sentence It is certain that he will hand over his business to his son when he gets old. /It-is-certain-that-he-will-hand-over-his-business-to-his-son-when-he-gets-old.= 1

It is certain that he will hand over his business to his son when he gets old. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["It", "is", "certain", "that", "he", "will", "hand", "over", "his", "business", "to", "his", "son", "when", "he", "gets", "old", "."][{"i": 3, "s": [0, 1, 2, 3, 4], "r": "陈述句", "e": [1, 2, 3, 4, 13], "d": {"poses": [4], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3, 4]}}, {"i": 11, "s": [6, 7, 8], "r": "动词短语", "e": [7, 8, 10], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 19, "s": [13, 14], "r": "状语结构", "e": [14, 18], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 23, "s": [15, 16], "r": "动词短语", "e": [16, 18], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 20, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 20, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 8, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 22, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 10, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 20, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 9, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 13, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 5, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 13, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 3, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 5, "e": 18, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 8, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 15, "r": 9, "e": 16, "t": 2}, {"s": 16, "r": 4, "e": 18, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 18, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 18, "subs": [], "s": 14, "r": "状语从句"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 13, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 13, "subs": [], "s": 4, "r": "主语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 1], [1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 4], [4, 13]]
[]

It + is + certain + (for + sb.) + (that) + 主语从句

这是一个陈述句。

certain、confident 及 sure 有何区别

certainconfidentsure意思都含确信的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
sure
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sure、certain 有何区别

两者都可用作表语,表示一定确信,有时可互换。互换的场合应注意以下几点用法:

表示说话者的态度或看法

即表示说话者自己的态度或看法,其意为一定会肯定会。此时主要用法有:

(1) 单独用作表语:

  • One thing was [sure/certain]: they'd be late. 有一件事是确定无疑的,他们会迟到。

(2) 后接不定式:

  • He's [certain/sure] to win. 他一定会成功。
  • They're [certain/sure] to need help. 他们肯定需要帮助。
  • If you do this, you are [certain/sure] to be found out. 如果你这样做一定会被发现。
表示句子主语的判断或信念

即表示句子主语对某一情况的判断或信念,其意为相信, 确信, 有把握等。此时通常用于以下结构:

(1) 后接of/about sth:

  • He is [certain/sure] of success. 他确信会成功。
  • Are you certain [of/about] that? 你对此有把握吗?

(2) 后接of doing sth:

  • Our team is [certain/sure] of winning. 我们队有把握赢。
  • You can be [sure/certain] of his agreeing. 你可以放心他会同意。

(3) 后接that/whether/if宾语从句:

  • I am [sure/certain] that he is honest. 我肯定他是诚实的。
  • I'm [sure/certain] that it's not your fault. 我敢肯定这不是你的错。
  • Are you [certain/sure] that this is the right road? 你肯定这条路对吗?
be sure/certain为肯定式或疑问式时,后接that引导的从句;当为否定式时,后接whether/if引导的从句。
  • I'm not [sure/certain] whether he still works there. 我不能肯定他是否还在那里工作。
  • I wasn't [sure/certain] whether he would agree. 我不太肯定他是否会同意。
  • He wasn't [sure/certain] whether he would be able to get back in time. 他不能肯定他是否能准时回来。

(4) 后接其他从句:

  • I'm not [sure/certain] where she lives. 我不能肯定她住在哪里。
  • I'm not [certain/sure] who wrote it. 我不太清楚这是谁写的。

语义区别
在完整分析区别时,需要在词法、句法、语义角度同时考虑。本小节分析语义上的区别。下面两小节则讲述词法、句法上的固定使用模式。

sure表示主观的推测或感觉,所述事实并不一定如此。

certain则指说话者有充分的理由或根据,肯定某事会发生。

即在上小节讲述的通用场景下使用surecertain,会存在一定的主、客观角度偏向,同时语气也会存在些许差异。

结合上下文

如果上下文提供了更多的支持依据,往往偏向更加肯定的语气,这时候,使用certain会更加适合语境。

  • I'm certain he wasn't in the classroom. I saw him in the library.
  • I'm certain that he will go the concert. He told me so an hour ago.
只能用 certain 的情形

以下情况通常只用certain,而不用sure:

当句中用了形式主语或形式宾语it
  • It's certain that he'll come tomorrow. 他明天肯定会来。
  • I thought it certain that he would be late. 我肯定他会迟到。
  • It's certain that prices will go up. 价格肯定会上涨。
更多
  • It's not certain how much it will cost. 这要花多少钱还不确定。
作定语

