sentence There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China. /There-was-frost-on-the-ground+-confirming-that-fall-had-arrived-in-China.= 1

There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["There", "was", "frost", "on", "the", "ground", ",", "confirming", "that", "fall", "had", "arrived", "in", "China", "."][{"i": 2, "s": [0, 1, 2], "r": "陈述句", "e": [1, 2, 7], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 3, "s": [1, 7], "r": "固定搭配", "e": [7, 15], "d": {"poses": [0, 1], "piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 7, "s": [2], "r": "名词短语", "e": [3], "d": {"piece_poses": [0]}}, {"i": 9, "s": [7, 8, 9], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [8, 9, 15], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 14, "s": [10, 11], "r": "动词短语", "e": [11, 12], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}, {"i": 16, "s": [11, 12, 13], "r": "动词短语", "e": [12, 13, 15], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}][{"s": 0, "r": 21, "e": 1, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 10, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 15, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 13, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 23, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": 9, "e": 8, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 20, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 8, "r": 8, "e": 9, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 22, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 9, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 5, "e": 15, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 13, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 3, "e": 15, "t": 2}]{"coos": [], "c": null, "e": 15, "subs": [{"coos": [], "c": 2, "e": 15, "subs": [], "s": 9, "r": "宾语从句"}], "s": 0, "r": "陈述句"}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 1], [1, 2], [2, 7]]
[]

There + be. + sth. + ...

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be、have 有何区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.

一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • There were at least four people there that I knew.
  • There was a time when this village used to be very quiet.
  • There is a murderer at large in the city!
  • There were dirty marks on her trousers where she had wiped her hands.
  • At most there were three people in line ahead of me.
  • There was a woman who was the boss of the office in which I wanted to work.
  • There 's a system where the waste is disposed of using the principles of ecology.
  • In the big city, there are more schools and hospitals available for its people.
  • Where there is a will, there is a way.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
[[1, 7], [7, 15]]
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动词(或动词短语) + 现在分词作伴随状语, 两者同时发生

这是一个固定搭配。

  • She finally showed up at the last gasp, bringing the papers that were needed.
  • He kept looking at her, wondering whether he had seen her somewhere.
  • He told me about all his health problems, including his arthritis and so on.
  • The room was so full it was bursting at the seams.
  • I refuse to put my family's welfare at risk by quitting my job.
  • The publicity people built her up into a singer whom everyone looked forward to hearing.
  • The valve blew off, making a loud pop.
  • She wants them to let her appear live on the air, hoping that Huike will see her.
  • So we wrote an article suggesting he was guilty.
  • The army beat off the savage attack, saving the town.
[[2, 3]]
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frost

这是一个名词短语。
n. 霜, 冰冻, 冷漠

当前frost不可数。


暂无例子
[[7, 8], [8, 9], [9, 15]]
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confirm + (that) 引导的宾语从句

这是一个动词固定搭配。

confirm、corroborate、substantiate 有何区别

confirmcorroboratesubstantiate等词的意思都包含证明或证实...是真实的或准确的

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
confirm
当前内容仅限会员查看

暂无例子

confirm 的其它常用短语:

confirm sb. to do. (sth.)confirm sb. to (do.)
confirm sth. as adj.confirm sth. as done.
confirm sth.证实...confirming bank[经] 确认银行
confirm sb. in sth.confirm an order确认订单
confirm sth. as sth.confirm as sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法

[[10, 11], [11, 15]] [[10, 11], [11, 12]]
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have + arrived

这是一个动词短语。
have done.
v. (一般完成时); 已经..., 已...
arrive
vi. 到达, 抵达

have done. 详解

have done.表示已经做某事、已经做了什么、结束、做完,构成完成时结构。

have在句中是一般现在式(have、has)的时候,全称现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)

have在句中是一般过去式(had)的时候,全称过去完成时(The Past Perfect Tense, 也称 pluperfect)

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)
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arrive、reach、get to 有何区别


arrive

arrive是不及物动词,其后不能直接跟表示地点的名词,须要与atin联用。

表示使用某种交通工具到达时常用arrive

  • Has the train arrived?
  • They arrived at the village on a rainy night.

arrive at指到达较小的地方,如车站、机场、码头、学校、工厂、商店等。

  • It was dark when I arrived at the airport.

arrive in指到达较大的地方,如村庄、城镇、地区、国家等。

  • When did you arrive in Beijing yesterday?
reach

reach到达...含意下是及物动词,正式用语,其后直接跟表示地点的名词。

  • He reached Japan on October the second 2017.
get to

get to是短语动词,相当于及物动词,在口语中用的多,使用的范围也很广,不管是步行还是乘车、乘船、乘飞机等到达目的地或中途暂停都可以用。

  • Can you tell me how I can get to the airport?
扩展

arriveget to后跟副词homeherethere时,arrive后不再用atinget后不再用to

  • When the train arrived here, it was raining hard.
  • When did you get home?

