sentence He wants to go to town, but she can't afford to buy a bus ticket. /He-wants-to-go-to-town+-but-she-can~t-afford-to-buy-a-bus-ticket.= 1

He wants to go to town, but she can't afford to buy a bus ticket. 英语句型语法分析长句已解锁

["He", "wants", "to", "go", "to", "town", ",", "but", "she", "can't", "afford", "to", "buy", "a", "bus", "ticket", "."][{"i": 0, "s": [0, 7, 8], "r": "陈述句", "e": [7, 8, 17], "d": {"poses": [0, 2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 4, "s": [1, 2, 3], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [2, 3, 7], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 6, "s": [3, 4, 5], "r": "动词短语", "e": [4, 5, 6], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 12, "s": [10, 11, 12], "r": "动词固定搭配", "e": [11, 12, 17], "d": {"poses": [2], "piece_poses": [0, 1, 2]}}, {"i": 16, "s": [14, 15], "r": "名词短语", "e": [15, 17], "d": {"piece_poses": [0, 1]}}][{"s": 1, "r": 9, "e": 2, "t": 2}, {"s": 2, "r": 13, "e": 3, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 10, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 3, "r": 9, "e": 4, "t": 2}, {"s": 4, "r": 13, "e": 5, "t": 2}, {"s": 5, "r": 3, "e": 7, "t": 2}, {"s": 7, "r": {"r": "转折", "m": "but"}, "e": 8, "t": 5}, {"s": 9, "r": 22, "e": 10, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 10, "e": 17, "t": 2}, {"s": 10, "r": 9, "e": 11, "t": 2}, {"s": 11, "r": 13, "e": 12, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 10, "e": 17, "t": 2}, {"s": 12, "r": 9, "e": 13, "t": 2}, {"s": 13, "r": 3, "e": 17, "t": 2}]{"coos": [{"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 7, "subs": [], "s": 0, "r": "分句 1"}, {"coos": [], "c": 1, "e": 17, "subs": [], "s": 8, "r": "分句 2"}], "s": 0, "e": 17, "subs": []}
暂无语法

可尝试扩展句子。越复杂的句子,分析结果越丰富。

[[0, 7], [7, 8], [8, 17]]
[]

分句 1 + but + 分句 2

这是一个陈述句。

but 详解

作连词
表示转折

意为但是, 然而, 可是,所连接的成分意思相反或相对,使其前后的词、短语、分句相互对照。

  • Our school is small but beautiful. 我们学校虽然小但很漂亮。
  • The car is very old but it runs very fast. 虽然小汽车旧了,但跑得很快。
  • It was a sunny but not very warm day. 那一天天气晴朗,却不太暖和。
更多
  • She is young but very experienced. 她虽然年轻但经验丰富。
  • He drives not carefully but slowly. 他开车不是很小心,而是开得很慢。
注意! 在英语中,除复合连词外,一个句子只能使用一个连词。

所以,与中文习惯相反,表示转折的but不能与表示让步的thoughalthough同时使用。

他们虽是孪生,但是相貌却完全不同。

误: Although they are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: They are twins, but they look entirely different.

正: Although they are twins, they look entirely different.

表示委婉的拒绝

通常用于含有歉意的话语之后,可以认为是情绪与意愿之间的转折,以委婉地表达谢绝或不赞成。

  • I'm sorry, but I disagree with you. 对不起,我不同意你的意见。
表示递进

在否定谓语之后使用but,与否定词联合翻译为没有...不..., 每次...无不..., 只要...必然...

  • It never rains but it pours. 不雨则已,一雨倾盆。
  • I never go past that house but I think of my miserable life in the old society. 我走过那所房子时,没有一次不想起我在旧社会所过的悲惨生活。
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but、except 及 besides 有何区别

介词butexceptbesides都可表示除...之外

besides表示一种累加关系,意指除了什么之外, 还有...,侧重于另外还有...

exceptbut则表示一种排除关系,意指除了什么之外, 不再有...,侧重于除了...之外

  • Besides his wife, his daughter also went to see him. 除他妻子外,他女儿也去看过他(即妻子女儿都去看过他)。
  • Nobody went to see him [except/but] his wife. 除他妻子外,没有一个人看过他(即只有他妻子去看过他)。
注意! 在否定句中,besides也表示除...之外不再有... ,与butexcept同义
  • No one passed the exam [besides/except] Jim. 除吉姆外,没一个人通过考试。
but 与 except 的区别

两者都可表示除...外不再有...

