sentence If anybody calls, tell them I am out, and ask them to leave their names and addresses. /If-anybody-calls+-tell-them-I-am-out+-and-ask-them-to-leave-their-names-and-addresses.= 1

If anybody calls, tell them I am out, and ask them to leave their names and addresses. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["If", "anybody", "calls", ",", "tell", "them", "I", "am", "out", ",", "and", "ask", "them", "to", "leave", "their", "names", "and", "addresses", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 4], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [4, 20], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 1, "s": [0, 1], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [1, 4], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 7, "s": [4, 5, 6], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [5, 6, 20], "d": {"poses": [1, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 12, "s": [7, 10, 11], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [10, 11, 20], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 14, "s": [11, 12, 13, 14], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [12, 13, 14, 20], "d": {"poses": [1, 3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}, {"i": 19, "s": [16, 17, 18], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [17, 18, 20], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 5, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 8, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 9, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 10, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 9, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 13, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 14, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 10, "e": 20, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 9, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 3, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 13, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 10, "e": 20, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 9, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 15, "r": 3, "e": 20, "t": 2}, {"s": 16, "r": 0, "e": 20, "t": 2}, {"s": 16, "r": 0, "e": 17, "t": 2}, {"s": 17, "r": 14, "e": 18, "t": 2}, {"s": 18, "r": 0, "e": 20, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 20, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 4, "subs": [], "s": 1, "r": "状语从句"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 20, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 20, "subs": [], "s": 6, "r": "宾语从句"}], "s": 4, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}


[[0, 4], [4, 20]]

前置状语 + 主句, 构成状语前置结构


[[0, 1], [1, 4]]

if 引导的状语从句


if 引导的条件状语从句

if含义为如果、假如,它引导的从句表示某件事发生所需要的条件,即在…条件下, 某事才能发生,在主句中充当状语,因此称之为条件状语从句



条件句用于表示仅当一个特定条件(在if + 从句中)满足时,主句(不包含if的句子)中的动作才会发生。


If + 从句+ , + 主句 + .
主句 + if + 从句 + .
  • If it doesn't rain, we'll go to the park.
  • We'll go to the park if it doesn't rain.
1. 如果if + 从句出现在整句开头,不要忘了在其后添加逗号( , )
2. 如果主句部分出现在整句开头,则无须使用逗号。
(添加逗号是为了避免在书面语中主从句划分异常引起歧义。而if + 从句后置时,if引导词本身就潜在划分功能,所以前面的逗号可以省略)
1. if + 从句在前,强调if + 从句,即强调条件
2. 主句在前,强调主句,即强调结果

英语中一共有四大类条件句,在接下来的小节中,让 Enpuz 为您逐个做详细介绍。


  • If you keep spending money like that, you'll be broke before you know it.
  • If we know more about what causes the result, we may be able to take measures before it is too late.
  • If we keep spending so much, before long we'll be without any money.
  • If you do that again, I'll beat the pants off of you.
  • If the neighbours do not give any sweets, the children might play a trick on them.
  • If anybody calls, tell them I am out, and ask them to leave their names and addresses.
  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • If a little rain can ruin the best-laid plans of mice and men, think what an earthquake might do!
  • So as you can imagine, if your skin gets burned it can be very serious.
  • If it should snow tomorrow, they couldn't go out.

if 的其它常用短语:

if not要不if I were ..., 虚拟条件如果我是...
if anything should happen如果有什么会发生be. if you please
if 表语(介词)be. if 表语(介词)
if 表语(副词性介词)be. if 表语(副词性介词)
if 表语(形容词)be. if 表语(形容词)
if 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. if 表语(-ed 过去分词)
if 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. if 表语(-ing 现在分词)
if 表语(名词性副词)be. if 表语(名词性副词)
be. if ...if sth. (,) 主句,构成状语前置结构
分句 1 if 分句 2祈使成份 if 分句 1
分句 1 if 分句 2(祈使句)

[[4, 5], [5, 6], [6, 20]]

tell + sth. + (that) 引导的宾语从句

vt. 告诉, 说, 吩咐, 断定, 知道

  • Bill told everything he knew about Bob, and that sold Bob down the river.
  • I told her she should get out while the goin's good.
  • My doctor told me I can put weight on my broken leg next week.
  • The grocer told the plumber that he would pay the plumber by allowing him to take his bill out in trade.
  • She smacked him down by telling him that he didn't fit in there anymore.
  • Damn it to blue blazes, I told you I can't lend you any more money!
  • This looks good on paper, but my gut tells me that it is all wrong.
  • Just tell me that you need me and I'll come there in a heartbeat.
  • The powder burns tell us that the gun was fired at close range.
  • You might just as well tell the manufacturer that male customers may not like the design of the furniture.

