sentence Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home. /Helen-had-left-her-key-in-the-office+-so-she-had-to-wait-until-her-husband-came-back-home.= 1

Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["Helen", "had", "left", "her", "key", "in", "the", "office", ",", "so", "she", "had", "to", "wait", "until", "her", "husband", "came", "back", "home", "."][{"i": 14, "s": [9, 10], "r": "状语结构", "e": [10, 21], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 18, "s": [11, 12, 13], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [12, 13, 21], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 21, "s": [14, 15], "r": "状语结构", "e": [15, 21], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 28, "s": [17, 18, 19], "r": "动词短语", "e": [18, 19, 20], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 20, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 20, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 5, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 13, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 5, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 9, "r": 8, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 9, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 13, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 10, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 9, "e": 14, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 5, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 14, "r": 8, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 17, "r": 20, "e": 19, "t": 2}, {"s": 17, "r": 9, "e": 18, "t": 2}, {"s": 18, "r": 13, "e": 19, "t": 2}, {"s": 19, "r": 7, "e": 21, "t": 2}, {"s": 19, "r": 7, "e": 20, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 21, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 21, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 21, "subs": [], "s": 15, "r": "状语从句"}], "s": 10, "r": "状语从句"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[9, 10], [10, 21]]
[]

从属连词 so + 状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

so 的连词用法

so用作连词,主要用于表述结果,意为所以

  • It's very cold, so wear a heavy coat. 外边很冷,因此穿一件厚大衣。
  • The door was locked, so we couldn't get in. 门上锁了,所以我们进不去。
  • I couldn't have won, so I didn't go in for the race. 我不可能获胜,因此我没参赛。
更多
  • The play began at eight, so they must dine at seven. 戏八点开始,因此他们必须七点吃饭。
  • It was dark, so I couldn't see what was happening. 天很黑,所以我看不见发生了什么事。
  • There happened to be a policeman on the corner, so I asked him the way. 恰好拐角处有一位警察,我就向他问路了。
and so

so可与并列连词and连用,构成习惯用语and so(相当so)

  • He told me to do it and so I did it. 他叫我那么做,所以我就做了。
  • He worked hard and so he succeeded. 他勤奋工作,所以他取得了成功。
  • There was so much to eat and so few people to eat it. 有这么多东西可吃,而吃的人又这么少。
更多
  • I forgot to post the letter, and so she never heard about my divorce. 我忘了寄那封信了,所以她一直不知道我离婚的事。
可能的误用

在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表述结果的so不能与表述原因的because同时使用。

因为他生病了,所以他不能来。

误: Because he was ill, so he couldn't come.

正: Because he was ill, he couldn't come.

正: He was ill, so he couldn't come.
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  • Bellow out your name so we know who you are!
  • I'm in a hurry, so I've got to book out right now.
  • We bent the child back a little so we could examine the spider bite.
  • They bound the hatch down so it could not be opened.
  • Class, you seem to have forgotten the simplest of facts, so it's back to basics for the first week of classes.
  • Bend the branch back so we can get a better view.
  • Thank you for bringing everything together so we can begin work.
  • We chained all the bicycles to one another so no one could steal them.
  • The space shot was cancelled, so all the astronauts are all dressed up with nowhere to go.
  • He did not want to be attacked by the Christian Church, so he only published it as he lay dying in 1543.

so 的其它常用短语:

以 so 引导的句子,存在主谓倒装结构
[[11, 12], [12, 13], [13, 21]]
[]

have + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 必须..., 不得不..., 只好...

need to do.have to do.的区别

have to do.是主观上的,而need to do.是客观上的。

do.表示动词或动词短语,在这里必须以原型形式出现。

所谓动词原型,即动词原先的型态,实际就是动词的现在式,且不进行第三人称单数形式变化。

是原型:doeat

不是原型:doesdiddonedoingeatsateeateneating

must 与 have to 的区别

must表示主观上认为必须做某事,侧重于个人意志和主观上的必要。

have to表示客观上要求不得不做某事,侧重于客观上的必要,可用于现在时、过去时和将来时。

  • I know I must study hard. 我知道我必须努力学习。
  • He said they must work hard. 他说他们必须努力工作。
  • My brother was very ill, so I had to call the doctor in the mid-night. 我弟弟病得厉害,我只得半夜里把医生请来。
更多
  • I haven't got any money with me, so I'll have to borrow some from my friend. 我身上没带钱,只好向朋友借点了。
  • You have to wear uniform on duty, don't you? 你在值班时必须穿制服,是吗?
时态

