sentence I am a little nervous about, because I am not sure how I should behave at the dinner table. /I-am-a-little-nervous-about+-because-I-am-not-sure-how-I-should-behave-at-the-dinner-table.= 1

I am a little nervous about, because I am not sure how I should behave at the dinner table. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[2, 4], [4, 7]]
[]

a + little + adj.

这是一个形容词短语。
adj. 有点...; 有一点点...

a bit、a little 的区别

a bita little在意思上非常相似,都表示一点点, 有点儿

它们用作副词,表达程度时,修饰动词、形容词、副词、介词短语或比较级,意思相同,可以互换。

  • He is a bit like his father. 他有点像他的父亲。
  • He is a little like his father. 他有点像他的父亲。
  • The speaker spoke a bit louder in order to make himself heard more clearly. 讲话人把嗓门提高了一点儿,以便让别人听得更清楚。
更多
  • The speaker spoke a little louder in order to make himself heard more clearly. 讲话人把嗓门提高了一点儿,以便让别人听得更清楚。

修饰形容词时,通常都与那些表示负面意义的形容词(如: tiredcoldsicksadserious等)联用。

  • The man was [a bit/a little] tired. 这个人有点儿累了。
  • I think these boxes are [a bit/a little] heavy. 我想这些箱子有点儿重吧。

而通常不用于修饰表示正面意义的形容词(如: goodwellhappygladsatisfied等)。

误:He is [a bit/a little] well.

误:It is [a bit/a little] cheap.

但是,若修饰比较级,则没有以上限制。

  • He's feeling [a bit/a little] better. 他感觉好些了。
  • It is [a bit/a little] cheaper. 它要便宜些。
区别
用作定语,表达数量

a bit后要加ofa little则不用。

  • She ate a bit of bread for lunch. 她午饭就吃了一点点面包。
  • She ate a little bread for lunch. 她午饭就吃了一点点面包。
  • He may need [a bit of/a little] help. 他也许需要点帮助。
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  • He knows [a bit of/a little] French. 他懂一点点法语。
: 但是若名词前有mythisthe等限定词修饰,则不能直接用a little,而要用a little of
  • I taste a little of this wine. 我尝了一点儿这种酒。
: a bit of后有时接单数可数名词表示有点(像)
  • He is a bit of a poet. 他有点像诗人。
  • She was in a bit of a hurry. 她有点儿匆匆忙忙。
否定

否定修饰后,not a bitnot a little的含义相差很大。

not a bit表示一点也不,相当于not at allnot in the least之意。

  • He is not a bit like his father. 他一点也不像他父亲。
  • Are you hungry? No, not a bit. 你饿了吗? 不,一点也不饿。
  • She is not a bit happy. 她很不开心。

not a little表示非常, 很,相当于very(much)、a lot之意。

  • He is not a little like his father. 他很像他的父亲。
  • I am not a little surprised at the news. 我对这个消息深感惊讶。
  • The boy was not a little worried because he hadn't heard from her parents for a long time. 那个男孩很担心,因为好久没收到父母的来信了。
扩展: 有时bit之前,还可以加little,进一步修饰程度之低
  • I'm a little bit tired. Let's take a short rest. 我稍有点累了。让我们休息一会儿。

  • He looked like he was getting a little soft on Sally.
  • Didn't that guy seem a little moist around the edges?
  • The food here is a little pricey, but you get a lot of it.
  • His political philosophy turned one hundred and eighty degrees when he grew a little older.
  • A little girl and lady wearing face paint and costumes are among others holding orange balloons and an event.
  • A little blond girl is running near a little blond boy.
  • I dropped behind the speeding pack of cars and drove a little slower.
  • A little Asian girl at Disney Land.
  • I think your asking price is a little high.
  • We will set about painting the house when the weather gets a little cooler.

a|little 的其它常用短语:

a little 补足语a little 名词性副词
a little adv.a little adv. sth.
a little adj. 基数a little adj. sth.
a little ... sth.be. a little hungry
be. a little betterbe. a little ill

