更新公告 (2022-10-02)
10 月 2 号更新: Enpuz 网页版已支持微信登陆

  1. "成份划分" 功能正式上线,围绕核心谓词,划分及标注句子成份内容。
  2. 优化 500 余处短语、单词翻译。
  3. 支持微信登陆 Enpuz 网页版。
  4. 清空式修复当前已收集的全部 badcase。

●  近期更新(年中大版本更新)

  1. 引擎篇 –– 重构核心 AI 引擎,大幅度提升分析结果精确度。里程碑
  2. 功能篇 –– 上线句子成份划分功能,句子结构一目了然。
  3. 内容篇 –– 上新 200 大类高品质语法内容。
●  10 月更新预告

上线网页版微信登陆功能、着手网页版重构。

●  新功能"成份划分"示例

I主语 should pay谓语动词(复合结构) Mary间接宾语 a visit,直接宾语
We主语 made谓语动词 it形式宾语 clear宾补(形容词) that he won真实宾语
It形式主语 isbe 动词 the peculiarity of knowledge表语(名词) that those who ••• it真实主语


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keep 详解

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["Can", "you", "keep", "a", "secret", "?"][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 1, 2], "r": "一般疑问句", "e": [1, 2, 6], "d": {"poses": [0, 1, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 4, "s": [2, 4], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 22, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 9, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 3, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "一般疑问句"}
keep sth.
保存, 保留, 保持, 保守
  • Could you keep these letters for me, please? 你能替我保存这些信吗?
  • I'll keep a seat for you. 我给你留个座位。
  • It can help to keep vegetables, fruit and meat for a long time in hot summer. 在炎热的夏天,它有助于蔬菜、水果和肉类长时间保鲜。
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  • Can you keep a secret? 你能保守秘密吗?
照顾, 养活
  • She kept her sister for a week while her sister was ill. 她妹妹有病时,她照看她了一个星期。
  • I have a family to keep. 我得养活一家人。
留下, 不必还
  • You can keep the pen if you like it. 你要是喜欢就把钢笔留下吧。
  • Keep the change. 不用找零钱了。
遵守, 维护
  • Everyone must keep the rules. 人人必须遵守规章制度。
  • The teacher is keeping order in class. 老师正在课堂上维持秩序。
售, 卖
  • The shop keeps everything you need. 那家商店里出售的东西应有尽有。
  • He keeps everything you will drink. 他出售你想喝的各种饮料。
记(日记、帐等)
  • She keeps a diary every day. 她坚持每天记日记。
  • He keeps exact accounts of the money he spends and a diary of the events of his holidays. 他详细地记载他所花的钱数和假期中所发生的事情。
keep sth + 宾语补足语

表示使...保持某种状态(或位置、动作等)

其中宾语补足语通常由形容词、副词、介词短语、现在分词和过去分词等充当。

  • We should keep our classroom clean and tidy. 我们应保持教室整洁干净。
  • You'd better keep the child away from the fire. 你最好让孩子离火远一点。
  • The bad weather keeps us inside the house. 坏天气使我们不能出门。
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  • Don't keep me waiting for long. 别让我等太久。
  • The other students in the class keep their eyes closed. 班上其他同学都闭着眼睛。
keep + 表语

keep用作连系动词,后接表语构成系表结构,意为保持, 继续(处于某种状态)。其中表语可用形容词、副词、介词短语等充当。

  • You must look after yourself and keep healthy. 你必须照顾好自己,保持身体健康。
  • Keep off the grass. 请勿践踏草地。
  • Traffic in Britain keeps to the left. 英国的交通是靠左边行驶的。
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  • She knew she must keep calm. 她知道她必须保持镇静。
  • Please keep silent in class. 课堂上请保持安静。
含 keep 的短语动词
keep doing sth.

意为继续干某事,表示不间断地持续干某事,keep后不能接不定式,也不能接瞬时动词的ing形式,而必须接延续性动词。

  • He kept working all day, because he wanted to finish the work on time. 他整天都在不停地工作,因为他想准时完成工作。
  • Keep passing the ball to each other, and you'll be ok. 坚持互相传球,你们就行。
keep on doing sth.