have to可以用于多种时态。

must只用于一般现在或将来时态。

  • The composition is due to hand in this morning, so I had to finish it last night. 作文今天早晨到期,因此我不得不昨天晚上完成。
非谓语动词

have to有非谓语动词形式,但must没有。

  • I hate having to get up so early. 我讨厌这第早就得起床。

  • We had to go all around Robin Hood's barn to get to the little town.
  • You are just going to have to bite the bullet and make the best of it.
  • I have to get all dolled up for the dance tonight.
  • John felt that he had to abide by his father's wishes.
  • We had to allocate the money between the philanthropy and social committees.
  • I had to apologize to the hostess.
  • The shop had to back-order some of the items on my list.
  • The manager had to assimilate the new policies into the list of current ones.
  • The press corps has to keep abreast of the president.
  • After Ann got fired, she had to start all over again on the bottom rung.

have 的其它常用短语:

have to, 其中 to 为 to do. 不定式省略动词部分will have to do.
have only to do. (sth.)have to do with sth.与...有关
have to get marriedhave to go some to do.
have to go somehave to hand it to sb.
have to live with sth.have sth. to do.有...要...
have sth. to declarehave oneself. to thank
have a score to settlehave an axe to grind别有企图
have an ax to grind别有用心have sth. to do with sth.
have sth. to sparehave the devil to pay有麻烦
have(n't) sth. ?, 反意疑问句have back sth.重新获得...
have sth. back重新获得...have off sth.休假
have sth. off休假have two days off
have days offhave sth. on穿着...
have sth. over sth.have a pain in sth.某个部位有点疼
have a walk散步have sports进行体育活动
have a get-togetherhave a meeting开会
have supper吃晚餐have a good knowledge of sth.
have a bath洗澡have one's moment走红
have interest in sth.对...有兴趣have ... memory
have a rest休息一下have sth. for lunch
have a fever发烧have a nice time玩得很开心
have difficulty doing. (sth.)做某事有困难have a talk晤谈
have some有一些have a fit大发脾气
have a drink喝一杯have a drink of sth.喝一点...
have a test进行测验have concern with sth.与...有关

[[14, 15], [15, 21]]
[]

until 引导的状语从句

这是一个状语结构。

not ... until 用法归纳

not...until表示直到...才...

  • I did not go home until my mother called me. 我直到我妈妈打电话给我才回家。
倒装
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by、till、until 在表示时间时的用法区别

bytilluntil均可用作介词表示时间,均含到...时候之意。

by表示在...以前, 到...时已经, 最迟到...等。

  • By now he will be eating dinner. 现在他一定是在吃饭。
  • I'll have finished this book by tomorrow. 到明天我就会把这书看完了。
  • I require my new coat by Monday. 我的新上衣要在星期一以前做好。
更多
  • I'll finish the work by Saturday. 我将在星期六以前完成工作。
  • You must get the work done by Friday. 你必须最迟在星期五以前把工作做完。
  • You never know, it may stop raining by tomorrow morning. 说不定这雨到明天早上就不下了呢。
  • The outstanding debts must be paid by the end of the month. 未了的债务须在月底前偿还。

till表示到...为止

用在肯定句时,句中谓语动词应是持续性动词

用在否定句时,句中谓语动词应是终止性动词

  • He waited till Friday. 他一直等到星期五。
  • I won't qualify till next year. 我明年才具备资格。
  • I needn't leave till 9 tomorrow. 我不必在明天 9 点以前离开。
更多
  • I needn't be leaving till 9 tomorrow. 我不必在明天 9 点以前离开。
  • We shan't know the results till next week. 我们下星期才能知道结果。

untiltill的强调形式,它们表达的含义非常接近。

细微区别如下:

till到达时刻后,事件或状况仍将持续。

until到达时刻后,事件或状况将终止。

  • The meeting continued [until/till] 7:00.
  • He waits [until/till] the children are asleep.
It is not until + (被强调部分) + that + 从句