[[4, 5], [5, 7]]
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be. + nervous + about

这是一个固定搭配。

anxious、nervous、upset 的区别

anxious

anxious表示焦虑的; 担忧的,指由于害怕某种事情会发生而感到焦急。

  • My mother was anxious when she knew my brother had gone there alone. 当我妈妈得知弟弟一个人去了那里时,她感到很焦虑。
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edgy、jumpy、nervous 及 restless 有何区别

edgyjumpynervousrestless等词的意思都包含神经质的; 神经过分紧张的; 不安的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
nervous
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • I am a little nervous about, because I am not sure how I should behave at the dinner table.

nervous 的其它常用短语:

be. nervous about sth.nervous sth.神经紧张的...
be. nervous wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份be. nervous whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份
be. nervous of sth.害怕be. nervous to do. (sth.)紧张地做某事
be. nervous for sb. to do. (sth.)

[[7, 8], [8, 21]]
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because 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

because 详解

because意为因为。表示的是必然的因果关系,语气较强。

通常与引导的内容一起放在主句之后,若需进一步强调则可放在主句之前。

用于回答 why 提出的问题

A: Why can't you do it now? 你为什么不现在就做呢?

B: Because I'm too busy. 因为我太忙。
引导表语从句
  • It is because he is foolish. 那是因为他太蠢了。
引导原因状语从句
  • I didn't buy it because it was too expensive. 我没有买是因为它太贵了。
用于强调句

提取状语作为强调句的被强调成份是一种常规用法。

because更是大量用于该句式,以至几乎成了固定搭配,特此单独作为一种用法。

  • It is because he is honest that we like him. 是因为他诚实我们才喜欢他。
注意! 此时because引导的从句虽然在词法位置上位于系动词之后,但它并不具备表明抽象主语it的某一特征,解释为状语从句而不是表语从句更能说明成份功能。当然,实际不必深纠,理解掌握即可。
because of

详见 “because 与 because of 的区别" 。

not...because...

这一结构中的not有时否定动词中心语,有时否定动词中心语 + 状语,一般要根据句子的意思作出正确或合乎逻辑的理解。

not只否定动词中心语,最好在because之前用逗号,否则会引起歧义。

如下句在没有特定上下文时就有两种解释:

I didn't go [because I was afraid].

我没有去是因为怕。

I didn't [go because I was afraid].

我不是因为怕才去。
注意! 不仅仅是because,所有其它连词引导的后置状语也存在同样的问题。enpuz 星游引擎在分析类似句子时,将会根据语料概率返回最大可能的分析结果,可能此时会偏离使用者的已有理解。建议合理使用逗号,让分析结果更加符合预期。
just修饰后

because之前有just修饰,一般认为not是否定从句而不是主句。

  • You shouldn't get angry just because some people speak ill of you. 你不要因为有人说你坏话而生气。
  • He was not ready to believe something just because Aristotle said so. 他并不只是因为亚里士多德说过如何如何,就轻易相信它。

不能为了解决歧义而在所有because前带上just,毕竟语气上稍有改变。初学者在口语应用时容易过度使用这一搭配。

错误场景: 原因是因为...

在表示...的原因是因为...这一意义时,一般要用下面这样的句型:

  • The reason why he can't come is that he is tired. 他不能来是因为他累了。

通常不能将that改用because,否则会产生能被理解但结构略显怪异的“中式英语"。

错误场景: 因为...所以...

汉语习惯上说因为...所以...,但在英语里却不能将sobecause连用。

因为下雨,所以我们呆在家里。

正: Because it was raining, we stayed at home.

正: It was raining, so we stayed at home.

误: Because it was raining, so we stayed at home.

because 与 because of 的区别

because

because是连词,其后接句子。

引导原因状语从句
  • I didn't buy it because it was too expensive. 我没有买是因为它太贵了。
引导表语从句

It is because he loves you. 那是因为他爱你。

because of

because of是复合介词,其后接可作宾语成份的名词、代词、动名词、what开头的从句等。

作状语成份
  • He is here because of you (that). 他为你(那事)而来这里。
  • He lost his job because of his age. 由于年龄关系他失去了工作。
  • He couldn't come because of illness. 他因病不能来。
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  • We said nothing about it, because of his wife's being there. 因为他妻子在那儿,我们对此只字未提。
  • He knew she was crying because of what he had said. 他知道她哭是因为他说的话。
because of之后可接what开头的从句,但不能接that从句或没有引导词的句子。

误:He didn't come because of he was ill.