意为持续做某事

  • The pupil kept on asking me the same question. 这个学生不断地问我同一个问题。
  • I kept on thinking about the match in the afternoon. 我总是想起下午的那场比赛。
keep...from doing sth.

意为阻止/防止...做某事

  • The heavy snow kept us from going out. 大雪使我们不能出去。
keep away

意为(使)离开, (使)不接近,其后常接介词from

  • Would you keep your dog away from my boy, please? 请把狗拉得离我孩子远点好吗?
  • Keep everybody away from the accident. 人人远离事故!
keep back

意为阻止, 留在后面

  • She sat down quietly, but she couldn't keep back her tears. 她静静地坐下来,却忍不住流下了眼泪。
keep together

意为在一起, 动作协调

  • Keep together, please. 请聚在一起。
  • The eight men kept together during the boat race as though they were one. 赛船时,这8个人动作协调,好像一个人似的。
keep up

意为持续, 使不低落

  • The noise kept up all night. 噪音整夜持续着。
  • To keep your strength up, eat well and get enough sleep. 为了保持力气,要吃好、睡足。
keep up with

意为跟上, 和...来往

  • I'm trying my best to keep up with the others in class. 我正在设法赶上班里的其他人。
  • Do you still keep up with tom? 你和汤姆还有联系吗?
keep...in mind

意为把...记在心里

  • The teacher asked us to keep these sentences in mind. 老师要我们把这些句子记在心里。
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["Each", "man", "will", "be", "paid", "according", "to", "his", "ability", "."][{"i": 8, "s": [5, 7], "r": "状语结构", "e": [7, 10], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 2, "r": 22, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 12, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 9, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 5, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 13, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 10, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

according to 常见用法


表示根据...(某学说、某书刊、某文件、某人所说等)

表示按照...(某法律、某规定、某惯例、某情况等)

表示合乎..., 符合...

  • According to the timetable, the train gets in at 8:27. 根据时刻表,火车 8:27 进站。
  • According to the weather forecast, we shall have rain tomorrow. 根据天气预报,明天会下雨。
  • According to John there will be a meeting next week. 据约翰说,下星期有个会议。
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  • Each man will be paid according to his ability. 每个人将根据他的能力获得报酬。

表示根据, 按照时,主要用来引出状语,一般不用来引出表语:

这本书是根据一个真实故事写的。

正: The book is based on a true story.

误: The book is according to a true story.

当它表示合乎, 符合时,可用来引出表语:

  • It is not according to his nature to give praise. 他本性不喜欢颂扬。

其后一般不接view(看法)opinion(意见)这类词,也不接表示第一人称的代词(meus):

正: In my opinion, the film is wonderful. 依我看,这部电 影很不错。

误: According to my opinion, the film is wonderful.

误: According to me, the film is wonderful.
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["It", "was", "more", "expensive", "than", "I", "thought", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [2, 3, 4, 5], "r": "形容词作表语", "e": [3, 4, 5, 8], "d": {"poses": [1, 3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 8, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 20, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 9, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 5, "r": "状语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

more...than... 用法归纳


表示 "比...多, 比...更"
more + 形容词

与形容词一同构成该形容词的比较级。

  • It was more expensive than I thought. 这比我预料的昂贵多了。
  • Tim violin is more difficult than the piano. 拉小提琴比弹钢琴更为困难。
  • John drove much more carefully than Tim did. 约翰开车比吉姆小心得多。
more + 名词

此时more本身就是比较级,其后可以接可数或不可数名词。

  • His car cost much more money than mine. 他的小汽车所花的钱比我的多得多。
  • There are much more people than we expected. 比我们想象的人要多得多。
表示 "与其...不如"
  • He is more lucky than clever. 与其说他聪明,不如说他幸运。
  • It is even more a poem than a picture. 与其说它是一幅画,倒不如说它是一首诗。
注: 该句型主要用于同一个人或物在两个不同性质或特征等方面的比较(比较级必须是more + adj.的形式,不能用加词尾-er的形式)
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friend 的常用搭配

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["Paul", "is", "friends", "with", "Bill", "."][{"i": 7, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "名词短语", "e": [3, 4, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 2, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 15, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 13, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
be friends with sb.

表示与...友好, 跟...做朋友

  • Paul is friends with Bill. 保罗与比尔有交情。
  • Alice found several girls to be friends with on the first day of school. 爱丽丝上学第一天就和几个女孩交上了朋友。
keep friends (with sb.)

