更新公告 (2022-10-02)
10 月 2 号更新: Enpuz 网页版已支持微信登陆

  1. "成份划分" 功能正式上线,围绕核心谓词,划分及标注句子成份内容。
  2. 优化 500 余处短语、单词翻译。
  3. 支持微信登陆 Enpuz 网页版。
  4. 清空式修复当前已收集的全部 badcase。

●  近期更新(年中大版本更新)

  1. 引擎篇 –– 重构核心 AI 引擎,大幅度提升分析结果精确度。里程碑
  2. 功能篇 –– 上线句子成份划分功能,句子结构一目了然。
  3. 内容篇 –– 上新 200 大类高品质语法内容。
●  10 月更新预告

上线网页版微信登陆功能、着手网页版重构。

●  新功能"成份划分"示例

I主语 should pay谓语动词(复合结构) Mary间接宾语 a visit,直接宾语
We主语 made谓语动词 it形式宾语 clear宾补(形容词) that he won真实宾语
It形式主语 isbe 动词 the peculiarity of knowledge表语(名词) that those who ••• it真实主语


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["We", "'ll", "have", "an", "exam", "in", "English", "at", "the", "end", "of", "January", "."][{"i": 6, "s": [2, 4], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 10, "s": [7, 9, 10, 11], "r": "介词短语", "e": [8, 10, 11, 13], "d": {"poses": [3], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2, 3]}}, {"i": 13, "s": [5, 6], "r": "介词短语", "e": [6, 7], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 15, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 13, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 15, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 13, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 3, "e": 13, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 13, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

at the end of、by the end of 有何区别

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两者都有在...的末了, 在...的一端的含义,但使用场合有所不同。

at the end of

at the end of可以用于表示具体事物的结尾, 末端,也可以用来表示比喻意。

  • The school is situated at the end of the street. 该校位于这条街的尽头。
  • We'll have an exam in English at the end of January. 一月底我们要参加英语考试。
  • They were at the end of their patience. 他们忍无可忍。
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  • He is at the end of his wits. 他智穷才尽,束手无策。
by the end of

by the end of用于表示时间的场合,往往含有不迟于的意思。

值得注意的是,at the end of亦可用于表示时间(见上述第二个例句)。同样的表示时间,它们之间也存在着差异。

at the end of January一月底(指一月份的最后一天)

by the end of January一月底之前(指一月份结束前的几天)

  • We are to complete the task by the end of the year. 年底之前我们必须完成此项任务。
  • Their communication is at an end. 他们的交往到此为止。
扩展: in the end

短语in the end表示终于, 最后,相当于at last

  • I'm sure everything will turn out satisfactory in the end. 我确信,最后一切都会令人满意的。
  • In the end things will mend. 船到桥头自会直
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sure 与 certain 的区别

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["He", "'s", "sure", "to", "win", "."][{"i": 4, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [3, 4, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 4, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 13, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 10, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 9, "e": 5, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

两者都可用作表语,表示一定确信,有时可互换。互换的场合应注意以下几点用法:

表示说话者的态度或看法

即表示说话者自己的态度或看法,其意为一定会肯定会。此时主要用法有:

(1) 单独用作表语:

  • One thing was [sure/certain]: they'd be late. 有一件事是确定无疑的,他们会迟到。

(2) 后接不定式:

  • He's [certain/sure] to win. 他一定会成功。
  • They're [certain/sure] to need help. 他们肯定需要帮助。
  • If you do this, you are [certain/sure] to be found out. 如果你这样做一定会被发现。
表示句子主语的判断或信念

即表示句子主语对某一情况的判断或信念,其意为相信, 确信, 有把握等。此时通常用于以下结构:

(1) 后接of/about sth:

  • He is [certain/sure] of success. 他确信会成功。
  • Are you certain [of/about] that? 你对此有把握吗?