误:He didn't come because of that he was ill.

正:He didn't come because he was ill.

正:He didn't come because of his illness.

作表语成份
  • It is just because of money. 那只是因为钱的原因。
  • That was because of his sickness. 那是因为他生病的原因。

because、since、as、for 有何区别

because可用来回答why提出的问题;可以引导表语从句;可用于强调句等,而其余三者则不行。

because表示的是必然的因果关系,语气最强,通常放在主句之后,若需强调则放在主句之前。

sinceas所表示的原因是人们已知的,是对已知事实提供理由,而不表示直接原因。它们引导的从句通常放在主句之前,有时也放在主句之后。

  • As he wasn't ready in time, we went without him. 因他未及时准备好,我们没等他就先走了。
  • Since we have no money, it's no good thinking about a holiday. 既然我们没有钱,考虑度假有什么用。

至于for, 它是并列连词(其余三者为从属连词),它有时可表示因果关系 (通常要放在主句之后,且可与because换用);有时不表示因果关系,而是对前面分句内容的解释或推断 (也要放在主句之后,但不能与because换用)。试比较:

  • The ground is wet, [for/because] it rained last night. 地面是湿的,因为昨晚下过雨。
  • It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet this morning. 昨晚一定下过雨,你看今天早上地面是湿的。

  • I didn't go to work because I came down with the flu.
  • Poor old Wally is creeping at a snail's gallop because his car has a flat tire.
  • He is annoying, because he is always arguing for the sake of argument.
  • Because we have so much to choose from, many companies and stores offer advice about what we should eat.
  • This new sports car sells at a premium because so many people want to buy it.
  • I do hope so because I want you to live as long and healthy a life as I have.
  • The bottom line is that you have to go to the meeting because no one else can.
  • All his life, Edward felt that people looked down on him because he was born on the wrong side of the blanket.
  • Billy is cranky because he's cutting teeth.
  • I told John to brace up because things would probably get worse before they got better.
[[11, 12], [12, 21]]
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be. + sure + 宾语从句

这是一个固定搭配。
v. 确信..., 肯定..., 有把握...

certain、confident 及 sure 的区别

certainconfidentsure意思都含确信的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
sure
当前内容仅限会员查看

sure、certain 的区别

两者都可用作表语,表示一定确信,有时可互换。互换的场合应注意以下几点用法:

表示说话者的态度或看法

即表示说话者自己的态度或看法,其意为一定会肯定会。此时主要用法有:

(1) 单独用作表语:

  • One thing was [sure/certain]: they'd be late. 有一件事是确定无疑的,他们会迟到。

(2) 后接不定式:

  • He's [certain/sure] to win. 他一定会成功。
  • They're [certain/sure] to need help. 他们肯定需要帮助。
  • If you do this, you are [certain/sure] to be found out. 如果你这样做一定会被发现。
表示句子主语的判断或信念

即表示句子主语对某一情况的判断或信念,其意为相信, 确信, 有把握等。此时通常用于以下结构:

(1) 后接of/about sth:

  • He is [certain/sure] of success. 他确信会成功。
  • Are you certain [of/about] that? 你对此有把握吗?

