sentence In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people. /In-the-big-city+-there-are-more-schools-and-hospitals-available-for-its-people.= 1

In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["In", "the", "big", "city", ",", "there", "are", "more", "schools", "and", "hospitals", "available", "for", "its", "people", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 5], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [5, 16], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 10, "s": [5, 6, 7], "r": "陈述句", "e": [6, 7, 16], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 16, "s": [8, 9, 10], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [9, 10, 11], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 21, "s": [11, 12, 13], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [12, 13, 16], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 5, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 13, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 21, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 9, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 16, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 0, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 0, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 14, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 0, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 15, "e": 16, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 5, "e": 16, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 16, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 16, "subs": [], "s": 5, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 5], [5, 16]]
[]

前置状语或补足语 + 句子, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
[[5, 6], [6, 7], [7, 16]]
[]

There + be. + sth.

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be 与 have 的区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

当前内容仅限登录后查看

There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.

主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • There is not much point in working on my PhD.
  • There was a big blow-off in the office today.
  • There are ants all over the cake!
  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins.
  • So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.
  • There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming.
  • There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China.
  • There are more than 5 countries where the majority of the people speak English.
  • There are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
[[8, 9], [9, 10], [10, 11]]
[]

sth. + and + sth.,同为主语、表语、宾语

这是一个固定搭配。

and 用法归纳

and是常用的连词。

连词在句中并不单独作句子成分,只起连接作用,即连接词与词、短语与短语或句子与句子。

表示并列、对称的关系
当前内容仅限登录后查看

  • Living in a country with plenty of space and a good climate, New Zealanders love all kinds of sport and outdoor activities.
  • She has helped thousands of men and women come to terms with things that bother them.
  • Jane and Betty are going on separate holidays in a few days' time.
  • In his war films, he has shown that love and peace will win over war in the end.
  • The people of Beijing will welcome athletes and sports fans from all over the world.
  • He told me that I could go on a two-day trip to Leshan and Emei, which wasn't too expensive.
  • Jeff and Flora looked into each other's face with a look of fright.
  • Flora, whose beautiful hair and dress were all cold and wet, started crying.
  • Once, the earth was a beautiful blue planet where people lived happily among trees and animals.
  • Experts tell us that we need to think about what we can do to keep animals and plants from becoming endangered.
[[11, 12], [12, 13], [13, 16]] [[11, 12], [12, 13], [13, 16]]
[]

be. + available + for + sth.

这是一个固定搭配。
有效
available
adj. 可利用的, 可获得的, 有效的

  • special arrangements were available for the aged
  • The boy is letting people know he has lemonade available for sale.
  • There is food available for purchase.
  • Several items are available for sale.
  • The bagels are freshly baked and available for sale.
  • Products are available for sale.
  • This is the best television set available for the money, no buts about it.
  • In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.
  • There are snacks available for the players.
  • he was not available for comment

available 的其它常用短语:

be. available to sth.可被...利用或得到的available sth.可用的...

[[0, 1], [1, 5]] [[0, 1], [3, 4]]
[]

in + the + city

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在城里; 在城市里

  • John lives apart from his wife, who has a job in another city .
  • I am going to take up my abode in a different city .
  • The woman in a crowded city
  • There is a murderer at large in the city !
  • The man is in a city .
  • A man walking a dog and a young girl climb the stairs to a red bridge in a city .
  • People in a city gathered around a blue station wagon.
  • I had to take a bed-and-breakfast because the hotels in the city were much too expensive.
  • Streetcars have had their day in most American cities .
  • There are many young people down-and-out in the city .

