sentence I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city. /I-prefer-to-live-in-the-country-rather-than-live-in-the-city.= 1

I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 14]]
[]

prefer + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 更喜欢做某事; 宁愿做某事; 宁可做某事

prefer to do.可以理解为是一种固定搭配。

其中 to do. 叫动词的不定式,to 可以翻译成,它被用来衔接其前后的两个动词,表示动作相互关联或先后发生。

拓展学习:很多动词存在类似的使用方式,常见的有 profess to do.learn to do.wish to do.desire to do.omit to do.,Enpuz 已收录 110 个此类短语,点击详细了解全部。

prefer 的用法

prefer sth.
表示更喜欢, 更愿意选择
  • Would you prefer milk or coffee?
表示提出,多指提出声明、请求、控诉等,常与介词against连用
  • She preferred charges against her father for abusing.
prefer 有表示情感的意向,不能使用进行时。
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choose、pick、prefer、select 有何区别

choosepickpreferselect都含挑选; 选择的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
choose
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  • The woman prefers to remain indoors.
  • preferred to settle the matter one-on-one
  • The man prefers to wear a dress while working.
  • Some people stood outside while others preferred to sit on the sidewalk.
  • many black people preferred to be called African-American or Afro-American
  • Many people prefer to talk face-to-face.
  • Voters prefer to vote at advance polling stations.
  • I prefer to buy second hand
  • Business owners prefer to keep their shelves empty.
  • Other people like to drive over the speed limit, but I prefer to be safe.

prefer 的其它常用短语:

prefer sth.宁可prefer sth. against sb.喜欢某物胜过
prefer for sth. to do.更喜欢做某事prefer sth. to sth.与...相比更喜欢...
prefer to sth. sth.prefer sth. to do.想让某人去做...
[[3, 7], [7, 9], [9, 14]]
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动词 + rather + than + 动词,共享主语

这是一个动词固定搭配。

rather than 常见用法

作连词

rather than用作连词,连接两个平行结构。

既可以表示主观愿望上的决择,与其...宁可...

也可以表示客观程度上的差异,与其说是...不如说是...

连接代词
  • I, rather than you, should do the work. 该做这工作的是我,而不是你。
连接名词
  • John ought to go rather than Jean. 约翰比琴更应该去。
  • I think I'll have a cold drink rather than coffee. 我想我该要一杯冷饮,而不要咖啡。
  • I think you, rather than Mary, is to be punished. 我认为该受惩罚的是你,而不是玛丽。
更多
  • Rather than fish, we have fried eggs and meat for lunch. 今天午餐吃煎蛋和肉,而没有鱼。

试比较: We sometimes eat rice instead of potatoes. 有时候我们不吃土豆,而吃米饭。

连接形容词
  • These shoes are comfortable rather than good-looking. 这鞋不好看可是舒服。
  • The color seems green rather than blue. 这颜色看上去是绿的,而不是蓝的。
连接介词短语
  • You are doing this for yourself rather than for your friend. 你不是为你朋友,而是为你自己做这种事。
  • I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July. 我愿 8 月去不愿 7 月去。
连接动名词
  • I always prefer starting early, rather than leaving everything to the last minute. 我总是愿意早开始而不愿意把所有事情都留到最后才做。
  • He was engaged in writing a letter rather than reading the newspaper. 他那时是在写信而不是看报纸。
连接过去分词
  • She insisted on having the room papered rather than painted. 她坚持要用纸裱糊房间,而不是把房间粉刷一下。
连接不定式

一般省略to

  • I decided to write rather than telephone. 我决定写信而不是打电话。
  • They prefer to die fighting rather than live in enslavement. 他们宁可战死,也不肯活着受奴役。
  • I prefer to work rather than remain idle. 我宁愿工作而不愿闲着。
连接谓语动词

rather than后接动词原形表示主观抉择,接一个动词的过去式则表示客观差异。

  • He told a lie rather than get his friend into trouble. 他宁愿说谎也不愿连累朋友。
  • Shall we go for a walk rather than watch television? 咱们不看电视,出去散步,好不好?
  • He ran rather than walked. 他跑步而不是步行。
更多
  • Rather than go there by air, I'd take the slowest train. 我宁愿乘最慢的火车,也不愿乘飞机去那儿。
连接从句
  • It was what he meant rather than what he said. 那是指他话中的意思,而不是他所说的话。
  • It was what he had eaten rather than what he had drunk that made him ill. 使他得病的不是他喝的东西,而是他吃的东西。
作介词

as well asinstead of一样,rather than后面跟一个和主句中的动词形式并不匹配的ing分词分句时,它是介词,而不是准并列连词。

  • Their actions precipitated the war rather than averting it. 他们的行为促使战争爆发而不是避免战争。
  • Rather than a new car, he bought a color television. 他买了一台彩电,而不是一辆新车。
  • Let's finish the job today, rather than leaving it till tomorrow. 让咱们今天干完工作,而不是留到明天。
与 would 搭配

rather than可以和would联用,如would rather...than...would...rather than...