tell 的其它常用短语:

tell sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份tell sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份
tell sth. parttell wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份告诉...
tell whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份告诉...tell off sth.分派出
tell sth. off分派出tell sb. to do. (sth.)
tell sb. to (do.)tell sb. not to do. (sth.)
tell sth.告诉...tell about sth.告诉(某人)有关...的情况
tell sth. to sb.将...告诉...tell jokes讲笑话
tell sth. from sth.区别...与...tell sth. apart分辨...
tell sth. out of sth.tell from sth.辨别
tell the difference between区别tell a story讲故事
tell the whole truth全盘托出tell on sb.告发某人
tell the truth说实话tell a lie说谎话
tell it to the marines我不会相信的tell its own story很明显
tell its own tale不言而喻tell sb. to one's face
tell off sb.tell sb. on sb.
tell sth. by sth.tell tales out of school搬弄是非
tell the difference between sb. and sth.tell the whole world
tell the world当众说tell time报时
tell one's own story很明显tell fortunes算命
tell sth. of sth.tell of sth.讲述
tell sth. about sth.告诉...关于...tell about sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法
tell one from the other分清tell all提供全部情况
tell sth. sth.[告诉/吩咐]...(某人)...(某事/某物)tell sb. a story向...讲述一个故事
tell sth. the truth向...(某人)说出[真相/事实]tell sb. the time
tell me another one别瞎扯了tell me another别瞎扯了

[[7, 10], [10, 11], [11, 20]]

do. + and + do., 共享主语


and 的用法




[[11, 12], [12, 13], [13, 14], [14, 20]]

ask + sb. + to + do. + (sth.)

v. [要求/叫/让/请]...(某人)...(做某事)

ask、inquire、question 有何区别

askinquirequestion都含有问; 询问的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

ask、request 及 solicit 有何区别

askrequestsolicit都含有请求; 要求的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

  • Ask Sally to carry through on her project.
  • The teacher pointed toward Laura and asked her to come to the front of the room.
  • Ask her to give us her opinion, for what it's worth.
  • Ask them to quiet down.
  • To ask Bob to keep regular hours would really be cramping his style.
  • A man driving a cart with an advertisement asking you to place your ad on the back of his bike.
  • The man was asked to throw a ball because of a bet.
  • We were asked to vote for the candidates for captain by a show of hands.
  • Now, the leader has asked a group of students to do what they can to save the earth.
  • The captain asked the first mate to beam him up.

ask 的其它常用短语:

ask sb. to (do.)ask sb. not to do. (sth.)要求某人不要做某事
ask down sb.邀请ask wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份
ask whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份ask sth. wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份
ask sth. whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份ask sent., 其中 sent. 是主句(特殊疑问句)结构
ask off请假ask in sth.请(某人)进来
ask sth. in请(某人)进来ask out sth.请(某人)外出
ask sth. out请(某人)外出ask sb. out for sth.
ask sb. out to sth.ask up sth.请(某人)上楼
ask sth. up请(某人)上楼ask sth. about sth.
ask about sth.打听ask sth. for sth.向...提出...
ask for sth.[请求/寻求/要求][得到]...ask sb. for advice
ask for sick leaveask for help求援
ask for leave请假ask for the moon异想天开
ask for damageask for a knuckle sandwich
ask for trouble自找麻烦ask out sb. for sth.
ask sth. of sth.ask of sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法
ask sth. sth.向...询问...ask sth.
ask the way问路ask after sb.
ask sb. for helpask a question of sb.
ask around about sth.ask around到处打听
ask sb. backask sb. down
ask sb. into sp.ask sb. in sp.
ask out sb.ask sb. to sth.
ask up sb.asking price要价
ask a question问问题ask directions问路

[[16, 17], [17, 18], [18, 20]]

sth. + and + sth.,同为主语、表语、宾语


and 的用法




  • Animals and plants must have a habitat, or home, which is comfortable and clean, and where there is enough food and other resources.
  • It disappeared during the Ming and Qing Dynasties.
  • The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.
  • Living in a country with plenty of space and a good climate, New Zealanders love all kinds of sport and outdoor activities.
  • The latest cellphones have features such as games, music and an electronic calendar that will remind you about appointments and important dates.
  • Many of the Chinese medals were won in diving and gymnastics and also in events such as shooting.
  • It was born in when people created a new festival so that African Americans would be able to celebrate their history and culture.
  • She says that her cellphone helps her do whatever she wants to do and still stay in touch with her parents and friends.
  • In China, you sometimes get a hot, damp cloth to clean your face and hands, which, however, is not the custom in Western countries.
  • There are many plants and animals that only live in New Zealand.

