sentence Had I known that air conditioners cause so much pollution, I would never have bought one. /Had-I-known-that-air-conditioners-cause-so-much-pollution+-I-would-never-have-bought-one.= 1

Had I known that air conditioners cause so much pollution, I would never have bought one. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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前置状语 + 主句, 构成状语前置结构

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子
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had + sth. + done. + ..., 该以 had 开头的小句, 省略 if 且 had 倒装, 存在虚拟语气

这是一个固定搭配。

暂无例子

had 的其它常用短语:

had sth. sth.,常见于英式英语
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know + (that) 引导的宾语从句

这是一个动词固定搭配。
vt. 知道..., 了解..., 对...有了解; 认识...; 熟悉..., 精通..., 对...有研究; 知悉..., 懂得...; 确信...; 确认...; [认识/意识]到...; 记得..., 牢记...; 能[认出/区分]...; [见/听]到过...; 经历..., 经受..., 体验...; 受...[支配/影响]

comprehend、know、understand 有何区别

comprehendknowunderstand都含知道; 明白; 理解的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
understand
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  • I knew I would crack up during the love scene.
  • We knew we were gonna catch hell when Ma saw how we'd ruined her garden.
  • I was happy to help because I knew it would help us achieve our dream of making black and white people equal.
  • I know the days will creep by until we finally get our test results.
  • She was quiet, but everyone knew she would soon burn with a low blue f lame.
  • I didn't aim to hurt your feelings, sugar, you know I didn't.
  • I knew about the problem from the word go.
  • She knew there was some dirty work going on when she saw her opponents whispering together.
  • I have known that since I was a babe in arms!
  • Don't barge in like that, without letting us know you're here!

know 的其它常用短语:

know best sth.know wh-/how + 不定式, wh-/how + 不定式作宾语成份知道...
know whether + 不定式, whether + 不定式作宾语成份知道...know where sth. stands知道某物的位置
know sth. as adj.know sth. as done.
know sth.知道...know no bounds无限
be. known to sb.被...所熟悉know sth. by name
know sth. apartknow better than to do.不至于蠢到...
know sth. from sth.know sb. by sight跟某人面熟
be. known for sth.因...而众所周知know sth. around
know sth. aboutknow for sure确知
know better很懂得know by heart记在心中
know what知道吗know a thing or two明白事理
know a trick or two机灵know all the angles懂行
know from sth.辨别know sb. for what sb. is
know one's abcsknow one's onions精明
know one's place知趣know one's stuff精通自己的业务
know one's way about有阅历know one's way around熟谙业务
know sth. by sth.know sth. like the back of one's hand
know sth. like the palm of one's handknow sth. backwards and forwards
know sth. by heart记住know sth. forwards and backwards
know sth. from memoryknow sth. in one's bones
know sth. inside out彻底了解某事know sth. through and through
know the big pictureknow the ropes知道内情
know the score知道真相know the tricks of the trade
know something知道些什么know the truth知道真相
know nothingknow the feeling了解这种感觉

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air + conditioner

这是一个名词短语。
n. [化] 空调器; 空气调节器

当前air|conditioner可数。


  • The man turned off the air conditioner .
  • Had I known that air conditioners cause so much pollution, I would never have bought one.
  • After the air conditioner broke down, the man had to read his newspaper near the window.
  • During the hot summer, there was a run on air conditioners .
  • A cat is sleeping in front of an air conditioner because it is the middle of summer during a heat wave.
  • A man is sitting in front of the air conditioner playing cards.
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mod. + have + done.

这是一个短语。
(将来完成时)

mod. have done. 详解

mod. have done.表示将来完成时(The Future Perfect Tense),其中mod.可以为wouldshouldcan/couldmustmay/might等。

如果mod.在句中的时态为过去时,那么时态全称为过去将来完成时(The Past Future Perfect Tense)

注意! wouldcouldshoud既可以表示过去时,又可以表示现在时(如虚拟语气),需要依据具体句子甚至章节上下文才可以做出判断。

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

根据mod.的不同,短语使用上有较大的区别,具体如下:

would have done.
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  • She should have learned to keep her temper when she was a child.
  • I thought I should have had the benefit of the doubt, but the judge made me pay a fine.
  • When I heard you say that, I could have curled up and died.
  • The hall was narrow, and I could hardly have slipped by.
  • I went beyond the place where I should have turned off.
  • The pain of the broken arm must have hurt Sally terribly, but she did not bat an eyelid.
  • If Jane hadn't carried the torch, no one would have followed, and the whole thing would have failed.
  • I had to bolster up the door or it would have fallen in.
  • The father must have said something encouraging because the boy finally got up and made a good speech.
  • A little singing and dancing would have brought the play to life.

