sentence John was late for the business meeting because his flight had been delayed by a heavy storm. /John-was-late-for-the-business-meeting-because-his-flight-had-been-delayed-by-a-heavy-storm.= 1

John was late for the business meeting because his flight had been delayed by a heavy storm. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[2, 3], [3, 4], [4, 7]]
[]

be. + late + for + sth.

这是一个固定搭配。
v. 迟到[于]..., ...迟到

dead、deceased、departed、extinct、inanimate、late、lifeless 有何区别

deaddeceaseddepartedextinctinanimatelatelifeless等词的意思都包含无生命的; 死的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
dead
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • Two circus workers arrive late for work.
  • the teenager is late for work
  • A Coca-Cola truck, late for a delivery, is speeding down the road.
  • A man and woman are late for their dinner reservation.
  • The people are late for a movie.
  • two guys are late for lunch
  • A boy is late for his soccer match.
  • Some construction workers are late for work.
  • A person is running late for work.
  • The twins are late for supper as they try to take a short cut home over the fence

late 的其它常用短语:

late sth.迟的...be. late to sth.... 迟到
[[5, 6], [6, 7]]
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business + meeting

这是一个名词短语。
n. 商务会议
business
n. 交易, 生意
meeting
n. 会议; 会见; 大会, 集会; 汇合点; 决斗; 会战; 遭遇; 接合; 与会的人们, 公众

  • A man is at an important business meeting.
  • A man is blowing bubbles at a business meeting.
  • A man and woman are ready for a business meeting
  • Colleges stop to take a break from there business meetings.
  • A man is having a business meeting.
  • Group of men at a business meeting.
  • A group is having an important business meeting.
  • The man plays the Cello while running late to a business meeting.
  • A woman puts her hair up before a business meeting.
  • The clean cut man is walking to his business meeting carrying nothing but his cell phone.
[[7, 8], [8, 18]]
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because 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

because 详解

because意为因为。表示的是必然的因果关系,语气较强。

通常与引导的内容一起放在主句之后,若需进一步强调则可放在主句之前。

用于回答 why 提出的问题

A: Why can't you do it now? 你为什么不现在就做呢?

B: Because I'm too busy. 因为我太忙。
引导表语从句
  • It is because he is foolish. 那是因为他太蠢了。
引导原因状语从句
  • I didn't buy it because it was too expensive. 我没有买是因为它太贵了。
用于强调句

提取状语作为强调句的被强调成份是一种常规用法。

because更是大量用于该句式,以至几乎成了固定搭配,特此单独作为一种用法。

  • It is because he is honest that we like him. 是因为他诚实我们才喜欢他。
注意! 此时because引导的从句虽然在词法位置上位于系动词之后,但它并不具备表明抽象主语it的某一特征,解释为状语从句而不是表语从句更能说明成份功能。当然,实际不必深纠,理解掌握即可。
because of

详见 “because 与 because of 的区别" 。

not...because...

这一结构中的not有时否定动词中心语,有时否定动词中心语 + 状语,一般要根据句子的意思作出正确或合乎逻辑的理解。

not只否定动词中心语,最好在because之前用逗号,否则会引起歧义。

如下句在没有特定上下文时就有两种解释:

I didn't go [because I was afraid].

我没有去是因为怕。

I didn't [go because I was afraid].

我不是因为怕才去。
注意! 不仅仅是because,所有其它连词引导的后置状语也存在同样的问题。enpuz 星游引擎在分析类似句子时,将会根据语料概率返回最大可能的分析结果,可能此时会偏离使用者的已有理解。建议合理使用逗号,让分析结果更加符合预期。
just修饰后

because之前有just修饰,一般认为not是否定从句而不是主句。

  • You shouldn't get angry just because some people speak ill of you. 你不要因为有人说你坏话而生气。
  • He was not ready to believe something just because Aristotle said so. 他并不只是因为亚里士多德说过如何如何,就轻易相信它。

不能为了解决歧义而在所有because前带上just,毕竟语气上稍有改变。初学者在口语应用时容易过度使用这一搭配。

错误场景: 原因是因为...

在表示...的原因是因为...这一意义时,一般要用下面这样的句型:

  • The reason why he can't come is that he is tired. 他不能来是因为他累了。

通常不能将that改用because,否则会产生能被理解但结构略显怪异的“中式英语"。

错误场景: 因为...所以...

汉语习惯上说因为...所以...,但在英语里却不能将sobecause连用。

因为下雨,所以我们呆在家里。

正: Because it was raining, we stayed at home.

正: It was raining, so we stayed at home.

误: Because it was raining, so we stayed at home.

because 与 because of 的区别

because

because是连词,其后接句子。

引导原因状语从句
  • I didn't buy it because it was too expensive. 我没有买是因为它太贵了。
引导表语从句

It is because he loves you. 那是因为他爱你。

because of

because of是复合介词,其后接可作宾语成份的名词、代词、动名词、what开头的从句等。

作状语成份
  • He is here because of you (that). 他为你(那事)而来这里。
  • He lost his job because of his age. 由于年龄关系他失去了工作。
  • He couldn't come because of illness. 他因病不能来。
更多
  • We said nothing about it, because of his wife's being there. 因为他妻子在那儿,我们对此只字未提。
  • He knew she was crying because of what he had said. 他知道她哭是因为他说的话。
because of之后可接what开头的从句,但不能接that从句或没有引导词的句子。

误:He didn't come because of he was ill.