表示(与某人)保持友好关系

  • I think we should keep friends (with her). 我想我们应该(与她)保持友好关系。
make friends (with sb.)

表示(与某人)交朋友

  • He has a pleasant manner, and finds it easy to make friends. 他态度随和,因此交友很容易。
  • You can make friends with an elephant by giving him peanuts. 把花生给象吃就能使它对你友好。
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小贴士:多数时候,名词前需要添加 a/an/the 或修饰词,否则可能会导致分析结果异常。

absent 常见用法

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["He", "is", "always", "absent", "-", "minded", "."][][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
作形容词

意为缺席的。要表示做某事缺席,其后常接介词from

  • Some students were absent from class. 有些学生上课缺席。
  • They were absent from work that day. 他们那天都没有上班。

be absent from还可表示缺少, 没有, 无

  • Love was totally absent from his childhood. 他童年时代没受到丝毫的疼爱。

有时根据不同的语境,也可能使用不同的介词。比较:

  • He's absent from Beijing. 他外出了,不在北京。
  • He's absent in Beijing. 他外出了,现在北京。

另外,有时be absent in还可表示不在...里(尤其对于那些不会动的东西)

  • The word is absent in the dictionary. 这本字典里没有这个词。

absent用作形容词有时还表示心不在焉, 茫然的等,通常只用作定语。

  • He had an absent look on his face. 他脸上露出茫然的神色。

而复合形容词absent-minded,可用作表语或定语,其意为心不在焉的, 健忘的

  • He is always absent-minded. 他老是心不在焉。
作动词

只用作及物动词,意为缺席,只接反身代词作宾语。表示做某事缺席,其后也接介词 from。

  • He absented himself from the meeting. 他没有出席会议。
  • Why did you absent yourself from class yesterday? 你昨天为什么没来上课?
注意! absent用作形容词和动词时,重音位置不同。
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["You", "can't", "go", "on", "working", "all", "night", "without", "a", "rest", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [3, 4, 11], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 13, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 10, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 20, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 9, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 7, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 5, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 13, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 3, "e": 11, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 11, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

continue、go on 有何区别

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两者均可表示继续,有时可互换。

  • The rain [went on/continued] for three days. 雨连续下了 3 天。
  • This state of things cannot [continue/go on] forever. 这种状况不能继续下去了。
后接不定式或动名词

continue to do.go on to do. sth.继续做某事,指做完一件事继续做另一件事。

continue doing.go on doing. sth.继续做某事,指继续刚刚在做的同一件事,或持续做某事。

  • The baby continued crying all night. 婴儿哭了一夜。
  • You can't go on working all night without a rest. 你不能通宵工作而不休息。(无中断)
  • She nodded, smiled, and went on stitching. 她点了点头,笑了笑,又继续缝衣服。(中断后再继续)
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  • Go on to do the other exercise after you have finished this one. 你做完这个练习后,请接着做其他的练习。

两者区别如下:

场合

go on属普通用词,而continue则较正式。

  • Go on, please. 请说下去。
  • Now, the news continues in standard English. 现在用普通英语继续报告新闻。
搭配

continue后可直接跟名词作宾语,而go on后需借助介词再接名词作宾语。

  • He [continued/went on with] the story. 他继续讲故事。
continue 作连系动词

continue可用作连系动词,go on不可这样用。

  • The weather continued fine. 天气一直很好。
  • The boat continued east. 船继续向东航行。
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had better 详解

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["You", "had", "better", "get", "some", "sleep", "."][{"i": 3, "s": [1, 3], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [3, 7], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 5, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "动词短语", "e": [4, 5, 6], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

had better表示最好, 应该,后接动词原形,与情态动词should用法相似,其中的had通常缩略为'd

用于提出建议或请求时,并不是一个很客气委婉的表达,它暗示对方有义务去做某事,因此通常用于长辈对晚辈或上级对下级等,而不宜反过来用。

  • You'd better get some sleep. 你最好去睡一会儿。
  • We had better go before it rains. 我们最好在下雨前就去。
否定式