这时要注意前后对称,即必须用相同的语法成份。如:

  • I'd rather have the red one than(have) the green one. 我宁愿要红的,不愿要绿的。
  • I'd take the slowest train rather than go there by air. 我宁可乘坐最慢的火车也不愿坐飞机去那儿。
  • He would rather walk than drive. 他宁愿步行不愿开车。
更多
  • I'd prefer to go in August rather than in July. 我愿八月去,不愿七月去。
  • I'd call her hair chestnut rather than brown. 我宁愿说她的头发是栗色,而不是棕色。
注意

I'd rather+ 动词原形,通常意为我宁愿...,相当于I'd prefer to...,具有选择意义,即宁愿做...不愿做

但是,当后接动词like, enjoy, appreciate时,rather是一个程度副词,象quitefairly一样无选择意义。

所以I'd rather like不是我宁愿喜欢,而是我相当(很)喜欢。试比较下列句子:

  • I'd rather like a cup of coffee. 我很想来杯咖啡。
  • We would rather appreciate your help. 我们非常感谢你的帮助。
  • Which would you rather have, tea or coffee? 你更愿意喝什么,茶还是咖啡?
更多
  • He would rather enjoy seeing a film on Sundays. 他很喜欢在星期天看场电影。

  • They served raw vegetables with the hamburgers and boiled the potatoes rather than fried them.
  • My real estate agent advised me to ask a reasonable price for my house rather than get involved with a Dutch auction.
  • I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city.
  • You ought to keep your opinions to yourself rather than upset our guests.
  • Italians express coffee rather than filter it
  • Two boys are grounded and made to stay home rather than go to the pond.
[[3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 7]]
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live + in + sp.

这是一个动词短语。
v. 住在...

alive、live、living 有何区别

aliveliveliving意思都含活的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
living
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  • I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city.
  • They live in the village.
  • I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city.
  • Women, children, and animals living in a small village.
  • The woman who is shown lives in the South.
  • The two families lived cheek by jowl in one house.
  • Four men who live in a third world country are talking and laughing as they do laundry in a muddy pit.
  • Four children who live in a large building are in the courtyard playing.
  • Greg lives in hope of winning a million dollars in the lottery.
  • that is, they have learnt how to live successfully in their habitat.

live 的其它常用短语:

live prep. sth.经历live 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间
live to sth.活到live sth. to sth.
live in hope满怀希望live in plenty
live apart分居live through sth.通过...
live with sth.接受live on sth.靠...生活/过活
live out活过(某一段时间)living and working conditions
live off sth.以...为食料live by sth.靠...过活
live for sth.为...而生活live from hand to mouth现挣现吃
live under sth. with sth.live above sth.居住在...上
live among sb.live and learn活到老学到老
live apart from sb.live around sth.
live beyond one's means不量入为出live by one's wits靠小聪明过日子
live for the moment得过且过live from day to day得过且过
live high off the hog过奢侈的生活live in住进
live in a world of one's ownlive in an ivory tower生活在象牙塔中
live in hope(s) of sth.live in sin姘居
live in the best of both worldslive in the fast lane
live in the past迷恋过去live in the present适应当前形势
live in with sb.live large畅享生活
live like a marked manlive next door to sb.住在...隔壁
live next doorlive off campus
live off of sth.live off the fat of the land养尊处优
live off the land靠土地生活live on继续生活
live on after sth.live on borrowed time活得比人们预计的时间要长
live on one's ownlive on the edge生活在边缘

[[4, 5], [5, 7]] [[4, 5], [6, 7]]
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in + ... + country

这是一个介词短语。
prep. (in the country)在乡下
prep. (in one's/this/that country)在...国家
country
n. 国家; 国土; 乡下, 农村

country 是否可数

country表示农村时,只能是单数,且其前面要加定冠词the

  • They live a happy life in the country. 他们在乡村里过着幸福的生活。

country表示国家时,是可数名词。country的复数形式是countries

  • China is an Asian country. 中国是亚洲国家。
  • China, Japan, and India are Asian countries. 中国、日本、印度是亚洲国家。
当前内容仅限登录后查看

  • Everyone in the country was in awe of the king and queen.
  • It was summer in the country
  • A boy is walking his dog in the country .
  • A vendor sits in the middle of a display of glasses at a street market in an Asian country .
  • Children under 5 years of age in that country must be under adult supervision when in a public library.
  • I reckon Donna among the best tennis pros in the country .
  • The man is riding his bike in the country .
  • A market is selling soft drinks in an Arabic country .
  • The construction workers are digging in the country .
  • Several people are huddled around a table in an Asian country .

