sentence If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them. /If-the-neighbours-do-not-give-any-sweets+-the-children-might-play-a-trick-on-them.= 1

If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["If", "the", "neighbours", "do", "not", "give", "any", "sweets", ",", "the", "children", "might", "play", "a", "trick", "on", "them", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 9], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [9, 18], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 1, "s": [0, 1], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [1, 9], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 21, "s": [12, 14, 15, 16], "r": "动词短语", "e": [13, 15, 16, 18], "d": {"poses": [3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 5, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 8, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 22, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 7, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 10, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 9, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 22, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 10, "e": 18, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 20, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 9, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 3, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 15, "r": 5, "e": 18, "t": 2}, {"s": 15, "r": 13, "e": 16, "t": 2}, {"s": 16, "r": 3, "e": 18, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 18, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 1, "r": "状语从句"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 18, "subs": [], "s": 9, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 9], [9, 18]]
[]

前置状语 + 主句, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
[[0, 1], [1, 9]]
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if 引导的状语从句

这是一个固定搭配。

if 引导的条件状语从句

if含义为如果、假如,它引导的从句表示某件事发生所需要的条件,即在…条件下, 某事才能发生,在主句中充当状语,因此称之为条件状语从句

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四大条件句详解

条件句用于表示仅当一个特定条件(在if + 从句中)满足时,主句(不包含if的句子)中的动作才会发生。

通常有如下两种结构:

If + 从句+ , + 主句 + .
主句 + if + 从句 + .
  • If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park.
  • We'll go to the park if it doesn't rain.
关于逗号
1. 如果if + 从句出现在整句开头,不要忘了在其后添加逗号( , )
2. 如果主句部分出现在整句开头,则无须使用逗号。
(添加逗号是为了避免在书面语中主从句划分异常引起歧义。而if + 从句后置时,if引导词本身就潜在划分功能,所以前面的逗号可以省略)
次序引起的强调
在书面语中,次序引起的强调效果不是特别明显。但在口语中,配合语气强弱,很容易起到强调作用
1. if + 从句在前,强调if + 从句,即强调条件
2. 主句在前,强调主句,即强调结果

英语中一共有四大类条件句,在接下来的小节中,让 Enpuz 为您逐个做详细介绍。

第一条件句
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  • If you show up ahead of time, you will have to wait.
  • How can you say that you really understand the whole story if you have covered only part of the article
  • If you are going to bag on everyone all the time, I don't want to hear about it.
  • If we work together, we might come up with a very good story.
  • Then she prepares reliable moves to use if a new situation arises.
  • Sally could always argue him down if she had to.
  • If we want to keep up with the high pace of modern life, we had better learn to make the right choices.
  • If I may beg to differ, you have not expressed my position as well as you seem to think.
  • Tom has stepped away from his desk, but if you leave your number, he will call you right back.
  • In such dry weather, the flowers will have to be watered if they are to survive

if 的其它常用短语:

if not要不if I were ..., 虚拟条件如果我是...
if anything should happen如果有什么会发生be. if you please
if 表语(介词)be. if 表语(介词)
if 表语(副词性介词)be. if 表语(副词性介词)
if 表语(形容词)be. if 表语(形容词)
if 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. if 表语(-ed 过去分词)
if 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. if 表语(-ing 现在分词)
if 表语(名词性副词)be. if 表语(名词性副词)
be. if ...if sth. (,) 主句,构成状语前置结构
分句 1 if 分句 2祈使成份 if 分句 1
分句 1 if 分句 2(祈使句)

[[12, 13], [13, 15], [15, 16], [16, 18]] [[12, 13], [14, 15], [15, 16], [16, 18]]
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play + a + trick + on + sb.