构成否定式时,通常将not置于had better之后(而不是had之后)。

  • I'd better not disturb him. 我最好别去打扰他。
后接进行式或完成式动词

有时后接动词的进行式,表示最好马上做某事;也可接完成式动词,表示最好做完某事或本该做某事而未做某事。

  • I think I'd better be going. 我想我最好还是马上走。
  • You'd better be getting your clothes ready. 你最好马上把衣服准备好。
  • You had better have done that. 你最好把那事做完。
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  • You had better have stayed here. 你本来应该呆在这儿的。
省略 had

有时可省略其中的had

  • You better stop arguing. 你们最好不要争论了。
  • Better not wait for him. 最好不要等他了。
  • Better say yes, if they ask you. 如果他们问你,你最好说
had better 与 had best 的区别

had besthad better的用法和含义均差不多,但不如had better常用。

  • You had best get home before midnight. 你最好在午夜之前回到家里。
  • We had best be going. 我们最好现在就走。
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come across 的用法

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["Come", "across", "to", "my", "office", "this", "afternoon", "."][{"i": 3, "s": [0, 1, 2, 3], "r": "动词短语", "e": [1, 2, 3, 5], "d": {"poses": [3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 20, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 20, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 9, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 13, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 5, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 5, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "祈使句"}
偶然遇见, 碰见(=run across)
  • Where did you [come/run] across her? 你在那儿碰到她的?
  • I've just come across a beautiful poem in this book. 我在这本书里偶然发现一首优美的诗。
被理解,被传达(=come over)
  • He spoke for a long time but his meaning did not really come across. 他讲了很长时间,但他的意思没有人真正理解。
使人产生某种印象(=come over)
  • Your speech came across very well. 你的演说相当受欢迎。
  • He came across as [sympathetic/a sympathetic person]. 他给人以有同情心的印象。

注意以下用法,它不是习语,其中的across为副词,表示在另一边:

  • Come across to my office this afternoon. 你今天下午到我办公室来一趟。
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["The", "buses", ",", "most", "of", "which", "were", "already", "full", ",", "were", "surrounded", "by", "an", "angry", "crowd", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [3, 4, 5, 6], "r": "定语从句", "e": [4, 5, 6, 10], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [5], "r": "名词短语", "e": [6], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 3, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 15, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 9, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 6, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 4, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 9, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 12, "e": 17, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 9, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 13, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 3, "e": 17, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 17, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 10, "subs": [], "s": 3, "r": "定语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

most 与 most of 有何区别

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mostmost of的区别在许多情况下与所修饰的名词是否带有限定词(如冠词、指示代词、物主代词、名词所有格等)有关。

所修饰的名词前没有限定词

如果所修饰的名词前没有限定词,通常要用most,不用most of

  • Most people agree with me. 多数人同意我的意见。
  • Most cheese is made from cow's milk. 奶酪大都是用牛奶做的。
  • Most people work from nine to five. 大多数人从 9 点工作到 5 点。

但是,在习惯上不带冠词的专有名词(如人名和地名等)或抽象名词(如学科名词等)前,要用most of,不用most

  • Most of George seemed to be covered with hair. 乔治身上好像大部分地方都长毛。
  • Most of Wales was without electricity last night. 昨天夜里,威尔士多数地区都停电了。
所修饰的名词前带有限定词

如果所修饰的名词前带有限定词,则用most of,不能只用most

  • Most of my friends live abroad. 我的朋友大多数住在国外。
  • Most of the people here know each other. 这里大多数人互相认识。
  • He's eaten two pizzas and most of a cold chicken. 他吃了两张比萨饼和大半只冷鸡。
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  • Most of those workers have still been unable to find jobs. 这批工人中大多数仍未能找到工作。

注意,不要按汉语思维习惯,将限定词放在most之前。

误: My most friends live abroad.

误: The most people here know each other.

误: He's eaten two pizzas and a most cold chicken.

误: Those most workers have still been unable to find jobs.