(2) 后接of doing sth:

  • Our team is [certain/sure] of winning. 我们队有把握赢。
  • You can be [sure/certain] of his agreeing. 你可以放心他会同意。

(3) 后接that/whether/if宾语从句:

  • I am [sure/certain] that he is honest. 我肯定他是诚实的。
  • I'm [sure/certain] that it's not your fault. 我敢肯定这不是你的错。
  • Are you [certain/sure] that this is the right road? 你肯定这条路对吗?
be sure/certain为肯定式或疑问式时,后接that引导的从句;当为否定式时,后接whether/if引导的从句。
  • I'm not [sure/certain] whether he still works there. 我不能肯定他是否还在那里工作。
  • I wasn't [sure/certain] whether he would agree. 我不太肯定他是否会同意。
  • He wasn't [sure/certain] whether he would be able to get back in time. 他不能肯定他是否能准时回来。

(4) 后接其他从句:

  • I'm not [sure/certain] where she lives. 我不能肯定她住在哪里。
  • I'm not [certain/sure] who wrote it. 我不太清楚这是谁写的。
在完整分析区别时,需要在词法、句法、语义角度同时考虑。本小节分析语义上的区别。下面两小节则讲述词法、句法上的固定使用模式。

sure表示主观的推测或感觉,所述事实并不一定如此。

certain则指说话者有充分的理由或根据,肯定某事会发生。

即在上小节讲述的通用场景下使用surecertain,会存在一定的主、客观角度偏向,同时语气也会存在些许差异。

结合上下文

如果上下文提供了更多的支持依据,往往偏向更加肯定的语气,这时候,使用certain会更加适合语境。

  • I'm certain he wasn't in the classroom. I saw him in the library.
  • I'm certain that he will go the concert. He told me so an hour ago.

以下情况通常只用certain,而不用sure:

当句中用了形式主语或形式宾语it
  • It's certain that he'll come tomorrow. 他明天肯定会来。
  • I thought it certain that he would be late. 我肯定他会迟到。
  • It's certain that prices will go up. 价格肯定会上涨。
更多
  • It's not certain how much it will cost. 这要花多少钱还不确定。
作定语

表示某一, 某些

  • A certain Mr Green wants to see you. 有个叫格林先生的人想见你。
  • Certain plants are good to eat but others are not. 有些植物好吃, 而其他一些则不好吃。
  • A certain person called on me yesterday.
更多
  • Certain students have failed in the exam.

be sure (not) to do sth.(一定要或不要做某事)这类祈使句中通常不用certain:

  • Be sure not to forget it. 千万别忘记啦。
  • Be sure to get there before nine. 务必在九点前到达。
  • Be sure to turn off the light when leave. 离开时一定要关灯。

sure有时还可与there be搭配使用。如:

  • There's sure to be a place for him somewhere. 在什么地方准有他容身之地。
  • There is sure to be trouble when she gets his letter. 在她收到他的信时,肯定会有麻烦。
作定语

表示有把握的; 肯定的; 可靠的

  • Put it in a sure place.
  • There was only one sure way to succeed.
作副词

sure在美语中可用作副词作肯定答语,用以代替surely,相当于certainlyof course。而certain则不能用作副词。

  • I wonder if I could use your phone. Sure. Go ahead.
  • Zhou Lan, can I have a look at your copy of China Daily? Sure, go ahead.
用于for certain/for sure, 意为肯定地, 确切地等,两者可互换
  • I can't say for [certain/sure] when he will come. 我不敢肯定地说他什么时候来。
  • No one knows for [sure/certain] what happened to her. 没有人确切地知道她出了什么事。
用于make certain/make sure,意为弄清楚, 弄得有把握,两者可互换
  • They made [certain/sure] (that) they weren't late. 他们有把握不迟到。
  • I think there's a train at 10:40, but you'd better make [certain/sure] of it. 我想 10:40 有趟火车,但你最好去核实一下。

  • A worker is not sure what he is doing.
  • I am a little nervous about, because I am not sure how I should behave at the dinner table.
  • I am really not sure what this group is doing.
  • Two men are unsure what's going on.

sure 的其它常用短语:

be. sure wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份be. sure whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份
be. sure to do. (sth.)确定...be. sure for sb. to do. (sth.)确信
be. sure of sth.确信...sure sth.肯定的...
sure enough果然be. sure about sth.对...有把握

[[12, 13], [13, 21]]
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以 how 开头的名词性从句

这是一个名词性从句。

暂无例子
[[15, 16], [12, 13]]
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behave + adv.