侧重不同

but侧重表达“几乎完整”。

except侧重强调“后面除去的部分”。

  • I love all fruits but orange. 我喜欢所有水果但不包括桔子。
  • I love all fruits except orange. 除了桔子我喜欢所有水果。

but、however、while 有何区别

buthoweverwhile都可表示但是, 可是, 然而

but
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  • The plan didn't work, but I'll give you an A for effort for trying.
  • The senator doesn't look too popular just now, but the acid test will be if he gets reelected.
  • Hiking is fun and exciting, but you shouldn't forget safety.
  • He made a mistake, but then he corrected the situation before it got worse.
  • He's mighty handsome, but I hear he's all show and no go.
  • I cheated on the entrance exam, but I really want to get into that school, and all's fair in love and war.
  • Bill keeps saying he'll get a job soon, but he's all talk and no action.
  • People have been playing the music for many years, but the music has kept many of its characteristics.
  • I know I laugh at him but, joking aside, he's a very clever scientist.
  • His own remarks argue against his qualifications for the office, but he probably will be elected anyway.

but 的其它常用短语:

分句 1 but 分句 2祈使成份 but 分句 1
分句 1 but 分句 2(祈使句)but 补足成份
but adj.分句 1 but then 分句 2...不过...
but 表语(介词)be. but 表语(介词)
but 表语(副词性介词)be. but 表语(副词性介词)
but 表语(形容词)be. but 表语(形容词)
but 表语(-ed 过去分词)be. but 表语(-ed 过去分词)
but 表语(-ing 现在分词)be. but 表语(-ing 现在分词)
but 表语(名词性副词)be. but 表语(名词性副词)
be. but ...but also 表语(-ing 现在分词)

[[1, 2], [2, 3], [3, 7]]
[]

want + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 想要...(做某事)

want to do.是一种固定搭配。

其中 to do. 叫动词的不定式,to 可以翻译成,它被用来衔接其前后的两个动词,表示动作相互关联或先后发生。

类似的短语还有很多,有些同学觉得在记忆此类短语时非常痛苦,Enpuz 帮大家做了归纳整理,点击详细了解全部。

desire、want 及 wish 有何区别

desirewantwish都含需要或希望得到的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
desire
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  • I don't want to burden the school with a troublesome child.
  • I want to bring over my husband sometime.
  • I wanted to associate myself with a prestigious law firm.
  • This new sports car sells at a premium because so many people want to buy it.
  • I don't want to ask out everyone in the whole family again.
  • Many people travel because they want to see other countries and visit places that are famous, interesting or beautiful.
  • Dave does not go out at night because he does not want to be a victim of assault and battery.
  • My sister wants to work in the power plant which is still being built.
  • How they went to America is what I want to know.
  • I want to get back on my feet as soon as possible.

want 的其它常用短语:

want to know somethingwant to make something of it
want in想要进来want out想要出去
want back sth.想要回...want sth. back想要回...
want into sth.want sth.要...
want a go要试一试want a knuckle sandwich
want a piece of me一部份want off sth.想要走掉
want sth. for sth.want sth. in sth.
want sth. out of sth.想从...中得到...want for sth. to do.
want sth. to do. (sth.)[希望/想要]...(某人/物)...(做某事)want sth. done.要某人把某事做好
want sth. adj.want adj. sth.
want sth. prep. sth.

[[3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 7]] [[3, 4], [4, 5], [5, 6]]
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go + to + town

这是一个动词短语。
v. 上城里去
go to sth.
v. 前往...; 去...; 进入...; 开始经历...
town
n. 镇, 城镇; 居民; 商业区

depart、go、leave 的区别

departgoleave都含离开的意思。

注意! 当前仅对比在该相似语意下的区别
go
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  • He wants to go to town , but she can't afford to buy a bus ticket.
  • a person riding a bike goes to town
  • I'd rather go to town than sit here all evening.
  • people going to town
  • a team of players go to town
  • He went to town and returned with the doctor just in time.
  • An action shot of a drummer in a plaid shirt going to town on a drum kit in front of a hedge.
  • I weighed going to town against staying here and sleeping and I decided to stay here.
  • The person is on a bus going to town .
  • She may have gone to town for all I know.

go 的其它常用短语:

go prep. sth.去...go 副词性介词去...
go 名词性副词,多表示位置、方向、时间去...go prep. sth. with sth.适合于
go at sth. tooth and nailgo off sth.离开...
go on sth.进行...go to sth. to do.
go into sth.进入...go 并列介词(或副词)短语
go sth. to sth.go round sth.
go to the hospital去医院go to the school(因事)去学校
go to the bed到床边去go straight down
go to sleep入睡go to the expense of sth.为...花钱
go up to sth.向上进入...go to prison入狱
go along sth.沿着...[前进/继续]go to school上学
go to the movie去看电影go to the cinema去电影院
go this way这边走go on strike举行罢工
go to the heart of sth.抓住要点go on a trip on sp.
go to hospital去看病go somewhere出去一下
go down to sth.延续至go to war当兵
go to court起诉go over to sth.朝...走去
go hard with sb.go down on one's knees跪下
go off duty离开岗位go to the party参加聚会
go to field去田野go over转变
go around绕着走go to work上班
go by sth.依照...做go down下去
go on board上船go down the street沿着这条街走
go against sth.反对go beyond the limit超过限度
go in for sth.从事于...go on for sth.接近

[[10, 11], [11, 12], [12, 17]]
[]

afford + to + do. + (sth.)