对于可数名词来说,如果是单数形式,不能直接在其前使用most,而应使用most of + 限定词 + 单数可数名词的形式。

  • Narrative makes up most of the book. 记叙文占书的大部分。
  • You've got most of the bed as usual. 你跟往常一样占了大半张床。
  • The hen sits for most of the day. 这只母鸡整天大部分时间都在抱窝。
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  • It was wet and windy for most of the week. 一周大半时间都是又下雨又刮风。
直接用在代词之前

如果直接用在代词之前,要用most of,不用most

  • Most of us thought he was wrong. 我们大多数人认为他错了。
  • Most of them probably eat too much meat. 他们大多数人都吃太多的肉了。

注意,在关系代词前也只能用most of,不用most

  • The buses, most of which were already full, were surrounded by an angry crowd. 公共汽车大多数都已经挤满了人,它们被愤怒的人群包围着。
  • I have a number of American relatives, most of whom live in Texas. 我有一些美国亲戚,他们大都住在得克萨斯。

另外,在连接代词what引导的从句前也是用most of,不用most

  • I learned most of what I know about gardening through trial and error. 我的大部分园艺知识都是通过不断摸索学到的。
省略

如果意思明确,most后所修饰的名词可以省略,但most of后所修饰的名词永远不能省略。

也就是说,如果是不修饰名词而单独使用,只能用most,不用most of

  • A few people were killed in the fire, but most were saved. 在那场火灾中,有几个人被烧死,但大部分人都得救了。
  • Some potatoes have been harvested, but most are still in the ground. 一些土豆已经收获了,但大多数仍然在地里。
指代范围

mostmost of修饰名词时有时在含义上有差别,即前者多表示泛指,后者多表示特指。

  • Most people like to spend Christmas at home. 多数人喜欢在家里过圣诞节。
  • Most of the people I know like to spend Christmas at home. 我所认识的人当中,多数人喜欢在家里过圣诞节。
作主语

most [of] ...用作主语时,其谓语是否用单数或复数形式,需根据它所修饰或代表的名词的可数性来确定。

  • Most of her books were stolen. 她的大部分书被偷走了。
  • Most of her money was stolen. 她的大部分钱被走偷了。
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exercise 在用作名词时是否可数

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["Walking", "is", "good", "exercise", "."][][{"s": 0, "r": 17, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 2, "e": 5, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 5, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

表示锻炼,运动时,用作不可数名词。如: do/take exercise(做运动/锻炼身体)。

表示练习,体操时,用作可数名词,且用复数形式。如: do morning exercises(做早操), do eye exercises(做眼保健操)等。

  • Walking is good exercise. 散步是很好的运动。(用作不可数名词)
  • We do morning exercises every morning. 我们每天上午做早操。(用作可数名词)
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["You", "can't", "see", "much", "of", "a", "country", "in", "a", "week", "."][{"i": 9, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "名词短语", "e": [4, 5, 7], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 20, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 5, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 13, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 3, "e": 11, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 11, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

many of 与 much of 的用法

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后接名词通常须搭配特定修饰语

many of, much of后接名词时,该名词通常需要特指修饰词修饰,比如: thethesethosemyourTom's

  • Many of the farmers grow rice. 很多农民种稻子。
  • Many of his ideas were amusing to her. 他的许多想法使她感到有趣。
  • He spends much of his time outdoors. 他很多时间都在户外度过。
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  • Much of the land was flooded. 大片土地被水淹没。
存在特例! 后接人名或地名时,much of之后可以不跟限定词。
  • Not much of Denmark is hilly. 丹麦山地不多。
  • I've seen too much of Howard recently. 最近我见霍华德见得太多了。

much of可用于被不定冠词修饰的名词前。

  • You can't see much of a country in a week. 一周之内看一个国家看不了多少地方。
  • How much of a job would it be to rebuild the garage? 重建这个车库工作量会是多少?

not much of a用于名词前时表示对某物或某人评价不高。

  • Then he's not much of a partner. 那时他不是什么了不起的合伙人。
  • That might not seem like much of an accomplishment. 那似乎算不上什么成就。
带 of 或不带 of
如果名词前没有表特指的限定词,通常就不用of

她没有吃多少早餐。

误: She didn't eat much of breakfast.

正: She didn't eat much breakfast.

大玻璃杯剩下的不多了。

误: There aren't many of large glasses left.

正: There aren't many large glasses left.
在人称代词前总是用many ofmuch of

其中的of不能省略。

  • I didn't eat much of it. 这个我没吃多少。
  • Many of us were too tired to go further. 我们很多人都累得不能再往前走了。
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