sentence I would have liked to give you a valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money. /I-would-have-liked-to-give-you-a-valuable-present-for-your-birthday+-but-I-was-short-of-money.= 1

I would have liked to give you a valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["I", "would", "have", "liked", "to", "give", "you", "a", "valuable", "present", "for", "your", "birthday", ",", "but", "I", "was", "short", "of", "money", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 14, 15], "r": "陈述句", "e": [14, 15, 21], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 4, "s": [1, 2, 3], "r": "短语", "e": [2, 3, 14], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 5, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [4, 5, 14], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 7, "s": [5, 6, 7, 10, 11], "r": "动词短语", "e": [6, 7, 10, 11, 14], "d": {"poses": [1, 2, 4], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3, 4]}}, {"i": 21, "s": [17, 18, 19], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [18, 19, 21], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 10, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 9, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 13, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 3, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": {"r": "转折", "m": "but"}, "e": 15, "t": 5}, {"s": 16, "r": 9, "e": 17, "t": 2}, {"s": 17, "r": 4, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 17, "r": 4, "e": 18, "t": 2}, {"s": 18, "r": 13, "e": 19, "t": 2}, {"s": 19, "r": 3, "e": 21, "t": 2}]{"coos": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 14, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "分句 1"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 21, "subs": [], "s": 15, "r": "分句 2"}], "s": 0, "e": 21, "subs": []}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 14], [14, 15], [15, 21]]
[]

分句 1 + but + 分句 2

这是一个陈述句。

but 常见用法

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
更多
  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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but、except、besides 有何区别

介词butexceptbesides都可表示除...之外

besides表示一种累加关系,意指除了什么之外, 还有...,侧重于另外还有...

exceptbut则表示一种排除关系,意指除了什么之外, 不再有...,侧重于除了...之外

  • Besides his wife, his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
  • Nobody went to see him [except/but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注意! 在否定句中,besides也表示除...之外不再有... ,与butexcept同义
  • No one passed the exam [besides/except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。
but 与 except 的区别

两者都可表示除...外不再有...

侧重不同

but侧重表达“几乎完整”。

except侧重强调“后面除去的部分”。

  • I love all fruits but orange. 我喜欢所有水果但不包括桔子。
  • I love all fruits except orange. 除了桔子我喜欢所有水果。

but、however 及 while 的区别

buthoweverwhile都可表示但是, 可是, 然而

but
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  • The committee agitated for a change, but nothing was done.
  • We thought he could handle the new account, but he is simply not able to cut it.
  • I should pay Mary a visit, but I'm not sure whether I will have time this Sunday.
  • His father sent him to study law, but instead he developed his love for the theater.
  • He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation before it got worse.
  • She was mad at first, but after a while, she was all sweetness and light.
  • John may have been wrong, but he did what he did according to his own lights.
  • I know I laugh at him but, joking aside, he's a very clever scientist.
  • They had been asked back a number of times, but they never came.
  • People have been playing the music for many years, but the music has kept many of its characteristics.

but 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 but 分句 2分句 1 but 分句 2(祈使句)
but 补足成份but adj.
but 表语(介词)be. but 表语(介词)
but 表语(副词性介词)be. but 表语(副词性介词)
but 表语(形容词)be. but 表语(形容词)
but 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. but 表语(-ed 过去分词)
but 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. but 表语(-ing 现在分词)
but 表语(名词性副词)be. but 表语(名词性副词)
be. but ...but also 表语(-ing 现在分词)

[[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 14]]
[]

mod. + have + done.

这是一个短语。
(将来完成时)

mod. have done. 详解

mod. have done.表示将来完成时(The Future Perfect Tense),其中mod.可以为wouldshouldcan/couldmustmay/might等。

如果mod.在句中的时态为过去时,那么时态全称为过去将来完成时(The Past Future Perfect Tense)

注意! wouldcouldshoud既可以表示过去时,又可以表示现在时(如虚拟语气),需要依据具体句子甚至章节上下文才可以做出判断。

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

根据mod.的不同,短语使用上有较大的区别,具体如下:

would have done.
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  • I should not have eaten so much fried chicken just now.
  • The pain of the broken arm must have hurt Sally terribly, but she did not bat an eyelid.
  • I was so happy, I could have danced on air.
  • I was so tired I could have slept around the clock.
  • You should not have left home without a word.
  • Yet he could not tell anyone about his theory as the powerful Christian Church would have punished him for even suggesting such an idea.
  • They hugged each other so tightly that no one could have pulled them apart.
  • But for the railing, I 'd have fallen down the stairs.
  • Something terrible must have happened if Li Chang was not coming to eat in his restaurant as he always did.
  • If Jane hadn't carried the torch, no one would have followed, and the whole thing would have failed.
[[3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 14]]
[]

like + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 喜欢(去)...; 愿意...; 想要..., 希望...