in 的其它常用短语:

be. in sth.在...be. in sth. with sth.
be. in sth. for sth.in the way在...方式上
in opposition to sth.反对in poor health身体好[坏]
in explanation of sth.对...进行解释in the wall在墙上
in the manner以这种态度in sight of sth.在见得到...的地方
in the same way同样地in the wake of sth.在...之后
in our favour我方收益in the same breath同时
in one's favour对...有利in the science museum
in good taste得体in that既然
in large numbers满谷满坑in total总共
in person在人称上(语法)in taste在口味上
in the extentin high spirits情绪高涨
in the great need of sth.in show表面上
in haste匆忙in the habit of sth.有...的习惯
in one's face迎面in care of sb.
in the heart of sth.在...中心in ... condition在...条件下
in good condition处于良好的情况中in use在使用着
in a way在某种程度上in bulk散装
in confidence在自信心[上/方面]in a family way象一家人一样
in safety平安地in the blossom正在开花
in commemoration of sth.纪念in a flash一刹那间
in the concert hallin pain痛苦
in the extreme非常in the issue结果
in other ways在其他方面in search of sth.寻找
in favour of sth.[经] 同意in the negative否定地

[[2, 3], [3, 5]] [[2, 3], [3, 4]]
[]

big + city

这是一个名词短语。
n. 大城市, 大都市, 大都会
big sth.
n. 大的..., 重要的...

  • its rush hour in a big city
  • A family hurries across the street in a big city .
  • A wall with writings from angry protesters in a big city .
  • The people are walking in a big city .
  • A man is in a big city .
  • Two girls are in a big city .
  • The person carries their bag through the big city .
  • A black man in a long sleeves white collared shirt and a tie is walking to work in a big city .
  • The monks are dressed in their robes enjoying the big city .
  • A train passes through a tunnel in a big city .

big 的其它常用短语:

big sth.大的...a big headache
a big dinnerbig lie弥天大谎
big bug名人
[[8, 9]]
[]

school

这是一个名词短语。
n. 学校; 上学; [上课/上学]时间; 全体师生; 学院, 系; 学派, 流派; 群

当前school可数。


暂无例子
[[10, 11]]
[]

hospital

这是一个名词短语。
n. 医院

当前hospital可数。


暂无例子
[[14, 15]]
[]

people

这是一个名词短语。
n. 人; 人名, 国民; 人们, 大家; 名族; 种族

当前people可数。

man、people 及 person 的区别

man用于表示男人时,与woman相对。

man用于表示人类时,没有复数形式,也不加任何冠词。

  • She ran away with a man called McTavish last year. 去年,她和一个叫麦克塔维什的男人私奔了。
  • The chick initially has no fear of man. 小鸡天生并不怕人。
  • He is the man of all others for the job. 他是所有人之中最适于干这工作的人。

people用于表示人们时,是集体名词,表泛指概念,前面不加冠词,且没有复数形式。

people作可数名词时表示民族。其复数形式为peoples。视具体语境,特别在无量词修饰的情况下,peoples也可以翻译成[全体]人民, 各族人民

some people一些人

many people许多人

these people这些人

this people这个民族

one people一个民族

  • You can chat to other people who are online. 你可以和其他在线的人聊天。
  • It's a triumph for the Chinese people. 这是中国人民的胜利。
  • Millions of people have lost their homes. 数百万人失去了家园。

person表示个别,一般用于比较精确的场合。

  • At least one person died and several others were injured. 至少一人死亡,还有几个人受伤。
  • A friend of mine is a very anxious person. 我的一个朋友是个非常容易焦虑不安的人。
  • Mary was the first person to think of the idea. 玛丽是第一个想到这个主意的人

暂无例子

people 的其它常用短语:

people of sth....人民
翻译:在大城市里,有更多的学校和医院为人们提供服务。
In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.

这是一个简单句,只含有一个主谓结构

句子类型是陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
there形式主语或倒装引导词 arebe 动词 more schools and ••• people.真实主语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
In the big city,

更多推荐语法

句型分析
拓展学习
简介

Enpuz 全称 English Puzzle

旨在让用户获得专业、效率、细致、发散的英语学习体验。

信息

备案: 粤ICP备20057690号

邮箱: 1431306190@qq.com

QQ 群: 559617718

隐私政策 | 联系我们 | 历史更新

版权: @2021 enpuz.com