sentence Not having received a reply, he decided to write again. /Not-having-received-a-reply+-he-decided-to-write-again.= 1

Not having received a reply, he decided to write again. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["Not", "having", "received", "a", "reply", ",", "he", "decided", "to", "write", "again", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 6], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [6, 12], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 5, "s": [2, 4], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 10, "s": [7, 8, 9], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [8, 9, 12], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 5, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 6, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 10, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 9, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 13, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 10, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 9, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 7, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 7, "e": 11, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 12, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 12, "subs": [], "s": 6, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 6], [6, 12]]
[]

动词的分词形式 + (,) + 主句, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
[[2, 3], [3, 6]] [[2, 3], [4, 5]]
[]

receive + a + reply

这是一个动词短语。
v. 收到答复; 收到回复
receive sth.
vt. 收到..., 接到...; 得到...; 受到...; 经受...; 遭受...; 承受...; 受理...; 承认...; 认可...; 接待...; 欢迎...; 迎接...
reply
n. 答复, 回答, 回复; 答辩; 反应; 回应; 回击, 报复

accept、receive 有何区别

acceptreceive都含收到; 接受的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
receive
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answer 与 reply 有何区别

两者均可表示回答

answer属常用词,多用于一般性应答。

reply则较正式,多指经过考虑而作出答复。

  • He answered my letter. 他给我回了信。(指他在信中说信已收到等)
  • He replied to my letter. 他给我回了信。(指他在信中把我提出的问题都作出回答)
  • I was so nervous that I couldn't [answer/reply]. 我紧张得没作回答。

及物属性

answer可自由地用作及物或不及物动词。

reply除后接that从句外,一般只用作不及物动词。其后若接名词或代词作宾语,应借助介词to

  • He replied that he had changed his mind. 他回答说他改变了主意。
  • He didn't [answer/reply to] my question. 他没有回答我的问题。
搭配

answer除表示回答外,还可表示接听(电话)或对门铃等声响作出反应等(常与telephonedoorbelldoor-bell等联用)。但reply不能这样用。

  • Who answered the telephone? 谁接的电话?
  • A little girl answered the door. 一个小女孩应声去开门。
  • Nobody answered my call for help. 没有人理会我的呼救。
对应的名词形式

两者除用作动词外,都可用作名词。若要表示对...的回答(答复, 答案),其后均接介词to(不用of)。

  • Have you had an answer to your letter? 你寄出的信有回音没有?
  • I received no reply to my request. 我的要求没有收到任何答复。

暂无例子

receive 的其它常用短语:

receive sth.收到...receive sb. into sth.
receive a degreereceive an invitation
receive sth. from sb.receive a letter收到一封信
receive sb. as sth.receive sth. back收回...
receive sb. with open armsreceive word from sth.
receive wordreceive attention受到注意
receive training受训receive a call接见
receive an order接获订单

[[7, 8], [8, 9], [9, 12]]
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decide + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 决定...(做某事)

decide to do.可以理解为是一种固定搭配,其中 to do. 叫动词的不定式。

to 可以翻译成,它被用来衔接其前后的两个动词,表示动作相互关联或先后发生,由第一个动作转移到第二动作上。

类似的短语还有很多,有些同学觉得在记忆此类短语时非常痛苦,Enpuz 帮大家做了归纳整理,点击详细了解全部。

decide 用法归纳

表示决定, 决心。名词形式为decision

decide + 名词
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decide、determine 及 resolve 的区别

decidedetermineresolve都有决定的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
decide
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • He looks at the envelope without opening it and decides to go in.
  • He had decided not to stand for Parliament, but entered the lists at the last minute.
  • After listening to the argument, Mary decided to jump into the fray.
  • We decided to lease the building from the owner rather than buying it.
  • Only then did we decide to answer violence with violence.
  • Our group decided to keep together.
  • The hospital decided to institute proceedings against her for failing to pay her bill.
  • They decided not to induce labor in Alice.
  • We decided to negotiate with them over the terms of the contract.
  • Instead, the students have decided to come up with a peaceful solution.

decide 的其它常用短语:

decide wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份决定...decide whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份决定...
decide sth.决定...decide for sth.做出有利于...的决定
decide between sth.在...之间做出抉择decide among sth.
decide among sb. and sb.decide between sb. and sb.
decide in favor of sth.decide the case办案
decide against sth.做出不利于...的决定decide on sth.决定
decide upon sth.对...作出决定[决议]


[[1, 2], [2, 6]]
[]

have + done.