(2) 后接of doing sth:

  • Our team is [certain/sure] of winning. 我们队有把握赢。
  • You can be [sure/certain] of his agreeing. 你可以放心他会同意。

(3) 后接that/whether/if宾语从句:

  • I am [sure/certain] that he is honest. 我肯定他是诚实的。
  • I'm [sure/certain] that it's not your fault. 我敢肯定这不是你的错。
  • Are you [certain/sure] that this is the right road? 你肯定这条路对吗?
be sure/certain为肯定式或疑问式时,后接that引导的从句;当为否定式时,后接whether/if引导的从句。
  • I'm not [sure/certain] whether he still works there. 我不能肯定他是否还在那里工作。
  • I wasn't [sure/certain] whether he would agree. 我不太肯定他是否会同意。
  • He wasn't [sure/certain] whether he would be able to get back in time. 他不能肯定他是否能准时回来。

(4) 后接其他从句:

  • I'm not [sure/certain] where she lives. 我不能肯定她住在哪里。
  • I'm not [certain/sure] who wrote it. 我不太清楚这是谁写的。
语义区别
在完整分析区别时,需要在词法、句法、语义角度同时考虑。本小节分析语义上的区别。下面两小节则讲述词法、句法上的固定使用模式。

sure表示主观的推测或感觉,所述事实并不一定如此。

certain则指说话者有充分的理由或根据,肯定某事会发生。

即在上小节讲述的通用场景下使用surecertain,会存在一定的主、客观角度偏向,同时语气也会存在些许差异。

结合上下文

如果上下文提供了更多的支持依据,往往偏向更加肯定的语气,这时候,使用certain会更加适合语境。

  • I'm certain he wasn't in the classroom. I saw him in the library.
  • I'm certain that he will go the concert. He told me so an hour ago.
只能用 certain 的情形

以下情况通常只用certain,而不用sure:

当句中用了形式主语或形式宾语it
  • It's certain that he'll come tomorrow. 他明天肯定会来。
  • I thought it certain that he would be late. 我肯定他会迟到。
  • It's certain that prices will go up. 价格肯定会上涨。
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  • It's not certain how much it will cost. 这要花多少钱还不确定。
作定语

表示某一, 某些

  • A certain Mr Green wants to see you. 有个叫格林先生的人想见你。
  • Certain plants are good to eat but others are not. 有些植物好吃, 而其他一些则不好吃。
  • A certain person called on me yesterday.
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  • Certain students have failed in the exam.
只能用 sure 的情形

be sure (not) to do sth.(一定要或不要做某事)这类祈使句中通常不用certain:

  • Be sure not to forget it. 千万别忘记啦。
  • Be sure to get there before nine. 务必在九点前到达。
  • Be sure to turn off the light when leave. 离开时一定要关灯。

sure有时还可与there be搭配使用。如:

  • There's sure to be a place for him somewhere. 在什么地方准有他容身之地。
  • There is sure to be trouble when she gets his letter. 在她收到他的信时,肯定会有麻烦。
作定语

表示有把握的; 肯定的; 可靠的

  • Put it in a sure place.
  • There was only one sure way to succeed.
作副词

sure在美语中可用作副词作肯定答语,用以代替surely,相当于certainlyof course。而certain则不能用作副词。

  • I wonder if I could use your phone. Sure. Go ahead.
  • Zhou Lan, can I have a look at your copy of China Daily? Sure, go ahead.
两者在习语中的用法
用于for certain/for sure, 意为肯定地, 确切地等,两者可互换
  • I can't say for [certain/sure] when he will come. 我不敢肯定地说他什么时候来。
  • No one knows for [sure/certain] what happened to her. 没有人确切地知道她出了什么事。
用于make certain/make sure,意为弄清楚, 弄得有把握,两者可互换
  • They made [certain/sure] (that) they weren't late. 他们有把握不迟到。
  • I think there's a train at 10:40, but you'd better make [certain/sure] of it. 我想 10:40 有趟火车,但你最好去核实一下。
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never、ever 的区别

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["I", "was", "never", "good", "at", "swimming", "."][{"i": 5, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [4, 5, 7], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 17, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
never

never表示从未有过,主要与肯定谓词联用,而不与否定谓词联用。

  • Some people are never satisfied. 有些人从不满足。
  • I was never very good at maths. 我在数学方面从来就不很好。
  • A clever politician never promises too much. 聪明的政治家从不过多地许诺。
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  • Have you met Marilyn. I've never met her. 你见到过玛里琳吗? 我从未见到过她。

never + 肯定谓词有时可以替代一个普通的否定谓词:

  • I waited but he never turned up. 我等着,可他根本没有来。

never + 疑问动词可表示说话人对于未能做到某事而感到惊讶:

  • Has he never been to Japan? I'm surprised, because his wife is Japanese. 他从没去过日本吗?我感到很惊讶,因为他妻子是日本人。
ever

ever意为在任何时间,主要用于疑问句中:

  • Have you ever been a teacher? 你当过教师吗?
  • Have you ever seen a gorilla? 你看到过大猩猩吗?
  • Have you ever seen any film like that? 你看过这样的电影吗?
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  • Have you ever heard a pop song sung in Japanese? 你听见过有人用日语唱流行歌吗?

ever可与否定谓词联用,特别是在与复合时态联用时,可代替never + 肯定谓词:

  • I don't ever want [never want] to see you again. 我永远不想再见到你了。
  • He doesn't ever complain. (=He never complains.)他从来不抱怨。
  • I promise you, he won't ever [will never] trouble you again! 我向你保证,他绝不会再打扰你了!

ever + 肯定谓词可以用于比较中,也可以和表示假定或怀疑的词联用:

  • I don't suppose he ever writes to his mother. 我想他没有给他母亲写过信。
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write、write about 有何区别

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["I", "can", "write", "a", "novel", "."][{"i": 6, "s": [2, 4], "r": "动词短语", "e": [3, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

write表示写下

write about表示写下与...相关的, 写下关于...的内容

可以体会如下两种表述的区别:

write your ideas意思是: 把你的想法(观点、看法)写出来。

write about your ideas意思是: 把你想法(观点,看法)的相关内容(论据、理由)写出来。

前者所表示的动宾关系是“直接”的;后者所表示的动宾关系是“间接接”的。

有类似区别的短语还有: read/read aboutknow/know abouthear/hear about

  • I've read the novel and I think it is very instructive. 我读过那本小说,我认为它很有教育意义。
  • I've read about the novel, but I wonder whether it is worth reading at all. 我读过那本小说的介绍,但我不知道它是否值得一读。
  • I know about him, but I don't know him. 我听说过他,但我不认识他。
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  • We heard [about/of] the pop singer, but unfortunately we haven't heard her sing. 我们听说过这位流行歌手,但很遗憾我们没有亲耳听她演唱过。
  • I am not a writer, and I can't write a novel. But I can write about a novel. 我不是作家,我不会写小说。但我可以写小说评论。
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["We", "plan", "to", "stay", "in", "Hainan", "for", "some", "time", "."][{"i": 3, "s": [1, 2, 3], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [2, 3, 10], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 5, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "动词短语", "e": [4, 5, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [6, 7, 8], "r": "介词短语", "e": [7, 8, 9], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 20, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 5, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 13, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 3, "e": 10, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 10, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

sometime、some time、sometimes、some times 有何区别

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sometime
副词

表示某个时候。可指过去或将来的某个时候。

  • Would you come to the cinema with me, sometime? 赏脸找个时间和我看场电影吗?(将来)
  • We'll take our holiday sometime in August. 我们会在八月找个时间度假。(将来)
  • I bought this sometime last summer. 这是我在上个夏天买的。(过去)
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  • This mansion was built sometime around. 这栋大厦是1980年左右建的。(过去)
形容词

表示前, 过去的。意思类似former

  • This is our sometime general manager. 这是我们的前任总经理。
  • Our sometime classmate, Rose, is now a pop star. 我们以前的同学罗斯,现在是明星了。
sometimes
副词

表示有时候。扩展: at times也是有时的意思。

  • Every man is a fool sometimes, and none at all times. 每个人有时都会犯傻,但没有谁会一直都傻。
  • I sometimes have letters from him. 有时我会收到他的来信。
some time

表示某段时间。常与for连用。

  • We plan to stay in Hainan for some time. 我们打算在海南呆上一段时间。
  • I will keep the computer for some time, so you can use it. 这部电脑我会留着一段时间,你可以用。
some times

表示几次

several times也可以表示几次,但比some times较确定。

time作可数名词时表示次数; 表示时间时是不可数名词。

  • I am sure that we have met some times before. 我肯定我们之前见过几次了。
  • The newly bought microwave oven failed to work some times. 新买的微波炉坏了几次了。
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["She", "always", "greets", "me", "in", "a", "friendly", "way", "."][{"i": 10, "s": [4, 6, 7], "r": "介词短语", "e": [5, 7, 8], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 15, "s": [6, 7], "r": "名词短语", "e": [7, 8], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 6, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 10, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 20, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 5, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

friendly 的常用搭配


be friendly [to/towards] sb.

表示对某人友好

  • He is not very friendly [to/towards] newcomers. 他对新来的人不太友好。
be friendly with sb.