[[1, 2]]


n. 重要人物


anybody 的其它常用短语:

anybody adj.anybody doing.
[[2, 3]]


vi. 叫喊, 访问, 叫牌

call、cry、bellow、scream、screech、shout、shriek 及 yell 的区别

callcrybellowscreamscreechshoutshriekyell都含大喊; 大叫的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

call、invite、summon 的区别

callinvitesummon都含召唤; 邀请的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别


call 的其它常用短语:

call sth.喊 num., 其中 num. 为电话号码
call sth. in question对...表示怀疑call a taxi打“的”
call off叫走call white black颠倒黑白
call after sth.追在...的后面叫喊call down叫...下来
call up召集call sb. to account
call up at a place
call at away叫走
call home打电话回家call forth引起
call the roll点名call one's name
call the police报警call black white指黑为白
call a meeting召开会议call a meeting to order
call againcall all the shots
call the shots控制事态call around about sth.
call around来访call hogs
call in to my service
call sb. away from sb. away
call sb. by a namecall down sb.
call sb. forwardcall in sb. for sth.请某人做某事
call in sth.以...(方式)呼叫call sb. on the carpet
call sb. off sth. into question对...表示怀疑
call sth. into out sb.呼叫某人
call sb. over to one's bluff揭某人底牌
call sb. togethercall the off dogs
call the tune定调子call to sb.
call upon sb.called to straw

[[7, 8], [8, 10]]

be. + out

v. 不在, 公开

  • A lady is out with her children.
  • Workers are out doing their jobs at night.
  • Right now, I am working for Julie, who is out sick.
  • the people do not need sunscreen because the sun is not out and it is cloudy
  • Carla is out playing ball with the little kids.
  • The gray team player is out.
  • Kids are out fishing in their canoes.
  • friends are out camping
  • Two women are out shopping together.
  • A woman is out looking for something to do.

out 的其它常用短语:

be. out for sth.力图要out for sth.努力想到
out and away远远地out and about能够外出走动
be. out at sp.out at sp.
be. out for bloodbe. out for the count拳击中被判为输
out for the count死的be. out in bloom
out in bloombe. out in droves
out in droves成群结队的出去be. out in force采取行动
out in forcebe. out in large numbers
out in large numbersbe. out in left field发疯
out in left field弄错be. out like a light喝醉
out like a light酣然入睡be. out of the goodness of one's heart
be. out of the swim of thingsbe. out on a limb
out on a limb处于危险的境地be. out on bail在保释中
out on bail交保在外候审be. out on parole
out on parole(女子)离了婚的be. out on patrol
out on patrolbe. out on strike
out on strike实行罢工be. out on the town
out on the town寻欢作乐be. out to lunch出去吃午饭
out to lunch(非正式)心不在焉的be. out to sth.企图
out to sth.试图be. out sth.不在
be. out cold不灵了out cold失去知觉
be. out frontbe. out the window(方法、手段等)被抛弃
out the window窗外

[[14, 15], [15, 20]]

leave + sth.

vt. 离开...; 剩下...; 把...留下; 使...保留; 留下...(备用); 遗忘...; 忘了带...; 委托...; 丢弃...; 遗弃...; 听任...; 递送...

  • The taxi driver often reminds passengers to take their belongings when they leave the car.
  • When you leave the game, you should cash your chips in.
  • The cashier was not allowed to leave the bank until the manager balanced the books.
  • She drew away slowly and left the room.
  • She began making advances to me, and I left the room.
  • We left the children in the house while we went out to greet the guests.
  • Threats of all-out war caused many tourists to leave the country immediately.
  • I have half a mind to go off and leave you here.
  • Leaving the moon's gravity was not as painful as leaving the earth's.
  • If you don't agree to my leaving early, I'll just do it anyway.

leave 的其它常用短语:

leave home离开家leave the country出境
leave the table离席leave work下班
leave the ground飞舞leaf prints叶印痕
leave the track出轨leave the field退出比赛
leave off停止leave behind sth.把...[留下/落下]
leave sth. behind把...[留下/落下]leave home sth.将...留在家中
leave sth. home将...留在家中leave in sth.让...留下
leave sth. in让...留下leave off sth.停止
leave sth. off停止leave on sth.让...留在原处
leave sth. on让...留在原处leave open sth.未解决
leave sth. open未解决leave the door open让门敞开着
leave out sth.省去leave sth. out省去
leave sb. out in the coldleave over sth.剩下
leave sth. over剩下leave sb. to do. (sth.)
leave sb. to (do.)leave a lot to be desired不满意
leave in the air使悬而不决leave school退学
leave a message给某人留个信leave hold of sth.松手
leave for sp.leave alone让独自呆着
leave an impression on sb.left hand左手
leave about sth.乱放leave office辞职
leave word留言leave the hospital
leave aside不管leave sth. at sp.
leave sth. as it is听任某事自然发展leave a paper trail
leave a sinking shipleave ahead of time
leave an impressionleave in a body

[[16, 17]]


n. 名字, 名称



name 的其它常用短语:

a name of sth.某事物的名称the name of sth.
[[18, 19]]


n. 住址, 演说, 举止, 灵巧, 求爱


address、lecture、oration 及 speech 有何区别

addresslectureorationspeech都含讲演; 演说的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别

If anybody calls, tell them I am out, and ask them to leave their names and addresses.



tell them I am out, and ask them to leave their names and addresses.


tell谓语动词 them间接宾语 I am out, ••• addresses.直接宾语


I am out, and ask them to leave their names and addresses.


I主语 am out, and ask them to leave their names and addresses.并列谓语动词


anybody calls,


anybody主语 calls谓语动词