这是一个动词短语。
trick
n. 戏法, 把戏

on、onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • he played a trick on me
  • Peter played a trick on Carol and she wouldn't talk to him for two days.
  • Somebody played a trick on me by hiding my shoes.
  • Did I see him fall down or are my eyes playing tricks on me?
  • Stop playing tricks on people!
  • A man is trying to play a trick on a stranger
  • They are sneaking up on a friend to play a trick on her and scare her.
  • If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them.
  • You had better not play any tricks on me!
  • The little boys planned to play a trick on their teacher by turning up the heat in the classroom.

play 的其它常用短语:

play sth.play a joke讲笑话
play a part in sth.在...中扮演角色play the role of sth.扮演...角色
play hide-and-seekplay sth. on sth.
play cards打扑克play by ear凭听觉记忆演奏
play a part扮演角色play the music奏乐
play against sth.与...比赛play football踢足球
play the part of sb.play with fire玩火
play for sth.为了...而[玩/表演/演出/拖时间]play sports参加体育运动或比赛
play volleyball打排球play the violin叹苦经想得到人们的同情
play ball games打球play up加油
play a role in sth.在...起作用play the devil with sth.搞糟
play up to sth.支持play chess下棋
play along with sth.参与play at sth.在...玩
play a key role in sth.起关键作用play sth. in sth.在...中扮演...
play a joke on sb.play the piano弹钢琴
play an important role起重要作用play on sth.在...(上、时)表演
play a joke with sb.play sth. with sth.用...玩...
play with sth.与...一起玩耍play the game玩游戏
play at sb. in sth.play computer games玩电脑游戏
play light musicplay basketball打篮球
play an instrument演奏乐器play on words双关语
play sth. wellplay sth. right
play sth. close to sth.play a big part in sth.
play a big partplay a bit part扮演小角色
play a large part in sth.play a large part


[[2, 3]]
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neighbor

这是一个名词短语。
n. 邻居

当前neighbor可数。


暂无例子
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give + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 给, 授予, 供给, 产生, 发表, 付出, 献出, 让出

confer、give、grant、present 的区别

confergivegrantpresent都含的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
give
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  • The lady wearing a red coat is giving a speech.
  • A man giving a speech
  • Each burner on the stove burns with a low blue flame giving the maximum amount of heat per BTU.
  • A man is giving a presentation in front of a large crowd.
  • A couple is giving a man a bike as a gift.
  • The young man is giving the old man a hug.
  • The two bicyclists cross each and give each a high five as one pedals uphill, and the other downhill.
  • The lawyer got the witness to give a blow-by-blow description of the argument.
  • If everyone will just give a little, we can have enough money to provide a nice Thanksgiving dinner for the needy.
  • A man is giving a presentation.

give 的其它常用短语:

give sth. to do. (sth.)give a call打个电话
give notice of sth.give about sth.分布
give leavegive oneself.
give way撤退give no answer
give advice劝告given name教名
give the tongue大声说give oneself. out to be
give a piano concertgive a concert举行音乐会
give the advice on sth.give an example举例
give one's life捐躯give one's ears不惜任何代价
give a performance of sth.give promise答应
give a hand帮助give a lecture说课
give a talk做讲演(报告)give examples of sth.
give causegive one's attention
give a ringgive forth发出
give sth. on sth.give an opinion on sth.对...发表意见
give an order for sth.提交...的订单give birth使诞生
give one's opiniongive satisfaction使满意
give one's noticegive sth. with sth.
give a good account of oneself.give a little
give an account of sth.讲述give cause for sth.说明...
give evidence of sth.证明give forth with sth.
give ground退却give one's best竭尽全力
give one's right arm for sth.为[获得/拥有]...[可以付出极大代价/不惜代价/竭尽所有]give one's right arm付出极大代价
give sb. to understand sth.give sth. for sth.
give sth. over to sth.give a party举行宴会、酒会等

[[6, 7], [7, 9]]
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any + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 任一的..., 任何的...; 所有的...; 不论哪个...; 每一..., 每个的...; 什么..., 一点...; 若干..., 一些...; 有多少...; 连一个(...都); 相当大的..., 相当可观的...; 尽可能大的...