like to do.可以理解为是一种固定搭配。

其中 to do. 叫动词的不定式,to 可以翻译成,它被用来衔接其前后的两个动词,表示动作相互关联或先后发生。

注意:很多动词存在类似的使用方式,常见的有 aim to do.mean to do.move to do.labor to do.yearn to do.,Enpuz 已收录 110 个此类短语,点击详细了解全部。

  • Judy liked to spice her lectures up by telling jokes.
  • The man likes to eat fish.
  • A guy like to keep things tidy.
  • Other people like to drive over the speed limit, but I prefer to be safe.
  • He likes to cook.
  • I like to go to an old-fashioned square dance and really kick up my heels.
  • A few of us like to have coffee and Danish before we start work.
  • Ernest likes to close his letters with, "If you can't be good, be careful."
  • I like to size up a situation before I act.
  • I don't particularly like to cook, but it's all in a day's work.

like 的其它常用短语:

like to差点儿就要like to hear oneself. talk
like sth. to do.like back sth.要回...
like sth. back要回...like sth.喜欢
like sth. betterlike sth. the most
like a lamb驯顺地like sth. best
like a blind dog in a meat marketlike a bull in a china shop笨手笨脚
like a fish out of water如鱼出水like a kid with a new toy
like a million dollarslike a million
like a sitting duck坐以待毙like Mike乔丹传人
like chocolate象巧克力一样like for sth. to do.
like sth. to do. (sth.)like sth. done.
like sth. adj.like sth. prep. sth.
like doing. (sth.)喜爱做某事(经常性的)like looking for a needle in a haystack大海捞针

[[5, 6], [6, 7], [7, 10], [10, 11], [11, 14]]
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give + sth. + sth. + for + sth.

这是一个动词短语。

confer、give、grant、present 有何区别

confergivegrantpresent都含的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
give
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  • All right, stop fiddling around with me and tell me how much you will give me for my car.
  • When I see a golden sunrise, it gives me pause for thought.
  • Ask her to give us her opinion, for what it's worth.
  • I have given this tailor my custom for many years
  • he was given credit for his work
  • The boss gave the entire sales crew a powerful dressing-down for missing their forecast.
  • give her recognition for trying
  • the press forgot to give some praise for Pixelmator for iPad
  • man is giving him more medicine for helping him
  • I can give you a better prediction for your future health when you are out of the woods.

give 的其它常用短语:

give sth. sth.给...(某人)...(某物)give sth. to sth.
give sth. a telephone callgive the go-ahead to sth.
give sth. one's best wishesgive sb. directions to sp.
give sb. a message给某人捎口信give sb. a lesson给某人一个教训
give sb. the canvas把画布给某人give sb. a big hand
give sb. a liftgive sth. a haircut给某物理发
give me a break让我休息一下give sb. a ring
give sb. a chancegive sb. the boot
give me a call给我打个电话give sth. a lecture
give sb. an impressiongive sth. the green light
give sb. an account of sth.give sb. a heavy blow
give sth. half a chancegive sb. a clap
give me a hand帮把手give sb. a black eye
give sb. a callgive sb. a hand
give it a try试一试give sth. some advice
give sth. a miss不拿give sth. sth. at sth.
give in sth.屈服give way to sth.给...让路
give occasion to sth.引起give aid to sth.扶持
give attention to sth.对...加以注意give sufficient thought to sth.
give birth to sth.生育...give lessons to sth.给...上课
give advice to sb.give a talk to sb.
give a birth to a babygive a message to sth.
give a hand to sth.帮忙做give due attention to sth.
give an example to sth.做...榜样give a new turn to sth.对...给与新的说法
give priority to sth.给...以优先权give expression to sth.表达出

[[17, 18], [18, 19], [19, 21]]
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be. + short + of + sth.

这是一个固定搭配。
缺乏..., ...不足

  • Usually at the end of the month, I'm short of money.
  • I wanted to bake a cake, but I was short of eggs.
  • the guy was about score but was tackled by the other team short of the goal-line.
  • Always being short of money wears on a person after a while.
  • I don't want to intrude into your affairs, but I see that you're short of money.
  • Climbing those mountains alone is nothing short of suicide.
  • We came short of our goal for the year.
  • I would have liked to give you a valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money.
  • The Spanish lady is short of cash and wants to make a sale.

short 的其它常用短语:

short sth.短的...