  • he has just arrived
  • Roger went for his aunt, who had arrived at the station.
  • Five tourists are happy their boat has arrived .
  • The doctor interviews with Lynn and took everyone else in the order in which they had arrived .
  • Some women have arrived at a tea party.
  • The train has not yet arrived .
  • The person is checking to see if an important email has arrived .
  • The subway car has already arrived and no one got on.
  • A car has flipped in the snow and people who have arrived to help check it out.
  • The young man has arrived at the event.
[[11, 12], [12, 13], [13, 15]]
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arrive + in + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vi. 到达, 抵达, 来到

arrive、reach、get to 有何区别

arrive是不及物动词,其后不能直接跟表示地点的名词,须要与atin联用。

表示使用某种交通工具到达时常用arrive

  • Has the train arrived?
  • They arrived at the village on a rainy night.

arrive at指到达较小的地方,如车站、机场、码头、学校、工厂、商店等。

  • It was dark when I arrived at the airport.

arrive in指到达较大的地方,如村庄、城镇、地区、国家等。

  • When did you arrive in Beijing yesterday?

reach到达...含意下是及物动词,正式用语,其后直接跟表示地点的名词。

  • He reached Japan on October the second 2017.

get to是短语动词,相当于及物动词,在口语中用的多,使用的范围也很广,不管是步行还是乘车、乘船、乘飞机等到达目的地或中途暂停都可以用。

  • Can you tell me how I can get to the airport?

arriveget to后跟副词homeherethere时,arrive后不再用atinget后不再用to

  • When the train arrived here, it was raining hard.
  • When did you get home?

  • I cashed the check as soon as it arrived in the mail
  • They arrived here in their car.
  • The woman is getting off the plane, having just arrived for her vacation in Hawaii.
  • Some people wait for their food to arrive in the park.
  • The package was handled carelessly, but the vase inside arrived all in one piece.
  • Two men on a dock talk to the passengers arriving in a red boat.
  • There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China.
  • The entire group arrived in force.
  • The women are all getting off the plane, having just arrived for their vacation in Hawaii.
  • A filing cabinet arrives in the classroom.

arrive 的其它常用短语:

arrive at sth.到达...arrive home到家
arrive on sth.到达arrive ahead of time
arrive at a decision作出决定arrive back
arrive in forcearrive in the very nick of time
arrive in the nick of timearrive on a wing and a prayer
arrive on the scene露面arrive from sp.
arrive at the stroke of st.在...(某个时间)的钟声中到达arrive upon the stroke of st.
arrive on the stroke of st.arrive upon the scene of sth.到达某事的现场
arrive upon the scene到场arrive on the scene of sth.


[[3, 4], [4, 7]] [[3, 4], [5, 6]]
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on + the + ground

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在地上; 在现场, 当场; 在普通大众中, 在老百姓中, 在公众中
ground
n. 地面

on 与 onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • The woman is sliding on the ground quickly to get back to her base.
  • The case for relying solely on nuclear energy seems to be on dangerous ground .
  • Two girls in softball uniforms are sitting on the ground .
  • A woman in a colorful outfit sitting on the ground .
  • A lady siting on the ground cutting decorating out a white sheet.
  • A racing motorcycle rider has fallen off his bike and is sliding on the ground while another rider is driving behind.
  • A child on the ground crying as others look on.
  • four people standing on a hiking trail in a forest with big tree logs on the ground close to them.
  • The red plane is landing on the ground .
  • The window and lumber on the ground were put there by some workers.

on 的其它常用短语:

be. on sth.在...上面on doing. (sth.)
on the outskirtson the scene当场
on the run跑着on sth. with sth.
on one's own独自地on condition接通条件
on deck riskon the first lap
on target击中要害的on file存档
on trust不加深究地on a plane在飞机上
on request被请求时on everyone's tongue被众人议论
on the island在岛上on land
on one's watch在one's的时间内on one's person随身带着
on the phone在电话上on a small scale小规模地[的]
on the left在左边on purpose故意
on an even keel平稳地on the sly诡秘地
on the increase正在增长on the team是球队的队员
on the way在路上on TV在电视上
on impulse of sth.on a diet按规定进食
on sth. for sth.on the radio从收音机中
on a shipon hand在手头
on holiday在度假[中]on schedule按时
on business因事on the decline没落
on balance总而言之on honour为了荣誉
on guard在岗on a national scale
on the map重要的on the take[美俚]敲诈
on second thought进一步考虑后on view展览着
on the internet在网络上on safer ground

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fall

这是一个名词短语。
n. 降落, 下落, 下降; 落下; 跌落, 掉落; 摔倒, 跌倒; 坠落; 下垂; 下坡; 下跌, 降低; 减弱; 减小; 倒下; 堕落; 垮台, 崩溃; 失败, 衰亡; 发生; 下崽, 出生; 一窝幼仔, 一胎; 降落物; 伐木, 采伐; 秋天; 瀑布; 落差; 面纱; 刘海; 吊绳, 吊索; 一回合, 一局; 被捕入狱

当前fall不可数。


暂无例子
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have + done.