这是一个固定搭配,其中的until不能被替换成till

  • It was not until the film had begun that he arrived. 直到电影开始他才来。
  • It is not until 8:00 that we begin our class every day. 我们每天八点开始上课。
not until放句首

此时until不能被替换成till

  • Not until the last moment did he change his mind. 直到最后一刻他才改变主意。
  • Not until midnight did it stop raining. 直到午夜雨才停。
until可以放句首

till则通常不这么用。

  • Until then, I knew nothing at all about it. 在那之前,我对此事一无所知。
  • Until you told me I had no idea of it. 在你告诉我之前,我对此一无所知。
固定搭配

from morning till night从早到晚

up till now直到现在


  • The army battled against the enemy until both sides were exhausted.
  • The army battled for the town until they had defeated its defenders.
  • The cashier was not allowed to leave the bank until the manager balanced the books.
  • Sally swam out from the beach until she was beyond her depth.
  • I think that the temp will fill the gap until a new person can be hired.
  • They don't pay their bills until you drive them to the wall.
  • I'm sorry, but I can't commit myself on this matter until I know more details.
  • The young customer in the jewelry store was getting the bum's rush until he pulled out an enormous roll of bills.
  • The government is f lying high just now, but wait until the budget is announced.
  • They fought on until they were exhausted.

until 的其它常用短语:

until the cows come home无限期地until 表语(介词)
be. until 表语(介词)until 表语(副词性介词)
be. until 表语(副词性介词)until 表语(形容词)
be. until 表语(形容词)until 表语(-ed 过去分词)
be. until 表语(-ed 过去分词)until 表语(-ing 现在分词)
be. until 表语(-ing 现在分词)until 表语(名词性副词)
be. until 表语(名词性副词)be. until ...
until ... ago

[[17, 18], [18, 19], [19, 20]]
[]

come + back + home

这是一个动词短语。
v. 回家

  • Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home .
  • The person is glad that their dog came back home .

come 的其它常用短语:

come back回来come back anytime
come back from sp.come back to haunt sb.
come about发生come across偶遇
come across to sth.come across with sth.偿付
come along出现come along with sb.
come aroundcome around for a visit
come around to sp.come in进来
come in on a wing and a prayer带着翅膀来祈祷come on进行
come on as sth.come on in the water's fine
come on strong给人以强烈印象come out出来
come out first得第一名come out against sth.反对
come out aheadcome out at sth.(总数、平均数等) 达
come out for sth.声明支持come out in bloom
come out in drovescome out in force
come out in large numberscome out in sth.出现(斑点)
come out in the open公开露面come out in the wash暴露
come out into the open公开露面come out on sth.
come out on top获胜come out to sth.
come out wellcome over过来
come through经历...仍活着come together聚会
come together on sth.聚在一起come up发生
come up to do. (sth.)come up against sth.对抗...
come up to sb.come up for air暂停一会儿
come up for auction被拍卖come up for sale
come up for sth.为了...到来come up from behind


[[0, 1]]
[]

Helen

这是一个名词短语。
n. 海伦(名称)

Helen是一个专有名词。


暂无例子
[[1, 2], [2, 9]]
[]

have + done.

这是一个动词短语。
v. (一般完成时); 已经..., 已...

have done. 详解

have done.表示已经做某事、已经做了什么、结束、做完,构成完成时结构。

have在句中是一般现在式(have、has)的时候,全称现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)

have在句中是一般过去式(had)的时候,全称过去完成时(The Past Perfect Tense, 也称 pluperfect)

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)
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  • My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared.
  • Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home.
  • I have lost one of my gloves.
  • People in our country have taught us the importance of giving everybody a chance to receive education.
  • As is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.
  • Now that you 've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it
  • Her brilliant parents have had a great effect on her, so she has made many achievements in the field of science.
  • The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.
  • Now, the leader has asked a group of students to do what they can to save the earth.
  • It seems that your children have entered without permission.
[[2, 3], [3, 5]]
[]

leave + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 离开...; 剩下...; 把...留下; 使...保留; 留下...(备用); 遗忘...; 忘了带...; 委托...; 丢弃...; 遗弃...; 听任...; 递送...

