sentence In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals are available for its people. /In-the-big-city+-there-are-more-schools-and-hospitals-are-available-for-its-people.= 1

In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals are available for its people. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 5], [5, 17]]
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前置状语或补足语 + 句子, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
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There + be. + sth. + ...

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be、have 有何区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.
主谓一致原则

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

就近原则

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.
句式
一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?
作主语、宾语、或状语

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
特殊句型
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • There were at least four people there that I knew.
  • There was a time when this village used to be very quiet.
  • There is a murderer at large in the city!
  • There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.
  • At most there were three people in line ahead of me.
  • There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.
  • There 's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology.
  • In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.
  • Where there is a will, there is a way.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
[[8, 9], [9, 10], [10, 11]]
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sth. + and + sth.,同为主语、表语、宾语

这是一个固定搭配。

and 的用法

and是常用的连词。

连词在句中并不单独作句子成分,只起连接作用,即连接词与词、短语与短语或句子与句子。

表示并列、对称的关系
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  • Animals and plants must have a habitat, or home, which is comfortable and clean, and where there is enough food and other resources.
  • It disappeared during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
  • The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.
  • Living in a country with plenty of space and a good climate, New Zealanders love all kinds of sport and outdoor activities.
  • The latest cellphones have features such as games, music and an electronic calendar that will remind you about appointments and important dates.
  • Many of the Chinese medals were won in diving and gymnastics and also in events such as shooting.
  • It was born in when people created a new festival so that African Americans would be able to celebrate their history and culture.
  • She says that her cellphone helps her do whatever she wants to do and still stay in touch with her parents and friends.
  • In China, you sometimes get a hot, damp cloth to clean your face and hands, which, however, is not the custom in Western countries.
  • There are many plants and animals that only live in New Zealand.
[[12, 13], [13, 14], [14, 17]] [[12, 13], [13, 14], [14, 17]]
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be. + available + for + sth.

这是一个固定搭配。
有效
available
adj. 可利用的, 可获得的, 有效的

  • There are chairs available for the picnic.
  • his secretary said he was unavailable for comment
  • Many things are available for sale.
  • he was not available for comment
  • Products are available for sale.
  • special arrangements were available for the aged
  • This is the best television set available for the money, no buts about it.
  • There is food available for purchase.
  • There is no alcohol available for sale in this store.
  • There are meats available for purchase

available 的其它常用短语:

be. available to sth.可被...利用或得到的available sth.可用的...

[[0, 1], [1, 5]] [[0, 1], [3, 4]]
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in + the + city

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在城里; 在城市里

  • The man is in a city .
  • The girl is driving in the city .
  • The reason why people choose to live in the city is that the life is more convenient and colorful.
  • 2 people walking up a set of stairs in the city .
  • A man and a woman conversing in a city .
  • a green and white trolley car with an advertisement of coffee on the side and front of it in a city .
  • the cars drove by in the city
  • I've lived in many cities , for instance, Boston, Chicago, and Detroit.
  • Reflections of people walking in a big city .
  • An orange car is driving across a steel bridge in a city .

in 的其它常用短语:

be. in sth.在...be. in sth. with sth.
be. in sth. for sth.in the way在...方式上
in opposition to sth.反对in poor health身体好[坏]
in explanation of sth.对...进行解释in the wall在墙上
in the manner以这种态度in sight of sth.在见得到...的地方
in the same way同样地in the wake of sth.在...之后
in our favour我方收益in the same breath同时
in one's favour对...有利in the science museum
in good taste得体in that既然
in large numbers满谷满坑in total总共
in person在人称上(语法)in taste在口味上
in the extentin high spirits情绪高涨
in the great need of sth.in show表面上
in haste匆忙in the habit of sth.有...的习惯
in one's face迎面in care of sb.
in the heart of sth.在...中心in ... condition在...条件下
in good condition处于良好的情况中in use在使用着
in a way在某种程度上in bulk散装
in confidence在自信心[上/方面]in a family way象一家人一样
in safety平安地in the blossom正在开花
in commemoration of sth.纪念in a flash一刹那间
in the concert hallin pain痛苦
in the extreme非常in the issue结果
in other ways在其他方面in search of sth.寻找
in favour of sth.[经] 同意in the negative否定地

[[2, 3], [3, 5]] [[2, 3], [3, 4]]
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big + city

这是一个名词短语。
n. 大城市, 大都市, 大都会
big sth.
n. 大的..., 重要的...

  • The people are walking in a big city .
  • Two monks are visiting a big city .
  • A wall with writings from angry protesters in a big city .
  • Two young man fishing in a big city shore by a bridge.
  • A woman in all white is part of a big parade in a big city .
  • Although John was a stranger to big cities , he enjoyed visiting New York.
  • Two tourists are visiting a big city .
  • A family hurries across the street in a big city .
  • Two young women are sitting in front of a large window overlooking a big city .
  • A man is riding a bike down a busy street in a big city .

big 的其它常用短语:

big sth.大的...a big headache
a big dinnerbig lie弥天大谎
big bug名人
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school

这是一个名词短语。
n. 学校; 上学; [上课/上学]时间; 全体师生; 学院, 系; 学派, 流派; 群

当前school可数。


暂无例子
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hospital

这是一个名词短语。
n. 医院

当前hospital可数。


暂无例子
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people

这是一个名词短语。
n. 人; 人名, 国民; 人们, 大家; 名族; 种族

当前people可数。

man、people 及 person 有何区别

man

man用于表示男人时,与woman相对。

man用于表示人类时,没有复数形式,也不加任何冠词。

  • She ran away with a man called McTavish last year. 去年,她和一个叫麦克塔维什的男人私奔了。
  • The chick initially has no fear of man. 小鸡天生并不怕人。
  • He is the man of all others for the job. 他是所有人之中最适于干这工作的人。
people

people用于表示人们时,是集体名词,表泛指概念,前面不加冠词,且没有复数形式。

people作可数名词时表示民族。其复数形式为peoples。视具体语境,特别在无量词修饰的情况下,peoples也可以翻译成[全体]人民, 各族人民

some people一些人

many people许多人

these people这些人

this people这个民族

one people一个民族

  • You can chat to other people who are online. 你可以和其他在线的人聊天。
  • It's a triumph for the Chinese people. 这是中国人民的胜利。
  • Millions of people have lost their homes. 数百万人失去了家园。
person

person表示个别,一般用于比较精确的场合。

  • At least one person died and several others were injured. 至少一人死亡,还有几个人受伤。
  • A friend of mine is a very anxious person. 我的一个朋友是个非常容易焦虑不安的人。
  • Mary was the first person to think of the idea. 玛丽是第一个想到这个主意的人

暂无例子

people 的其它常用短语:

people of sth....人民
In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals are available for its people.

这是一个简单句,只含有一个主谓结构,并且句子各成分都只由单词或短语构成。

句子类型是陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
there形式主语或倒装引导词 are arebe 动词 more schools and hospitals真实主语 available for its people.表语(形容词)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
In the big city,

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