误:He didn't come because of that he was ill.

正:He didn't come because he was ill.

正:He didn't come because of his illness.

作表语成份
  • It is just because of money. 那只是因为钱的原因。
  • That was because of his sickness. 那是因为他生病的原因。

because、since、as、for 有何区别

because可用来回答why提出的问题;可以引导表语从句;可用于强调句等,而其余三者则不行。

because表示的是必然的因果关系,语气最强,通常放在主句之后,若需强调则放在主句之前。

sinceas所表示的原因是人们已知的,是对已知事实提供理由,而不表示直接原因。它们引导的从句通常放在主句之前,有时也放在主句之后。

  • As he wasn't ready in time, we went without him. 因他未及时准备好,我们没等他就先走了。
  • Since we have no money, it's no good thinking about a holiday. 既然我们没有钱,考虑度假有什么用。

至于for, 它是并列连词(其余三者为从属连词),它有时可表示因果关系 (通常要放在主句之后,且可与because换用);有时不表示因果关系,而是对前面分句内容的解释或推断 (也要放在主句之后,但不能与because换用)。试比较:

  • The ground is wet, [for/because] it rained last night. 地面是湿的,因为昨晚下过雨。
  • It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet this morning. 昨晚一定下过雨,你看今天早上地面是湿的。

  • I didn't go to work because I came down with the flu.
  • Poor old Wally is creeping at a snail's gallop because his car has a flat tire.
  • He is annoying, because he is always arguing for the sake of argument.
  • Because we have so much to choose from, many companies and stores offer advice about what we should eat.
  • This new sports car sells at a premium because so many people want to buy it.
  • I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have.
  • The bottom line is that you have to go to the meeting because no one else can.
  • All his life, Edward felt that people looked down on him because he was born on the wrong side of the blanket.
  • Billy is cranky because he's cutting teeth.
  • I told John to brace up because things would probably get worse before they got better.
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delay + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 延迟...; 推迟...; 使...延期; 使...迟到; 延缓...; 拖延...; 使...耽搁

defer、delay、postpone 及 put off 有何区别

deferdelaypostponeput off均含推迟; 延期; 延缓的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
delay
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • John was late for the business meeting because his flight had been delayed by a heavy storm.
  • The bags are delayed
  • The passengers on the aircraft are frustrated because their flight has been delayed.
  • refrigeration delayed the softening of the fruit
  • Soccer game is delayed.
  • Traffic was delayed by the bad weather
  • she delayed the work that she didn't want to perform
  • Mechanical issues have delayed a trip.
  • This flight to England is delayed again.
  • Some travelers are trying to determine why their flight was delayed.
[[15, 16], [16, 18]] [[15, 16], [16, 17]]
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a + heavy + storm

这是一个名词短语。
n. 大暴雨
heavy sth.
n. 重的..., 巨大的..., 沉重的..., 笨重的..., 过度的...
storm
n. 暴风[雨/雪]; 风暴; 暴风; 骚动, 风波; 猛攻; 迸发, 爆发; 轰鸣声

  • John was late for the business meeting because his flight had been delayed by a heavy storm .

heavy 的其它常用短语:

heavy sth.重的...heavy industry重工业
heavy rain大雨heavy smoker烟瘾大的人
heavy damage严重破坏heavy snow大雪

[[9, 10]]
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flight

这是一个名词短语。
n. 飞行, 射程, 逃走, 飞跃, 飞机航程, 班机, 迁徙, 飞逝

当前flight(不限本句)既可以用作可数名词,也可以用作不可数名词


暂无例子
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have + been. + ...

这是一个短语。
(完成时)

  • I think my father would like to know what I 've been up to so far
  • What made the school proud was that more than thousands of the students had been admitted to key universities.
  • Harry thought he could build a better mousetrap, but everything he "invented" had already been thought of.
  • He talks as if he had been to the moon.
  • Jane has been at loose ends ever since she lost her job.
  • Her son came home from school all in one piece, even though he had been in a fight.
  • They had been asked back a number of times, but they never came.
  • It has been announced that candidates shall remain in their seats until all the papers have been collected.
  • When she said she had been had, I didn't know it happened on her honeymoon.
  • The copper has been alloyed with nickel.
John was late for the business meeting because his flight had been delayed by a heavy storm.

这是一个复合句

主句

John was late for the business meeting

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
John主语 wasbe 动词 late for the ••• meeting表语(形容词)

从句

his flight had been delayed by a heavy storm.

这是一个状语从句,其时态为过去完成时

成份划分
new!
his flight主语 had been delayed谓语动词短语(复合结构)(被动语态)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
by a heavy storm.

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