这是一个动词固定搭配。
v. 负担得起...

afford to do.是一种固定搭配,其中 to do. 叫动词的不定式。

to 可以翻译成,它被用来衔接其前后的两个动词,表示动作相互关联或先后发生,由第一个动作转移到第二动作上。

拓展学习:很多动词存在类似的使用方式,常见的有 deign to do.labor to do.write to do.hope to do.opt to do.,Enpuz 已收录 110 个此类短语,点击详细了解全部。

afford 常见用法

表示担负得起, 抽得出

常与can, be able to等联用,表示担负得起某事或某物的费用、损失、后果等,或表示抽得出时间。

后面通常可接名词、代词、不定式(多用于否定句或疑问句)

  • I can't afford (to buy) a new coat. 我没钱买件新外衣。
  • He can't afford the time for it. 他抽不出时间来做此事。
  • He says he really can't afford to wait another day. 他说他确实一天也不能再等了。
表示提供, 给予

其后可以接双宾语(直接宾语通常为抽象概念),若双宾语交换位置,要用介词to。此种用法下,无需搭配can, be able to

  • His visit affords us great pleasure. 他的来访给我们带来极大的快乐。
  • His visit affords great pleasure to us. 他的来访给我们带来极大的快乐。

  • I can't afford to buy a car until I get a job and get back on my feet.
  • They were forced to level the building to the ground, because they could not afford to maintain it.
  • The city cannot afford to rebuild a local street or sidewalk.
  • I can't afford to rattle around in a three-story house any longer.
  • We couldn't afford to keep up the house, so it was put on the block to pay the taxes.
  • I don't want to go out on a limb, but I think we can afford to do it.
  • They could not afford to provide building wide systems.
  • I can't afford to join up.
  • We couldn't afford to borrow money for a house as a result of the rise in interest rates.
  • The man couldn't afford to buy anything.

afford 的其它常用短语:

afford sth. sth.给...提供...afford sth. to sth.给...提供...
afford sth.买得起...afford sth. with sth.
afford with sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法
[[14, 15], [15, 17]]
[]

bus + ticket

这是一个名词短语。
n. 公共汽车票
bus
n. 公共汽车
ticket
n. 票

  • He wants to go to town, but she can't afford to buy a bus ticket.

[[9, 10], [10, 17]]
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mod. + do.

这是一个动词短语。

暂无例子
[[12, 13], [13, 17]]
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buy + sth.

这是一个动词短语。
vt. 买..., 购买...; 雇..., 聘...; 享受...的服务; 付出[钱/代价][获得/赢得/得到]...; 够[支付/买到]...; 等价于...; 买通...; 贿赂..., 收买...; 接受...; 相信...; 赞成...; 救赎...; 使...(牌)打出; 被发...(牌)

  • When he gets himself on his feet, Tom will buy a new car.
  • As long as you're going to the bakery, please buy some fresh bread.
  • I finally got around to buying a new coat.
  • He lived for a few hours after his collapse, but then he bought it.
  • I just don't buy the idea that you can swim that far.
  • When I bought a pound of nails, the clerk threw in a few extra nails for good measure.
  • This was bought at an auction.
  • The shares were bought at a good price.
  • I don't plan to buy the big one for at least another thirty years.
  • I didn't have enough money to buy a new coat so I did without.

buy 的其它常用短语:

buy sth. for sth.buying rate[经] 银行买价
buy off收买buy up全买
buy sth. onlinebuy sth. in sth.买...
buy a pig in a poke瞎买东西buy a round of drinks
buy a roundbuy one's way into sth.
buy one's way inbuy one's way out of sth.
buy sth. to gobuy off sb.
buy one's wolf ticketbuy sth. for a song
buy sth. on credit赊购某物buy sth. on time按时买东西
buy the big onebuy the farm(北美
buy the next round of drinksbuy the next round
buy time争取时间buy trouble
buy the food购买食物buy the book买书
buy something买东西buy back sth.[经] 产品返销
buy sth. back[经] 产品返销buy sth. back from sb.
buy off sth.收买buy sth. off收买
buy out sth.出钱使放弃地位buy sth. out出钱使放弃地位
buy one's way outbuy up sth.买下...的供应量
buy sth. up买下...的供应量buy sth. from sth.
buy from sth. sth., 过时、夸张用法buy back sth. from sb.
buy sth. from sb. for sth.buy into sth.买进...
buy sth. sth.给...买...

翻译:他想进城,但他买不起公共汽车票。
He wants to go to town, but she can't afford to buy a bus ticket.

这是一个并列句,其使用并列连词 but 连接前后两个分句,使得两个分句之间存在转折关系。

分句 1

He wants to go to town,

这是一个陈述句,其时态为一般现在时

成份划分
new!
He主语 wants {to do.}谓语动词短语 to go to town,to do.

分句 2

she can't afford to buy a bus ticket.

这是一个陈述句,其时态可以是一般现在时一般将来时

它与分句 1 之间存在转折关系。

成份划分
new!
she主语 can't afford {to do.}谓语动词短语(复合结构) to buy a ••• ticket.to do.

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