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valuable + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 有价值的..., 贵重的..., 宝贵的..., 可估价的...

costly、dear、expensive、invaluable、valuable 有何区别

costlydearexpensiveinvaluablevaluable等词的意思都包含贵的, 昂贵的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
costly
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暂无例子

valuable 的其它常用短语:

be. valuable to sth.valuable merchandise[经] 贵重商品(货物)
be. valuable for sb. to do. (sth.)be. valuable (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
It is valuable for sb. to do. (sth.)It is valuable (for sb.) to do. (sth.)
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present

这是一个名词短语。
n. 礼物, 礼品; 现在, 目前, 现状; 现在时[态], [动词]现在式; (举枪)瞄准, (举枪)致敬; 法]呈堂证供

当前present可数。

present 的用法


做名词
表示礼物, 礼品
  • I bought a birthday present for my mother. 我给母亲买了一份生日礼物。
表示现在, 目前, 现状
  • It is continuing right up to the present. 一直持续到现在。
表示现在时[态], [动词]现在式
表示(举枪)瞄准, (举枪)致敬
表示[法]呈堂证供
作动词
表示颁发..., 授予..., 呈献..., 呈递...
  • Prince Michael of Kent presented the prizes. 肯特亲王迈克尔颁发了奖品。
表示引起...; 导致...; 带来...; 提供...
  • This presents a problem for many financial consumers. 这给很多金融消费者带来了一个问题。
表示(机会或问题)产生..., 意外出现...
  • A further obstacle has presented itself, however. 然而,突然又出现了一个障碍。
表示呈现..., 展示..., 陈述...
  • We presented three options to the unions for discussion. 我们向工会提供了 3 种选择供讨论。
表示描述..., 形容...
  • The government has presented these changes as major reforms. 政府将这些变化描述为重大的改革。
表示(通过言行举止)表现...(自己)
表示表现..., 展现...
  • He is presenting a calm and dignified face to the world at large. 他向全世界展示出一副冷静和威严的面孔。
表示出席..., 到...现场
  • We presented ourselves to the authorities promptly. 我们立即向当局备案。
表示主持...(电视或广播节目)
  • She presents a monthly magazine program on the BBC. 她在英国广播公司主持一个月刊节目。
表示上演..., 组织...(演出或展览)
  • The Lyric Theatre is presenting a new production of 'Over the Bridge'. 利里克剧院正在上演新排的《桥对面》。
表示引见...; 介绍...
  • Allow me to present my wife's cousin, Mr Zachary Colenso. 请允许我介绍我妻子的表哥,扎卡里·科伦索先生。
作形容词
表示出席的; 在场的
  • The whole family was present. 全家人都到场了。
表示(尤指物质、疾病)存在于...的, 包含于...的
  • This special form of vitamin D is naturally present in breast milk. 这种特殊形态的维生素 D 天然存在于母乳中。
表示现在的; 目前的

the government's present economic difficulties政府当前的经济难题

  • He has brought much of the present crisis on himself. 目前的大部分危机都是他自己引起的。
  • It has been skillfully renovated by the present owners. 现在的主人非常巧妙地将其翻修了。
  • No statement can be made at the present time. 目前不能发表任何声明。
表示当代的, 现代的

the present day

表示现在时的, 现在式的
表示强烈感觉到的, 历历在目的
常见搭配

present oneself.出席

at present目前, 现在

at the present [time/day]目前; 当前

present situation现状

present condition目前的状态

present status现状

for the present暂时, 目前

present sth. at sb.举...(枪)对准...(某人)瞄准, 用...(武器)对准...(某人)

present time目前; 现在时(时态)

present at sp.出席...; 在...现场

at the present time目前

birthday present生日礼物

present value现值

present with sth.赠...(礼物)

past and present过去与现在

live in the present活在当下

at the present stage在现阶段; 目前

net present value净现值, 现在净价值; 纯现价

present itself 出现, 呈现

the present day目前; 当代

gift、present 有何区别

giftpresent都含礼物的意思,两词可以互换。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
gift
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暂无例子
[[12, 13]]
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birthday

这是一个名词短语。
n. 生日

当前birthday可数。


暂无例子
[[19, 20]]
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money

这是一个名词短语。
n. 钱, 金钱; 金额; 货币; 财产, 财富, 资产; 工资, 薪金; 奖金; 经济来源; 款项; 有钱人, 富人; 金融界

当前money(不限本句)既可以用作可数名词,也可以用作不可数名词

money 用法归纳

表示 "钱"

money表示,是不可数名词。

  • I haven't got any money on me. 我身上一点钱都没有。
  • I decided to ask for my money back. 我决定把我的钱要回来。
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暂无例子
I would have liked to give you a valuable present for your birthday, but I was short of money.

这是一个并列句,其使用并列连词 but 连接前后两个分句,使得两个分句之间存在转折关系。

分句 1

I would have liked to give you a valuable present for your birthday,

这是一个陈述句,其时态可以是过去完成时过去将来完成时现在完成时将来完成时

成份划分
new!beta
I主语 would have liked {to do.}谓语动词短语(复合结构) to give you ••• birthday,to do.

分句 2

I was short of money.

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

它与分句 1 之间存在转折关系。

成份划分
new!beta
I主语 wasbe 动词 short of money.表语(形容词)

更多推荐语法