这是一个动词短语。
v. (一般完成时); 已经..., 已...

have done. 详解

have done.表示已经做某事、已经做了什么、结束、做完,构成完成时结构。

have在句中是一般现在式(have、has)的时候,全称现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)

have在句中是一般过去式(had)的时候,全称过去完成时(The Past Perfect Tense, 也称 pluperfect)

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)
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  • My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared.
  • Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home.
  • I have lost one of my gloves.
  • People in our country have taught us the importance of giving everybody a chance to receive education.
  • As is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.
  • Now that you 've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it
  • Her brilliant parents have had a great effect on her, so she has made many achievements in the field of science.
  • The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.
  • Now, the leader has asked a group of students to do what they can to save the earth.
  • It seems that your children have entered without permission.
[[9, 10]]
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write

这是一个动词短语。
vi. 写, 写字, 写信, 写作, 作曲

write、write about 的区别

write表示写下

write about表示写下与...相关的, 写下关于...的内容

可以体会如下两种表述的区别:

write your ideas意思是: 把你的想法(观点、看法)写出来。

write about your ideas意思是: 把你想法(观点,看法)的相关内容(论据、理由)写出来。

前者所表示的动宾关系是“直接”的;后者所表示的动宾关系是“间接接”的。

有类似区别的短语还有: read/read aboutknow/know abouthear/hear about

  • I've read the novel and I think it is very instructive. 我读过那本小说,我认为它很有教育意义。
  • I've read about the novel, but I wonder whether it is worth reading at all. 我读过那本小说的介绍,但我不知道它是否值得一读。
  • I know about him, but I don't know him. 我听说过他,但我不认识他。
更多
  • We heard [about/of] the pop singer, but unfortunately we haven't heard her sing. 我们听说过这位流行歌手,但很遗憾我们没有亲耳听她演唱过。
  • I am not a writer, and I can't write a novel. But I can write about a novel. 我不是作家,我不会写小说。但我可以写小说评论。

暂无例子

write 的其它常用短语:

write sth.书写write sth. in sth.
write a check开支票write one's email
write operation写入操作write words作词
write soon尽快写信write tickets
write down写下written agreements书面协定
written evidence书面证件write a diary写日记
written permission[经] 书面许可证write articles on sth.
write sth. for a newspaperwrite a report on sth.
write away写信(索要)write an article写文章
write a replywrite articles for sth.
write up详细记叙written document[经] 书面证明
write into sth.写进write a report写份报告
write on sth.写在...written english书面英语
written contracts[化] 书面合同write a letter写信
write the book写这本书write a play编剧
write sth. on sth.write against sth.写东西反对...
write down to sb.write for sth.为...而写作
write into sth. for sth.write off to sb. for sth.
write off to sb.写信给某人write off for sth.写信寄出
write on and onwrite sb. for sth.
write in sb. on sth.write in sb.
write sth. against sth.write sth. in plain english
write sth. into sth.写...write upon sth.
wrote the book on sth.write one's name写自已的名字
write sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份write sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份

[[10, 11]]
[]

again

这是一个副词短语。
adv. 再一次, 又, 到原处

暂无例子

again 的其它常用短语:

again ...again 句子
again 缺省主语的句子
Not having received a reply, he decided to write again.

这是一个简单句,只含有一个主谓结构

句子类型是陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
he主语 decided {to do.}谓语动词短语 to write again.to do.
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
Not having received ••• reply,
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