表示某一, 某些

  • A certain Mr Green wants to see you. 有个叫格林先生的人想见你。
  • Certain plants are good to eat but others are not. 有些植物好吃, 而其他一些则不好吃。
  • A certain person called on me yesterday.
更多
  • Certain students have failed in the exam.
只能用 sure 的情形

be sure (not) to do sth.(一定要或不要做某事)这类祈使句中通常不用certain:

  • Be sure not to forget it. 千万别忘记啦。
  • Be sure to get there before nine. 务必在九点前到达。
  • Be sure to turn off the light when leave. 离开时一定要关灯。

sure有时还可与there be搭配使用。如:

  • There's sure to be a place for him somewhere. 在什么地方准有他容身之地。
  • There is sure to be trouble when she gets his letter. 在她收到他的信时,肯定会有麻烦。
作定语

表示有把握的; 肯定的; 可靠的

  • Put it in a sure place.
  • There was only one sure way to succeed.
作副词

sure在美语中可用作副词作肯定答语,用以代替surely,相当于certainlyof course。而certain则不能用作副词。

  • I wonder if I could use your phone. Sure. Go ahead.
  • Zhou Lan, can I have a look at your copy of China Daily? Sure, go ahead.
两者在习语中的用法
用于for certain/for sure, 意为肯定地, 确切地等,两者可互换
  • I can't say for [certain/sure] when he will come. 我不敢肯定地说他什么时候来。
  • No one knows for [sure/certain] what happened to her. 没有人确切地知道她出了什么事。
用于make certain/make sure,意为弄清楚, 弄得有把握,两者可互换
  • They made [certain/sure] (that) they weren't late. 他们有把握不迟到。
  • I think there's a train at 10:40, but you'd better make [certain/sure] of it. 我想 10:40 有趟火车,但你最好去核实一下。

暂无例子
[[6, 7], [7, 8], [8, 10]]
[]

hand + over + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 移交

  • Scotland Yard handed over no material
  • Scotland Yard broke its pledge to hand over all material officers collated on him
  • A woman hands over a burger to the customer
  • All right, hand over the hostage!
  • Scotland Yard did not break its pledge to hand over all material officers collated on him
  • Scotland Yard failed to hand over all material collated on him by officers
  • A woman leans over to hand over Chinese food.
  • Scotland Yard handed over every piece of material collated on him
  • The young woman handing over the doll is a volunteer with a disaster relief organization.
  • All material collated on him by officers was handed over

hand 的其它常用短语:

hand sth. over移交hand it over
hand over hand(爬绳等)双手交互使用地hand sth. over to sth.
hand down sth. to sth.hand sth. down to sth.
hand sth. sth.交给hand sth. to sth.交给
hand back sth.交还hand sth. back归还
hand sth. on to sth.hand down sth.把...往下递
hand sth. down把...往下递hand sth. down from generation to generation
hand sth. down from sb. to sb.hand in sth.交进...
hand sth. in交进...hand in sth. to sb.
hand in hand手拉手hand off sth.用手推开某人
hand sth. off用手推开某人hand sth. off to sb.
hand out sth.把...拿出来hand sth. out把...拿出来
hand out sth. to sth.hand sth. out to sb.
hand up sth.上交hand sth. up上交
hand sth. up to sb.

[[13, 14], [14, 18]]
[]

when 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

when、while 及 as 的区别

三者都可表示当...时候

若主句表示的是一个短暂性动作,从句表示的是一个持续性动作,三者皆可用:

  • He fell asleep when/while/as he was reading. 他看书时睡着了。

在其它情况下,它们之间存在着些许差异:

注意! 所有差别实际是将语感文字化,以解释现象的原因。对于初学者来说,培养语感更加重要,无需刻意记忆。
as语义非常丰富,此处只对比类似语义下的差异。
若主、从句表示两个同时进行的持续性动作,且强调主句表示的动作延续到从句所指的整个时间
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  • When I grow up I hope to be just as successful as you are.
  • When they were served the ice cream, Yong Hui began to look ill.
  • When you arrive you are rewarded not only with the sight of its clear waters.
  • I was washing my face when suddenly someone knocked at the door.
  • When he woke up, he found himself lost in the forest.
  • Do you remember one afternoon ten years ago when I came to your house and borrowed a necklace of yours?
  • I was walking east along Park Road when an elderly man came out of the park on the other side of the street.
  • You had better answer the call of nature when you feel it coming.
  • That guy is a real ball of fire when it comes to sales.
  • When you plough the soil, plough deep the first and less deep the second time.

when 的其它常用短语:

when one's ship comes in当发财的时候when the fat hit the fire
when the shit hits the fan当事情出岔子时when 表语(介词)
be. when 表语(介词)when 表语(副词性介词)
be. when 表语(副词性介词)when 表语(形容词)
be. when 表语(形容词)when 表语(-ed 过去分词)
be. when 表语(-ed 过去分词)when 表语(-ing 现在分词)
be. when 表语(-ing 现在分词)when 表语(名词性副词)
be. when 表语(名词性副词)be. when ...
when to do.