这是一个动词短语。
v. (一般完成时); 已经..., 已...

have done. 详解

have done.表示已经做某事、已经做了什么、结束、做完,构成完成时结构。

have在句中是一般现在式(have、has)的时候,全称现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)

have在句中是一般过去式(had)的时候,全称过去完成时(The Past Perfect Tense, 也称 pluperfect)

短语中的成分done.表示动词的过去分词形式,通常由向动词词根添加尾缀-ed-d组成,如:walkedcleanedtypedjumpedlaughed

当然,在英语中也存在着非常多的不规则过去分词形式,如:donesaidgoneknownwonthoughtfelteaten

现在完成时(The Present Perfect Tense)
当前内容仅限登录后查看

  • My English-Chinese dictionary has disappeared.
  • Helen had left her key in the office, so she had to wait until her husband came back home.
  • I have lost one of my gloves.
  • People in our country have taught us the importance of giving everybody a chance to receive education.
  • As is often the case, we have worked out the production plan.
  • Now that you 've got a chance, you might as well make full use of it
  • Her brilliant parents have had a great effect on her, so she has made many achievements in the field of science.
  • The number of workers and engineers has risen to over 2000, and 80% of them are college graduates.
  • Now, the leader has asked a group of students to do what they can to save the earth.
  • It seems that your children have entered without permission.
[[12, 13], [13, 15]] [[12, 13], [13, 14]]
[]

in + China

这是一个介词短语。
prep. 在中国
China
n. 中国

China's、Chinese 的区别

China‘s

China's为名词所有格,强调所属关系。

  • China's population is large. 中国人口众多。
  • Hainan is China's second largest island. 海南是中国第二大岛。
  • The Yellow River is China's second longest river. 黄河是中国第二大河。
更多
  • China's countryside looks its best in May and June. 中国的农村在五六月时景色最美。
Chinese

Chinese为形容词,表示属性,视所修饰的名词不同,意思稍有不同:

  • Maotai is a Chinese wine. 茅台是一种中国酒。
  • Are you into Chinese food? 你对中国菜有兴趣吗?
  • This book is about Chinese traditkmal medicine. 这本书是讲中医的。
更多
  • This was a record set by a Chinese girl. 这是一个中国姑娘创造的记录。
  • My strongest memory is when I attended a Chinese wedding. 我印象最深的是我参加的一次中国婚礼的情景。
  • Gone are the days when they could do what they liked to the Chinese people. 他们能够对中国人民为所欲为的日子一去不复返了。
  • Thinking that traditional Chinese medicine might help, they sent for an old Chinese doctor. 他们请了一位老中医,因为他们考虑到也许中医会有效。

  • People walking the streets in China .
  • A man is sitting on a boat in China .
  • Steven Spielberg is one of the top directors in the film industry and also has many fans in China .
  • A group of students in China .
  • People plant crops in china
  • A man and a woman are posing for a picture in China .
  • A market is located in the middle of the most expensive building in china
  • A man jumps in front of a palace in China .
  • The woman is in China .
  • People walk on crowded sidewalk underneath a freeway in China .

in 的其它常用短语:

be. in sth.在...be. in sth. with sth.
be. in sth. for sth.in the way在...方式上
in opposition to sth.反对in poor health身体好[坏]
in explanation of sth.对...进行解释in the wall在墙上
in the manner以这种态度in sight of sth.在见得到...的地方
in the same way同样地in the wake of sth.在...之后
in our favour我方收益in the same breath同时
in one's favour对...有利in the science museum
in good taste得体in that既然
in large numbers满谷满坑in total总共
in person在人称上(语法)in taste在口味上
in the extentin high spirits情绪高涨
in the great need of sth.in show表面上
in haste匆忙in the habit of sth.有...的习惯
in one's face迎面in care of sb.
in the heart of sth.在...中心in ... condition在...条件下
in good condition处于良好的情况中in use在使用着
in a way在某种程度上in bulk散装
in confidence在自信心[上/方面]in a family way象一家人一样
in safety平安地in the blossom正在开花
in commemoration of sth.纪念in a flash一刹那间
in the concert hallin pain痛苦
in the extreme非常in the issue结果
in other ways在其他方面in search of sth.寻找
in favour of sth.[经] 同意in the negative否定地

There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China.

这是一个复合句

主句

There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China.

是一个陈述句,其时态为一般过去时

成份划分
new!
There形式主语或倒装引导词 wasbe 动词 frost on the ground,真实主语
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
confirming that fall ••• China.

从句

fall had arrived in China.

这是一个宾语从句,其时态为过去完成时

成份划分
new!
fall主语 had arrived谓语动词(复合结构)
谓语动词的状语、补语、伴随语:
in China.

更多推荐语法