sentence Mr White should have arrived at 8 for the meeting, but he didn't show up. /Mr-White-should-have-arrived-at-8-for-the-meeting+-but-he-didn~t-show-up.= 1

Mr White should have arrived at 8 for the meeting, but he didn't show up. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["Mr", "White", "should", "have", "arrived", "at", "8", "for", "the", "meeting", ",", "but", "he", "didn't", "show", "up", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 11, 12], "r": "陈述句", "e": [11, 12, 17], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "短语", "e": [3, 4, 11], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 12, "s": [5, 6], "r": "状语结构", "e": [6, 7], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 21, "s": [14, 15], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [15, 17], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 2, "r": 22, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 22, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 20, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 9, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 5, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 13, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 5, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 13, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 3, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": {"r": "转折", "m": "but"}, "e": 12, "t": 5}, {"s": 13, "r": 22, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 10, "e": 17, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 9, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 15, "r": 13, "e": 17, "t": 2}]{"coos": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 11, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "分句 1"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 17, "subs": [], "s": 12, "r": "分句 2"}], "s": 0, "e": 17, "subs": []}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 11], [11, 12], [12, 17]]
[]

分句 1 + but + 分句 2

这是一个陈述句。

but 详解

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
更多
  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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but、except 及 besides 有何区别

介词butexceptbesides都可表示除...之外

besides表示一种累加关系,意指除了什么之外, 还有...,侧重于另外还有...

exceptbut则表示一种排除关系,意指除了什么之外, 不再有...,侧重于除了...之外

  • Besides his wife, his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
  • Nobody went to see him [except/but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注意! 在否定句中,besides也表示除...之外不再有... ,与butexcept同义
  • No one passed the exam [besides/except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。
but 与 except 的区别

两者都可表示除...外不再有...

侧重不同

but侧重表达“几乎完整”。

except侧重强调“后面除去的部分”。

  • I love all fruits but orange. 我喜欢所有水果但不包括桔子。
  • I love all fruits except orange. 除了桔子我喜欢所有水果。

but、however、while 有何区别

buthoweverwhile都可表示但是, 可是, 然而

but
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  • The plan didn't work, but I'll give you an A for effort for trying.
  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn't forget safety.
  • He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation before it got worse.
  • He's mighty handsome, but I hear he's all show and no go.
  • I cheated on the entrance exam, but I really want to get into that school, and all's fair in love and war.
  • Bill keeps saying he'll get a job soon, but he's all talk and no action.
  • People have been playing the music for many years, but the music has kept many of its characteristics.
  • I know I laugh at him but, joking aside, he's a very clever scientist.
  • His own remarks argue against his qualifications for the office, but he probably will be elected anyway.

but 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 but 分句 2祈使成份 but 分句 1
分句 1 but 分句 2(祈使句)but 补足成份
but adj.分句 1 but then 分句 2...不过...
but 表语(介词)be. but 表语(介词)
but 表语(副词性介词)be. but 表语(副词性介词)
but 表语(形容词)be. but 表语(形容词)
but 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. but 表语(-ed 过去分词)
but 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. but 表语(-ing 现在分词)
but 表语(名词性副词)be. but 表语(名词性副词)
be. but ...but also 表语(-ing 现在分词)

[[2, 3], [3, 4], [4, 11]]
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mod. + have + done.

这是一个短语。
v. (将来完成时)

mod. have done. 详解

mod. have done.表示将来完成时(The Future Perfect Tense),其中mod.可以为wouldshouldcan/couldmustmay/might等。

如果mod.在句中的时态为过去时,那么时态全称为过去将来完成时(The Past Future Perfect Tense)

注意! wouldcouldshoud既可以表示过去时,又可以表示现在时(如虚拟语气),需要依据具体句子甚至章节上下文才可以做出判断。

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

根据mod.的不同,短语使用上有较大的区别,具体如下:

would have done.
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  • It seemed strange that the man who had developed communism should have lived and died in London.
  • I would have liked to give you a valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money.
  • I put myself in Tom's shoes and realized that I would have made exactly the same choice.
  • After I fell, I must have blacked out.
  • I was so happy, I could have danced on air.
  • I was so surprised that you could have knocked me over with a feather.
  • The baby must have kicked her covers off of herself in the night.
  • If you were on the ball, this wouldn't have happened.
  • He will have learned English for eight years by the time he graduates from the university next year
  • If Jane hadn't carried the torch, no one would have followed, and the whole thing would have failed.
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at + st., 其中 st. 为小时时间点

这是一个状语结构。

at、in、on 在表示时间时的区别

atinon皆可用于表示时间。

at用于表示时间点(时刻)

in用于表示除日期以外的时间段

on用于表示日期或和日期联用的时间段

at
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暂无例子

at 的其它常用短语:

at 时间点be. at 时间点
at any time在任何时候at that time在那时
at all times不论什么时候at other times在另外的一些场合中
at lunch timeat a time在某个时间
at time of sth.at no time在任何时候都不
at this moment[机] 在这个瞬间at this time在这个时候
at breakfast timeat night在晚上
at a crucial timeat christmas在圣诞节
at christmas timeat that very moment
at half timeat noon在中午
at the moment在此刻at the weekend在周末
at this time of year在每年的这个时候at any moment随时
at supperat times有时
at midnight在午夜at the right time在适当时候
at breakfast正在吃早饭at supper time
at a set timeat all hours of the day and night
at all hours在任何时候be. at st. sharp
at the appointed time在指定时间at the eleventh hour在最后时刻
at the present time目前at ... o'clock
be. at sth.从事于...at the corner在角落里
at the risk of sth.冒...的危险at the meeting在会议上
at high speed急速at the expense of sth.以损失(坏)某事物为代价
at the foot of the mountainat eye level[体]与眼平
at the conclusion of sth.在...终了时at the head of the queue
at the start of sth.在...开始的时候at all levels在各个层次