[[15, 16], [16, 18]]
[]

get + adj.

这是一个动词短语。
v. 逐渐变得...

be、become、get、turn 的区别

be表示成为时,多用于将来时、祈使句或不定式。

  • I would like to be a bus-driver.
  • My younger sister wants to be a movie star.

become强调变化的过程已经完成,后面可接名词或形容词。

  • Later the boy became an artist.
  • Her mother became angry when she heard the news.

get多用于口语,表示一种变化过程,强调的是渐渐变得,后常接形容词的比较级。

  • It's getting darker and darker outside.
  • In winter the days get shorter.

turn指在颜色和性质等方面与以前的完全不同,强调变化的结果。

  • Leaves turned brown in the mountains.

bring、carry、fetch、get、take 有何区别

bringcarryfetchgettake都含拿; 带; 取的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
bring
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  • I knew she was getting ready to break it off, but Tom didn't.
  • I was so tired I couldn't get up the stairs.
  • Get off your ass and get busy!
  • We have to get off early in the morning before the traffic gets heavy.
  • Judy bought herself a case of beer and proceeded to get as drunk as a skunk.
  • The sky clouded over and it began to get chilly.
  • When you get older, the different parts of your life begin to fall into place.
  • I can't stand people who get fresh.
  • The machine got hot and cut off.
  • You had better buckle down and get busy.

get 的其它常用短语:

get 被动语态作表语get done. by sth.
get adj. to sth.get done. from sth.
get married结婚get better变好
get windyget warm激昂起来
get worse(逐渐)变坏get mad生气
get axedget busy开始工作
get carried away得意忘形get hip to sth.对...非常熟悉
get laid与人发生关系get past通过
get real接受现实get screwed上当
get serious开始[认真/严肃/重视]get smart糊涂侦探
get started on sth.开始get tough强硬起来
get well康复get wet被淋湿
get doing. (sth.)开始...get cracking开始
get going开始get moving开始行动
get rolling开始做某事get along生活
get along with sth.进展get along well with sth.与...相处融洽
get along with other peopleget along on sth.
get along without sth.没有...也过得去get along without没有...也过得去
get around扩散get on生活
get on well相处得好get on to sth.靠近
get on for sth.接近get on adj. with sth.
get on in years上了年纪get on without sth.没有...依然继续
get through做完get through to sth.打通...电话
get through with sth.完成get up起床
get up early很早起床get up as sth.打扮成...


[[5, 6], [6, 13]]
[]

mod. + do.

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子
[[5, 6], [6, 13]] [[5, 6], [6, 13]]
[]

will/would + do.

这是一个动词短语。

will、would 有何区别

willwould都是情态动词,用于为主动词提供更多信息。

两者皆可描述未来发生的事,表明意图、可能性等。

  • I will join the expedition.
  • We will meet again in another life.
  • I would like to meet them again.
表示意愿或预测
当前内容仅限登录后查看

暂无例子
[[9, 10]]
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business

这是一个名词短语。
n. 交易, 生意

当前business(不限本句)既可以用作可数名词,也可以用作不可数名词


暂无例子
[[16, 17]]
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old

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. 老的, 旧的, 古老的, 年长的, 老练的

aged、elderly 及 old 的区别

agedelderlyold等词的意思都包含老的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
old
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older 与 elder 有何区别

older

older可用于人或物,可用作表语或定语,可与than连用。

  • He is older than me. 他比我年纪大。
  • I'm two years older than he. 我比他大两岁。
在美式英语中,也可用older表示长幼关系

older brother哥哥

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暂无例子

old 的其它常用短语:

old sth.老的...
It is certain that he will hand over his business to his son when he gets old.

这是一个复合句

主句

It is certain that he will hand over his business to his son

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
It形式主语 isbe 动词 certain表语(形容词) that he will ••• son真实主语

从句

he will hand over his business to his son

这是一个主语从句,其时态为一般将来时

成份划分
new!
he主语 will hand over...谓语动词短语(复合结构) his business宾语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
to his son

从句

he gets old.

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
he主语 gets系动词 old.表语(形容词)

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