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cause + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 引起..., 使...发生; 使...产生; 造成..., 导致...; 使得...; 促使...

cause 的动词用法

表示 "造成..., 使...发生"
cause + 直接宾语

其后可直接用造成的结果或发生的事情作宾语。

  • Smoking can cause lung cancer. 吸烟可导致肺癌。
  • Careless drivers cause accidents. 司机不小心就出事故。
cause + 双宾语
  • The car caused me a lot of trouble. 这车给我引来了不少麻烦。
  • He caused his parents much unhappiness. 他弄得他父母很不愉快。
  • I hope this will not cause you any inconvenience. 希望这不会给你造成不便。

若双宾语易位,可用介词to/for来引出间接宾语。

  • Her irresponsible behavior has caused her family a great deal of anxiety. 她不负责任的行为已引起她的家人的莫大担扰。
  • Her irresponsible behavior has caused a great deal of anxiety [to/for] her family. 她不负责任的行为已引起她的家人的莫大担扰。
cause + 不定式的复合结构

后接不定式的复合结构作宾语。

  • The cold weather caused the plants to die. 天气寒冷冻死了植物。
  • Heating a copper bar will cause it to expand. 对铜棒加热会使它膨胀。
  • What caused your wife to change her mind? 是什么使你的妻子改变了主意?
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  • The dog nipped at the visitor, but didn't cause any real harm.
  • She does not understand that the colors are caused by light through raindrops.
  • Young girl, sliding down a slip and slide causing a splash, at the end.
  • Being exposed to hot sun can not cause skin cancer.
  • A pause in a speech at the Baseball Hall of Fame caused by, what appears to be, an emotional moment.
  • Being exposed to hot sun can cause diseases.
  • One school of thought holds that cats cause allergic reactions.
  • A man thinks the cosmic lighting might cause a seizure at the bowling alley.
  • The red team will cause a riot.
  • The young men are causing a scene.

cause 的其它常用短语:

cause damage to sth.造成...的损失cause sth. ahead
cause a commotioncause hard feelings
cause lean times aheadcause lean times
cause qualms about sth.cause qualms
cause quite a stircause a stir引起骚动
cause some raised eyebrowscause sth. about sth.
cause trouble肇事cause a splash引人注目
cause sth. sth.使...产生...cause sth. to sth.使...产生...
cause sb. to do. (sth.)[使/引起/导致/致使]...(某人/某事/某物)...(做某事)cause sb. to (do.)
cause the audience to smilecause some eyebrows to raise
cause eyebrows to raisecause some tongues to wag
cause tongues to wag

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so + much + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 如此多的...; 这么多的...
much
adj. 多的, 很多的

many of 与 much of 的用法

后接名词通常须搭配特定修饰语

many of, much of后接名词时,该名词通常需要特指修饰词修饰,比如: thethesethosemyourTom's

  • Many of the farmers grow rice. 很多农民种稻子。
  • Many of his ideas were amusing to her. 他的许多想法使她感到有趣。
  • He spends much of his time outdoors. 他很多时间都在户外度过。
更多
  • Much of the land was flooded. 大片土地被水淹没。
存在特例! 后接人名或地名时,much of之后可以不跟限定词。
  • Not much of Denmark is hilly. 丹麦山地不多。
  • I've seen too much of Howard recently. 最近我见霍华德见得太多了。

much of可用于被不定冠词修饰的名词前。

  • You can't see much of a country in a week. 一周之内看一个国家看不了多少地方。
  • How much of a job would it be to rebuild the garage? 重建这个车库工作量会是多少?

not much of a用于名词前时表示对某物或某人评价不高。

  • Then he's not much of a partner. 那时他不是什么了不起的合伙人。
  • That might not seem like much of an accomplishment. 那似乎算不上什么成就。
带 of 或不带 of
如果名词前没有表特指的限定词,通常就不用of

她没有吃多少早餐。

误: She didn't eat much of breakfast.

正: She didn't eat much breakfast.

大玻璃杯剩下的不多了。

误: There aren't many of large glasses left.

正: There aren't many large glasses left.
在人称代词前总是用many ofmuch of

其中的of不能省略。

  • I didn't eat much of it. 这个我没吃多少。
  • Many of us were too tired to go further. 我们很多人都累得不能再往前走了。

  • Had I known that air conditioners cause so much pollution, I would never have bought one.
  • Jumping with purple balls is so much fun!
  • he engages in so much tall talk, one never really realizes what he is saying
  • Musicians destroy their classical instruments because they have so much rage pent up inside them.
  • Don't load these drawers with so much stuff.
  • Don't squeeze so much mustard from the bottle.
  • The man is feeling tired from so much effort.
  • a dog is tired from so much playing
  • I cannot retain so much information
  • I hate to go behind her back, but she makes so much trouble about things like this.

so 的其它常用短语:

so adv.so adj.
so adj. sth.be. so adv.
be. so adv. 副词性介词so adj. of sth.
so much of sth.so many of sth.
so adv. sth.so adv. as adj.
so adv. from sth.so adj. as sth.
so far迄今为止so soon这么快
so far as possibleso 句子所以...
so 缺省主语的句子So what ?
so adj. as to do.