in 的其它常用短语:

be. in sth.在...be. in sth. with sth.
be. in sth. for sth.in the way在...方式上
in opposition to sth.反对in poor health身体好[坏]
in explanation of sth.对...进行解释in the wall在墙上
in the manner以这种态度in sight of sth.在见得到...的地方
in the same way同样地in the wake of sth.在...之后
in our favour我方收益in the same breath同时
in one's favour对某人有利in the science museum
in good taste得体in that既然
in large numbers满谷满坑in total总共
in person在人称上(语法)in taste在口味上
in the extentin high spirits情绪高涨
in the great need of sth.in show表面上
in haste匆忙in the habit of sth.有...的习惯
in one's face迎面in care of sb.
in the heart of sth.在...中心in condition健康状况好
in good condition处于良好的情况中in use在使用着
in a way在某种程度上in bulk散装
in confidence私下地in a family way象一家人一样
in safety平安地in the blossom正在开花
in commemoration of sth.纪念in a flash一刹那间
in the concert hallin pain痛苦
in the extreme非常in the issue结果
in other ways在其他方面in search of sth.寻找
in favour of sth.[经] 同意in the negative否定地

[[9, 10], [10, 11], [11, 14]]
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live + in + sp.

这是一个动词短语。
v. 住在...

alive、live、living 有何区别

aliveliveliving意思都含活的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
living
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city.
  • They live in the village.
  • I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city.
  • Women, children, and animals living in a small village.
  • The woman who is shown lives in the South.
  • The two families lived cheek by jowl in one house.
  • Four men who live in a third world country are talking and laughing as they do laundry in a muddy pit.
  • Four children who live in a large building are in the courtyard playing.
  • Greg lives in hope of winning a million dollars in the lottery.
  • that is, they have learnt how to live successfully in their habitat.

live 的其它常用短语:

live prep. sth.经历live 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间
live to sth.活到live sth. to sth.
live in hope满怀希望live in plenty
live apart分居live through sth.通过...
live with sth.接受live on sth.靠...生活/过活
live out活过(某一段时间)living and working conditions
live off sth.以...为食料live by sth.靠...过活
live for sth.为...而生活live from hand to mouth现挣现吃
live under sth. with sth.live above sth.居住在...上
live among sb.live and learn活到老学到老
live apart from sb.live around sth.
live beyond one's means不量入为出live by one's wits靠小聪明过日子
live for the moment得过且过live from day to day得过且过
live high off the hog过奢侈的生活live in住进
live in a world of one's ownlive in an ivory tower生活在象牙塔中
live in hope(s) of sth.live in sin姘居
live in the best of both worldslive in the fast lane
live in the past迷恋过去live in the present适应当前形势
live in with sb.live large畅享生活
live like a marked manlive next door to sb.住在...隔壁
live next doorlive off campus
live off of sth.live off the fat of the land养尊处优
live off the land靠土地生活live on继续生活
live on after sth.live on borrowed time活得比人们预计的时间要长
live on one's ownlive on the edge生活在边缘


[[10, 11], [11, 14]] [[10, 11], [12, 13]]
[]

in + the + city

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在城里; 在城市里

  • An actress and her favorite assistant talk a walk in the city .
  • John lives apart from his wife, who has a job in another city .
  • I wanted to work among the Indians, but I set up my medical practice in the inner city .
  • The man is in a city .
  • I've lived in many cities , for instance, Boston, Chicago, and Detroit.
  • A firefighter sets up tape in a city
  • A bare-chested man fitting his head and arm into a toilet seat ring while spectators watch in a city .
  • I am going to take up my abode in a different city .
  • a group of men are fighting in front of a bar in a European city , one of them hitting another with a stick.
  • The people are in a city .

in 的其它常用短语:

be. in sth.在...be. in sth. with sth.
be. in sth. for sth.in the way在...方式上
in opposition to sth.反对in poor health身体好[坏]
in explanation of sth.对...进行解释in the wall在墙上
in the manner以这种态度in sight of sth.在见得到...的地方
in the same way同样地in the wake of sth.在...之后
in our favour我方收益in the same breath同时
in one's favour对某人有利in the science museum
in good taste得体in that既然
in large numbers满谷满坑in total总共
in person在人称上(语法)in taste在口味上
in the extentin high spirits情绪高涨
in the great need of sth.in show表面上
in haste匆忙in the habit of sth.有...的习惯
in one's face迎面in care of sb.
in the heart of sth.在...中心in condition健康状况好
in good condition处于良好的情况中in use在使用着
in a way在某种程度上in bulk散装
in confidence私下地in a family way象一家人一样
in safety平安地in the blossom正在开花
in commemoration of sth.纪念in a flash一刹那间
in the concert hallin pain痛苦
in the extreme非常in the issue结果
in other ways在其他方面in search of sth.寻找
in favour of sth.[经] 同意in the negative否定地

I prefer to live in the country rather than live in the city.

这是一个简单句,只含有一个主谓结构,并且句子各成分都只由单词或短语构成。

句子类型是陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!beta
I主语 prefer {to do.}谓语动词短语 to live in ••• city.to do.

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