表示与某人要好(或关系亲密)

  • She gets free tickets to the theatre because she's friendly with the manager. 她可得到剧院的赠票,因为她跟经理很友好。
It's friendly of sb. (to do. sth.)

表示某人(做某事)很友好,注意其中的介词of不能换成for

  • It's very friendly of you. 你真好。
  • It wasn't very friendly of you to slam the door in his face. 你冲着他摔门太伤和气了。
注意: friendly虽以-ly结尾,却是形容词(可用作定语或表语),而不是副词(不用作状语)

她总是友好地向我打招呼。

误: She always greets me friendly.

正: She always greets me in a friendly way.
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["Since", "we", "have", "no", "time", ",", "it", "is", "postponed"][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 6], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [6, 9], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 1, "s": [0, 1], "r": "状语结构", "e": [1, 6], "d": {"poses": [1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [3, 4, 5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 12, "s": [8], "r": "动词短语", "e": [9], "d": {"poses": [-1], "piece_poses": [0, -1]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 5, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 0, "r": 8, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 9, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 12, "e": 9, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 9, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 1, "r": "状语从句"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 9, "subs": [], "s": 6, "r": "主句"}], "s": 0, "r": "固定搭配"}

because、since、as、for 有何区别


because可用来回答why提出的问题;可以引导表语从句;可用于强调句等,而其余三者则不行。

because表示的是必然的因果关系,语气最强,通常放在主句之后,若需强调则放在主句之前。

sinceas所表示的原因是人们已知的,是对已知事实提供理由,而不表示直接原因。它们引导的从句通常放在主句之前,有时也放在主句之后。

  • As he wasn't ready in time, we went without him. 因他未及时准备好,我们没等他就先走了。
  • Since we have no money, it's no good thinking about a holiday. 既然我们没有钱,考虑度假有什么用。

至于for, 它是并列连词(其余三者为从属连词),它有时可表示因果关系 (通常要放在主句之后,且可与because换用);有时不表示因果关系,而是对前面分句内容的解释或推断 (也要放在主句之后,但不能与because换用)。试比较:

  • The ground is wet, [for/because] it rained last night. 地面是湿的,因为昨晚下过雨。
  • It must have rained last night, for the ground is wet this morning. 昨晚一定下过雨,你看今天早上地面是湿的。
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absent 的用法

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["He", "is", "always", "absent", "-", "minded", "."][][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 7, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
作形容词

意为缺席的。要表示做某事缺席,其后常接介词from

  • Some students were absent from class. 有些学生上课缺席。
  • They were absent from work that day. 他们那天都没有上班。

be absent from还可表示缺少, 没有, 无

  • Love was totally absent from his childhood. 他童年时代没受到丝毫的疼爱。

有时根据不同的语境,也可能使用不同的介词。比较:

  • He's absent from Beijing. 他外出了,不在北京。
  • He's absent in Beijing. 他外出了,现在北京。

另外,有时be absent in还可表示不在...里(尤其对于那些不会动的东西)

  • The word is absent in the dictionary. 这本字典里没有这个词。

absent用作形容词有时还表示心不在焉, 茫然的等,通常只用作定语。

  • He had an absent look on his face. 他脸上露出茫然的神色。

而复合形容词absent-minded,可用作表语或定语,其意为心不在焉的, 健忘的

  • He is always absent-minded. 他老是心不在焉。
作动词

只用作及物动词,意为缺席,只接反身代词作宾语。表示做某事缺席,其后也接介词 from。

  • He absented himself from the meeting. 他没有出席会议。
  • Why did you absent yourself from class yesterday? 你昨天为什么没来上课?
注意! absent用作形容词和动词时,重音位置不同。
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much more...than、many more...than 的区别

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["I", "need", "much", "more", "water", "."][{"i": 7, "s": [2, 3, 4], "r": "名词短语", "e": [3, 4, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 6, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 4, "e": 4, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

much more...than后接形容词或不可数名词,例: much more watermuch more beautiful

many more...than后接可数名词,例: many more people

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["The", "medicine", "worked", "and", "the", "pain", "went", "away", "soon", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 3, 4], "r": "陈述句", "e": [3, 4, 10], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 11, "s": [6, 7], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [7, 8], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": {"r": "并列", "m": "and"}, "e": 4, "t": 5}, {"s": 6, "r": 20, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 6, "r": 9, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 13, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 7, "e": 10, "t": 2}]{"coos": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 3, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "分句 1"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 10, "subs": [], "s": 4, "r": "分句 2"}], "s": 0, "e": 10, "subs": []}

