a teacher for many years. 她当了许多年的教师。(即: 她实际上就是教师。)
更多
  • Our doctor always talks to me like a teacher talking to a child. 给我们看病的医生对我说话总是像教师对小学生说话一样。(即: 他不是教师,但以教师的方式。)
表示动作方式

另外,表示动作方式时,通常用like,如下面各句中的like就不宜改为as

  • He ate like a beast. 他吃起东西来像只野兽。
  • She can eat like a horse and never put on weight. 她吃得很多,但从不发胖。
表示用途

当表示用途时,用as而不用like,此时翻译成作为; 当作则更为恰当。

  • He used his umbrella as a weapon. 他把伞当作武器。
  • Please don't use that knife as a screwdriver. 请不要把那把刀当锥子来用。

when、while 及 as 的区别

三者都可表示当...时候

若主句表示的是一个短暂性动作,从句表示的是一个持续性动作,三者皆可用:

  • He fell asleep when/while/as he was reading. 他看书时睡着了。

在其它情况下,它们之间存在着些许差异:

注意! 所有差别实际是将语感文字化,以解释现象的原因。对于初学者来说,培养语感更加重要,无需刻意记忆。
as语义非常丰富,此处只对比类似语义下的差异。
若主、从句表示两个同时进行的持续性动作,且强调主句表示的动作延续到从句所指的整个时间
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  • Harry came out on top as I knew he would.
  • The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming.
  • As she left, the clerk called her back.
  • After all is said and done, it will turn out just as I said.
  • See if you can catch hold of the rope as it swings back and forth.
  • As she drifted in the sea, she clung to a floating log.
  • The servant departed, bowing out as he left.
  • He did not want to be attacked by the Christian Church, so he only published it as he lay dying in 1543.
  • Lily blanched with anger as Max walked out.
  • We came together in the park, just as we had agreed.

as 的其它常用短语:

as the saying goes俗话说as a duck takes to water
as i was saying我刚才说了as luck would have it碰巧
as we speak就在我们说话的时候as i expected
以 as 引导的句子,存在主谓倒装结构

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lie

这是一个动词短语。
vi. 躺着, 说谎, 位于, 展现, 存在, 停泊

暂无例子

lie 的其它常用短语:

lie to sth. about sth.lie to sth.顶风停住
lie about sth.懒散lie about sth. to sb.向某人隐瞒某事
lie about懒散lay asleep使入睡
lie low卧伏lay away sth.积蓄
lay away sth. for sb.lie in wait for sth.埋伏着等待
lie in wait埋伏着等待lie prep. sth.躺着...
lie 副词性介词躺着...lie 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间躺着...
lie down躺下lie over等待以后处理
lie on the floor躺在地板上lie up隐藏
lie in sth.存在于...lie on one's stomach
lie on one's side侧卧lie in ruins成为废墟
lie on sth.躺在...上lie by sth.躺在...边上
lie under sth.蒙受lie with sb.对某人撒谎
lie ahead在前面lie on one's back仰卧
lie around到处散放lay on for sth.
lie behind sth.是...的理由lay away积蓄
lie upon sth.躺在...之上lay aside搁置
lie in bed卧床lie in sth. for sth.
lay down sth. for sth.lie still躺着不动
lay a heavy trip on sb.lay down one's arms放下武器
lay down one's life for sth.为...献出生命lay down one's life捐躯
lay down the law权威性地表态lay into sth.<非正>攻击
lay low and sing smalllay off from sth.
lay off of sth.lay over sp.
lay off sb. from sth.lay out sb.

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adj. + and + 动词的现在分词形式,构成并列形容词

这是一个固定搭配。

and 用法归纳

and是常用的连词。

连词在句中并不单独作句子成分,只起连接作用,即连接词与词、短语与短语或句子与句子。

表示并列、对称的关系
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  • A man on a hilltop is crouched and holding a gun.
  • a groom is very drunk and acting a fool
  • Someone's dog is lost and traveling alone.
  • A kid is awake and playing video games.
  • The grass at Yellowstone is black and smoking after a wildfire.
  • The man is angry and shouting.
  • A young man and woman are hungry and looking for healthy options.
  • A girl all in black and white, and carrying an umbrella, walks down the street, as others watch.
  • The woman is old and not playing any games.
  • The two people are upset with each other and not speaking to each other.
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dream

这是一个动词短语。
v. 做梦, 想象, 梦想

暂无例子

dream 的其它常用短语:

dream sth.想象...dream up空想出
dream out sth.凭想像虚构dream away醉生梦死地度过
dream on痴心妄想dream sth. away空想
dream up sth.虚构dream sth. up虚构
dream about sth.梦见...dream of sth.梦见
dream of doing.梦想...(做某事)


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relaxed

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. 松懈的, 不严密的, 不严格的, 放松的, 得到休息的, 随意的, 不拘束的, 自在的

relaxed、relaxing 的区别

relaxed

意为放松的, 冷静的, 镇定的,用于主观感受。

用作系动词后的表语时(be. + adj.),强调第一人称作视角(有主语则是主语)的主观感受、状态。

用作修饰名词的定语时(adj. + sth.),强调对被修饰物的感受来自第一人称作视角(有主语则是主语)

  • He appeared relaxed and confidence before the match. 比赛前,他显得镇定而自信。
  • She had a very relaxed manner. 她的举止特别自然。

relaxed smile (自己感到)轻松的微笑

relaxing smile (让别人感到)轻松的微笑

relaxing

意为有助于休息的; 令人感受到放松的,用于客观感受。

用作系动词后的表语时(be. + adj.),强调旁观者视角的客观感受。

用作修饰名词的定语时(adj. + sth.),强调对被修饰物的感受来自旁观者视角。

对应的翻译结构: 让...感受到放松的...

a relaxing drink / walk / evening 令人放松的一杯饮料 / 一次散步 / 一个夜晚
类似的单词

excitedexcitinginterestedinterestingsatisfiedsatisfying


暂无例子

relaxed 的其它常用短语:

relaxed sth.松懈的...be. relaxed about sth.
The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming.

这是一个复合句

主句

The capsule began swinging gently sideways as we lay relaxed and dreaming.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
The capsule主语 began {doing.}谓语动词短语 swinging gently sideways ••• dreaming.doing.

从句

we lay relaxed and dreaming.

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
we主语 lay谓语动词
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
relaxed and dreaming.

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