some、any 的区别

some

表示一些, 某些, 某个。可用作名词或形容词,常用于肯定句。在句子中用作主语、宾语或定语。

作定语时,它可以修饰单数可数名词和复数可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。

用于肯定句
  • Ask some boys to help you. 叫些男孩来帮助你。(修饰复数可数名词)
  • Please bring some coffee. 请拿些咖啡来。(修饰不可数名词)
  • Ask some girl to come here. 叫(某)个女孩来这儿。(修饰单数可数名词)
用于疑问句

some用于疑问句时表示请求、邀请或希望得到肯定的回答

  • Would you like some coffee? 需要一些咖啡么。(表示请求、邀请)
  • Have you some stamps? 你有邮票吗?(希望得到肯定的回答)
  • Would you like some melon? 你要吃点瓜吗?
更多
  • Shall I pour you some tea? 我给你斟点茶好吗?
  • Why don't you go and grab some sleep? 你为什么不抓紧时间睡一会呢?
  • Why not liven up the room with some flowers? 为什么不用些花使房间更有生气呢?
用于否定句

some用于否定句时表示部分否定。

  • I don't like some of the films. 这些电影中有几部我不喜欢。
  • I don't like any of the films. 这些电影中我一部也不喜欢。
与否定词联用

与表示否定意义的词如fewlittle等联用时,表示肯定意义,其意为不少, 相当多

  • Some few students were absent today. 今天有不少学生缺席。
  • He spent some little money on books. 他花不少钱买书。
注意! 不要将some few/some little理解为相当少
注意! 该用法过于偏向口语, Enpuz 暂不支持解析
any

表示一些, 任何。可用作名词或形容词,常用于否定句或疑问句,也可以用于条件状语从句。

作定语时,它可以修饰复数形式的可数名词或不可数名词。

用于疑问句或否定句
  • Are there any cows in the fields? 田里有一些牛吗?(修饰复数形式的可数名词)
  • There won't be any trouble. 没有任何麻烦。(修饰不可数名词)
用于条件状语从句
  • If there is any trouble, let me know. 如果有什么麻烦,要让我知道。

any用于肯定句时,通常要重读,修饰单数可数名词或不可数名词。

  • Any time you want me, just send for me. 什么时候你需要我,随时叫我来。
  • Come any day you like. 只要你喜欢,随时可以来。

  • Yes, Kelly is in a little bit of trouble, but I'm not going to lose any sleep over her.
  • Any government, which is blind to this point, may pay a heavy price.
  • However, most of the time people from the two countries do not have any difficulty in understanding each other.
  • I hope I'm not in for any surprises when I get home.
  • If we keep spending so much, before long we'll be without any money.
  • I don't want to get it on with you or any other creep.
  • I ate at that diner any number of times and never became ill.
  • Don't brew up any trouble!
  • If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them.
  • Is there any news from overseas about the war?

any 的其它常用短语:

any of sth.
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sweet

这是一个名词短语。
n. 糖果; 甜点; 宝贝儿

当前sweet可数。


暂无例子
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child

这是一个名词短语。
n. 儿童, 小孩; 子女; 产物; 追随者

当前child可数。


暂无例子
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mod. + do.

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子
[[11, 12], [12, 18]] [[11, 12], [12, 18]]
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may/might + do.

这是一个动词短语。

may、might、maybe 的区别

may

may为情态助动词。

1. 用于询问或说明一件事可不可以做,或用于建议。

2. 表示一件事或许会发生,或某种情况可能会存在。

注意! 表示可能性时:
can't语气强,表示不可能
may not语气弱,表示可能不
  • May I help you? 我可以帮忙吗?
  • A fool may throw a stone into a well which a hundred wise men cannot pull out. 一愚所失, 百智难回。
  • Later they may give performances in pubs or clubs, for which they are paid in cash. 接下来,他们可能会在酒吧或俱乐部演出,并获得现金报酬。
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暂无例子
If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them.

这是一个复合句

主句

the children might play a trick on them.

是一个陈述句,其时态可以是一般过去时一般过去将来时一般现在时一般将来时

为什么会有多个时态?情态动词might可以表示多种时态,需要根据上下文进一步分析,当前仅罗列所有可能的情况。
成份划分
new!
the children主语 might play谓语动词(复合结构) a trick宾语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
on them.

从句

the neighbours do not give any sweets,

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
the neighbours主语 do give谓语动词(复合结构) any sweets,宾语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
not

更多推荐语法