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pollution

这是一个名词短语。
n. 污染; 污染物; 垃圾

当前pollution不可数。


暂无例子

pollution 的其它常用短语:

the pollution of sth.
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never + do.

这是一个固定搭配。
v. 从来不...; 绝不可以...

never、ever 的区别


never

never表示从未有过,主要与肯定谓词联用,而不与否定谓词联用。

  • Some people are never satisfied. 有些人从不满足。
  • I was never very good at maths. 我在数学方面从来就不很好。
  • A clever politician never promises too much. 聪明的政治家从不过多地许诺。
更多
  • Have you met Marilyn. I've never met her. 你见到过玛里琳吗? 我从未见到过她。

never + 肯定谓词有时可以替代一个普通的否定谓词:

  • I waited but he never turned up. 我等着,可他根本没有来。

never + 疑问动词可表示说话人对于未能做到某事而感到惊讶:

  • Has he never been to Japan? I'm surprised, because his wife is Japanese. 他从没去过日本吗?我感到很惊讶,因为他妻子是日本人。
ever

ever意为在任何时间,主要用于疑问句中:

  • Have you ever been a teacher? 你当过教师吗?
  • Have you ever seen a gorilla? 你看到过大猩猩吗?
  • Have you ever seen any film like that? 你看过这样的电影吗?
更多
  • Have you ever heard a pop song sung in Japanese? 你听见过有人用日语唱流行歌吗?

ever可与否定谓词联用,特别是在与复合时态联用时,可代替never + 肯定谓词:

  • I don't ever want [never want] to see you again. 我永远不想再见到你了。
  • He doesn't ever complain. (=He never complains.)他从来不抱怨。
  • I promise you, he won't ever [will never] trouble you again! 我向你保证,他绝不会再打扰你了!

ever + 肯定谓词可以用于比较中,也可以和表示假定或怀疑的词联用:

  • I don't suppose he ever writes to his mother. 我想他没有给他母亲写过信。

暂无例子
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buy + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 买..., 购买...; 雇..., 聘...; 享受...的服务; 付出[钱/代价][获得/赢得/得到]...; 够[支付/买到]...; 等价于...; 买通...; 贿赂..., 收买...; 接受...; 相信...; 赞成...; 救赎...; 使...(牌)打出; 被发...(牌)

  • I bought this table at an auction.
  • We had better buy some gifts and get rid of some of this funny money before our flight.
  • Andrew happened on a book that interested him, so he bought it.
  • I didn't have enough money to buy a new coat so I did without.
  • We bid the price down and then bought all of it.
  • Joan said she was just going window-shopping, but she bought a new coat.
  • In all good conscience, I could not recommend that you buy this car.
  • Bill cuts a fine figure since he bought some new clothes.
  • I was so hard up, I couldn't afford to buy food.
  • It may be true, but I don't buy it.

buy 的其它常用短语:

buy sth. for sth.buying rate[经] 银行买价
buy off收买buy up全买
buy sth. onlinebuy sth. in sth.买...
buy a pig in a poke瞎买东西buy a round of drinks
buy a roundbuy one's way into sth.
buy one's way inbuy one's way out of sth.
buy sth. to gobuy off sb.
buy one's wolf ticketbuy sth. for a song
buy sth. on credit赊购某物buy sth. on time按时买东西
buy the big onebuy the farm(北美
buy the next round of drinksbuy the next round
buy time争取时间buy trouble
buy the food购买食物buy the book买书
buy something买东西buy back sth.[经] 产品返销
buy sth. back[经] 产品返销buy sth. back from sb.
buy off sth.收买buy sth. off收买
buy out sth.出钱使放弃地位buy sth. out出钱使放弃地位
buy one's way outbuy up sth.买下...的供应量
buy sth. up买下...的供应量buy sth. from sth.
buy from sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法buy back sth. from sb.
buy sth. from sb. for sth.buy into sth.买进...
buy sth. sth.给...买...

翻译:如果我知道空调会造成如此多的污染,我就不会买了。
Had I known that air conditioners cause so much pollution, I would never have bought one.

这是一个复合句

主句

I would never have bought one.

是一个陈述句,其时态可以是过去完成时过去将来完成时现在完成时将来完成时

为什么会有多个时态?多个时态是跟情态动词would的特殊性有关。
成份划分
new!beta
I主语 would never have bought谓语动词(复合结构) one.宾语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
never

从句

air conditioners cause so much pollution,

这是一个宾语从句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!beta
air conditioners主语 cause谓语动词 so much pollution,宾语

更多推荐语法