sentence It wasn't until he came here that I knew the truth. /It-wasn~t-until-he-came-here-that-I-knew-the-truth.= 1

It wasn't until he came here that I knew the truth. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 1], [1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 6], [6, 7], [7, 12]]
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It + is + 介词 until 引导的状语从句 + that + 从句,整体构成一个强调句

这是一个陈述句。

  • It wasn't until he came here that I knew the truth.
  • It 's when you're up against the wall that your true character shows.

it 的其它常用短语:

it sth., 代词 it + 名词补语it all, all 是名词补语
It be. sth. for sb. to do. (sth.)It is an honor for sb. to do. (sth.)
It is adj. for sb. to do. (sth.)It is adj. (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
[[2, 3], [3, 6]]
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until 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

not ... until 用法归纳

not...until表示直到...才...

  • I did not go home until my mother called me. 我直到我妈妈打电话给我才回家。
倒装
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by、till、until 在表示时间时的用法区别

bytilluntil均可用作介词表示时间,均含到...时候之意。

by

by表示在...以前, 到...时已经, 最迟到...等。

  • By now he will be eating dinner. 现在他一定是在吃饭。
  • I'll have finished this book by tomorrow. 到明天我就会把这书看完了。
  • I require my new coat by Monday. 我的新上衣要在星期一以前做好。
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  • I'll finish the work by Saturday. 我将在星期六以前完成工作。
  • You must get the work done by Friday. 你必须最迟在星期五以前把工作做完。
  • You never know, it may stop raining by tomorrow morning. 说不定这雨到明天早上就不下了呢。
  • The outstanding debts must be paid by the end of the month. 未了的债务须在月底前偿还。
till

till表示到...为止

用在肯定句时,句中谓语动词应是持续性动词

用在否定句时,句中谓语动词应是终止性动词

  • He waited till Friday. 他一直等到星期五。
  • I won't qualify till next year. 我明年才具备资格。
  • I needn't leave till 9 tomorrow. 我不必在明天 9 点以前离开。
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  • I needn't be leaving till 9 tomorrow. 我不必在明天 9 点以前离开。
  • We shan't know the results till next week. 我们下星期才能知道结果。
until

untiltill的强调形式,它们表达的含义非常接近。

细微区别如下:

till到达时刻后,事件或状况仍将持续。

until到达时刻后,事件或状况将终止。

  • The meeting continued [until/till] 7:00.
  • He waits [until/till] the children are asleep.
It is not until + (被强调部分) + that + 从句

这是一个固定搭配,其中的until不能被替换成till

  • It was not until the film had begun that he arrived. 直到电影开始他才来。
  • It is not until 8:00 that we begin our class every day. 我们每天八点开始上课。
not until放句首

此时until不能被替换成till

  • Not until the last moment did he change his mind. 直到最后一刻他才改变主意。
  • Not until midnight did it stop raining. 直到午夜雨才停。
until可以放句首

till则通常不这么用。

  • Until then, I knew nothing at all about it. 在那之前,我对此事一无所知。
  • Until you told me I had no idea of it. 在你告诉我之前,我对此一无所知。
固定搭配

from morning till night从早到晚

up till now直到现在


  • The army battled against the enemy until both sides were exhausted.
  • The army battled for the town until they had defeated its defenders.
  • The cashier was not allowed to leave the bank until the manager balanced the books.
  • Sally swam out from the beach until she was beyond her depth.
  • I think that the temp will fill the gap until a new person can be hired.
  • They don't pay their bills until you drive them to the wall.
  • I'm sorry, but I can't commit myself on this matter until I know more details.
  • The young customer in the jewelry store was getting the bum's rush until he pulled out an enormous roll of bills.
  • The government is f lying high just now, but wait until the budget is announced.
  • They fought on until they were exhausted.

until 的其它常用短语:

until the cows come home无限期地until 表语(介词)
be. until 表语(介词)until 表语(副词性介词)
be. until 表语(副词性介词)until 表语(形容词)
be. until 表语(形容词)until 表语(-ed 过去分词)
be. until 表语(-ed 过去分词)until 表语(-ing 现在分词)
be. until 表语(-ing 现在分词)until 表语(名词性副词)
be. until 表语(名词性副词)be. until ...
until ... ago