  • The taxi driver often reminds passengers to take their belongings when they leave the car.
  • When you leave the game, you should cash your chips in.
  • The cashier was not allowed to leave the bank until the manager balanced the books.
  • She drew away slowly and left the room.
  • She began making advances to me, and I left the room.
  • We left the children in the house while we went out to greet the guests.
  • Threats of all-out war caused many tourists to leave the country immediately.
  • I have half a mind to go off and leave you here.
  • Leaving the moon's gravity was not as painful as leaving the earth's.
  • If you don't agree to my leaving early, I'll just do it anyway.

leave 的其它常用短语:

leave home离开家leave the country出境
leave the table离席leave work下班
leave the ground飞舞leaf prints叶印痕
leave the track出轨leave the field退出比赛
leave off停止leave behind sth.把...[留下/落下]
leave sth. behind把...[留下/落下]leave home sth.将...留在家中
leave sth. home将...留在家中leave in sth.让...留下
leave sth. in让...留下leave off sth.停止
leave sth. off停止leave on sth.让...留在原处
leave sth. on让...留在原处leave open sth.未解决
leave sth. open未解决leave the door open让门敞开着
leave out sth.省去leave sth. out省去
leave sb. out in the coldleave over sth.剩下
leave sth. over剩下leave sb. to do. (sth.)
leave sb. to (do.)leave a lot to be desired不满意
leave in the air使悬而不决leave school退学
leave a message给某人留个信leave hold of sth.松手
leave for sp.leave alone让独自呆着
leave an impression on sb.left hand左手
leave about sth.乱放leave office辞职
leave word留言leave the hospital
leave aside不管leave sth. at sp.
leave sth. as it is听任某事自然发展leave a paper trail
leave a sinking shipleave ahead of time
leave an impressionleave in a body

[[4, 5]]
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key

这是一个名词短语。
n. 关键, 重点; 钥匙; 密钥

当前key可数。


暂无例子
[[5, 6], [6, 9]] [[5, 6], [7, 8]]
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in + the + office

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在办公室
office
n. 办公室, 办公处; 事务所

job、office、position、post、situation 的区别

jobofficepositionpostsituation都含工作; 职位的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
job
当前内容仅限会员查看

  • A woman sitting in an office .
  • Two people discuss their day in the office .
  • People working in an office .
  • I read to pass the time while waiting in the doctor's office .
  • The boss boxed up Fred in a tiny office .
  • He can be found in his office as a general rule.
  • If you want to get along in this office , you're going to have to keep your eye on the ball.
  • A man sitting in an office on a computer.
  • The singer pushes his shopping cart in the Office Max.
  • There is a lot of hustle and bustle in this office at the end of the fiscal year.
[[13, 14]]
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wait

这是一个动词短语。
vi. 等, 等候; 耽搁

暂无例子

wait 的其它常用短语:

wait sth.等候wait a while等一会儿
wait a moment等一下wait a second等一等
wait in a queuewait in line排队等候
wait at the table招待进餐wait out sth.等到...结束
wait up for sth.等候着不睡wait a minute等一下
wait upon sb.wait up(为...而)等候着不睡
wait around for sth.wait around在附近等候
wait at sth. for sth.wait at sth.在...(地方)[等待/等候]
wait up a minute等一等wait up until sth.
be. waiting in the wingswait sth., 其中 sth. 具有反身性
wait one's turn等着轮到自己wait tables伺候进餐
wait for sth. to do.wait for the other shoe to drop等待另一只鞋掉下来
wait on sth.等等wait on a platform
wait on tables侍候进餐wait for sth.等待...
wait for a momentwait for a minute
wait for a while等一会儿wait for turn等候轮到某人
wait for the next wavewait to do. (sth.)

[[16, 17]]
[]

husband

这是一个名词短语。
n. 丈夫, 管理人, 节俭的人

当前husband可数。


暂无例子
翻译:海伦把钥匙留在办公室里,所以她不得不等到丈夫回家。
Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home.

这是一个复合句

主句

Helen had left her key in the office,

是一个陈述句,其时态为过去完成时

成份划分
new!
Helen主语 had left谓语动词(复合结构) her key宾语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
in the office,

从句

she had to wait until her husband came back home.

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
she主语 had {to do.}谓语动词短语 to wait until ••• home.to do.

从句

her husband came back home.

这是一个状语从句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
her husband主语 came谓语动词
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
home.

更多推荐语法