work、do 的区别

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work

work表示行得通, 奏效等。

  • The plan worked well. 这个计划很起作用。
  • The drug will not work. 这药不会起作用。
  • It worked like a charm. 这产生了奇效。
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  • Your idea won't work in practice. 你的想法实际上行不通。
  • Will these new methods work? 这些新方法会奏效吗?
  • I think your suggestion will work. 我想你的建议会奏效的。
  • The medicine worked and the pain went away soon. 这药效很好,疼痛很快就消失了。
do

do表示行, 适合, 凑合

  • Will that do? 那行吗?
  • Any dictionary will do. 什么词典都行。
  • This won't do. I'll take that. 这个不行,我要那个。
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  • I'm terribly hungry. Get me something to eat, please. Anything will do. 我饿极了,请给我弄点吃的东西来,什么都行。
  • When shall we meet again? 我们什么时候再见面?
  • Any time will do. It's all the same to me. 什么时候都行,我无所谓。
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some 与 any 有何区别

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["There", "won't", "be", "any", "trouble", "."][{"i": 2, "s": [0, 2, 3], "r": "陈述句", "e": [1, 3, 6], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 21, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 22, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 9, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 3, "e": 6, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 6, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
some

表示一些, 某些, 某个。可用作名词或形容词,常用于肯定句。在句子中用作主语、宾语或定语。

作定语时,它可以修饰单数可数名词和复数可数名词,也可以修饰不可数名词。

用于肯定句
  • Ask some boys to help you. 叫些男孩来帮助你。(修饰复数可数名词)
  • Please bring some coffee. 请拿些咖啡来。(修饰不可数名词)
  • Ask some girl to come here. 叫(某)个女孩来这儿。(修饰单数可数名词)
用于疑问句

some用于疑问句时表示请求、邀请或希望得到肯定的回答

  • Would you like some coffee? 需要一些咖啡么。(表示请求、邀请)
  • Have you some stamps? 你有邮票吗?(希望得到肯定的回答)
  • Would you like some melon? 你要吃点瓜吗?
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  • Shall I pour you some tea? 我给你斟点茶好吗?
  • Why don't you go and grab some sleep? 你为什么不抓紧时间睡一会呢?
  • Why not liven up the room with some flowers? 为什么不用些花使房间更有生气呢?
用于否定句

some用于否定句时表示部分否定。

  • I don't like some of the films. 这些电影中有几部我不喜欢。
  • I don't like any of the films. 这些电影中我一部也不喜欢。
与否定词联用

与表示否定意义的词如fewlittle等联用时,表示肯定意义,其意为不少, 相当多

  • Some few students were absent today. 今天有不少学生缺席。
  • He spent some little money on books. 他花不少钱买书。
注意! 不要将some few/some little理解为相当少
注意! 该用法过于偏向口语, Enpuz 暂不支持解析
any

表示一些, 任何。可用作名词或形容词,常用于否定句或疑问句,也可以用于条件状语从句。

作定语时,它可以修饰复数形式的可数名词或不可数名词。

用于疑问句或否定句
  • Are there any cows in the fields? 田里有一些牛吗?(修饰复数形式的可数名词)
  • There won't be any trouble. 没有任何麻烦。(修饰不可数名词)
用于条件状语从句
  • If there is any trouble, let me know. 如果有什么麻烦,要让我知道。

any用于肯定句时,通常要重读,修饰单数可数名词或不可数名词。

  • Any time you want me, just send for me. 什么时候你需要我,随时叫我来。
  • Come any day you like. 只要你喜欢,随时可以来。
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apology 常见用法

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["I", "have", "to", "begin", "with", "an", "apology", "."][{"i": 6, "s": [2], "r": "副词短语", "e": [5], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}, {"i": 8, "s": [6], "r": "名词短语", "e": [7], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 7, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 8, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 8, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}

apology表示道歉,通常是可数名词,可以联用不定冠词,也可用复数形式。

  • There's no need for apologies. 不必道歉。
  • I have to begin with an apology. 我得首先表示歉意。

要表示向某人道歉,用介词to

要表示因为某原因而道歉或替某人道歉,用介词for

  • I make no apology to him for what I said. 我没有因说了些什么而向他道歉。
  • I must offer her an apology for not going to her party. 我必须为未参加她的晚会表示歉意。
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