sentence There is not much point in working on my PhD. /There-is-not-much-point-in-working-on-my-PhD.= 1

There is not much point in working on my PhD. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

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可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

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There + be. + sth.

这是一个陈述句。
sent. 有..., 存在...

there be 与 have 的区别

there be意为存在,强调某地有某物,不表示所属关系。

have表示所属关系,强调某人或某地有某物。

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There be 句型详解

这是一个固定句型,there be表示存在、有等含义,引出后续具体的名词成分。

there已经固化成一个引导词,所以不需要分析其成分属性。

There be句子整体其实是一个倒装结构,be.后面的名词才是句子的主语。

常见的完整there be句型如下:

There be + sth. + 地点/时间/状态.

其中地点/时间/状态可以存在一个或多个,也可以仅仅只是There be + sth.

There be句型可以和助动词、情态动词等结合使用。

  • There will be a holiday tomorrow.

如上所述,there be句型的主语是be之后的名词,所以系动词be的单复数由其后的名词决定:

1. 当动词be后所接的名词是单数可数名词或不可数名词时,be应该使用单数形式is

2. 当其后所接的名词是复数的可数名词时,be应该使用复数形式are

如果there be后跟多个并列名词,离there be最近的名词决定整体的单复数形式,即最近的名词决定be是使用is/was还是are/were

  • There are five books and a cup on the table.
  • There is a cup and five books on the table.

一般疑问句

There be句型的一般疑问句形式是将be放在there之前,回答时用yesno,后接简单答语。

A: Is there a cup on the table?

B: Yes, there is. No, there isn't.
特殊疑问句

There be句型的特殊疑问句主要有以how manyhow much做引导词的两种情况:

  • How many students are there in your school?
  • How much money is there in your pocket?
反意疑问句
  • There is a cup on the table, isn’t there?

非谓语形式的there to bethere being结构可用作主语、宾语、或状语等。

there being
  • I never dreamed of there being a picture on the wall.
  • There being no bus, we had to walk home.
  • No one told him about there being a meeting that afternoon.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析
there to be

用作介词for的宾语:

  • It's a great pity for there to be much trouble in the class.

很多动词如:likepreferhatewantmeanintendexpectconsider等等也经常后接there to be

  • I don't want there to be any misunderstanding.
  • Students hate there to be too much homework.
  • We expect there to be more discussion about this.
There be + 主语 + doing. +介词短语.
  • There is a truck collecting rubbish outside.
  • There is a wallet lying on the ground.
there is no doing. (sth.)

含有如下两层含义:

1. 用来表明一个特定的动作是不可能的、不可行的。

  • There's no denying the appeal of the technology, regardless of its practicality.
  • There is no telling what he is going to do.
注意! 该用法过于口语化,Enpuz 当前暂不支持解析

2. 用来表明一个特定的动作是是不允许的、违法的。

  • There's no talking during the performance!
  • There is no cigarette smoking here.
There 引导的其它句子

There还可以接used to beseem to beappear to beis going to bebe likely to beliestand等。


  • There is not much point in working on my PhD.
  • There was a big blow-off in the office today.
  • There are ants all over the cake!
  • If we are feeling down or lonely, there is nothing better than to see the smiling face of a good friend.
  • They may look beautiful, but inside there is usually more water than vitamins.
  • So many thousands of terrified people died every time there was an outbreak.
  • There are many kinds of sports, but my favorite is swimming.
  • There was frost on the ground, confirming that fall had arrived in China.
  • There are more than 5 countries where the majority of the people speak English.
  • There are millions of people who still have a miserable life and have to face the dangers of starvation and exposure.

there 的其它常用短语:

There be. sth. to do. (sth.)There happens to be sth.
be. there ?, there + be + sth. 的反意疑问句转化for there to be.
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not + much + sth.

这是一个名词短语。
n. 几乎没有

  • The baseball game is a blowout, so there's not much enthusiasm.
  • There is not much point in working on my PhD.
  • stock options are not much use as an incentive if the price at which they can be exercised is out of reach
  • There is not much light in this environment.
  • There's not much work around and so everyone must be content with a slice of the cake.
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point

这是一个名词短语。
n. 点, 要点

当前point不可数。


暂无例子
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work + on + sth.

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 工作在...

on、onto 的区别

两者都用作介词,合写一词的onto在意上相当于to + on,即表示某物向另一物运动(to),然后停落在另一物之上(on)。使用时两者常可换用。

  • He jumped [onto/on to] the horse. 他跳上马。
  • He put the dictionary [onto/on to] the desk. 他把字典放到桌上。

以下情况的on to不能合写为一词(onto):

on为副词
  • We must walk on to the next village. 我们必须继续走路去下一个村庄。
  • Pass this on to the next person after signing it. 签名之后请把它传给下一位。
on后的to为不定式符号
  • He went on to tell us an interesting story. 接着他给我们讲了个有趣的故事。
  • He had to hang on to avoid being washed overboard. 为了不至于被冲入水里,他只好紧紧抓住不放。

  • A child's mouth is being worked on.
  • a railroad is being worked on
  • There is an object with red and black wires that is being worked on.
  • Two black men smiling and working on a piece of wood with a hammer.
  • Workers wearing orange vests work on fence.
  • A man doing some roofing work on a very steep roof.
  • A wooden boat is being worked on by someone.
  • A child is having his teeth worked on.
  • Hispanic woman wearing a red plaid shirt works on sewing an article of clothing.
  • A large vehicle is in the shop, being worked on.

work 的其它常用短语:

work out设计出work out all right
work out as sth.work out at sth.计算出
work out for the bestwork in sth.从事于...
work sth. in从事于...work out sth.设计出
work sth. out设计出work itself out
work sth. out with sb.work things out解决个人问题
work up sth.逐步建立起work sth. up逐步建立起
work one's way up to sth.work one's way up获提升
work oneself. up into a latherwork oneself. up to sth.
work sth. up into sth.work up a sweat出一身汗
work up a thirstwork sth.使工作
work as an unpaid handwork
work like sth.work hard努力工作
work over sb.work extra time
work hard at sth.努力学习work overtime[经] 超过规定时间的工作
work as sth.担任...work at the computer
work with sth.与...共事work the precious metals
work at sth.在...工作working attitude工作态度
work on the computerwork away不停地连续工作
work up逐步建立work on sth.工作在...
work off消除work against sth.对...不利
work through sth.通过...working folks
work together在同一处工作work hard doing. (sth.)
work well做得好work sth. adv.
work sth. prep. sth.work down sth. to sth.


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PhD

这是一个名词短语。
n. 哲学博士学位(Doctor of Philosophy)

当前PhD可数。


暂无例子
There is not much point in working on my PhD.

这是一个简单句,只含有一个主谓结构

句子类型是陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
There形式主语或倒装引导词 isbe 动词 not much point ••• PhD.真实主语
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