这是一个动词固定搭配。

  • I am a little nervous about, because I am not sure how I should behave at the dinner table.
  • he's behaving rather peculiarly
  • If John cannot behave properly, he'll have to answer to me.
  • Tim's mother launched into a sermon about how to behave at the dinner table.
  • All right, if you can't behave properly, just sit down here and cool your heels until I call you.
  • People in animal costumes are behaving erratically.
  • If Bob won't behave better, I'll have to lower the boom on him.
  • the children behaved well
  • You're banging your head against a brick wall trying to get that dog to behave properly.
  • John behaved so badly that they threw him out of the party.

behave 的其它常用短语:

behave adv.behave badly表现不好
behave well表现良好
[[16, 17], [17, 21]] [[16, 17], [17, 18], [19, 20]]
[]

at + the + table

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在桌子旁边
table
n. 桌子; 台子

  • A man wearing black clothing is standing around at an empty table that has water glasses and papers strewn about.
  • Betty left her newspaper at the table , hoping someone else would enjoy it.
  • A man sits writing at a table set up on a sidewalk.
  • People are conversing at a dining table under a canopy.
  • A lady at a table takes pictures.
  • The group Asians are eating dinner at the table .
  • A woman is at a dinner table .
  • A woman wearing a green shirt eats at the table .
  • An older woman is looking at herself in the mirror at a table with cosmetics.
  • a woman is standing at a table playing poker.
[[18, 19], [19, 21]]
[]

dinner + table

这是一个名词短语。
n. 餐桌
dinner
n. 晚餐, 正餐, 宴会
table
n. 桌子; 台子

  • A man putting his hands in a bowl at the dinner table.
  • A family is eating together at the dinner table.
  • A girl is sitting in a chair at the dinner table.
  • Two kids discuss their woes around the dinner table.
  • Two men are sitting at a dinner table.
  • The child is sitting at the dinner table.
  • Three young children are fixed to their smartphones at the dinner table.
  • A bald man with glasses is cutting into a turkey on the dinner table.
  • It is not polite to discuss bodily functions at the dinner table.
  • A family is sitting at the dinner table.

[[14, 15], [15, 21]]
[]

mod. + do.

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子
[[14, 15], [15, 21]] [[14, 15], [15, 21]]
[]

shall/should + do.

这是一个动词短语。

shall 与 should 有何区别

shall

shall是情态助动词,即为主动词提供更多信息。

shall往往涉及必然性(Certainty)必要性(Necessities)主动提议,在时态上指向未来。

  • I shall be there on time. 我会准时到那。
  • You shall pass the exam. 你会通过考试。
  • Shall I close the door? 我需要把门关上吗?
起源

有必要提下shall的起源,以方便区分很多"古怪"的结论。

shall最早起源于 17 世纪(英式英语)

当时它被用来替换will,当主语是第一人称(I, We)时。

这一直接对应转化在现代英语中已经很少见,可以认为已经过时。

反而,在现代英语中,特别是美式英语中,多用will代替shall,如涉及不那么正式、语气不特别强烈的必然性时。

  • I [shall/will] be there on time. 我会准时到那。

当然,shall依然有它的独自的使用场景:

1. 涉及语气强硬必然性、必要性,如带保证、下决心、命令、警告、允诺、威胁。

2. 涉及内容正式必然性、必要性,如规章、法令。

3. 由第一人称发起的带主动提议的疑问句。

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暂无例子
翻译:我有点紧张,因为我不确定在餐桌上应该怎样表现。
I am a little nervous about, because I am not sure how I should behave at the dinner table.

这是一个复合句

主句

I am a little nervous about,

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
I主语 ambe 动词 nervous about,表语(形容词)

从句

I am not sure how I should behave at the dinner table.

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
I主语 ambe 动词 sure how I ••• table.表语(形容词)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
not

从句

how I should behave at the dinner table.

这是一个宾语从句,其时态可以是一般过去时一般过去将来时一般现在时一般将来时

其满足特殊句型: 。详情请参考下文具体介绍。

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