[[8, 9], [9, 12]] [[8, 9], [10, 11]]
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know + the + truth

这是一个动词短语。
v. 知道真相; 知道事情真相
know sth.
vt. 知道..., 了解..., 对...有了解; 认识...; 熟悉..., 精通..., 对...有研究; 知悉..., 懂得...; 确信...; 确认...; [认识/意识]到...; 记得..., 牢记...; 能[认出/区分]...; [见/听]到过...; 经历..., 经受..., 体验...; 受...[支配/影响]
truth
n. 事实, 真相, 实情

comprehend、know、understand 有何区别

comprehendknowunderstand都含知道; 明白; 理解的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
understand
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  • There is no point in hypothesizing about what happened when we don't know the actual truth .
  • It's useless to pretend that you didn't know the truth .
  • It's no use pretending that you didn't know the truth .
  • It wasn't until he came here that I knew the truth .
  • at last he knew the truth

know 的其它常用短语:

know sth.知道...know no bounds无限
be. known to sb.被...所熟悉know sth. by name
know sth. apartknow better than to do.不至于蠢到...
know sth. from sth.know sb. by sight跟某人面熟
be. known for sth.因...而众所周知know sth. around
know sth. aboutknow for sure确知
know better很懂得know by heart记在心中
know what知道吗know a thing or two明白事理
know a trick or two机灵know all the angles懂行
know from sth.辨别know sb. for what sb. is
know one's abcsknow one's onions精明
know one's place知趣know one's stuff精通自己的业务
know one's way about有阅历know one's way around熟谙业务
know sth. by sth.know sth. like the back of one's hand
know sth. like the palm of one's handknow sth. backwards and forwards
know sth. by heart记住know sth. forwards and backwards
know sth. from memoryknow sth. in one's bones
know sth. inside out彻底了解某事know sth. through and through
know the big pictureknow the ropes知道内情
know the score知道真相know the tricks of the trade
know something知道些什么know nothing
know the feeling了解这种感觉know wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份知道...
know whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份知道...know where sth. stands知道某物的位置
know sth. as adj.know sth. as done.
know sth. about sth.know about sth.知道


[[4, 5], [5, 6]] [[4, 5], [5, 6]]
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come + here

这是一个动词短语。
v. 来这里
come 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间
vi. 过来..., 来..., 到达..., 出现..., 开始...

  • Scoot over to Don and ask him to come here for a minute.
  • It wasn't until he came here that I knew the truth.
  • Come here , honey, and give me some sugar.
  • I've heard that the queen is coming here in the flesh.
  • Here she comes , walking down the street.
  • At times, I wish I had never come here .
  • These youngsters come here every week to hang-out.
  • come here and give me a big hug

come 的其它常用短语:

come prep. sth.过来...come 副词性介词过来...
come 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间过来...come 形容词
come on holidaycome to conclusion
come back回来come advb. from sth.
come to light暴露come home to do. (sth.)
come down in sth.come down with sth.感染上...
come into your own充分施展才能come forth出来
come to the point变尖锐come upon sth.偶遇
come in contact with sth.接触come to no good没有好结果
come round the cornercome down to sth.被降到..
come here to do. (sth.)come down下来
come in for sth.接受come to school来学校
come about sth.发生come by sth.得到
come to sth.涉及到...come to an understanding取得谅解
come down on sth.惩罚come between在...中间
come after sth.跟在...后面come alive活跃
come before sth.发生于...之前come for sb.
come off发生come out sth.到边远地区来
come round顺便来访come up smiling重振精神
come along sth.出现come in sth.进来
come to an agreement[经] 商订come to life苏醒
come out of sth.从...出来come over to sp.来...
come to a decision作出决定come right变得正确
come into the blossom开花come with sth.与...一起来
come into one's own得到自己该得的东西come to a close结束

翻译:直到他来了我才知道真相。
It wasn't until he came here that I knew the truth.

这是一个复合句

主句

It wasn't until he came here that I knew the truth.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
It强调句主语 wasn'tbe 动词 until he came here表语(介词+从句)(被强调成份)(原从句状语) that I knew ••• truth.从句(抽离强调成份)

从句

he came here

这是一个从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
he主语 came {名词性副词}谓语动词短语 here名词性副词
I knew the truth.

这是一个从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
I主语 knew谓语动词 the truth.宾语
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