[[14, 15], [15, 17]]
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show + up

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 揭露, 露出, 露面

display、exhibit、expose 及 show 有何区别

displayexhibitexposeshow都含景象的出现; 展示某物让人看的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
show
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  • A man is sitting at a table waiting for his blind date to show up after drinking 3 cans of soda.
  • A child is waiting for others to show up to play soccer.
  • The children smile as the foreign volunteer workers show up with treats.
  • The woman is waiting for someone to show up.
  • The relatives sit inside and wait for the groom to show up.
  • The performers didn't show up.
  • the men never showed up for the game
  • no one has shown up to the event
  • No one showed up to the royal dinner party.
  • Weeds began to show up in the garden.

show 的其它常用短语:

show up ahead of timeshow up on the dot
show wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份表示show whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份表示
show as adj.show sth. sth.表示
show sth. to sth.表示show sb. out sth.
show respect to sb.show mercy to sth.对...怜悯
show sb. to one's seatshow sb. the big picture
show sb. the ropesshow sb. to the door
show sb. the doorshow sb. the tricks of the trade
show sth. to good advantageshow off炫耀
show through显现show sth. adj.
show off sth.炫耀show sth. off炫耀
show up sth.揭露show sth. up揭露
show sb. up as sth.show sth. as adj.
show sth. as done.show sth.表示
show signs of sth.显示...迹象show oneself.
show sb. roundshow sb. around
show one's stuff显示出某人的素质show sb. in sth.
show sympathy for sth.show sth. for sth.
show around到处看看show one's ticket
show concern about sth.show business娱乐业
show a film放电影show out sth.送出(客人)
show concern for sth.对...表示关心show in sth.领进来
show a lot of promiseshow good faith
show one's hand摊牌show one's teeth作威胁(或敌对、发怒)姿态
show one's true colors原形毕露show one's colors露出真相


[[0, 1], [1, 2]] [[0, 1], [1, 2]]
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Mr. + sb., sb. 为人名

这是一个名词短语。

  • Mr. Jones blazed away in one passage after another to loud applause
  • Mr Huntington had not had a chance to brake and react prior to the collision
  • Mr Bush is on time for everything.
  • Mr. Smith manned the reception desk in the morning
  • Mr White should have arrived at 8 for the meeting, but he didn't show up.
  • Mr K.A did not vote in the 2006 general elections
  • Mr K.A was not prevented to exercise his right to vote in the 2006 general elections
  • Mr K.A did vote in the 2006 general elections
  • Mr. Smith wasted his money buying an extra ticket
  • A woman is walking past brick building called Mr Bagel 's that has graffiti on it
[[4, 5]]
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arrive

这是一个动词短语。
vi. 到达, 抵达

arrive、reach、get to 的区别

arrive

arrive是不及物动词,其后不能直接跟表示地点的名词,须要与atin联用。

表示使用某种交通工具到达时常用arrive

  • Has the train arrived?
  • They arrived at the village on a rainy night.

arrive at指到达较小的地方,如车站、机场、码头、学校、工厂、商店等。

  • It was dark when I arrived at the airport.

arrive in指到达较大的地方,如村庄、城镇、地区、国家等。

  • When did you arrive in Beijing yesterday?
reach

reach到达...含意下是及物动词,正式用语,其后直接跟表示地点的名词。

  • He reached Japan on October the second 2017.
get to

get to是短语动词,相当于及物动词,在口语中用的多,使用的范围也很广,不管是步行还是乘车、乘船、乘飞机等到达目的地或中途暂停都可以用。

  • Can you tell me how I can get to the airport?
扩展

arriveget to后跟副词homeherethere时,arrive后不再用atinget后不再用to

  • When the train arrived here, it was raining hard.
  • When did you get home?

暂无例子

arrive 的其它常用短语:

arrive at sth.到达...arrive home到家
arrive on sth.到达arrive in sth.到达
arrive ahead of timearrive at a decision作出决定
arrive backarrive in force
arrive in the very nick of timearrive in the nick of time
arrive on a wing and a prayerarrive on the scene露面
arrive from sp.arrive at the stroke of st.在...(某个时间)的钟声中到达
arrive upon the stroke of st.arrive on the stroke of st.
arrive upon the scene of sth.到达某事的现场arrive upon the scene到场
arrive on the scene of sth.

[[9, 10]]
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meeting

这是一个名词短语。
n. 会议; 会见; 大会, 集会; 汇合点; 决斗; 会战; 遭遇; 接合; 与会的人们, 公众

当前meeting可数。


暂无例子

meeting 的其它常用短语:

meeting of sth.
翻译:怀特先生应该八点来开会,但他没有来。
Mr White should have arrived at 8 for the meeting, but he didn't show up.

这是一个并列句,其使用并列连词 but 连接前后两个分句,使得两个分句之间存在转折关系。

分句 1

Mr White should have arrived at 8 for the meeting,

这是一个陈述句,其时态可以是过去完成时过去将来完成时现在完成时将来完成时

成份划分
new!
Mr White主语 should have arrived谓语动词(复合结构)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
at 8for the meeting,

分句 2

he didn't show up.

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

它与分句 1 之间存在转折关系。

成份划分
new!
he主语 didn't show up.谓语动词短语(复合结构)

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